National Academies Press: OpenBook
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2007. A Review of the Ocean Research Priorities Plan and Implementation Strategy. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11984.
×

A REVIEW OF THE OCEAN RESEARCH PRIORITIES PLAN AND IMPLEMENTATION STRATEGY

Committee to Review the Joint Subcommittee on Ocean Science and Technology’s Research Priorities Plan

Ocean Studies Board

Division on Earth and Life Studies

NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES

THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS

Washington, D.C.
www.nap.edu

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2007. A Review of the Ocean Research Priorities Plan and Implementation Strategy. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11984.
×

THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS

500 Fifth Street, N.W. Washington, DC 20001

NOTICE: The project that is the subject of this report was approved by the Governing Board of the National Research Council, whose members are drawn from the councils of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. The members of the committee responsible for the report were chosen for their special competences and with regard for appropriate balance.


This study was supported by a contract between the National Academy of Sciences and OCE-0602432 award/grant number from the National Science Foundation. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the organizations or agencies that provided support for the project.

International Standard Book Number-13: 978-0-309-11063-1

International Standard Book Number-10: 0-309-11063-7

Additional copies of this report are available from the

National Academies Press,

500 Fifth Street, N.W., Lockbox 285, Washington, DC 20055; (800) 624-6242 or (202) 334-3313 (in the Washington metropolitan area); Internet, http://www.nap.edu.

Copyright 2007 by the National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.

Printed in the United States of America

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2007. A Review of the Ocean Research Priorities Plan and Implementation Strategy. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11984.
×

THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES

Advisers to the Nation on Science, Engineering, and Medicine


The National Academy of Sciences is a private, nonprofit, self-perpetuating society of distinguished scholars engaged in scientific and engineering research, dedicated to the furtherance of science and technology and to their use for the general welfare. Upon the authority of the charter granted to it by the Congress in 1863, the Academy has a mandate that requires it to advise the federal government on scientific and technical matters. Dr. Ralph J. Cicerone is president of the National Academy of Sciences.


The National Academy of Engineering was established in 1964, under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences, as a parallel organization of outstanding engineers. It is autonomous in its administration and in the selection of its members, sharing with the National Academy of Sciences the responsibility for advising the federal government. The National Academy of Engineering also sponsors engineering programs aimed at meeting national needs, encourages education and research, and recognizes the superior achievements of engineers. Dr. Charles M. Vest is president of the National Academy of Engineering.


The Institute of Medicine was established in 1970 by the National Academy of Sciences to secure the services of eminent members of appropriate professions in the examination of policy matters pertaining to the health of the public. The Institute acts under the responsibility given to the National Academy of Sciences by its congressional charter to be an adviser to the federal government and, upon its own initiative, to identify issues of medical care, research, and education. Dr. Harvey V. Fineberg is president of the Institute of Medicine.


The National Research Council was organized by the National Academy of Sciences in 1916 to associate the broad community of science and technology with the Academy’s purposes of furthering knowledge and advising the federal government. Functioning in accordance with general policies determined by the Academy, the Council has become the principal operating agency of both the National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Engineering in providing services to the government, the public, and the scientific and engineering communities. The Council is administered jointly by both Academies and the Institute of Medicine. Dr. Ralph J. Cicerone and Dr. Charles M. Vest are chair and vice chair, respectively, of the National Research Council.


www.national-academies.org

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2007. A Review of the Ocean Research Priorities Plan and Implementation Strategy. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11984.
×

COMMITTEE TO REVIEW THE JSOST RESEARCH PRIORITIES PLAN

ROBERT DUCE (Co-Chair),

Texas A&M University, College Station

NANCY TARGETT (Co-Chair),

University of Delaware, Lewes

DENISE BREITBURG,

Smithsonian Environmental Research Center, Edgewater, Maryland

DAVID CONOVER,

State University of New York, Stony Brook

CORTIS COOPER,

Chevron Energy Technology Company, San Ramon, California

CATHERINE CUNNINGHAM BALLARD,

Michigan Department of Environmental Quality, Lansing

GERALD GALLOWAY,

University of Maryland, College Park

ROBERT KNOX,

Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La Jolla, California

WILLIAM KUPERMAN,

Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La Jolla, California

ROGER LUKAS,

University of Hawaii, Honolulu

JAMES SANCHIRICO,

University of California, Davis

ANDREW SOLOW,

Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Massachusetts

DENISE STEPHENSON HAWK,

National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, Colorado

STAFF

SUSAN ROBERTS, Study Director

FRANK HALL, Program Officer

SUSAN PARK, Program Officer

TONI MIZEREK, Christine Mirzayan Science and Technology Policy Graduate Fellow

JEFFREY WATTERS, Christine Mirzayan Science and Technology Policy Graduate Fellow

