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Elevation Data for Floodplain Mapping (2007)

Chapter: Appendix D Acronyms

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix D Acronyms." National Research Council. 2007. Elevation Data for Floodplain Mapping. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11829.
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APPENDIX D
Acronyms

ACSM American Congress on Surveying and Mapping

AGL above ground level

AGU American Geophysical Union

ASCE American Society of Civil Engineers

ASFPM Association of State Floodplain Managers

ASPRS American Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing

BFE base flood elevation

CCD charge-coupled device

CIR color infrared

CLICK Center for Lidar Information, Coordination, and Knowledge (USGS)

CRS Community Rating System

DEM digital elevation model

DFIRM Digital Flood Insurance Rate Map

DMA Defense Mapping Agency

DOQQ Digital Orthophoto Quarter Quadrangle

DSM digital surface model

DTM digital terrain model

EDNA Elevation Derivatives for National Applications

EROS Earth Resources Observation and Science (USGS)

FDA Flood Damage Assessment

FEMA Federal Emergency Management Agency

FGDC Federal Geographic Data Committee

FIRM Flood Insurance Rate Map

FIS Flood Insurance Study

GAO Government Accountability Office

GIS geographic information system

GPS Global Positioning System

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D Acronyms." National Research Council. 2007. Elevation Data for Floodplain Mapping. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11829.
×

GRS80 Geodetic Reference System of 1980

GSD ground sample distance

HEC Hydrologic Engineering Center (USACE)

HMS Hydrologic Modeling System

IFSAR interferometric synthetic aperture radar

IMU inertial measurement unit

InSAR interferometric synthetic aperture radar (also IFSAR)

JPL Jet Propulsion Laboratory (NASA)

lidar light detection and ranging

LOMA Letter of Map Amendment

LOMR Letter of Map Revision

MAPPS Management Association for Private Photogrammetric Surveyors

MHIP Multi-year Flood Hazard Identification Plan

MPIA multiple-pulse-in-the-air

NAD27 North American Datum of 1927

NAD83 North American Datum of 1983

NAIP National Agriculture Imagery Program (USDA)

NAPP National Aerial Photography Program

NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration

NAVD88 North American Vertical Datum of 1988

NDEP National Digital Elevation Program

NDOP National Digital Orthophoto Program

NED National Elevation Dataset

NFIP National Flood Insurance Program

NGA National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency

NGS National Geodetic Survey

NGVD29 National Geodetic Vertical Datum of 1929

NMAS National Map Accuracy Standards

NOAA National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

NSDI National Spatial Data Infrastructure

NSGIC National States Geographic Information Council

NSSDA National Standard for Spatial Data Accuracy

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D Acronyms." National Research Council. 2007. Elevation Data for Floodplain Mapping. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11829.
×

OGC Open Geospatial Consortium

ORI orthorectified radar image

PAN panchromatic

radar radio detection and ranging

RAS River Analysis System

RGB red green blue (true color)

RMSE root mean square error

RPI repeat-pass interferometry

SAR synthetic aperture radar

SPI single-pass interferometry

SRTM Shuttle Radar Topography Mission

TIN triangulated irregular network

TVC Tagged Vector Contour

USACE U.S. Army Corps of Engineers

USDA U.S. Department of Agriculture

USGS U.S. Geological Survey

UTM universal transverse mercator

VERTCON vertical conversion

VMAS Vertical Map Accuracy Standard

WGS84 World Geodetic System of 1984

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D Acronyms." National Research Council. 2007. Elevation Data for Floodplain Mapping. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11829.
×

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix D Acronyms." National Research Council. 2007. Elevation Data for Floodplain Mapping. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11829.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix D Acronyms." National Research Council. 2007. Elevation Data for Floodplain Mapping. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11829.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix D Acronyms." National Research Council. 2007. Elevation Data for Floodplain Mapping. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11829.
×
Page 151
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D Acronyms." National Research Council. 2007. Elevation Data for Floodplain Mapping. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11829.
×
Page 152
Elevation Data for Floodplain Mapping Get This Book
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Floodplain maps serve as the basis for determining whether homes or buildings require flood insurance under the National Flood Insurance Program run by the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA). Approximately $650 billion in insured assets are now covered under the program. FEMA is modernizing floodplain maps to better serve the program. However, concerns have been raised as to the adequacy of the base map information available to support floodplain map modernization.

Elevation Data for Floodplain Mapping shows that there is sufficient two-dimensional base map imagery to meet FEMA's flood map modernization goals, but that the three-dimensional base elevation data that are needed to determine whether a building should have flood insurance are not adequate. This book makes recommendations for a new national digital elevation data collection program to redress the inadequacy.

Policy makers; property insurance professionals; federal, local, and state governments; and others concerned with natural disaster prevention and preparedness will find this book of interest.

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