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Status of Pollinators in North America (2007)

Chapter: H Xerces Society Red List of Pollinating Insects of North America

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Suggested Citation:"H Xerces Society Red List of Pollinating Insects of North America." National Research Council. 2007. Status of Pollinators in North America. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11761.
×

H
Xerces Society Red List of Pollinating Insects of North America

A species is placed on the Xerces Society Red List based on consultation with scientists or upon identification by a federal or state agency as endangered, threatened, or at risk.

TABLE H-1 Lepidoptera, Red List Status and North American Distribution

Scientific Name

Common Name

Status

Canada

Mexico

United States

Agathymus evansi

Huachuca giant skipper

Imperiled

 

SO, CH, CI

AZ

Agathymus mariae (complex inc. gilberti)

Mary giant skipper

Data deficient

 

CH, CI

NM, TX

Amblyscirtes linda

Linda roadside skipper

Vulnerable

 

 

AR, IL, KS, MO, OK, TN

Apodemia mormo langei*

Lange metalmark

Critically imperiled

 

 

CA

Atrytone arogos

Arogos skipper

Vulnerable

 

 

AL, AR, CO, FL, GA, IA, IL, KS, MN, MO, MS, MT, NC, ND, NE, NJ, NY, OK, PA, SC, TX, WY

Boloria acrocnema*

Uncompahgre fritillary

Critically imperiled

 

 

CO

Suggested Citation:"H Xerces Society Red List of Pollinating Insects of North America." National Research Council. 2007. Status of Pollinators in North America. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11761.
×

Scientific Name

Common Name

Status

Canada

Mexico

United States

Boloria alberta

Alberta fritillary

Vulnerable

AB, BC

 

MT

Calephelis borealis

Northern metalmark

Vulnerable

 

 

AR, CT, IL, IN, KY, MD, MO, NJ, NY, OH, OK, PA, VA, WV

Callophrys comstocki

Desert green hairstreak

Imperiled

 

 

AZ, CA, CO, NV, UT

Callophrys irus

Frosted elfin

Imperiled

ON

 

AL, AR, CT, DC, DE, GA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MA, MD, ME, MI, NC, NH, NJ, NY, OH, OK, PA, RI, SC, TN, TX, VA, WI, WV

Callophrys lanoraieensis

Bog elfin

Vulnerable

NB, NS, ON, QC

 

ME, NH, NY

Callophrys mossii bayensis*

San Bruno elfin

Critically imperiled

 

 

CA

Celotes limpia

Scarce streaky-skipper

Vulnerable

 

CI

TX

Cyclargus thomasi bethunebakeri

Miami blue

Critically imperiled

 

 

FL

Erora laeta

Early hairstreak

Vulnerable

NB, NS, ON, QC

 

GA, KY, MA, MD,ME, MI, NC, NJ, NY, PA, TN, VA, VT, WI, WV

Erynnis persius persius

Persius duskywing

Imperiled

ON

 

CT, IN, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, MO, NH, NJ, NY, PA, RI, VA, VT, WI

Euchloe ausonides insulana

Island marble

Critically imperiled

 

 

WA

Euphilotes battoides allyni*

El Segundo blue

Critically imperiled

 

 

CA

Euphilotes baueri

Bauer dotted blue

Imperiled

 

 

AZ, CA, NV

Euphilotes enoptes smithi*

Smith blue

Critically imperiled

 

 

CA

Euphilotes mojave

Mojave dotted blue

Imperiled

 

BN

AZ, CA, NV, UT

Euphydryas anicia cloudcrofti

Sacramento Mountains checkerspot

Critically imperiled

 

 

NM

Suggested Citation:"H Xerces Society Red List of Pollinating Insects of North America." National Research Council. 2007. Status of Pollinators in North America. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11761.
×

Scientific Name

Common Name

Status

Canada

Mexico

United States

Euphydryas editha bayensis*

Bay checkerspot

Critically imperiled

 

 

CA

Euphydryas editha quino*

Quino checkerspot

Critically imperiled

 

BN

CA

Euphydryas editha taylori

Taylor checkerspot

Critically imperiled

BC

 

OR, WA

Euphydryas gillettii

Gillett checkerspot

Vulnerable

AB, BC

 

ID, MT, UT, WY

Euphyes bayensis

Bay skipper

Vulnerable

 

 

MS, TX

Euphyes dukesi

Dukes skipper

Vulnerable

ON

 

AL, AR, FL, GA, IL, IN, KY, LA, MI, MO, MS, NC, OH, SC, TX, VA

Euproserpinus euterpe

Kern primrose sphinx moth

Critically imperiled

 

 

CA

Fixsenia [Satyrium] polingi

Poling hairstreak

Imperiled

 

