National Academies Press: OpenBook

Global Security Engagement: A New Model for Cooperative Threat Reduction (2009)

Chapter: Appendix G: The G8 Global Partnership: Guidelines for New or Expanded Cooperation Projects

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix G: The G8 Global Partnership: Guidelines for New or Expanded Cooperation Projects." National Academy of Sciences. 2009. Global Security Engagement: A New Model for Cooperative Threat Reduction. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/12583.
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Page 151
Suggested Citation:"Appendix G: The G8 Global Partnership: Guidelines for New or Expanded Cooperation Projects." National Academy of Sciences. 2009. Global Security Engagement: A New Model for Cooperative Threat Reduction. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/12583.
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Page 152
Suggested Citation:"Appendix G: The G8 Global Partnership: Guidelines for New or Expanded Cooperation Projects." National Academy of Sciences. 2009. Global Security Engagement: A New Model for Cooperative Threat Reduction. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/12583.
×
Page 153
Suggested Citation:"Appendix G: The G8 Global Partnership: Guidelines for New or Expanded Cooperation Projects." National Academy of Sciences. 2009. Global Security Engagement: A New Model for Cooperative Threat Reduction. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/12583.
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Page 154

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Appendix G The G8 Global Partnership: Guidelines for New or Expanded Cooperation Projects The G8 will work in partnership, bilaterally and multilaterally, to develop, coordinate, implement and finance, according to their respective means, new or expanded cooperation projects to address (i) nonproliferation, (ii) disarma- ment, (iii) counter-terrorism and (iv) nuclear safety (including environmental) issues, with a view to enhancing strategic stability, consonant with our inter- national security objectives and in support of the multilateral nonproliferation regimes. Each country has primary responsibility for implementing its nonpro- liferation, disarmament, counter-terrorism and nuclear safety obligations and requirements and commits its full cooperation within the Partnership. Cooperation projects under this initiative will be decided and implemented, taking into account international obligations and domestic laws of participating partners, within appropriate bilateral and multilateral legal frameworks that should, as necessary, include the following elements: i. Mutually agreed effective monitoring, auditing, and transparency measures and procedures will be required in order to ensure that cooperative activities meet agreed objectives (including irreversibility as necessary), to con- firm work performance, to account for the funds expended and to provide for adequate access for donor representatives to work sites; ii. The projects will be implemented in an environmentally sound manner and will maintain the highest appropriate level of safety;  Statement by G8 Leaders. The G8 Global Partnership Against the Spread of Weapons and Ma- terials of Mass Destruction. Kananasis Summit. 2002. Available as of March 2009 at htttp://www. dt.tesoro.it/opencms/opencms/handle404?exporturi=/export/sites/sitodt/modules/documenti_it/ rapporti_finanziari_internazionali/rapporti_finanziari_internazionali/G8_on_Global_partnership. pdf&%5d 151

152 APPENDIX G iii. Clearly defined milestones will be developed for each project, includ- ing the option of suspending or terminating a project if the milestones are not met; iv. The material, equipment, technology, services and expertise provided will be solely for peaceful purposes and, unless otherwise agreed, will be used only for the purposes of implementing the projects and will not be transferred. Adequate measures of physical protection will also be applied to prevent theft or sabotage; v. All governments will take necessary steps to ensure that the support provided will be considered free technical assistance and will be exempt from taxes, duties, levies, and other charges; vi. Procurement of goods and services will be conducted in accordance with open international practices to the extent possible, consistent with national security requirements; vii. All governments will take necessary steps to ensure that adequate liability protections from claims related to the cooperation will be provided for donor countries and their personnel and contractors; viii. Appropriate privileges and immunities will be provided for govern- ment donor representatives working on cooperation projects; and ix. Measures will be put in place to ensure effective protection of sensitive information and intellectual property. Given the breadth and scope of the activities to be undertaken, the G8 will establish an appropriate mechanism for the annual review of progress under this initiative which may include consultations regarding priorities, identification of project gaps and potential overlap, and assessment of consistency of the coop- eration projects with international security obligations and objectives. Specific bilateral and multilateral project implementation will be coordinated subject to arrangements appropriate to that project, including existing mechanisms. For the purposes of these guidelines, the phrase “new or expanded coop- eration projects” is defined as cooperation projects that will be initiated or enhanced on the basis of this Global Partnership. All funds disbursed or released after its announcement would be included in the total of committed resources. A range of financing options, including the option of bilateral debt for program exchanges, will be available to countries that contribute to this Global Partnership. The Global Partnership’s initial geographic focus will be on projects in Russia, which maintains primary responsibility for implementing its obligations and requirements within the Partnership. In addition, the G8 would be willing to enter into negotiations with any other recipient countries, including those of the former Soviet Union, prepared to adopt the guidelines, for inclusion in the Partnership.

APPENDIX G 153 Recognizing that the Global Partnership is designed to enhance interna- tional security and safety, the G8 invites others to contribute to and join in this initiative. With respect to nuclear safety and security, the partners agreed to estab- lish a new G8 Nuclear Safety and Security Group by the time of our next Summit.

Next: Appendix H: A Comparison of the Characteristics of Six Weapons Systems from the Perspective of a State or Terrorist Organization »
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The government's first Cooperative Threat Reduction (CTR) programs were created in 1991 to eliminate the former Soviet Union's nuclear, chemical, and other weapons and prevent their proliferation. The programs have accomplished a great deal: deactivating thousands of nuclear warheads, neutralizing chemical weapons, converting weapons facilities for peaceful use, and redirecting the work of former weapons scientists and engineers, among other efforts. Originally designed to deal with immediate post-Cold War challenges, the programs must be expanded to other regions and fundamentally redesigned as an active tool of foreign policy that can address contemporary threats from groups that are that are agile, networked, and adaptable. As requested by Congress, Global Security Engagement proposes how this goal can best be achieved.

To meet the magnitude of new security challenges, particularly at the nexus of weapons of mass destruction and terrorism, Global Security Engagement recommends a new, more flexible, and responsive model that will draw on a broader range of partners than current programs have. The White House, working across the Executive Branch and with Congress, must lead this effort.

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