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Improving Democracy Assistance: Building Knowledge Through Evaluations and Research (2008)

Chapter: Appendix A: Biographical Sketches of Committee Members

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Biographical Sketches of Committee Members." National Research Council. 2008. Improving Democracy Assistance: Building Knowledge Through Evaluations and Research. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/12164.
Page 243
Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Biographical Sketches of Committee Members." National Research Council. 2008. Improving Democracy Assistance: Building Knowledge Through Evaluations and Research. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/12164.
Page 244
Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Biographical Sketches of Committee Members." National Research Council. 2008. Improving Democracy Assistance: Building Knowledge Through Evaluations and Research. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/12164.
Page 245
Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Biographical Sketches of Committee Members." National Research Council. 2008. Improving Democracy Assistance: Building Knowledge Through Evaluations and Research. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/12164.
Page 246

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A Biographical Sketches of Committee Members Jack A. Goldstone—(Chair), George Mason University Jack A. Goldstone is the Virginia E. and John T. Hazel Jr. Professor at the George Mason School of Public Policy and a senior research scholar at the Mercatus Institute. His work on social movements, revolutions, democ- ratization, and economic growth has won the Distinguished Scholarly Publication Award of the American Sociological Association, and Fellow- ships from the U.S. Institute for Peace, the MacArthur Foundation, and the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences. He is a senior member of the Political Instability Task Force and is director of the Center for Global Policy at George Mason. The author or editor of nine books and nearly 100 research articles, Goldstone is a consultant to the U.S. State Department, intelligence agencies, and the United States Agency for International Development (USAID). His areas of expertise include revolutions and social movements, comparative economic development, comparative politics, conflict and rebellion, democracy, fragile states, and political demography. Larry Garber, New Israel Fund Larry Garber joined the New Israel Fund following five years as director of USAID’s West Bank and Gaza mission. Previously, he was senior policy advisor and deputy assistant administrator of the Bureau of Policy and Program Coordination at USAID. Garber was a senior associate at the National Democratic Institute for International Affairs from 1988 to 1993, organizing international election observer missions leading to historic 243

244 APPENDIX A governmental transitions in the Philippines, Chile, Pakistan, Panama, Bulgaria, and Zambia. He has also served as an advisor to a number of governments on election law reform issues. Garber served as legal direc- tor of the International Human Rights Law Group from 1983 to 1988, preparing the first-ever guide for international election observers. He has served as a member of the adjunct faculty of the Washington College of Law of American University and as a consultant to the United Nations, the Organization of American States, and the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe. Garber is a 1980 graduate of Columbia Uni- versity with a joint J.D. and M.A. in international affairs. He received his B.A. in 1976, from Queens College of the City University of New York and spent a year of his undergraduate studies at the Hebrew University in Jerusalem. John Gerring, Boston University John Gerring received his Ph.D. from the University of California at Berkeley in 1993. He is currently an associate professor of political science at Boston University where he teaches courses on methodology and com- parative politics. His books include Party Ideologies in America, 1828-1996 (Cambridge University Press, 1998), Social Science Methodology: A Crite- rial Framework (Cambridge University Press, 2001), Case Study Research: Principles and Practices (Cambridge University Press, 2007), Global Jus- tice: A Prioritarian Manifesto (under review), and Centripetalism: A Theory of Democratic Governance (with Strom Thacker; under review), Concepts and Method: Giovanni Sartori and His Legacy (with David Collier; under review), and Democracy and Development: A Historical Perspective (with Strom Thacker; in process). His articles have appeared in the American Political Science Review, British Journal of Political Science, International Organization, Journal of Policy His- tory, Journal of Theoretical Politics, Party Politics, Political Research Quarterly, Polity, Social Science History, Studies in American Political Development, and World Politics. He was a fellow of the School of Social Science at the Insti- tute of Advanced Study (2002-2003). He is the former editor of Qualitative Methods: Newsletter of the American Political Science Association Organized Section on Qualitative Methods and president-elect of the Qualitative Meth- ods section. Clark C. Gibson, University of California, San Diego Clark Gibson is professor of political science and director of the Interna- tional Studies Program at University of California, San Diego. He stud- ies the politics of development, democracy, and the environment. He has explored issues related to these topics in Africa, Central and South America, and the United States. The results of his work have appeared