CI

NM, TX

Glaucopsyche lygdamus palosverdesensis*

Palos Verde blue

Critically imperiled

 

 

CA

Heraclides aristodemus ponceanus*

Schaus swallowtail

Critically imperiled

 

 

FL

Hesperia dacotae

Dakota skipper

Imperiled

MB, SK

 

IA, IL, MN, ND, SD

Hesperia leonardus montana*

Pawnee montane skipper

Imperiled

 

 

CO

Hesperia ottoe

Ottoe skipper

Vulnerable

MB

 

CO, IA, IL, IN, KS,MI, MN, MO, MT, ND, NE, OK, SD, TX, WI, WY

Hesperopsis gracielae

Macneil’s saltbush sootywing

Vulnerable

 

BN, BS

AZ, CA, NV, UT

Icaricia icarioides fenderi*

Fender blue

Critically imperiled

 

 

OR

Icaricia icarioides missionensis*

Mission blue

Critically imperiled

 

 

CA

Lycaeides idas lotis*

Lotis blue

Critically imperiled (possibly extinct)

 

 

CA

Suggested Citation:"H Xerces Society Red List of Pollinating Insects of North America." National Research Council. 2007. Status of Pollinators in North America. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11761.
×

Scientific Name

Common Name

Status

Canada

Mexico

United States

Lycaeides melissa samuelis*

Karner blue

Critically imperiled

ON

 

IL, IN, MI, MN, NH, NY, OH, WI

Manduca blackburni*

Blackburn sphinx moth

Critically imperiled

 

 

HI

Mitoura hesseli

Hessel hairstreak

Vulnerable

 

 

AL, CT, DE, FL, GA, MA, MD, ME, NC, NH, NJ, NY, RI, SC, VA

Neonympha mitchellii francisci*

St. Francis satyr

Critically imperiled

 

 

NC

Neonympha mitchellii mitchellii*

Mitchell satyr

Critically imperiled

 

 

IN, MI, OH

Oarisma powesheik

Powesheik skipperling

Imperiled

MB

 

IA, IL, MI, MN, ND, SD, WI

Papilio joanae

Ozark woodland swallowtail

Vulnerable

 

 

AR, MO (KY?)

Polites mardon

Mardon skipper

Imperiled

 

 

CA, OR, WA

Problema bulenta

Rare skipper

Imperiled

 

 

DE, GA, MD, NC, NJ, SC, VA

Problema byssus

Byssus skipper

Vulnerable

 

 

AL, AR, FL, GA, IA, IL, IN, KS, MO, MS, NC, OK, SC, TX, WI

Pseudocopaeodes eunus obscurus*

Carson wandering skipper

Critically imperiled

 

 

CA, NV

Pyrgus ruralis lagunae*

Laguna Mountains skipper

Critically imperiled

 

 

CA

Satyrium kingi

King hairstreak

 

 

 

AL, AR, DE, FL, GA, MD, MS, NC, TX, VA

Speyeria callippe callippe*

Callippe silverspot

Critically imperiled

 

 

CA

Speyeria diana

Diana fritillary

Vulnerable

 

 

AL, AR, GA, IN, KY, MO, NC, OH, OK, SC, TN, VA, WV

Suggested Citation:"H Xerces Society Red List of Pollinating Insects of North America." National Research Council. 2007. Status of Pollinators in North America. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11761.
×

Scientific Name

Common Name

Status

Canada

Mexico

United States

Speyeria idalia

Regal fritillary

Vulnerable

MB, ON

 

AR, CO, CT, DC, DE, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, MO, NC, ND, NE, NH, NJ, NY, OH, OK, PA, RI, SD, VA, VT, WI, WV, WY

Speyeria zerene behrensii*

Behren silverspot

Critically imperiled

 

 

CA

Speyeria zerene hippolyta*

Oregon silverspot

Critically imperiled

 

 

CA, OR, WA

Speyeria zerene myrtleae*

Myrtle silverspot

Critically Imperiled

 

 

CA

Stallingsia maculosus

Manfreda giant-skipper

Imperiled

 

NL, ?

TX

KEY: Imperiled, at high risk of extinction because of highly restricted range, rare populations (often 20 or fewer), steep declines, or other factors; data deficient, inadequate information for assessment of risk category because of a lack of information about population size or about threats to the population or because of taxonomic uncertainty about the validity of the taxon; vulnerable, at moderate risk of extinction because of restricted range, relatively rare populations (often 80 or fewer), recent and widespread declines, or other factors; critically imperiled, at high risk of extinction because of extreme rarity of populations (often 5 or fewer), steep declines, or other factors; possibly extinct, missing or known only from historical occurrences but with some hope of rediscovery.

