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Assessing the Research and Development Plan for the Next Generation Air Transportation System Summary of a Workshop Deborah A. Boehm-Davis, Rapporteur Aeronautics and Space Engineering Board Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS Washington, DC www.nap.edu
THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS 500 Fifth Street, N.W. Washington, DC 20001 NOTICE: The project that is the subject of this report was approved by the Governing Board of the National Research Council, whose members are drawn from the councils of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. This study is based on work supported by Contract NASW-01001 between the National Academy of Sciences and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the agency that provided support for the project. International Standard Book Number 13: 978-0-309-12470-6 International Standard Book Number 10: 0-309-12470-0 Copies of this report are available free of charge from: Aeronautics and Space Engineering Board National Research Council 500 Fifth Street, N.W. Washington, DC 20001 Additional copies of this report are available from the National Academies Press, 500 Fifth Street, N.W., Lockbox 285, Washington, DC 20055; (800) 624-6242 or (202) 334-3313 (in the Washington metropolitan area); Internet, http://www.nap.edu. Copyright 2008 by the National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. Printed in the United States of America
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ORGANIZING COMMITTEE FOR THE WORKSHOP ON ASSESSING THE RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT PLAN FOR THE NEXT GENERATION AIR TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM JOHN K. LAUBER, Chair, Airbus (retired) DONALD FRASER, DRS Technologies R. JOHN HANSMAN, JR., Massachusetts Institute of Technology JOHN B. HAYHURST, Independent Consultant, The Boeing Company (retired) S. MICHAEL HUDSON, Independent Consultant, Rolls-Royce North America (retired) CHARLES E. KEEGAN, Raytheon Company BETH LYALL, Research Integrations, Inc. GEN. LESTER L. LYLES, The Lyles Group, U.S. Department of the Air Force (retired) NADINE B. SARTER, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor EDMOND R. SOLIDAY, United Airlines (retired) Rapporteur DEBORAH A. BOEHM-DAVIS, George Mason University Staff ROBERT L. RIEMER, Study Director SARAH CAPOTE, Program Associate v
AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ENGINEERING BOARD RAYMOND S. COLLADAY, Chair, Lockheed Martin Astronautics (retired) CHARLES F. BOLDEN, JR., Jack and Panther, LLC ANTHONY J. BRODERICK, Aviation Safety Consultant, Catlett, Virginia AMY BUHRIG, Boeing Company PIERRE CHAO, Center for Strategic and International Studies INDERJIT CHOPRA, University of Maryland, College Park ROBERT L. CRIPPEN, Thiokol Propulsion (retired) DAVID GOLDSTON, Harvard University R. JOHN HANSMAN, JR., Massachusetts Institute of Technology PRESTON HENNE, Gulfstream Aerospace Corporation JOHN M. KLINEBERG, Space Systems / Loral (retired) RICHARD KOHRS, Independent Consultant, Dickinson, Texas IVETT LEYVA, Air Force Research Laboratory EDMOND R. SOLIDAY, United Air Lines (retired) MARCIA S. SMITH, Director vi
Acknowledgment of Reviewers This report has been reviewed in draft form by individuals chosen for their diverse perspectives and technical expertise, in accordance with procedures approved by the National Research Councilâs (NRCâs) Report Review Committee. The purpose of this independent review is to provide candid and critical comments that will assist the institution in making its published report as sound as possible and to ensure that the report meets institutional standards for objectivity, evidence, and responsiveness to the study charge. The review comments and draft manuscript remain confidential to protect the integrity of the deliberative process. We wish to thank the following individuals for their review of this report: Michael Ball, University of Maryland, James P. Baum, Netezza Corporation, Charles F. Bolden, Jr., Jack and Panther, LLC, Anthony J. Broderick, Aviation Safety Consultant, John K. Lauber, Airbus (retired), Neil Planzer, Boeing Corporation, and Edmond R. Soliday, United Airlines (retired). Although the reviewers listed above have provided many constructive comments and suggestions, they were not asked to endorse the statements presented in the report, nor did they see the final draft of the report before its release. The review of this report was overseen by Adib Kanafani, University of California, Berkley. Appointed by the NRC, he was responsible for making certain that an independent examination of this report was carried out in accordance with institutional procedures and that all review comments were carefully considered. Responsibility for the final content of this report rests entirely with the author and the institution. vii
Contents SUMMARY 1 1 INTRODUCTION 3 The Next Generation Air Transportation System and the Joint Planning and Development Office, 3 Purpose and Conduct of the Workshop, 4 2 KEY ISSUES 6 Urgency and Priorities, 6 Articulation of Focus, Specific Goals, and Outcomes, 7 Definition of Program Boundaries, 8 Inability to Communicate Through the Initial Integrated Working Plan, 9 Implementation Issues, 10 Political Difficulties, 11 3 SPECIFIC OBSERVATIONS AND RESEARCH QUESTIONS RAISED 13 Airport Operations and Support, 13 Air Navigation Operations, Air Navigation Support, and Flight Operation Support, 13 Environmental Management, 14 Positioning, Navigation, Timing Services, and Surveillance, 14 Weather Information Services, 14 Safety Management, 15 Network-centric Infrastructure Services and Operations, 16 Layered, Adaptive Security, 16 APPENDIXES A Statement of Task 19 B Workshop Agenda 20 C Workshop Participants 22 D Biographies of Organizing Committee Members and Rapporteur 24 ix