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Additional Reading Amiti, M., and S.-J. Wei. 2004. Fear of Service OutÂsourcing: Is it Justified? Criscuolo, C., J.E. Haskel, and M.J. Slaughter. 2005. Global Engagement International Monetary Fund Research Â Paper WP/04/186. October. and the Innovation Activities of Firms. NBER Working Paper 11479. Washington, D.C.: IMF. Available online at www.imf.org/external/pubs/ June. Cambridge, Mass.: National Bureau of Economic Research. Avail- ft/wp/2004/wp04186.pdf. able online at http://nber15.nber.org/papers/w11479.pdf. This literature review takes a positive view of offshoring. Firms that export and MNCs are better innovators. AntrÃ s, P., L. Garicano, and E. Rossi-Hansberg. 2005. Offshoring in a Dedrick, J., and K.L. Kraemer. 2005. Is Production âPullingâ Knowledge Knowledge Economy. National Bureau of Economic Research Working Work to China? A Study of the Global Computer Industry. Personal Paper 11094. January. Cambridge, Mass.: NBER. Available online at Computer Industry Center Working Paper. University of California, http://papers.nber.org/papers/w11094.pdf. Irvine. Available online at http://www.pcic.merage.uci.edu/pubs/2005/ Uses a two-country model of offshoring to explain impacts on wages, isProductionPulling.pdf. consumption, and trade. Dutta, A., and R. Roy. 2005. Offshore Outsourcing: Counteracting Forces Arora, A., and A. Gambardella. 2004. Globalization of the Software and Their Dynamic Effects. Proceedings of the 38th Hawaii Interna- I Â ndustry: Perspectives and Opportunities for Developed and Develop- tional Conference on Systems Sciences. New York: Institute of Elec- ing Countries. National Bureau of Economic Research Working Paper trical and Electronics Engineers. Available online at http://ieeexplore. 10538. June. Cambridge, Mass: NBER. Available online at http://Â ieee.org/iel5/9518/30166/01385770.pdf?tp=&arnumber=1385770& papers.nber.org/papers/w10538.pdf. isnumber=30166. Concludes that offshoring is unlikely to pose a threat to long-term U.S. Models outsourcing in a two-country context. leadership in S&T. Economist Intelligence Unit. 2004. Scattering the seeds of invention: the Bardhan, A.D., and D.M. Jaffee. 2005. R&D, Innovation, and Offshoring. globalisation of research and development. White paper sponsored by Fisher Center for Real Estate and Urban Economics, University of Scottish Development International. September. Available online at http://Â California at Berkeley Research Report 1005. Available online at http:// graphics.eiu.com/files/ad_pdfs/RnD_GLOBILISATION_WHITEPAPER. repositories.cdlib.org/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1035&context=iber/ pdf. fcreue. Overview of the globalization of R&D. Uses a firm survey to explore offshoring in the context of the historical Florida, R. 2005. The world is spikey. Atlantic Monthly (October): 48â51. development of industrial R&D. Available online at http://www.creativeclass.org/acrobat/TheWorldIsSpiky. BusinessWeek Online Feature on Commerce Department Offshoring Study. pdf. October 2005. Describes a Commerce Department study where the Frames globalization of innovation in terms of âhaveâ and âhave-notâ original staff version critical of offshoring was revised by political regions. a Â ppointees to portray offshoring as an unalloyed good. Available online Florman, S. 2005. My Profession and the Nation: A Worrisome Confronta- at http://www.businessweek.com/magazine/content/05_42/c3955025. tion. The Bent of Tau Beta Pi. Summer. Available online at http://www. htm#ZZZ24WZQGEE. tbp.org/pages/publications/BENTFeatures/FlormanSu05.pdf. Collins, S.M., and L. Brainard, eds. 2006. Offshoring White-Collar Global Insight Inc. 2004. Executive Summary: The Comprehensive Impact WorkâThe Issues and the Implications: Brookings Trade Forum 2005. of Offshore IT Software and Services Outsourcing on the U.S. Economy Washington, D.C.: Brookings Institution. Available online at http://www. and the IT Industry. Arlington, Va.: Information Technology Association brookings.edu/press/books/brookingstradeforum2005.htm. of America. Available online at www.itaa.org/itserv/docs/execsumm. The 2005 conference and forthcoming conference volume focus on pdf. offshoring. Committee member Lori Kletzer has a paper in this volume This industry association-commissioned consultantâs report says that the that is listed separately under coauthor J. Bradford Jensen. benefits outweigh the costs. 42
ADDITIONAL READING 43 Gupta, A.K., and D.E. Westney, eds. 2003. Smart Globalization: Designing Mataloni, R.J. Jr. 2005. U.S. Multinational Companies: Operations in 2003. Global Strategies, Creating Global Networks. Hoboken, N.J.: Jossey-Bass. Survey of Current Business. Available online at http://www.bea.gov/bea/ Available online at http://www.amazon.com/gp/Âproduct/0787965324/ ARTICLES/2005/07July/0705_MNCs.pdf. qid=1133984042/sr=1-2/ref=sr_1_2/002-9456996-1835242?s=books& Mitra, D., and P. Ranjan. 2005. Y2K and Offshoring: The Role of External v=glance&n=283155. Economies and Firm Heterogeneity. NBER Working Paper 11718. A compendium of recent global business strategy articles. Cambridge, Mass.: NBER. Lynn, L., and H. Salzman. 2005. The âNewâ Globalization of Engineering: Uses economic modeling to explain how Y2K served as a catalyst How the Offshoring of Advanced Engineering Affects Competitiveness for IT offshoring. Available online at http://nber15.nber.org/papers/ and Development. Paper presented at the 21st European Group for w11718.pdf. OrganiÂzational Studies Colloquium. June. Available online at http:// OECD (Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development). 2005. www.urban.org/UploadedPDF/411226_new_globalization.pdf. OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scorecard 2005: Towards a Discussion of engineering offshoring in the context of business innova- Knowledge-Based Economy. Paris: OECD. Available online at http:// tion and corporate strategy literature. hermia.sourceoecd.org/vl=2279336/cl=27/nw=1/rpsv/scoreboard/. Markusen, J. 2005. Modeling the Offshoring of White-Collar Services: Special focus on globalization of R&D. From Comparative Advantage to the New Theories of Trade and FDI. Parker, G.G., and E.G. Anderson Jr. 2002. From Buyer to Integrator: NBER Working Paper 11827. Cambridge, Mass.: NBER. Available The Transformation of the Supply-Chain Manager in the Verti- online at http://nber15.nber.org/papers/w11827.pdf. cally Disintegrating Firm. Production and Operations Manage- Draws on a number of modeling approaches to analyze offshoring. ment 11(1): 75â91. Available online at http://ggparker.net/papers/ SCIntegratorPOMpages.pdf.