*Listed under the terms of the U.S. Endangered Species Act.

†Listed under the terms of Canada’s Species at Risk Act.

SOURCE: Adapted from Shepherd, M.D., D.M. Vaughan, and S.H. Black (Eds). Red List of Pollinator Insects of North America. CD-ROM Version 1 (May 2005). Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation, Portland, Oregon, http://www.xerces.org/Pollinator_Red_List/ Table_Lepidoptera.htm.

Suggested Citation:"H Xerces Society Red List of Pollinating Insects of North America." National Research Council. 2007. Status of Pollinators in North America. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11761.
×

TABLE H-2 Hymenoptera, Red List Status and North American Distribution

Scientific Name

Common Name

Status

Canada

Mexico

United States

Andrena aculeata

 

Vulnerable

 

 

Columbia River Basin

Andrena winnemuccana

 

Vulnerable (data deficient)

 

 

OR

Ashmeadiella sculleni

 

Vulnerable

 

 

OR, NV

Bombus affinis (subgenus Bombus)

 

Vulnerable

 

 

 

Bombus franklini (see also subgenus Bombus)

Franklin bumble bee

Critically imperiled (possibly extinct)

 

 

CA, OR

Bombus lucorum (subgenus Bombus)

 

Vulnerable

 

 

 

Bombus occidentalis (subgenus Bombus)

 

Vulnerable

 

 

 

Bombus terricola (subgenus Bombus)

 

Vulnerable

 

 

 

Calliopsis barri

 

Vulnerable

MB, ON, SK

 

ID, OR

Epeoloides pilosula

 

Critically imperiled

 

 

CT, GA, MA, MD, MI, MT, NC, ND, NJ, OH, PA, NY, VA, WI, WV

Eucera douglasiana

 

Vulnerable (data deficient)

 

 

WA

Eucera frater lata

 

Vulnerable (data deficient)

 

 

Columbia River Basin

Halictus harmonius

 

Critically imperiled

 

 

CA

Halictus pinguismentus

 

Data deficient

 

BN

 

Hesperapis kayella

 

Vulnerable (data deficient)

 

 

ID, NV

Hoplitis orthognathus

 

Vulnerable

 

 

ID, OR, NV

Hoplitis producta subgracilis

 

Vulnerable

 

 

Columbia River Basin

Hylaeus akoko

 

Critically imperiled

 

 

HI

Suggested Citation:"H Xerces Society Red List of Pollinating Insects of North America." National Research Council. 2007. Status of Pollinators in North America. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11761.
×

Scientific Name

Common Name

Status

Canada

Mexico

United States

Hylaeus anomalus

Anomalous yellow-faced bee

Critically imperiled (possibly extinct)

 

 

HI

Hylaeus anthracinus

 

Critically imperiled

 

 

HI

Hylaeus assimulans

 

Critically imperiled

 

 

HI

Hylaeus dimidiatus

 

Critically imperiled

 

 

HI

Hylaeus facilis

Easy yellow-faced bee

Critically imperiled

 

 

HI

Hylaeus finitimus

 

Critically imperiled (possibly extinct)

 

 

HI

Hylaeus flavifrons

 

Critically imperiled

 

 

HI

Hylaeus gliddenae

 

Critically imperiled (possibly extinct)

 

 

HI

Hylaeus hilaris

 

Critically imperiled

 

 

HI

Hylaeus hula

 

Imperiled

 

 

HI

Hylaeus kona

 

Critically imperiled

 

 

HI

Hylaeus kuakea

 

Critically imperiled

 

 

HI

Hylaeus longiceps

 

Critically imperiled

 

 

HI

Hylaeus lunicraterius

 

Vulnerable

 

 

ID

Hylaeus mana

 

Critically imperiled

 

 

HI

Hylaeus mauiensis

 

Critically imperiled (possibly extinct)

 

 

HI

Hylaeus melanothrix

 

Critically imperiled

 

 

HI

Hylaeus nalo

 

Critically imperiled (possibly extinct)

 

 

HI

Suggested Citation:"H Xerces Society Red List of Pollinating Insects of North America." National Research Council. 2007. Status of Pollinators in North America. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11761.
×

Scientific Name

Common Name

Status

Canada

Mexico

United States

Hylaeus niloticus

 

Critically imperiled (possibly extinct)

 

 

HI

Hylaeus ombrias

 

Critically imperiled

 

 

HI

Hylaeus paradoxicus

 

Critically imperiled

 

 

HI

Hylaeus perspicuus

 

Critically imperiled (possibly extinct)

 

 

HI

Hylaeus psammobius

 

Critically imperiled

 

 

