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Appendix A Biographic Information on the Committee for Review of the Federal Strategy to Address Environmental, Health, and Safety Research Needs for Engineered Nanoscale Materials David L. Eaton (Chair) is associate vice provost for research at the University of Washington, where he holds faculty appointments as professor of environ- mental and occupational health sciences, professor of public health genetics, and adjunct professor of medicinal chemistry. He also serves as director of the Uni- versity of Washington-National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS) Center for Ecogenetics and Environmental Health and directs a large, multi-investigator center grant from NIEHS in toxicogenomics. Dr. Eatonâs re- search interests include the molecular basis of chemically induced cancers and the effect of human genetic variation in biotransformation enzymes on individ- ual susceptibility to natural and synthetic chemicals. He was president of the Society of Toxicology in 2001-2002. He has served as chair of several National Research Council committees, including the Committee on Emerging Issues and Data on Environmental Contaminants and the Committee on EPAâs Exposure and Human Health Reassessment of TCDD and Related Compounds. Dr. Eaton has been awarded many distinguished fellowships and honors, including the Achievement Award of the Society of Toxicology in 1990. He is an elected fel- low of the Academy of Toxicological Sciences and of the American Association for the Advancement of Science. He earned his PhD in pharmacology and toxi- cology from the University of Kansas Medical Center. 98
Appendix A 99 Martin A. Philbert (Vice Chair) is a professor of toxicology and executive di- rector of the Center for Risk Science and Communication at the University of Michigan. Dr. Philbertâs research interests include the development of nanotechnology for intracellular measurement of biochemicals and ions and for the early detection of and treatment for brain tumors. He is actively engaged in the investigation of mechanisms of chemically induced energy deprivation syn- dromes in the central nervous system. He has published more than 100 scholarly manuscripts, book chapters, and abstracts and is the recipient of the 2001 Soci- ety of Toxicology Achievement Award. Dr. Philbert serves on the Institute of Medicineâs Food and Nutrition Board and the Roundtable on Environmental Health Sciences, Research, and Medicine. He earned his PhD in neurochemistry and experimental neuropathology from the University of London. George V. Alexeeff is deputy director for scientific affairs of the Office of Envi- ronmental Health Hazard Assessment (OEHHA) of the California Environ- mental Protection Agency. He oversees a staff of more than 80 scientists in mul- tidisciplinary evaluations of the health effects of pollutants and toxicants in air, water, soil, and other media. His activities include reviewing epidemiologic and toxicologic data to identify hazards and derive risk-based assessments, develop- ing guidelines to identify chemicals hazardous to the public, recommending air- quality standards, identifying toxic air contaminants, developing public-health goals for water contaminants, preparing evaluations for carcinogens and repro- ductive toxins, issuing sport-fish advisories, training health personnel on pesti- cide-poisoning recognition, reviewing hazardous-waste site risk assessments, and conducting multimedia risk assessments. He was chief of the Air Toxicol- ogy and Epidemiology Section of OEHHA from October 1990 through February 1998. Dr. Alexeeff has over 50 publications in toxicology and risk assessment. He has been a member of previous National Research Council committees in- cluding Evaluating the Efficiency of Research and Development Programs in the Environmental Protection Agency and the Scientific Review of the Proposed Risk Assessment Bulletin from the Office of Management and Budget. He earned his PhD in pharmacology and toxicology from the University of Califor- nia, Davis. Tina Bahadori is the managing director of the Long-Range Research Initiative (LRI) at the American Chemistry Council (ACC). Dr. Bahadori manages the development, implementation, and direction of the LRI research portfolios in environmental health with specific expertise and responsibilities in exposure and risk analysis. She is the LRI lead for developing a global research program on interpretation of biomonitoring data. Dr. Bahadori is the president-elect of the International Society of Exposure Analysis. She serves as an expert and re- viewer on a number of scientific panels, including the National Academy of Sciences (NAS) panel for review of particulate-matter research; as a peer re- viewer for the Environmental Protection Agency Science to Achieve Results grants; on the NAS interacademy panel on the ecology of the Caspian Sea; on
100 Review of the Federal Strategy for Nanotechnology the Advisory Panel for the Aerosol Research Inhalation Epidemiology Study; and on the internal steering committee and as one of the principal investigators for the St. Louis-Midwest PM Supersite. She was also a member of the Chemi- cal Exposure Working Group for the National Childrenâs Study. Before joining ACC, she was the manager for air-quality health integrated programs at the Electric Power Research Institute. Her research was related to health implica- tions of environmental pollution and included integration of atmospheric chem- istry, exposure assessment, and epidemiology. She was responsible for the de- sign, implementation, and promotion of collaborative research with emphasis on policy and regulatory decision-making. At Arthur D. Little, Inc., where she was a consultant in the Environmental Risk Management