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Appendix C Biographical Sketches of Committee Members and Staff Committee Members Resources and its Committee on Geodesy. He is currently vice-chair of the World Data Center Panel of the International J. Bernard Minster (Chair) is a professor of geoÂphysics Council of Scientific Unions. at the Institute of Geophysics and Planetary Physics of the Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of Califor- Janet W. Campbell (Vice Chair) is director of the Center nia, San Diego (UCSD), and senior fellow at the San Diego of Excellence for Coastal Ocean Observation and Analysis, Supercomputer Center. For the past year he has been chair which was established in August 2002 as part of NOAAâs of the UCSD Division of the University of California Aca- Coastal Observation Technology System. Dr. Campbell is demic Senate. Dr. Minsterâs research interests are centered also director of the Ocean Process Analysis Laboratory, one on the determination of the structure of the Earthâs interior of four centers that comprise the Institute for the Study of from broadband seismic data, by imaging the Earthâs upper Earth, Oceans, and Space at the University of New ÂHampshire mantle and crust using seismic waves. This research has (UNH). Dr. Campbell is a member of NASAâs Ocean Color led him to an involvement in the use of seismic means for Science Team and the MODIS Instrument Team. She has verification of nuclear test ban treaties. He has long been been at the University of New Hampshire since 1993 and interested in global tectonic problems and in the application is a member of the graduate faculty in the Earth Sciences of space-geodetic techniques, including synthetic aperture Department. Between 1997 and 1999 she served as program radar and laser altimetry, to study tectonic and volcanic manager for ocean biology and biogeochemistry at NASA deformations of the Earthâs crust by airborne and space- headquarters in Washington, D.C. Before joining UNH, she borne remote sensing. He is a member of the ICESat science was a research scientist at the Bigelow Laboratory for Ocean team, which uses the GLAS instrument to measure ice-sheet Sciences in Boothbay Harbor, Maine (1982-1993), where mass balance and global topographic change. He has been she established and directed the remote sensing computer principal investigator on several proposed SAR missions in facility. She previously worked as an aerospace technologist/ low Earth orbit and on a proposed laser altimetry mission engineer at the NASA Langley Research Center in ÂHampton, to Europa. More recently he has led major efforts toward Virginia. She holds a Ph.D. in statistics from Virginia Poly- estimating the effects of very large earthquakes in southern technic Institute and a masterâs degree in mathematics from California, using supercomputer simulations, and analyzing Vanderbilt University. She previously served on the National paleoseismic data using hyperspectral imaging. He has held Research Council Committee on Earth Studies and two other positions in industry and has been a consultant and reviewer NRC studies. for numerous companies. He was the Nordberg Lecturer at NASA GSFC in 1996 and was elected a fellow of the Ameri- Jeff Dozier is a professor in the Donald Bren School of can Geophysical Union in 1990. He is chair of the recently Environmental Science and Management at the University created Earth and Space Science Informatics Focus Group of California, Santa Barbara. He founded the Bren School of the American Geophysical Union. Dr. Minster has chaired and served as its first dean for 6 years. Dr. Dozier earned his previous National Research Council committees, including Ph.D. in geography from the University of Michigan. His the Committee on Geophysical and Environmental Data, research interests are in the fields of snow hydrology, Earth and has served on numerous committees related to solid system science, remote sensing, and information systems. earth geophysics, including the Board on Earth Sciences and He has pioneered interdisciplinary studies in two areas: 126
