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Launching Science: Science Opportunities Provided by NASA's Constellation System (2009)

Chapter: Appendix E: Committee and Staff Biographical Information

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Committee and Staff Biographical Information." National Research Council. 2009. Launching Science: Science Opportunities Provided by NASA's Constellation System. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/12554.
Page 138
Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Committee and Staff Biographical Information." National Research Council. 2009. Launching Science: Science Opportunities Provided by NASA's Constellation System. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/12554.
Page 139
Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Committee and Staff Biographical Information." National Research Council. 2009. Launching Science: Science Opportunities Provided by NASA's Constellation System. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/12554.
Page 140
Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Committee and Staff Biographical Information." National Research Council. 2009. Launching Science: Science Opportunities Provided by NASA's Constellation System. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/12554.
Page 141
Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Committee and Staff Biographical Information." National Research Council. 2009. Launching Science: Science Opportunities Provided by NASA's Constellation System. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/12554.
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E Committee and Staff Biographical Information Committee Members GEORGE A. PAULIKAS, Chair, has been at the forefront of advances in space science and space systems, and he has made many technical contributions to the development of national security space systems. He retired after 37 years at the Aerospace Corporation, having joined Aerospace in 1961 as a member of the technical staff and later becoming department head, laboratory director, vice president, and senior vice president. He became execu- tive vice president in 1992. His contributions to space science and the development of national security space systems have been recognized by the Aerospace Corporation, the U.S. Air Force, and the National Reconnaissance Office. Dr. Paulikas is a past vice-chair of the National Research Council’s (NRC’s) Space Studies Board (SSB). He has also served on a number of NRC study committees, including the Committee on the Scientific Context for Exploration of the Moon (chair), the Committee on an Assessment of Balance in NASA’s Science Programs (vice chair), the Committee on the Scientific Context for Space Exploration, the Committee on Systems Integration for Project Constellation, the Workshop Committee on Issues and Opportunities Regarding the Future of the U.S. Space Program, and the Committee to Review the NASA Earth Science Enterprise Strategic Plan. KATHRYN C. THORNTON, Vice Chair, is a professor in the Department of Science, Technology and Society and in the Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering at the University of Virginia. She is also associate dean for graduate programs in the School of Engineering and Applied Science. Dr. Thornton has extensive human spaceflight experience and served for 12 years as a NASA astronaut, flying on four space shuttle missions and performing extravehicular activities (i.e., spacewalks) on two of them. Dr. Thornton served on the NRC ­Aeronautics and Space Engineering Board, the Committee for Technological Literacy, and the Committee on Meeting the Workforce Needs for the National Vision for Space Exploration, and served as co-chair of the Stanford ­University/ Planetary Society Workshop on Examining the Vision: Balancing Science and Exploration. CLAUDIA ALEXANDER is a member of the technical staff at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory and the project manager and project scientist for NASA for the European Space Agency’s Rosetta mission to study comet 67P/ Churyumov-Gerasimenko. Her research focuses on the evolution and interior physics of comets, Jupiter and its moons, magnetospheres, plate tectonics, space plasma, the discontinuities and expansion of solar wind, and the planet Venus. Previously, she was a science representative on the Galileo mission to Jupiter. She is a member of 138

