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Suggested Citation:"Appendix A List of Acronyms." National Research Council. 2007. Successful Response Starts with a Map: Improving Geospatial Support for Disaster Management. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11793.
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Appendixes

Suggested Citation:"Appendix A List of Acronyms." National Research Council. 2007. Successful Response Starts with a Map: Improving Geospatial Support for Disaster Management. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11793.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix A List of Acronyms." National Research Council. 2007. Successful Response Starts with a Map: Improving Geospatial Support for Disaster Management. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11793.
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Appendix A
List of Acronyms

ANSI American National Standards Institute

API application programmer interface

C-Coast Coastal Cartographic Object Attribute Source Table

CAD computer-assisted design

CAPWIN Capital Wireless Integrated Network

CD compact disc

CI/KR critical infrastructure/key resource

CIPI Critical Infrastructure Protection Initiative

COP common operating picture

COTS commercial off the shelf

DHS Department of Homeland Security

DMA Disaster Mitigation Act

DSL digital subscriber line

EADRCC Euro Atlantic Disaster Response Coordination Center (NATO)

EDXL Emergency Distribution Exchange Language

EMAP Emergency Management Accreditation Program

EMDC Emergency Mapping and Data Center

EMS emergency medical service

EPA Environmental Protection Agency

EOC emergency operations center

Suggested Citation:"Appendix A List of Acronyms." National Research Council. 2007. Successful Response Starts with a Map: Improving Geospatial Support for Disaster Management. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11793.
×

EROS Earth Resources Observation and Science

ERRO Emergency Response and Recovery Office

ESF emergency support function

ESRI Environmental Systems Research Institute

FAA Federal Aviation Administration

FDNY New York Fire Department

FEMA Federal Emergency Management Agency

FFRDC federally funded research and development center

FGDC Federal Geographic Data Committee

FX field exercise

GAO Government Accountability Office

GDIN Global Disaster Information Network

GECCo Geospatially Enabling Community Collaboration

GIS geographic information system

GISMO Geographic Information Systems and Mapping Operations

GITA Geospatial Information Technology Association

GMO Geospatial Management Office

GOCO government-owned, contractor-operated

GOS Geospatial One-Stop

GPS Global Positioning System

hazmat hazardous material

HSIN Homeland Security Information Network

HSOC Homeland Security Operations Center

HSPD Homeland Security Presidential Directive

IAEM International Association of Emergency Managers

IC incident commander

ICS incident command system

IDIQ indefinite delivery-indefinite quantity

IMAAC Interagency Modeling and Atmospheric Assessment Center

ISO International Organization for Standardization

IT information technology

JFO Joint Field Office

LIDAR light detection and ranging

MAC Mapping and Analysis Center

MSEL master scenario events list

Suggested Citation:"Appendix A List of Acronyms." National Research Council. 2007. Successful Response Starts with a Map: Improving Geospatial Support for Disaster Management. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11793.
×

NADB National Asset Database

NAPA National Academy of Public Administration

NASA National Aeronautics and Space Agency

NATO North Atlantic Treaty Organisation

NEMA National Emergency Managers Association

NGA National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency

NGO nongovernmental organization

NGS National Geodetic Survey

NIC NIMS Integration Center

NIEM National Information Exchange Model

NIMS National Incident Management System

NIPP National Infrastructure Protection Plan

NOAA National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

NOS National Ocean Service

NPMS National Pipeline Mapping System

NRC National Research Council

NRCC National Response Coordination Center

NRP National Response Plan

NSDI National Spatial Data Infrastructure

NSGIC National States Geographic Information Council

OASIS Organization for the Advancement of Structured Information Standards

OGC Open Geospatial Consortium

OMB Office of Management and Budget

ORNL Oak Ridge National Laboratory

PCII Protected Critical Infrastructure Information

PfP Partnership for Peace

PIMS PfP Information Management System

QA/QC quality assurance/quality control

RRCC Regional Response Coordination Center

RSDE residential structures damage estimation

SDSS spatial decision support system

SLOSH Sea, Lake, and Overland Surges from Hurricanes

SOP Standard Operating Procedure

STIA Spatial Technologies Industry Association

TCL Target Capabilities List

TTX tabletop exercise

Suggested Citation:"Appendix A List of Acronyms." National Research Council. 2007. Successful Response Starts with a Map: Improving Geospatial Support for Disaster Management. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11793.
×

UAV unmanned aerial vehicle

USDOT U.S. Department of Transportation

USGS U.S. Geological Survey

UTL Universal Task List

VBMP Virginia Base Mapping Program

XML Extensible Markup Language

Suggested Citation:"Appendix A List of Acronyms." National Research Council. 2007. Successful Response Starts with a Map: Improving Geospatial Support for Disaster Management. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11793.
×
Page 153
Suggested Citation:"Appendix A List of Acronyms." National Research Council. 2007. Successful Response Starts with a Map: Improving Geospatial Support for Disaster Management. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11793.
×
Page 154
Suggested Citation:"Appendix A List of Acronyms." National Research Council. 2007. Successful Response Starts with a Map: Improving Geospatial Support for Disaster Management. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11793.
×
Page 155
Suggested Citation:"Appendix A List of Acronyms." National Research Council. 2007. Successful Response Starts with a Map: Improving Geospatial Support for Disaster Management. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11793.
×
Page 156
Suggested Citation:"Appendix A List of Acronyms." National Research Council. 2007. Successful Response Starts with a Map: Improving Geospatial Support for Disaster Management. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11793.
×
Page 157
Suggested Citation:"Appendix A List of Acronyms." National Research Council. 2007. Successful Response Starts with a Map: Improving Geospatial Support for Disaster Management. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11793.
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Page 158
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In the past few years the United States has experienced a series of disasters, such as Hurricane Katrina in 2005, which have severely taxed and in many cases overwhelmed responding agencies. In all aspects of emergency management, geospatial data and tools have the potential to help save lives, limit damage, and reduce the costs of dealing with emergencies. Great strides have been made in the past four decades in the development of geospatial data and tools that describe locations of objects on the Earth's surface and make it possible for anyone with access to the Internet to witness the magnitude of a disaster. However, the effectiveness of any technology is as much about the human systems in which it is embedded as about the technology itself.

Successful Response Starts with a Map assesses the status of the use of geospatial data, tools, and infrastructure in disaster management, and recommends ways to increase and improve their use. This book explores emergency planning and response; how geospatial data and tools are currently being used in this field; the current policies that govern their use; various issues related to data accessibility and security; training; and funding. Successful Response Starts with a Map recommends significant investments be made in training of personnel, coordination among agencies, sharing of data and tools, planning and preparedness, and the tools themselves.

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