APPENDIX C 127 one involves the hydrology, hydrochemistry, and remote on Nimbus 6 and LIMS on Nimbus 7 and was a collaborative sensing of mountainous drainage basins; the other is in the investigator on the Cryogenic Limb Array Etalon Spectrom- integration of environmental science and remote sensing eter (CLAES) on the Upper Atmosphere Research Satellite. with computer science and technology. He was the senior He is a fellow of the American Geophysical Union and the project scientist for NASAâs Earth Observing System when American Meteorological Society. Dr. Gille has served the configuration for the system was established. He also onÂ two previous committees for the NRC, the CommitteeÂ on helped found the MEDEA group, which investigated the use Data Management and Computation and the Committee of classified data for environmental research, monitoring, onÂ Earth Studies. and assessment. Dr.Â Dozier has chaired or served on numer- ous NRC committees concerned with data and computational Dennis L. Hartmann joined the faculty of the University sciences, and he is the current chair of the Committee on of Washington in 1977 and is currently professor and chair Geophysical and Environmental Data. He is a fellow of the of the Department of Atmospheric Sciences, adjunct profes- American Geophysical Union, the American Association for sor of the Quaternary Research Center, senior fellow of the the Advancement of Science, and the UKâs National Institute Joint Institute for the Study of the Atmosphere and Ocean, for Environmental eScience. He is also an honorary professor and a former member of the Board of Directors of the Pro- of the Academia Sinica and a recipient of the NASA/Depart- gram in Climate Change. Â Dr. Hartmann received his Ph.D. ment of Interior William T. Pecora Award and the NASA in geophysical fluid dynamics from Princeton University Public Service Medal. in 1975. Â Dr. Hartmann has published more than a hundred articles in referred scientific journals and published a text- James R. Fleming is professor of science, technology and book, Global Physical Climatology, in 1994. Â His primary society at Colby College. His research interests include the areas of expertise are atmospheric dynamics, radiation and history of the geophysical sciences, especially meteorology, remote sensing, and mathematical and statistical techniques climatology, and oceanography. Professor Fleming earned for data analysis. He is a fellow of the American Meteoro- a B.S. in astronomy from Pennsylvania State University, logical Society, the American Geophysical Union, and the an M.S. in atmospheric science from Colorado State Uni- American Association for the Advancement of Science. versity, and an M.A. and a Ph.D. in the history of science Dr.Â Hartmann recently chaired a study of climate feedback from ÂPrinceton University. He is founder of the International processes for the National Research Council and is currently Commission on History of Meteorology and editor of its a Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate board mem- journal, History of Meteorology. In 2003 Professor ÂFleming ber. He has also served on numerous advisory, editorial, and was elected a fellow of the American Association for the review boards for the NRC, National Science Foundation, Advancement of Science (AAAS) âfor pioneering studies NASA, and NOAA. on the history of meteorology and climate change and for the advancement of historical work within meteorological Kenneth Jezek is a professor in the Byrd Polar Research societies.â He was also awarded the Ritter Memorial Fellow- Center and the School of Earth Sciences at The Ohio ship at Scripps Institution of Oceanography. In 2005-2006 State University. He is the principal investigator of the Professor Fleming held the Charles A. Lindberg Chair in R Â ADARSAT Antarctic Mapping Project. His research Aerospace History at the Smithsonianâs National Air and interests include remote sensing studies of sea ice and the Space Museum and in 2006-2007 he was awarded the Roger polar ice caps, including applications of synthetic aperture Revelle Fellowship in Global Stewardship from the AAAS. radar data to gauge the response of ice sheets to changing climate. Dr. Jezek is a past member of the NRC ÂCommittee John C. Gille is a researcher at the National Center for for Review of the Science Implementation Plan of the Atmospheric Research and the University of Colorado, NASA Office of Earth Science, the Scientific Committee on studying chemical processes and their impact on climate A Â ntarctic Research, the Committee on Glaciology, and the and air quality.Â He applies his training as a physicist to the Panel on Climate Variability and Change. development and use of remote sensing instruments to study the chemical composition, dynamics, and transport of trace Stan Kidder is a senior research scientist at the Cooperative species in the troposphere and middle atmosphere. At pres- Institute for Research in the Atmosphere at Colorado State ent he serves as the U.S. principal investigator for MOPITT, University. Dr. Kidder received his Ph.D. in atmospheric sci- an instrument flying aboard NASAâs Terra spacecraft that ence from Colorado State University in 1979. His research measures the global distributions of carbon monoxide in the centers on application of satellite data to meteorological troposphere. Dr. Gille is also the U.S. principal investigator problems. He is also studying the blending of products for the High Resolution Dynamics Limb Sounder (HIRDLS), produced from different sensors on different satellites into an instrument on NASAâs Aura satellite that scientists use unified products and the development of new orbits and to study the ozone layer, climate change, and more. He was constellations for future meteorological satellites. Dr. Kidder previously the principal investigator for the LRIR that flew was the co-lead instructor for the COMET SatMet course and
