National Academies Press: OpenBook

Tackling Marine Debris in the 21st Century (2009)

Chapter: Appendix B: Acronyms

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Acronyms." National Research Council. 2009. Tackling Marine Debris in the 21st Century. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/12486.
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Page 163
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Acronyms." National Research Council. 2009. Tackling Marine Debris in the 21st Century. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/12486.
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Page 164

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B Acronyms APPS Act to Prevent Pollution from Ships CCAMLR Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources COA Certificate of Adequacy CWA Clean Water Act DFG Derelict Fishing Gear EEZ Exclusive Economic Zone EPA Environmental Protection Agency ESA Endangered Species Act ETP Eastern Tropical Pacific FAD Fish Aggregating Device FIR Flotsam Information Record FMC Fishery Management Council FMP Fishery Management Plan HELCOM Helsinki Commission IATTC Inter-American Tropical Tuna Commission ICCAT International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas 163

164 TACKLING MARINE DEBRIS IN THE 21ST CENTURY IMDCC Interagency Marine Debris Coordinating Committee IMO International Maritime Organization IOTC Indian Ocean Tuna Commission ISO International Organization for Standardization MARPOL International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships, 1973, as modified by the Protocol of 1978 MDRPRA Marine Debris Research, Prevention, and Reduction Act MEPC (IMO) Marine Environment Protection Committee MERP Marine Entanglement Research Program MPPRCA Marine Plastic Pollution Research and Control Act MPRSA Marine Protection, Research, and Sanctuaries Act MSFCMA Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act NMDMP National Marine Debris Monitoring Program NOAA National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration NPS National Park Service NRC National Research Council NWHI Northwestern Hawaiian Islands ODA Ocean Dumping Act RCRA Resource Conservation and Recovery Act RFMO Regional Fisheries Management Organization TMDL Total Maximum Daily Load USACE U.S. Army Corps of Engineers USCG U.S. Coast Guard WCPFC Western and Central Pacific Fisheries Commission WCPO Western and Central Pacific Ocean

Next: Appendix C: Selected Literature on Quantities and Impacts of Marine Debris »
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Marine debris from ships and other ocean-based sources-including trash and lost fishing gear-contributes to the spoiling of beaches, fouling of surface waters and the seafloor, and harm to marine animals, among other effects. Unfortunately, international conventions and domestic laws intended to control marine debris have not been successful, in part because the laws, as written, provide little incentive to change behavior.

This book identifies ways to reduce waste, improve waste disposal at ports, and strengthen the regulatory framework toward a goal of zero waste discharge into the marine environment. Progress will depend on a commitment to sustained funding and appropriate institutional support.

The Interagency Marine Debris Coordinating Committee should, through planning and prioritization, target research to understand the sources, fates, and impacts of marine debris. It should support the establishment of scalable and statistically rigorous protocols that allow monitoring at a variety of temporal and spatial scales. These protocols should contain evaluative metrics that allow assessment of progress in marine debris mitigation. The United States, through leadership in the international arena, should provide technical assistance and support for the establishment of additional monitoring and research programs worldwide.

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