APPENDIX A 245 in journals such as Comparative Politics, World Development, Annual Review of Political Science, Social Science Quarterly, Human Ecology, Conservation Biology, Ecological Economics, and African Affairs. Gibson’s research about the politics of wildlife policy in Africa appears in his book, Politicians and Poachers: The Political Economy of Wildlife Policy in Africa. He has also co-edited two volumes: People and Forests: Communities, Institutions, and Governance, which uses techniques from the natural and social sciences to examine the local governance of forests; and Communities and the Envi- ronment: Ethnicity, Gender, and the State in Community-Based Conservation, which explores the complex and multilayered links between members and their natural resources. Gibson’s latest coauthored book, Samaritan’s Dilemma: The Political Economy of Development Aid, analyzes the political economy of foreign aid and offers suggestions for its improvement. His current research focuses on the accountability between governments and citizens in Africa. Mitchell A. Seligson, Vanderbilt University Mitchell A. Seligson is the Centennial Professor of Political Science at Vanderbilt University and is also a fellow at the Center for the Americas at Vanderbilt. He founded and directs the Latin American Public Opinion Project (LAPOP). LAPOP has conducted over 60 surveys of public opin- ion, mainly focused on democracy, in many countries in Latin America, but more recently has included projects in Africa and the Balkans. Prior to joining the faculty at Vanderbilt, he held the Daniel H. Wallace Chair of Political Science at the University of Pittsburgh, and also served there as director of the Center for Latin American Studies. He has held grants and fellowships from the Rockefeller Foundation, the Ford Foundation, the National Science Foundation, the Howard Heinz Foundation, Fulbright, USAID, and others, and has published over 80 articles and more than a dozen books and monographs. In addition to consulting for USAID, he also consults for the World Bank, the United Nations Development Pro- gram, and the Inter-American Development Bank. His most recent books are Elections and Democracy in Central America, Revisited, co-edited with John Booth, and Development and Underdevelopment, the Political Economy of Global Inequality (3rd ed., 2003), co-edited with John Passé-Smith. Jeremy M. Weinstein, Stanford University Jeremy M. Weinstein is Assistant Professor of Political Science at Stanford University, an affiliated faculty member at the Center for Democracy, Development, and the Rule of Law and the Center for International Secu- rity and Cooperation, and a nonresident fellow at the Center for Global Development. His research focuses on civil wars and communal violence, ethnic politics and the provision of public goods, postconflict reconstruc-

246 APPENDIX A tion, and democracy promotion. He is the author of Inside Rebellion: The Politics of Insurgent Violence (Cambridge University Press, 2007). He has also published articles in the American Political Science Review, Journal of Conflict Resolution, Foreign Affairs, Journal of Democracy, World Policy Journal, and the SAIS Review. Previously, Weinstein directed the bipar- tisan Commission on Weak States and U.S. National Security. He has also worked on the National Security Council staff, served as a visiting scholar at the World Bank, and held fellowships at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars and the Brookings Institution. He is a term member of the Council on Foreign Relations. Weinstein received a B.A. with high honors from Swarthmore College, and an M.A. and Ph.D. in political economy and government from Harvard University.

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Over the past 25 years, the United States has made support for the spread of democracy to other nations an increasingly important element of its national security policy. These efforts have created a growing demand to find the most effective means to assist in building and strengthening democratic governance under varied conditions.

Since 1990, the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) has supported democracy and governance (DG) programs in approximately 120 countries and territories, spending an estimated total of $8.47 billion (in constant 2000 U.S. dollars) between 1990 and 2005. Despite these substantial expenditures, our understanding of the actual impacts of USAID DG assistance on progress toward democracy remains limited--and is the subject of much current debate in the policy and scholarly communities.

This book, by the National Research Council, provides a roadmap to enable USAID and its partners to assess what works and what does not, both retrospectively and in the future through improved monitoring and evaluation methods and rebuilding USAID's internal capacity to build, absorb, and act on improved knowledge.

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