128 APPENDIX C is the author (with T. H. Vonder Haar) of Satellite Meteorol- environmental processes. She began working with the Jet ogy: An Introduction (Academic Press, 1995). He has been Propulsion Laboratory during the initial stages of NASAâs a member of numerous committees, including the American imaging spectrometry program and has since worked exten- Meteorological Society Board on Higher Education. sively with hyperspectral imagery for quantitative plant and soil measurements. She has been a principal investigator and Navin Ramankutty signed on as assistant professor in the science team member of several NASA sensor programs for Department of Geography at McGill University in June Earth observation and is currently a member of the MODIS 2006.Â Previously, he was an assistant scientist at the Center science team. Dr. Ustin recently served as director of the for Sustainability and the Global Environment (SAGE) at California Space Institute Center of Excellence at UC Davis the University of Wisconsin. Dr. Ramankutty joined SAGE and as director of the Western Regional Center for Global as a research scientist in May 2000 and led its efforts on Environmental Change. She is the editor of the Manual documenting contemporary and historical patterns of land of Remote Sensing, Vol. 4, Remote Sensing for Natural use and land cover across the world. Working with colleagues Resource Management and Environmental Monitoring (John at SAGE, Dr.Â Ramankutty developed a statistical data fusion Wiley & Sons, 2004). She has served previously on four technique to merge satellite data and socioeconomic data NRC committees. on agricultural land use to develop a global data set of the worldâs croplands. Dr. Ramankutty and his team have further James Yoder joined the staff at the Skidaway Institute of developed global agricultural land-use data sets, focusing on Oceanography in Georgia in 1978 and from 1986 to 1988 more detailed characterizations of the worldâs major crops, was a visiting senior scientist at the Jet Propulsion Labora- their yield and production, and farming practices. These tory assigned to NASA headquarters. He joined the faculty at emerging data sets have become extremely popular with the the Graduate School of Oceanography (GSO) at the Univer- global change community. They have attracted widespread sity of Rhode Island in 1989 and was promoted to professor media attention, including becoming part of a National Geo- in 1992. He was named associate dean of oceanography at graphic Society pullout map in September 2002 and being GSO in 1993 and served in that capacity until 1998. From used in the 8th edition of the National Geographic Atlas of 2000 to 2001, Dr. Yoder served as GSO interim dean before the World. moving to the National Science Foundation, where he served as director of the Division of Ocean Sciences from 2001 to Anne M. Thompson is a professor in the Department of 2004 before returning to GSO in October 2004. In Novem- Meteorology at the Pennsylvania State University with ber 2005, Dr. Yoder was named vice president for academic research interests in atmospheric chemistry: modeling and programs and dean at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Insti- measurements of trace gases, air-sea gas exchange, biomass tution. His research involves the study of oceanographic burning, and remote sensing. As co-mission scientist for processes primarily using satellite radiometers observing the NASAâs 1997 DC-8 SONEX (SASS Ozone and Nitrogen ocean in the visible/near-IR wavelengths, including NASAâs Oxides Experiment), Dr. Thompson demonstrated that light- CZCS, Japanâs OCTS, and NASAâs SeaWiFS and MODIS. ning, convection, and aircraft emissions have comparable Dr. Yoder lists 90 scientific and other publications and holds a perturbations in the North Atlantic upper troposphere. Since Ph.D. degree in oceanography from the University of Rhode 1998, Dr. Thompson has been principal investigator for Island. He served on the NRCâs Committee on Oceanic Car- SHADOZ (Southern Hemisphere Additional