Unit, she assisted clients with technical and management problems related to environment, health, and safety matters. She holds a doctorate in environmental science and engineering from the Harvard School of Public Health. John M. Balbus is the chief health scientist and health program director at the Environmental Defense Fund and an adjunct associate professor of environ- mental health sciences at Johns Hopkins University. His expertise is in epidemi- ology, toxicology, and risk science. He spent 7 years at George Washington University, where he was the founding director of the Center for Risk Science and Public Health and served as acting chair of the Department of Environ- mental and Occupational Health. He was also an associate professor of medicine there. Dr. Balbus has served as a member of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Childrenâs Health Protection Advisory Committee, as a core peer consultation panel member for EPAâs Voluntary Childrenâs Chemical Exposure Program, and as a member of EPA review committees on air-toxics research, computational toxicology, and climate-change research. He serves on the Na- tional Research Councilâs (NRC) Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicol- ogy and is a member of the Committee on Improving Risk Analysis Approaches Used by the U.S. EPA. He previously served on the NRC Committee on Appli- cations of Toxicogenomics Technologies to Predictive Toxicology. Dr. Balbus received his MD from the University of Pennsylvania. Moungi G. Bawendi (NAS) is the Lester Wolfe Professor of Chemistry in the Department of Chemistry at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. His re- search interests include the chemistry, physics, and applications of nanometer- size semiconductor and metal particles exhibiting quantum mechanical size ef- fects. He is interested in the science and applications of nanocrystals, especially semiconductor nanocrystals. Previously, he was a member of the National Re- search Council Committee on the Review of the National Nanotechnology Ini- tiative. In 2007, Dr. Bawendi was elected to the National Academy of Sciences. He earned a PhD in chemistry from the University of Chicago. Pratim Biswas is the Stifel and Quinette Jens Professor and chair of the De- partment of Energy, Environmental and Chemical Engineering at Washington
Appendix A 101 University in St. Louis. Dr. Biswasâs research interests include aerosol science and engineering, nanoparticle technology, air quality and pollution control, combustion, environmentally benign energy production and materials processing (with applications in environmental and energy technologies), and thermal sci- ences (heat transfer and fluid mechanics). Dr. Biswas was appointed president of the American Association for Aerosol Research for 2006-2007 and had been the technical program chair at the International Aerosol Conference in St. Paul, MN. He received his PhD in mechanical engineering from the California Institute of Technology. Vicki Colvin is professor of chemistry at Rice University and director of its Center for Biological and Environmental Nanotechnology (CBEN). CBEN is one of the nationâs six nanoscience and engineering centers funded by the Na- tional Science Foundation. One of CBENâs primary interests is the application of nanotechnology to the environment. Dr. Colvin has received numerous acco- lades for her teaching abilities, including Phi Beta Kappaâs Teaching Prize for 1998-1999 and the Camille Dreyfus Teacher Scholar Award in 2002. In 2002, she was also named one of Discover magazineâs âTop 20 Scientists to Watchâ and received an Alfred P. Sloan Fellowship. Dr. Colvin is a frequent contributor to Advanced Materials, Physical Review Letters, and other peer-reviewed jour- nals and holds patents to four inventions. She received her PhD in chemistry from the University of California, Berkeley, where she was awarded the Ameri- can Chemical Societyâs Victor K. LaMer Award for her work in colloid and surface chemistry. Stephen J. Klaine is a professor in the Department of Biological Sciences and the director of the Institute of Environmental Toxicology at Clemson University. His research focuses on the fate and effects of contaminants in the environment, specifically contaminants that migrate from various land uses into aquatic eco- systems and their effects on aquatic plants and animals. His laboratory studies contaminant effects on fish, aquatic invertebrates, plants, and algae. Currently, it is studying the toxicity of metals, pesticides, pharmaceuticals, and nanomateri- als. Dr. Klaine received the Sigma Xi Researcher of the Year Award at Clemson University in 2007 and has been named to Whoâs Who in Technology, Envi- ronmental Science and Engineering. He has served on the National Research Council Panel on Life Sciences and is aquatic-toxicology editor for Environ- mental Toxicology and Chemistry. He received his PhD in environmental sci- ence from Rice University. Andrew D. Maynard is the chief science adviser at the Woodrow Wilson Inter- national Center for Scholars for the Project on Emerging Nanotechnologies. He also holds an associate professorship at the University of Cincinnati and is an honorary senior lecturer at the University of Aberdeen, UK. Dr. Maynardâs re- search interests revolve around aerosol characterization and the implications of nanotechnology for occupational health. His expertise covers many facets of