JODI BOSTROM, Research Associate

NANCY CAPUTO, Research Associate

SARAH CAPOTE, Senior Program Assistant

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2007. A Review of the Ocean Research Priorities Plan and Implementation Strategy. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11984.
×

OCEAN STUDIES BOARD

SHIRLEY A. POMPONI (Chair),

Harbor Branch Oceanographic Institution, Ft. Pierce, Florida

ROBERT G. BEA,

University of California, Berkeley

DONALD F. BOESCH,

University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science, Cambridge

JORGE E. CORREDOR,

University of Puerto Rico, Lajas

KEITH R. CRIDDLE,

University of Alaska Fairbanks, Juneau

MARY (MISSY) H. FEELEY,

ExxonMobil Exploration Company, Houston, Texas

HOLLY GREENING,

Tampa Bay National Estuary Program, St. Petersburg, Florida

DEBRA HERNANDEZ,

Hernandez and Company, Isle of Palms, South Carolina

ROBERT A. HOLMAN,

Oregon State University, Corvallis

CYNTHIA M. JONES,

Old Dominion University, Norfolk, Virginia

KIHO KIM,

American University, Washington, D.C.

WILLIAM A. KUPERMAN,

Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La Jolla, California

ROBERT A. LAWSON,

Science Applications International Corporation, San Diego, California

FRANK E. MULLER-KARGER,

University of South Florida, St. Petersburg

JAY S. PEARLMAN,

The Boeing Company, Kent, Washington

S. GEORGE H. PHILANDER,

Princeton University, New Jersey

RAYMOND W. SCHMITT,

Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Massachusetts

ANNE M. TREHU,

Oregon State University, Corvallis

STAFF

SUSAN ROBERTS, Director

SUSAN PARK, Program Officer

SHUBHA BANSKOTA, Financial Associate

PAMELA LEWIS, Administrative Coordinator

JODI BOSTROM, Research Associate

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2007. A Review of the Ocean Research Priorities Plan and Implementation Strategy. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11984.
×

This page intentionally left blank.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2007. A Review of the Ocean Research Priorities Plan and Implementation Strategy. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11984.
×

Preface

Ocean research is a complex and multidisciplinary enterprise. Coordination of such research, to achieve maximum benefit for science and society while minimizing duplication of effort, benefits from broad-based, integrated planning. The committee congratulates the Joint Subcommittee on Ocean Science and Technology (JSOST) for undertaking, for the first time, a comprehensive planning activity that involved the very diverse ocean community and the many federal agencies that support ocean-related research in the United States. The committee believes that this work has opened the door to an exciting, ambitious, and critically important research effort that is vital for the nation’s future. The plan recognizes that synergies between and within agencies can enhance the outcomes and impacts of ocean science for the benefit of science and society. The task was challenging and difficult, but the final plan articulates a vision for ocean research that will be of great benefit to the ocean sciences community and the nation.

David Halpern (U.S. Office of Science and Technology Policy), Margaret Leinen (National Science Foundation), and Richard Spinrad (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration), the initial co-chairs of the JSOST, approached the National Research Council’s Division on Earth and Life Studies in August 2005 to assist with this research planning effort by reviewing the Ocean Research Priorities Plan in both the draft and the final forms.

This document consists of two parts: the committee’s review of the draft plan (Part I) and the committee’s review of the final plan (Part II). In Part I, the committee evaluated the draft Ocean Research Priorities Plan for its responsiveness to the nation’s needs for ocean research and presented its own recommendations for improving the plan. Part I of this report was released to the public on November 30, 2006.

The JSOST issued the revised, final Ocean Research Priorities Plan and Implementation Strategy on January 26, 2007. For the review of the

Page viii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2007. A Review of the Ocean Research Priorities Plan and Implementation Strategy. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11984.
×

final plan, the JSOST co-chairs, Julie Morris (National Science Foundation), Richard Spinrad (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration), and Daniel Walker (U.S. Office of Science and Technology Policy), asked the committee to comment on how the plan evolved in response to input from the ocean community, to suggest mechanisms for ensuring community-wide planning and implementation, and to recommend processes to assess progress on, and re-evaluation of, research priorities. Part II presents the committee’s findings and recommendations on these topics.

