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Evaluation of the Multifunction Phased Array Radar Planning Process (2008)


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Suggested Citation:"Appendix C BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES OF COMMITTEE MEMBERS AND STAFF." National Research Council. 2008. Evaluation of the Multifunction Phased Array Radar Planning Process. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/12438.
Page 75
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES OF COMMITTEE MEMBERS AND STAFF." National Research Council. 2008. Evaluation of the Multifunction Phased Array Radar Planning Process. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/12438.
Page 76
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES OF COMMITTEE MEMBERS AND STAFF." National Research Council. 2008. Evaluation of the Multifunction Phased Array Radar Planning Process. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/12438.
Page 77
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES OF COMMITTEE MEMBERS AND STAFF." National Research Council. 2008. Evaluation of the Multifunction Phased Array Radar Planning Process. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/12438.
Page 78
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES OF COMMITTEE MEMBERS AND STAFF." National Research Council. 2008. Evaluation of the Multifunction Phased Array Radar Planning Process. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/12438.
Page 79

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Appendix C BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES OF COMMITTEE MEMBERS AND STAFF Committee Members Dr. Paul Smith (Chair) has been at the School of Mines since 1966. He started as a research engineer in IAS, working his way up the ladder as chief engineer to engineering group head and senior scientist, to become the Director of the Institute in 1981. He served in that position until 1996, at which time he retired from full-time duties. Dr. Smith also was named the Facility Manager for the National Science Foundation supported T-28 Research Aircraft Facility, which was housed at the Institute of Atmospheric Sciences, and served in that position from 1985 to 2005. He has taught radar meteorology, physical meteorology, and microwave engineering. Dr. Smith’s major research interests are in Radar Meteorology, Cloud Physics, and Weather Modification. He chaired the NRC’s Committee to Assess NEXRAD Flash Flood Forecasting Capabilities at Sulphur Mountain, California and also the Committee on Weather Radar Technology Beyond NEXRAD. Paul Smith has received the Award for Meritorious Civilian Service, USAF Air Weather Service (1975); the Editor’s Award, Journal of Applied Meteorology, American Meteorological Society (1992); the Thunderbird Award, Weather Modification Association (1995), and was named a National Associate by the National Research Council (2004). He was selected as the American Meteorological Society’s Remote Sensing Lecturer for 2006. Dr. Smith has more than 70 refereed publications in engineering and scientific journals or books and presented more than 100 papers at professional society meetings. Mr. James Frost Davis is a Senior Project Engineer with The Aerospace Corporation in Chantilly, Virginia. He has spent 27 years in various positions in the private and academic sectors engaging in engineering research, testing and development, strategic planning, market research, technology assessment, and project management. Prior to joining The Aerospace Corporation, he held positions at Arthur D. Little, Inc., MIT Lincoln Laboratory, and IBM Corp. In his current position, he focuses on systems engineering and analysis of distributed electronic sensor systems, advanced concept development, experimental satellite architecture and payload development, systems architecture for space- and ground-based systems and services, and civil and commercial business development. Mr. Davis holds a B.Sc. (Hons) in Mechanical Engineering from the Imperial College of Science and Technology, University of London (UK, 1980), M.S. Degrees from the Georgia Institute of Technology in Mechanical Engineering (1983) and Electrical Engineering (1986), and a Master of Science in Management Degree from the Arthur D. Little School of Management (1996). 75

