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APPENDIX B COMMISSIONED PAPERS AND AUTHORS Ballast Water Treatment Technologies and Their Application for Ves- sels Entering the Great Lakes via the St. Lawrence Seaway. Junko Kazumi, Ofï¬ce of Technology Transfer and Industry Research, University of Miami, Florida, May 2007. Carrots and Sticks: Opportunities to Accelerate the Development and Adoption of Ballast Water Treatment Technologies for Vessels Operating into the Great Lakes. J. Richard Hodgson, Hodgson and Associates, Marine Policy Consulting, Halifax, Nova Scotia, April 17, 2007. Do Institutional Mechanisms Exist to Set and Enforce Standards for the Great Lakes That Exceed the Ballast Water Performance and Exchange Standards Established by the International Maritime Organization? Richard D. Stewart, Transportation and Logistics Research Center, Department of Business and Economics, Uni- versity of Wisconsin, Superior, June 11, 2007. The Environmental Footprint of Surface Freight Transportation. John Lawson, Lawson Economics Research, Inc., Ottawa, Ontario, June 2007. Global Climate Change and Great Lakes International Shipping. Frank Millerd, Department of Economics, Wilfrid Laurier University, Waterloo, Ontario, May 2007. 177
1 78 Great Lakes Shipping, Trade, and Aquatic Invasive Species Retroactive Evaluation of International Maritime Organization Ballast Water Standards. David W. Kelly, Landcare Research, Dunedin, New Zealand, and Junko Kazumi, Ofï¬ce of Technology Transfer and Industry Research, University of Miami, Florida, September 10, 2007. Surveillance and Control of Aquatic Invasive Species in the Great Lakes. M. Jake Vander Zanden, Center for Limnology, Univer- sity of Wisconsin, Madison, June 15, 2007. Vectors and Pathways for Nonindigenous Aquatic Species in the Great Lakes. David W. Kelly, Landcare Research, Dunedin, New Zealand, June 2007. NOTE: The commissioned papers are available at www.trb.org/news/blurb_detail.asp?id=9281.