APPENDIX E 139 the American Geophysical Union (AGU) and the Association for Women Geoscientists, and she was awarded the 2003 Emerald Honor for Women of Color in Research and Engineering by the Career Communications Group. Dr. Alexander has served on several NRC committees, including the Committee on Solar and Space Physics and the Committee on Distributed Small Arrays of Small Instruments for Research and Monitoring in Solar-Terrestrial Physics: A Workshop. STEVEN V.W. BECKWITH is the vice president for research and graduate studies for the University of California System and professor of astronomy at the University of California, Berkeley. He is a former professor of phys- ics and astronomy at Johns Hopkins University and the former director of the Space Telescope Science Institute. Previously, he was managing director of the Max-Planck-Institut für Astronomie. His principal research interests are the formation and early evolution of planets, including those outside the solar system, and the birth of galax- ies in the early universe. Dr. Beckwith served as chair of the NRC Panel on Ultraviolet, Optical, and Infrared Astronomy from Space. MARK A. BROSMER is general manager of the Launch and Satellite Control Division at the Aerospace Corpo- ration, where he is responsible for Aerospace’s support to the Air Force Satellite Control Network and Spacelift Range. He is responsible for launch operations at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station and the Vandenberg Air Force Base. He joined the Aerospace Corporation in 1985 as a member of the technical staff in the Thermal Control Department of the Engineering and Technology Group. He transferred to the Fluid Mechanics Department in 1987. He has since held several positions, including manager of the Launch Vehicle Thermal Department, Engineer- ing and Technology Group, and project engineer for the system integration and launch readiness of the Titan IV Solid Rocket Motor Upgrade. He joined the Evolved Expendable Launch Vehicle (EELV) Program in 1996 as a senior project engineer, serving as Aerospace’s integrated product team lead for systems engineering and integra- tion for the Delta IV launch system. In 1998 he was promoted to systems director for Delta IV development, and in 2001 he was promoted to principal director of Delta IV. While supporting the EELV Program, he provided technical leadership from the early-development phase and source-selection process through the eight inaugural launches of the Delta IV, including the first operational launches of the medium-, intermediate-, and heavy-lift configurations. JOSEPH BURNS is the Irving Porter Church Professor of Engineering, professor of astronomy, and vice provost for physical sciences and engineering at Cornell University. He is heavily involved with the imaging team on the Cassini mission around Saturn. Dr. Burns’s current research concerns planetary rings and the small bodies of the solar system (dust, satellites, comets, and asteroids). He is the president of the International Astronomical Union’s (IAU’s) Commission on Celestial Mechanics and Dynamical Astronomy. Dr. Burns is a fellow of the AGU and the American Association for the Advancement of Science, a member of the International Academy of Astronautics, and a foreign member of the Russian Academy of Sciences. In 1994 he was awarded the Masursky Prize by the Division of Planetary Sciences of the American Astronautical Society (AAS). Dr. Burns previously served as a member of the NRC Committee on a New Science Strategy for Solar System Exploration. CYNTHIA CATTELL is a professor of physics in the School of Physics and Astronomy at the University of Min- nesota. She is a fellow of the AGU. She is an author on more than 130 refereed journal articles and a contributing author in Auroral Plasma Physics (in the Space Sciences Series of the International Space Science Institute). She is a co-investigator on Polar, Cluster, FAST (Fast Auroral Snapshot), STEREO (Solar-Terrestrial Relations Observatory), and RBSP (Radiation Belt Storm Probes) and a principal investigator on the AMPS (Auroral Multi- Probe Satellite) mission study. Dr. Cattell has been a member of various advisory committees, including the NRC Committee on Solar Terrestrial Research, the NRC Plasma Sciences Committee, the NASA Sun-Earth-Connection Advisory Subcommittee, and the Sun-Solar System Connections SSSC Roadmap Committee. She was chair of the 2003 NASA Plasma Sails Working Group and a member of the Advisory Committee to the Basic Plasma Science Facility at the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA). She has also served on the science definition teams for a number of missions, including the Mercury Dual Orbiter and the Grand Tour Cluster. She is a member of