76 EVALUATION OF THE MPAR PLANNING PROCESS Dr. Eastwood Im is currently the Manager of the Earth Science Instruments and Technology Office at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory. He has extensive experience in spaceborne meteorological radar science remote sensing, radar design and advanced technology. Dr. Im was the first instrument architect of the multi-functional radar for the Cassini Mission to Saturn during the pre-project phase (1987-1991), and went on to become the system engineer of that instrument until its launch in 1997. He was the CloudSat radar instrument manager from inception through the end of the first year of flight operations (1998-2007). Dr. Im has been a member of NASA’s Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission Science Team and the Precipitation Measurement Missions Science Team, focusing on the studies of advanced radar techniques and algorithms for precipitation and cloud parameter retrievals and calibration. Since 1998, Dr. Im has been the Principal Investigator of several NASA studies, developing new radar technologies for future spaceborne atmospheric science missions. Dr. Im is an Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) Fellow. He is recipient of the NASA’s Exceptional Technology Achievement and Exceptional Engineering Achievement Medals, and JPL’s Explorer Award and Awards of Technical Excellence. He received his Ph.D. from University of Illinois in electrical engineering. Dr. Jeffrey K. Lazo is Director of the Collaborative Program on the Societal and Economic Benefits of Weather Information (the Societal Impacts Program) at the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR). The Societal Impacts Program aims to improve the societal gains from weather forecasting by infusing social science and economic research, methods, and capabilities into the planning, execution, and analysis of weather information, applications, and research directions. His research interests include nonmarket valuation, value of information, environmental economics, risk perception research, survey research, and econometric analysis. He received his Ph.D. in economics from the University of Colorado in 1993. Dr. David McLaughlin is Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering at the University of Massachusetts at Amherst and Director of the NSF Engineering Research Center for Collaborative Adaptive Sensing of the Atmosphere (CASA). He received his PhD from the University of Massachusetts in 1989, spent the period from 1989 through 1999 at Northeastern University, and joined the University of Massachusetts faculty in January of 2000, where he held the Armstrong Professorship in Engineering. His research interests include radar design, remote sensing and sensor networks. Dr. Robert Palmer has a PhD in electrical engineering and holds the Tommy C. Craighead Chair in the School of Meteorology at the University of Oklahoma (OU). He is also an Adjunct Professor in the School of Electrical and Computer Engineering at OU. Dr. Palmer is Director of the interdisciplinary Atmospheric Radar Research Center (ARRC), which is the focal point for OU’s weather radar research and education activities. His research interests have focused on the application of advanced radar signal processing techniques to observations of the atmosphere. Dr. Palmer has published widely in the area of radar remote sensing of the atmosphere, with an emphasis on generalized imaging problems, spatial filter design, and clutter mitigation using advanced array/signal processing techniques.

APPENDIX C 77 Dr. Steven A. Rutledge joined the CSU Department of Atmospheric Science in 1988 and served as the Department Head from July 1999 through December 2006. Prior to his arrival, he served on the academic faculty at Oregon State University. Professor Rutledge’s research interests include mesoscale meteorology, cloud electricity, radar meteorology, and cloud physics. His current research focuses on the organization and structure of tropical convection, electrification processes in isolated convection and mesoscale convective systems, and the use of multi-parameter radar to infer hydrometeor distributions in clouds and to estimate rainfall. Professor Rutledge’s research group addresses a broad range of issues associated with convection and remote sensing, including lightning in severe storms. He serves as the Scientific Director of the CSU- CHILL National Radar Facility. In 1995, he served as chair of the 27th American Meteorological Society (AMS) Conference on Radar Meteorology. He is a former member of the AMS Committees on Radar Meteorology and Cloud Physics and the NRC’s Committee on Weather Radar Technology Beyond NEXRAD. He is a Fellow of the AMS and also an AMS Councilor. He also serves on the UCAR Board of Trustees and is Chair of the Board’s Personnel Committee. Dr. Scott Sandgathe has extensive experience in operational oceanography and meteorology including tropical meteorology, synoptic analysis and forecasting, and numerical weather prediction. He is a retired Navy Commander and has served onboard the USS Carl Vinson supporting battle group operations including meteorological support to radar operations and electromagnetic surveillance. Prior to joining the Applied Physics Laboratory at the University of Washington, he was the Team Leader for the Office of Naval Research Marine Meteorology and Atmospheric Effects Program where he supported research and technology development on electromagnetic propagation including support for the AEGIS SPY-1 program. His program sponsored the initial effort by Navy to develop a weather radar capability for the AEGIS SPY-1 tactical radar. He is currently technical advisor to the Navy’s Tactical Weather Radar Program and Littoral Battlespace Sensing Program. His current research is in developing an automated forecast verification technique for mesoscale numerical weather prediction and working on automation and visualization tools for Navy meteorologists. Dr. Sandgathe is a Fellow of the American Meteorological Society and currently holds a top secret security clearance. Dr. Sandgathe joined the Laboratory in 2001. Dr. Robert J. Serafin is the Director Emeritus of the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR). NCAR has a staff of approximately 800, including over 200 PhD. scientists, and a budget of about $200 million annually. Serafin was responsible for the scientific and technical leadership, support programs, fiscal leadership, and management of the Center. Dr. Serafin began his career at Hazeltine Research Corporation where he worked on the design and development of high-resolution radar systems. This was followed by 10 years at the IIT Research Institute and Illinois Institute of Technology. He then joined NCAR as Manager of the Field Observing Facility in 1973 and in 1981 became director of the Atmospheric Technology Division, which is responsible for all of NCAR’s observational research and research support facilities, used by scientists in universities and laboratories throughout the world. In 1989 he was appointed as NCAR’s