Ozonesondes), bon (1992-1994) and was a member of the Ocean Studies analyzing tropical ozonesonde data for satellite validation Board (2001). and climate studies. She also led the 2004 and 2006 INTEX Ozonesonde Network Study campaigns in the first strategic NRC Staff ozonesonde sampling over North America. Dr. Thompson is a fellow of the American Meteorological Society, the Claudia Mengelt is a program officer for the Board on Atmo- American Association for the Advancement of Science, and spheric Sciences and Climate (BASC). After completing her the American Geophysical Union. She has been awarded the B.S. in aquatic biology at the University of California, Santa Committee on Space Research (COSPAR) Nordberg Medal Barbara, she received her M.S. in biological oceanography for space science and the Women in Aerospace International from the College of Oceanic and Atmospheric Sciences at Achievement Award. Oregon State. Her masterâs degree research focused on how chemical and physical parameters in the surface ocean effect Susan L. Ustin is a professor in the Department of Land, Antarctic phytoplankton species composition and conse- Air, and Water Resources at the University of California, quently impact biogeochemical cycles. She obtained her Davis (UC Davis). Dr. Ustin received her Ph.D. in botany Ph.D. in marine sciences from the University of California, from UC Davis, in the area of plant physiological ecology. Santa Barbara, where she conducted research on the photo- Her multidisciplinary environmental research focuses on physiology of harmful algal species. She joined the full-time developing applications of remote sensing data to assess staff of BASC in the fall of 2005 following a fellowship with
APPENDIX C 129 the NRC Polar Research Board in the winter of 2005. At the Leah Probst is a research associate with the NRCâs Board National Academies, she has worked on studies addressing on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate and Polar Research the design of Arctic observing systems, providing strategic Board. Since joining the NRC staff in 1999, Ms. Probst has guidance to NSFâs atmospheric sciences, and evaluating led studies on the science and implementation plan for the l Â essons learned from global change assessments. World Climate Research Programmeâs Americas Prediction Project, on the proposed Global Precipitation Measurement Maria Uhle has been a program officer with the Polar satellite mission, and on stratospheric ozone recovery and Research Board at the National Research Council since its implications for ultraviolet radiation exposure. She works April of 2005. Prior to joining the NRC, she was the Jones with the U.S. National Committee on the International Polar Assistant Professor of Environmental Organic Geochemistry Year 2007-2008 and with the NRCâs Climate Research in the Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences at the Committee. She has contributed to many other NRC studies, University of Tennessee (UT). At UT, Dr. Uhle mentored including topics such as surface temperature reconstructions several graduate students in various scientific disciplines for the last 2,000 years, the Tropical Rainfall Measuring including Quaternary climate studies, salt marsh ecology, Mission satellite program, the New Source Review Program reconstruction of biomass burning events throughout geo- of the Clean Air Act, and cumulative effects of oil and gas logic history, organic contaminate remediation and Antarctic activities on Alaskaâs North Slope. She received a B.A. in biogeochemistry. Dr. Uhle received her B.S. from Bates Col- biology from George Washington University. lege, M.S. from the University of Massachusetts, and Ph.D. from the University of Virginia. At the NRC, she has directed Katherine Weller is a senior program assistant for the several studies including Assessment of the U.S. Coast Guard Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate and the Polar Polar Icebreakers Roles and Future Needs, Exploration of Research Board. Since joining the National Academies in Antarctic Subglacial Aquatic Environments: Environmental 2006, Ms. Weller has worked with the Climate Research and Scientific Stewardship. She continues to work with the Committee, and has worked with committees to review the U.S. National Committee on the International Polar Year Climate Change Science Programâs Synthesis and Assess- developing interagency communications and public outreach ment Products 2.4, 3.3, and 5.2. In 2004 she received a B.S. and education projects. in biopsychology from the University of Michigan. She is currently working toward a masterâs degree in environmental science and policy from Johns Hopkins University.