140 LAUNCHING SCIENCE the Physics Force, a team performing large-scale “physics circus” shows for K-12 schools and the general public throughout Minnesota and the upper Midwest. ALAN DELAMERE is a retired senior engineer and program manager at Ball Aerospace and Technology Corpo- ration. He is currently involved as co-investigator on the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter High Resolution Imaging Science Instrument and on the Deep Impact mission to Comet Tempel 1. Mr. Delamere has been involved in the Mars program since the 1980s. His expertise focuses on instrument building and mission design. He was a member of the NRC Committee on Preventing the Forward Contamination of Mars and the Committee on New Opportunities in Solar System Exploration. MARGARET FINARELLI is a senior fellow in the Center for Aerospace Policy Research at George Mason University. Ms. Finarelli’s earlier career with NASA and other U.S. government agencies focused on strategy development and negotiations in the fields of domestic space policy and international relations in science and technology. At NASA, she served as associate administrator for policy coordination and international relations. She was responsible for developing the international partnerships in the International Space Station program, and she led the U.S. team conducting the international negotiations that resulted in the agreements governing NASA’s cooperation with Europe, Japan, and Canada. As the International Space University’s vice president for North American Operations, she was responsible for strategic partnerships and business development in the United States for the international university in Strasbourg, France. TODD GARY is the director of the Institute for Understanding Biological Systems at Tennessee State University, where he leads research efforts in astrobiology. He is also the codirector of the Minority Institute Astrobiology Collaborative, the principal investigator on the NASA Astrobiology Institute Minority Institution Research Sup- port (MIRS) program, a member of the NASA Astrobiology Institute Astrovirology focus group, and part of the NASA Goddard Space Flight Center education and public outreach team for the Mars Science Laboratory. He was the first candidate chosen for a faculty fellowship in astrobiology by the MIRS program and completed his fellowship in astrobiology at UCLA. Part of his work centers on the integration of research on viruses in extreme environments and on extrasolar planet detection into educational settings. Dr. Gary is the principal investigator on several National Science Foundation (NSF) and NASA programs developing national astrobiology research and education opportunities within Native American, African American, and Hispanic communities. He received his Ph.D. in molecular biology from Vanderbilt University, where he published one of the first studies on how viruses evolve at the deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) level, and he completed a 2-year research fellowship within the Center for Space Medicine at Vanderbilt University Medical Center. STEVEN HOWELL is an associate astronomer and assistant director of the WIYN Observatory at the National Optical Astronomy Observatory in Tucson. Arizona. He has held previous jobs as a faculty member, NASA center scientist, and physics researcher. Dr. Howell has more than 20 years of teaching and research experience, with research interests in interacting binaries, extrasolar planets, wide-field photometric surveys, and two-dimensional digital detector instrumentation. Dr. Howell’s space mission experience includes the building and use of astrophys- ics experiments flown on the space shuttle, service as a member of the Galileo spacecraft solid-state imager team, and participation as a guest observer on essentially every NASA astrophysics mission flown in the past 25 years. He was an adviser on the design and operation of the imagers flown on the Cassini and Deep Impact missions, and he chaired the science advisory committee for NASA’s Extreme-Ultraviolet Explorer spacecraft. Dr. Howell regularly serves on NASA and NSF oversight and review panels, referees journal articles for numerous publications, and is currently a science team member on the NASA Kepler Discovery mission slated for launch in 2009. ARLO LANDOLT is the Ball Family Professor Emeritus of Physics and Astronomy in the Department of ­Physics and Astronomy at Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College, where he has taught since 1962. He served as the director of the Louisiana State University Observatory from 1970 to 1988, and also served as a program director in the astronomy section of the NSF. He served as the secretary of the AAS. Dr. Landolt has