The committee held three meetings and four conference calls during the preparation of Part I. The committee’s first meeting was held in April 2006 in conjunction with the Denver workshop organized by the JSOST to provide community input into the development of the draft research plan. At this workshop, committee members observed the various breakout sessions that discussed the themes and cross-cut areas outlined in the planning document. At subsequent committee meetings, the committee discussed the draft research plan, wrote Part I of the report, discussed the partial draft plan made available on July 28, 2006, and reviewed the complete draft plan that included the near-term priorities released on August 30, 2006.

For Part II, the review of the final Ocean Research Priorities Plan and Implementation Strategy, Charting the Course for Ocean Science in the United States for the Next Decade, the committee held one meeting and convened one conference call.

The committee and its co-chairs are especially appreciative of the significant support that was forthcoming from the staff of the Ocean Studies Board. Their assistance facilitated the work of the committee and contributed to the formation of an enjoyable and productive working environment. In particular we thank study director Dr. Susan Roberts for her leadership and insight. We also recognize and thank program officer Dr. Susan Park for her assistance throughout the study and program officer Dr. Frank Hall who was involved with the early work of the committee. Ms. Toni Mizerek and Mr. Jeff Watters were a great help during their tenure with the National Research Council as graduate fellows for the Ocean Studies Board. We are also grateful to Ms. Sarah Capote and Ms. Nancy Caputo for their superb skills in organizing the committee meetings and conference calls. The committee feels that the positive, accomplishment-oriented attitudes of each of these individuals enhanced the final outcome of the study.


Robert Duce and Nancy Targett, Committee Co-Chairs

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2007. A Review of the Ocean Research Priorities Plan and Implementation Strategy. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11984.
×

Acknowledgments

This report has been reviewed in draft form by individuals chosen for their diverse perspectives and technical expertise, in accordance with procedures approved by the National Research Council’s Report Review Committee. The purpose of this independent review is to provide candid and critical comments that will assist the institution in making its published report as sound as possible and to ensure that the report meets institutional standards for objectivity, evidence, and responsiveness to the study charge. The review comments and draft manuscript remain confidential to protect the integrity of the deliberative process.

We wish to thank the following individuals for their participation in the review of Part I of this report:


LEE G. ANDERSON, University of Delaware, Newark

KATHERINE ANDREWS, Coastal States Organization, Washington, D.C.

ROBERT G. BEA, University of California, Berkeley

PAULA COBLE, University of South Florida, St. Petersburg

RUSS E. DAVIS, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La Jolla, California

EARL H. DOYLE, Shell Oil (retired), Sugar Land, Texas

PAUL G. GAFFNEY, Monmouth University, West Long Branch, New Jersey

EDWARD D. HOUDE, University of Maryland, Solomons

EDWARD LAWS, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge

MOLLY MCCAMMON, Alaska Ocean Observing System, Anchorage

PETER J. MCCARTHY, Harbor Branch Oceanographic Institution, Fort Pierce, Florida

MARCIA K. MCNUTT, Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute, Moss Landing, California

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2007. A Review of the Ocean Research Priorities Plan and Implementation Strategy. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11984.
×

ANTHONY F. MICHAELS, University of Southern California, Los Angeles

R. KEITH MICHEL, Herbert Engineering Corporation, Alameda, California


We wish to thank the following individuals for their participation in the review of Part II of this report:


KATHERINE ANDREWS, Coastal States Organization, Washington, D.C.

EARL H. DOYLE, Shell Oil (retired), Sugar Land, Texas

EDWARD D. HOUDE, University of Maryland, Solomons

DEWITT JOHN, Bowdoin College, Brunswick, Maine

SALLY MCGEE, Environmental Defense, Mystic, Connecticut

ANDREW A. ROSENBERG, University of New Hampshire, Durham

RAYMOND W. SCHMITT, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Massachusetts


Although the reviewers listed above have provided many constructive comments and suggestions, they were not asked to endorse the conclusions or recommendations nor did they see the final draft of the report before its release.