78 EVALUATION OF THE MPAR PLANNING PROCESS Director. The holder of three patents, Dr. Serafin has published more than 50 technical and scientific papers in the open literature. He has also written or contributed to many reports in the classified literature early in his career. And he has contributed to many reports published by the National Academies of Science Press. He established the Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, and was its co-Editor for several years. He has served on and chaired many National Research Council (NRC) panels and committees. Serafin chaired the NRC committee on National Weather Service Modernization and a committee that provides advice to the National Weather Service, the Federal Aviation Administration, and the U.S. Air Force on their Doppler weather radar system. He recently served on the NRC’s Space Studies Board and its Executive Committee and as chair of the NRC’s Board on Atmospheric Science and Climate. The topics of recent NRC committee reports have been homeland security, weather modification science, NASA’s strategy for earth system science, weather radar, and U.S. space science policy. He is a member of the National Academy of Engineering (NAE), a Fellow and Past-President of the American Meteorological Society (AMS), and a Fellow of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE). In the private sector Serafin has served on several boards and currently chairs the board of a small high tech company in Boulder, CO. He also serves on the board of the UCAR (University Corporation for Atmospheric Research) Foundation and two companies founded by the Foundation. Dr. Serafin received the BS, MS, and PhD degrees in Electrical Engineering from Notre Dame University, Northwestern University, and Illinois Institute of Technology, respectively. Dr. Marilyn M. Wolfson holds the B.S. (honors) in Atmospheric and Oceanic Science from the University of Michigan and the S.M. from M.I.T., where she was named an Ida M. Green Fellow. She began work at Lincoln Laboratory in 1983 and later returned to M.I.T. as a Lincoln Staff Associate, graduating with the Ph.D. in 1990. She applied her thesis work in developing a real-time microburst prediction algorithm which is currently operational in the FAA’s Integrated Terminal Weather System. Dr. Wolfson began development of automated short-term convective weather forecasts for air traffic management applications in 1996, as leader of the FAA Aviation Weather Research Program’s Convective Weather Product Development Team. She has patented and licensed the technology needed to make accurate 1-2 hr storm forecasts, and has transferred this technology to FAA, having the pleasure of seeing it debut operationally in 2006 as part of the Integrated Terminal Weather System. She now serves as assistant leader of the Weather Sensing Group directing their weather research efforts. The group is currently operating the Corridor Integrated Weather System for the FAA and is interested in increasing the year-round accuracy of the forecast products, as well as increasing the lead time to 8 hrs and beyond. Understanding and anticipating the impact of the forecasts on air traffic capacity and demand are important next steps in her group’s research, as is the eventual coupling of the forecasts to automated aids to traffic flow management. Dr. Wolfson has received the American Meteorological Society Editor’s Award for her work on the Monthly Weather Review journal, and in 2005 received the Lincoln Laboratory Technical Excellence award for her work in the application of meteorology to the problem of improving air traffic control and for her national level role in the application of advanced convection weather forecasts for use in the aviation

APPENDIX C 79 community. She has served on the NRC’s National Weather Service Modernization Committee, the Committee on Meteorological Analysis, Prediction and Research, and the Committee for a Workshop on Weather Forecasting Accuracy for FAA Air Traffic Control. NRC Staff Dr. Curtis H. Marshall is a Program Officer with the Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate. He received B.S. (1995) and M.S. (1998) degrees in meteorology from the University of Oklahoma, and a Ph.D. (2004) in Atmospheric Science from Colorado State University. His Doctoral research, which examined the impact of anthropogenic land-use change on the mesoscale climate of the Florida peninsula, was featured in Nature and the New York Times. Prior to joining the staff of BASC in 2006, he was employed as a research scientist in the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Since joining the staff of BASC, he has directed peer reviews for the U.S. Climate Change Science Program and directed or supported a number of studies, including the development of mesoscale meteorological observing systems, multifunction phased array weather radar, the NPOESS spacecraft and ESAS Decadal Survey, and the impacts of climate change on human health. Ms. Katherine Weller is a Senior Program Assistant for the Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate (BASC) and the Polar Research Board (PRB). In 2004, she received her B.S. from the University of Michigan in Biopsychology. Ms. Weller is currently working toward a master’s degree in Environmental Science and Policy at Johns Hopkins University.

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The Multifunction Phased Array Radar (MPAR) is one potentially cost-effective solution to meet the surveillance needs and of several agencies currently using decades-old radar networks. These agencies including the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration s (NOAA) National Weather Service (NWS), the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), the Department of Defense (DOD) and the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) have many and varied requirements and possible applications of modern radar technology.

This book analyzes what is lacking in the current system, the relevant capabilities of phased array technology, technical challenges, cost issues, and compares possible alternatives. Both specific and overarching recommendations are outlined.

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