APPENDIX E 141 served on several NRC committees and on the U.S. National Committee for the International Astronomical Union of the National Academies; the U.S. delegation to the 25th General Assembly of the International Astronomical Union; and as a delegate to the 23rd General Assembly of the International Astronomical Union in Kyoto, Japan. FRANK MARTIN has worked for 4-D Systems since October 2002; a major focus of his work has been on improv- ing the performance of NASA teams. He is also the president of Martin Consulting, Inc., providing services to aerospace projects. Previously, Dr. Martin was the program director for space systems and engineering at Lockheed Martin Space Systems, where he directed programs in space and Earth sciences, life sciences, and space explora- tion. Dr. Martin also has extensive NASA experience, including assignments as the assistant administrator for the Office of Space Exploration at NASA Headquarters and as the director of Space and Earth Sciences at Goddard Space Flight Center. He resigned from NASA in 1990 and retired from Lockheed Martin in 2001. He received the NASA Outstanding Leadership Medal; the Exceptional Service Medal; and the presidential ranks of Distinguished Executive and Meritorious Executive. He also served on the NRC Committee on Advanced Concepts. SPENCER R. TITLEY is a professor in the Department of Geosciences at the University of Arizona. He previously worked on NASA’s Lunar Orbiter program and was also a member of the Apollo Field Geology Investigation Team, serving on Apollo missions 16 and 17. His current research involves the study of the origin of mineral deposits and the distribution and location of mineral and mineral fuel resources. His research has also included the study of chemical baselines of trace elements in rocks and ores for environmental purposes. Dr. Titley is a member of the National Academy of Engineering. He previously served on the NRC Committee on the Assess- ment of Solar System Exploration. CARL WUNSCH is the Cecil and Ida Green Professor of Physical Oceanography at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. His research focuses on ocean-observing technologies and on the general circulation of the ocean and its implications for climate change. Dr. Wunsch has chaired a number of ocean science advisory groups, such as the NRC Ocean Studies Board and the International Steering Group for the World Ocean Circulation Experiment. He is a member of the National Academy of Sciences, a foreign member of the Royal Society, a recipient of the AGU’s Macelwane Award and Bowie Medal and of the American Meteorological Society’s Henry Stommel Medal. STAFF DWAYNE A. DAY, Study Director, has a Ph.D. in political science from the George Washington University and has previously served as an investigator for the Columbia Accident Investigation Board. He was on the staff of the Congressional Budget Office and also worked for the Space Policy Institute at the George Washington University. He has held Guggenheim and Verville fellowships and is an associate editor of the German spaceflight magazine Raumfahrt Concret, in addition to writing for such publications as Novosti Kosmonavtiki (Russia), Spaceflight, and Space Chronicle (United Kingdom). He has served as study director for several NRC reports, including Space Radiation Hazards and the Vision for Space Exploration (2006), Grading NASA’s Solar System Exploration Program: A Midterm Review (2008), and Opening New Frontiers in Space: Choices for the Next New Frontiers Announcement of Opportunity (2008). VICTORIA SWISHER joined the Space Studies Board in December 2006 as a research associate. She recently received a B.A. in astronomy from Swarthmore College. She presented the results of her research at the 2005 and 2006 AAS meetings and at various Keck Northeast Astronomy Consortium undergraduate research conferences. Her most recent research focused on laboratory astrophysics and involved studying the x-rays of plasma, culminat- ing in a senior thesis entitled “Modeling UV and X-ray Spectra from the Swarthmore Spheromak Experiment.” CATHERINE A. GRUBER is an assistant editor with the Space Studies Board. She joined SSB as a senior pro- gram assistant in 1995. Ms. Gruber first came to the NRC in 1988. She was a research assistant (chemist) in the

142 LAUNCHING SCIENCE National Institute of Mental Health’s Laboratory of Cell Biology for 2 years. She has a B.A. in natural science from St. Mary’s College of Maryland. RODNEY N. HOWARD joined the Space Studies Board as a senior project assistant in 2002. Before he joined SSB, most of his vocational life was spent in the health profession—as a pharmacy technologist at Doctor’s Hospital in Lanham, Maryland, and as an interim center administrator at the Concentra Medical Center in Jessup, Maryland. During that time, he participated in a number of Quality Circle Initiatives that were designed to improve relations between management and staff. Mr. Howard obtained his B.A. in communications from the University of Baltimore County in 1983. He plans to begin coursework next year for his master’s degree in business administration. LEWIS GROSWALD is the Autumn 2008 Lloyd V. Berkner Space Policy Intern with the Space Studies Board. Mr. Groswald is a first-year graduate student pursuing his master’s degree in international science and technol- ogy policy at the George Washington University (GW). A recent graduate of GW, he studied international affairs with a double concentration in conflict and security and Europe and Eurasia as an undergraduate. Mr. Groswald has expressed an interest in space since childhood, but it was not until he had the opportunity to work with the National Space Society during his senior year at GW that he decided to pursue a career in space policy, educating the public on space issues, and formulating policy.

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In January 2004 NASA was given a new policy direction known as the Vision for Space Exploration. That plan, now renamed the United States Space Exploration Policy, called for sending human and robotic missions to the Moon, Mars, and beyond. In 2005 NASA outlined how to conduct the first steps in implementing this policy and began the development of a new human-carrying spacecraft known as Orion, the lunar lander known as Altair, and the launch vehicles Ares I and Ares V.

Collectively, these are called the Constellation System. In November 2007 NASA asked the National Research Council (NRC) to evaluate the potential for new science opportunities enabled by the Constellation System of rockets and spacecraft.

The NRC committee evaluated a total of 17 mission concepts for future space science missions. Of those, the committee determined that 12 would benefit from the Constellation System and five would not. This book presents the committee's findings and recommendations, including cost estimates, a review of the technical feasibility of each mission, and identification of the missions most deserving of future study.

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