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E Acronyms BES (Office of) Basic Energy Sciences (DOE) BOP balance of plant C&S codes and standards CAFE corporate average fuel economy CAR Cooperative Automotive Research CCS carbon capture and sequestration CFD computational fluid dynamics CFRP carbon-fiber-reinforced polymer CLEERS crosscut lean exhaust emission reduction simulation CNG compressed natural gas CO carbon monoxide CO2 carbon dioxide COE center of excellence CRC Coordinating Research Council DOE U.S. Department of Energy DOT U.S. Department of Transportation DPF diesel particulate filter DTI Directed Technologies, Inc. DTT delivery technical team E85 85 percent ethanol EEA Energy and Environmental Analysis, Inc. EERE (Office of) Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (DOE) 145
146 APPENDIX E EPA U.S. Environmental Protection Agency EV battery electric vehicle FACE fuels for advanced combustion engines FC fuel cell FCFP FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership FCHEV fuel cell hybrid electric vehicle FCVT FreedomCAR and Vehicle Technologies (program) FE (Office of) Fossil Energy (DOE) FFV flexible fuel vehicle FPITT fuel pathway integration technical team FY fiscal year GATE Graduate Automotive Technology Education GDL gas diffusion layer GFRP glass-fiber-reinforced plastic gge gallons gasoline equivalent GHG greenhouse gas GREET Greenhouse Gas, Regulated Emissions, and Energy Use in Transportation (model) GW gigawatt H or H2 hydrogen H2A Hydrogen Technology Analysis (model) HAMMER Hazardous Materials Management & Emergency Response (facility) HC hydrocarbon HEV hybrid electric vehicle HFCIT Hydrogen, Fuel Cells and Infrastructure Technologies (program) HFCV hydrogen fuel cell vehicle HFI Hydrogen Fuels Initiative HSS high-strength steel HyTrans Hydrogen Transition (model) ICC International Codes Council ICE internal combustion engine IEA International Energy Agency IGBT insulated gate bipolar transistor IGCC integrated gasification combined cycle kg kilogram kW kilowatt kWe kilowatt (electric)
APPENDIX E 147 kWh kilowatt-hour Li ion lithium ion LPG liquefied petroleum gas LTC low-temperature combustion M85 85 percent methanol MARKAL Market Analysis (model) MATT Mobile advanced technology testbed MEA membrane electrode assembly MOU memorandum of understanding MPa megapascal MSM MacroSystem Model MWe megawatt (electric) NAE National Academy of Engineering NAS National Academy of Sciences NE Office of Nuclear Energy (DOE) NEMS National Energy Modeling System NFPA National Fire Protection Association NGNP Next Generation Nuclear Powerplant NHTSA National Highway Traffic Safety Administration NIST National Institute of Science and Technology NOx nitrogen oxides NPC National Petroleum Council NRC National Research Council NREL National Renewable Energy Laboratory OEM original equipment manufacturer ORNL Oak Ridge National Laboratory PBA (Office of) Planning, Budget and Analysis (DOE) PC personal computer PEIS Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement PEM proton exchange membrane PHEV plug-in hybrid electric vehicle PHMSA Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration PM particulate matter PNGV Partnership for a New Generation of Vehicles PNNL Pacific Northwest National Laboratory PRD pressure relief device PSAT Powertrain Systems Analysis Toolkit PV photovoltaic
148 APPENDIX E R&D research and development RFP request for proposal RITA Research and Innovative Technology Administration (DOT) RSPA Research and Special Projects Administration (DOT) SAE Society of Automotive Engineers SBIR Small Business Innovation Research SC (Office of) Science (DOE) SCI special crash investigation SCR selective catalytic reduction SCS safety, codes and standards SER strategic environmental review SiC silicon carbide SMR steam methane reforming SNL Sandia National Laboratories SRI Stanford Research Institute STTR small business technology transfer SUV sport utility vehicle USABC United States Advanced Battery Consortium USCAR U.S. Council for Automotive Research