The review of Part I of this report was overseen by Kenneth H. Brink, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Massachusetts, and Alexander H. Flax, consultant, Columbia, Maryland. The review of Part II of this report was overseen by Garry D. Brewer, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut, and Alexander H. Flax, consultant, Columbia, Maryland. Appointed by the National Research Council, they were responsible for making certain that an independent examination of this report was carried out in accordance with institutional procedures and that all review comments were carefully considered. Responsibility for the final content of this report rests entirely with the authoring committee and the institution.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2007. A Review of the Ocean Research Priorities Plan and Implementation Strategy. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11984.
×
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2007. A Review of the Ocean Research Priorities Plan and Implementation Strategy. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11984.
×
Page R1
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2007. A Review of the Ocean Research Priorities Plan and Implementation Strategy. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11984.
×
Page R2
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2007. A Review of the Ocean Research Priorities Plan and Implementation Strategy. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11984.
×
Page R3
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2007. A Review of the Ocean Research Priorities Plan and Implementation Strategy. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11984.
×
Page R4
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2007. A Review of the Ocean Research Priorities Plan and Implementation Strategy. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11984.
×
Page R5
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2007. A Review of the Ocean Research Priorities Plan and Implementation Strategy. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11984.
×
Page R6
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2007. A Review of the Ocean Research Priorities Plan and Implementation Strategy. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11984.
×
Page R7
Page viii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2007. A Review of the Ocean Research Priorities Plan and Implementation Strategy. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11984.
×
Page R8
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2007. A Review of the Ocean Research Priorities Plan and Implementation Strategy. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11984.
×
Page R9
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2007. A Review of the Ocean Research Priorities Plan and Implementation Strategy. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11984.
×
Page R10
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2007. A Review of the Ocean Research Priorities Plan and Implementation Strategy. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11984.
×
Page R11
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2007. A Review of the Ocean Research Priorities Plan and Implementation Strategy. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11984.
×
Page R12
Next: Part I: A Review of the Draft Ocean Research Priorities Plan: Charting the Course for Ocean Science in the United States, Executive Summary »
A Review of the Ocean Research Priorities Plan and Implementation Strategy Get This Book
×
Buy Paperback | $40.00 Buy Ebook | $31.99
MyNAP members save 10% online.
Login or Register to save!
Download Free PDF

Ocean research offers countless benefits, from improving fisheries management to discovering new drugs to enabling early detection of tsunamis and hurricanes. At the request of the Joint Subcommittee on Ocean Science and Technology (JSOST), the National Research Council convened a committee to review the draft and final versions of the Ocean Research Priorities Plan and Implementation Strategy described in Charting the Course for Ocean Science in the United States: Research Priorities for the Next Decade, which represents the first coordinated national ocean research planning effort involving all federal agencies that support ocean science. The plan presents an ambitious vision for ocean research that will be of great benefit to the ocean sciences community and the nation. This book contains both sets of findings (i.e., the committee's review of the JSOST's draft plan [A Review of the Draft Ocean Research Priorities Plan: Charting the Course for Ocean Science in the United States] and the review of the final plan). This book recommends that JSOST employ a variety of outreach mechanisms to continue to engage nonfederal partners in ocean research planning efforts, such as establishing external committees to provide scientific and technical advice and to review progress on implementation of the research plan.

  1. ×

    Welcome to OpenBook!

    You're looking at OpenBook, NAP.edu's online reading room since 1999. Based on feedback from you, our users, we've made some improvements that make it easier than ever to read thousands of publications on our website.

    Do you want to take a quick tour of the OpenBook's features?

    No Thanks Take a Tour »
  2. ×

    Show this book's table of contents, where you can jump to any chapter by name.

    « Back Next »
  3. ×

    ...or use these buttons to go back to the previous chapter or skip to the next one.

    « Back Next »
  4. ×

    Jump up to the previous page or down to the next one. Also, you can type in a page number and press Enter to go directly to that page in the book.

    « Back Next »
  5. ×

    Switch between the Original Pages, where you can read the report as it appeared in print, and Text Pages for the web version, where you can highlight and search the text.

    « Back Next »
  6. ×

    To search the entire text of this book, type in your search term here and press Enter.

    « Back Next »
  7. ×

    Share a link to this book page on your preferred social network or via email.

    « Back Next »
  8. ×

    View our suggested citation for this chapter.

    « Back Next »
  9. ×

    Ready to take your reading offline? Click here to buy this book in print or download it as a free PDF, if available.

    « Back Next »
Stay Connected!