102 Review of the Federal Strategy for Nanotechnology aerosols and health implications, from occupational aerosol sampler design to state-of-the-art nanoparticle analysis. Previously, he worked for the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) and represented the agency on the Nanoscale Science, Engineering and Technology Subcommittee (NSET) of the National Science and Technology Council; he also cochaired the Nanotechnology Health and Environment Implications Working Group of the NSET. Recently, he was a recipient of the NIOSH Alice Hamilton Award (Bio- logical Sciences). He is a member of the Executive Committee of the Interna- tional Council on Nanotechnology and until recently chaired the International Standards Organization working group on size-selective sampling in the work- place. He earned his PhD in aerosol physics from the Cavendish Laboratory, University of Cambridge, UK. Nancy Ann Monteiro-Riviere is a professor of investigative dermatology and toxicology at the Center for Chemical Toxicology Research and Pharmacokinet- ics at North Carolina State University (NCSU). Dr. Monteiro-Riviere is also a professor in the Joint Department of Biomedical Engineering of the University of North Carolina (UNC)-Chapel Hill and NCSU and research adjunct professor of dermatology in the School of Medicine at UNC-Chapel Hill. She is a past president of the Dermal Toxicology Specialty Section and the In Vitro Toxicol- ogy Specialty Section of the Society of Toxicology. Dr. Monteiro-Riviere is a fellow of the American Academy of Nanomedicine, the Academy of Toxico- logical Sciences, and the American College of Toxicology. She serves on sev- eral toxicology editorial boards and national panels, including many in nanotoxicology, and she is coeditor of Nanotoxicology: Characterization and Dosing and Health Effects. She received her PhD in anatomy from Purdue Uni- versity. GÃ¼nter OberdÃ¶rster is professor in the Department of Environmental Medicine at the University of Rochester, director of the University of Rochester Ultrafine Particle Center, principal investigator on a multidisciplinary research initiative in nanotoxicology, and head of the Pulmonary Core of a National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences center grant. His research focuses on the effects and underlying mechanisms of lung injury induced by inhaled nonfibrous and fibrous particles, including extrapolation modeling and risk assessment. His studies of ultrafine particles influenced the field of inhalation toxicology, raising awareness of the unique biokinetics and toxic potential of nanoscale particles. He has served on many national and international committees and is a recipient of several scientific awards. He is on the editorial boards of the Journal of Aero- sol Medicine, Particle and Fibre Toxicology, Nanotoxicology, and the Interna- tional Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health and is associate editor of Inhalation Toxicology and Environmental Health Perspectives. He earned his DVM and PhD (in pharmacology) from the University of Giessen, Germany.
Appendix A 103 Mark A. Ratner (NAS) is the Morrison Professor of Chemistry and professor of materials science and engineering at Northwestern University. His research focuses on structure and function at the nanoscale and on the theory of funda- mental chemical processes. Specific interests include molecular electronics, electron transfer, self-assembly, nonlinear optical response in molecules, and theories of quantum dynamics. He is a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science and a member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Dr. Ratner was elected to the National Academy of Sciences in 2002 for his contributions to molecular materials theory and modeling. He earned his PhD in chemistry from Northwestern University. Justin G. Teeguarden is a senior research scientist with the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory where he conducts research within a multidisciplinary team studying the relationship between the physicochemical properties of nanomate- rials and their biocompatibility. His major research focus is in the areas of nanomaterial pharmacokinetics and dosimetry, both in vivo and in vitro, and the development of integrated computational models of cellular and tissue do- simetry and biologic response. He is the principal investigator of pharmacoki- netic studies of organic chemicals and metals and develops physiologically based pharmacokinetic models of chemical kinetics for application in study de- sign and risk assessment for both private companies and the EPA. Through So- ciety of Toxicology symposia, specialty sections and continuing education courses, Dr. Teeguarden has promoted the application of the fundamental sci- ences in nanomaterial risk assessment. He serves on the National Toxicology Program Board of Scientific Councilors, and on a variety of EPA and NIH re- view panels. Dr. Teeguarden received his PhD in toxicology from the University of Wisconsin, Madison, and is board certified in toxicology. Mark R. Wiesner is the James L. Meriam Professor of Civil and Environmental Engineering in the Pratt School of Engineering at Duke University. He was pre- viously Chair of Excellence in the Chemical Engineering Laboratory at the Insti- tute Nationale Polytechnique, Toulouse, France. His research interests include membrane processes, nanostructured materials, transport and fate of nanomate- rials in the environment, colloidal and interfacial processes, and environmental systems analysis. Dr. Wiesner has received the Association of Environmental Engineering and Science Professors Frontiers in Research Award, the American Institute of Chemical Engineers Graduate Research Award for Membrane-Based Separations, and the Charles Duncan Award for Scholarship and Teaching at Rice University. He served on the Scientific Advisory Board and was the U.S. director for the European Union-United States University Consortium on Envi- ronmental Engineering Education from 1993 to 2005. Dr. Wiesner received his PhD in environmental engineering from Johns Hopkins University.