HI

Hylaeus satelles

 

Critically imperiled

 

 

HI

Hylaeus simplex

Simple yellow-faced bee

Critically imperiled

 

 

HI

Hylaeus solaris

 

Critically imperiled

 

 

HI

Macropis steironema opaca

 

Critically imperiled (possibly extinct)

 

 

WA

Osmia ashmeadii

 

Critically imperiled

 

 

OR

Osmia cascadica

 

Vulnerable

 

 

OR, WA

Perdita accepta

 

Data deficient

 

 

OR

Perdita barri

 

Data deficient

 

 

ID

Perdita crassihirta

 

Data deficient

 

 

WA

Perdita salicis euxantha

 

Vulnerable

 

 

ID, OR

Perdita salici sublaeta

 

Vulnerable

 

 

OR

Perdita similes Pascoensis

 

Vulnerable

 

 

WA

Perdita wyomingensis Sculleni

 

Vulnerable

 

 

Columbia River Basin

Perdita wyomingensis wyomingensis

 

Data deficient

 

 

WY

Suggested Citation:"H Xerces Society Red List of Pollinating Insects of North America." National Research Council. 2007. Status of Pollinators in North America. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11761.
×

Scientific Name

Common Name

Status

Canada

Mexico

United States

Protandrena subdilatipes

 

Vulnerable

 

 

WY

Protodufourea wasbaueri

 

Data deficient

 

 

AZ, CA

Sphecodogastra antiochensis

 

Critically imperiled

 

 

 

KEY: Vulnerable, at moderate risk of extinction because of restricted range, relatively rare populations (often 80 or fewer), recent and widespread declines, or other factors; data deficient, inadequate information for assessment of risk category because of a lack of information about population size or about threats to the population or because of taxonomic uncertainty about the validity of the taxon; critically imperiled, at high risk of extinction because of extreme rarity of populations (often 5 or fewer), steep declines, or other factors; possibly extinct, missing or known only from historical occurrences but with some hope of rediscovery; imperiled, at high risk of extinction because of highly restricted range, rare populations (often 20 or fewer), steep declines, or other factors.

SOURCE: Adapted from Shepherd, M.D., D.M. Vaughan, and S.H. Black (Eds). Red List of Pollinator Insects of North America. CD-ROM Version 1 (May 2005). Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation, Portland, Oregon, http://www.xerces.org/Pollinator_Red_List/Table_Bees.htm.

Suggested Citation:"H Xerces Society Red List of Pollinating Insects of North America." National Research Council. 2007. Status of Pollinators in North America. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11761.
×
Page 298
Suggested Citation:"H Xerces Society Red List of Pollinating Insects of North America." National Research Council. 2007. Status of Pollinators in North America. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11761.
×
Page 299
Suggested Citation:"H Xerces Society Red List of Pollinating Insects of North America." National Research Council. 2007. Status of Pollinators in North America. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11761.
×
Page 300
Suggested Citation:"H Xerces Society Red List of Pollinating Insects of North America." National Research Council. 2007. Status of Pollinators in North America. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11761.
×
Page 301
Suggested Citation:"H Xerces Society Red List of Pollinating Insects of North America." National Research Council. 2007. Status of Pollinators in North America. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11761.
×
Page 302
Suggested Citation:"H Xerces Society Red List of Pollinating Insects of North America." National Research Council. 2007. Status of Pollinators in North America. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11761.
×
Page 303
Suggested Citation:"H Xerces Society Red List of Pollinating Insects of North America." National Research Council. 2007. Status of Pollinators in North America. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11761.
×
Page 304
Suggested Citation:"H Xerces Society Red List of Pollinating Insects of North America." National Research Council. 2007. Status of Pollinators in North America. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11761.
×
Page 305
Suggested Citation:"H Xerces Society Red List of Pollinating Insects of North America." National Research Council. 2007. Status of Pollinators in North America. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11761.
×
Page 306
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Pollinators--insects, birds, bats, and other animals that carry pollen from the male to the female parts of flowers for plant reproduction--are an essential part of natural and agricultural ecosystems throughout North America. For example, most fruit, vegetable, and seed crops and some crops that provide fiber, drugs, and fuel depend on animals for pollination.

This report provides evidence for the decline of some pollinator species in North America, including America's most important managed pollinator, the honey bee, as well as some butterflies, bats, and hummingbirds. For most managed and wild pollinator species, however, population trends have not been assessed because populations have not been monitored over time. In addition, for wild species with demonstrated declines, it is often difficult to determine the causes or consequences of their decline. This report outlines priorities for research and monitoring that are needed to improve information on the status of pollinators and establishes a framework for conservation and restoration of pollinator species and communities.

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