National Academies Press: OpenBook

Beyond 'Fortress America': National Security Controls on Science and Technology in a Globalized World (2009)

Chapter: Appendix H: ITAR and CCL Control Lists by Category

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix H: ITAR and CCL Control Lists by Category." National Research Council. 2009. Beyond 'Fortress America': National Security Controls on Science and Technology in a Globalized World. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/12567.
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Page 127
Suggested Citation:"Appendix H: ITAR and CCL Control Lists by Category." National Research Council. 2009. Beyond 'Fortress America': National Security Controls on Science and Technology in a Globalized World. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/12567.
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Page 128

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Appendix H ITAR and CCL Control Lists by Category The U.S. Munitions List, administered by the Department of State, is divided into 20 categories: 1. Firearms, Close Assault Weapons and Combat Shotguns 2. Guns and Armament 3. Ammunition/Ordnance 4. Launch Vehicles, Guided Missiles, Ballistic Missiles, Rockets, Torpedoes, Bombs, and Mines 5. Explosives and Energetic Materials, Propellants, Incendiary Agents, and their Constituents 6. Vessels of War and Special Naval Equipment 7. Tanks and Military Vehicles 8. Aircraft and Associated Equipment 9. Military Training Equipment 10. Military Electronics 11. Protective Personnel Equipment 12. Fire Control, Range Finder, Optical and Guidance and Control Equipment 13. Auxiliary Military Equipment 14. Toxicological Agents, Including Chemical Agents, Biological Agents, and Associated Equipment 15. Spacecraft Systems and Associated Equipment 16. Nuclear Weapons, Design and Testing Related Items 17. Classified Articles, Technical Data and Defense Services Not Otherwise Enumerated 18. Directed Energy Weapons 19. [Reserved] 127

128 APPENDIX H 20. Submersible Vessels, Oceanographic and Associated Equipment 21. Miscellaneous Articles The Commerce Control List, administered by the Department of Commerce, is divided into 10 categories: 0 = Nuclear Materials, Facilities and Equipment (and Miscellaneous Items) 1 = Materials, Chemicals, Microorganisms and Toxins 2 = Materials Processing 3 = Electronics 4 = Computers 5 = Telecommunications and Information Security 6 = Sensors and Lasers 7 = Navigation and Avionics 8 = Marine 9 = Propulsion Systems, Space Vehicles, and Related Equipment Each category is then divided into 5 product groups: A. Systems, Equipment and Components B. Test, Inspection and Production Equipment C. Material D. Software E. Technology

Next: Appendix I: Principles to Underpin the Militarily Critical Technologies List (MCTL) »
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The national security controls that regulate access to and export of science and technology are broken. As currently structured, many of these controls undermine our national and homeland security and stifle American engagement in the global economy, and in science and technology. These unintended consequences arise from policies that were crafted for an earlier era. In the name of maintaining superiority, the U.S. now runs the risk of becoming less secure, less competitive and less prosperous.

Beyond "Fortress America" provides an account of the costs associated with building walls that hamper our access to global science and technology that dampen our economic potential. The book also makes recommendations to reform the export control process, ensure scientific and technological competitiveness, and improve the non-immigrant visa system that regulates entry into the United States of foreign science and engineering students, scholars, and professionals.

Beyond "Fortress America" contains vital information and action items for the President and policy makers that will affect the United States' ability to compete globally. Interested parties--including military personnel, engineers, scientists, professionals, industrialists, and scholars--will find this book a valuable tool for stemming a serious decline affecting broad areas of the nation's security and economy.

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