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Experimentation and Rapid Prototyping in Support of Counterterrorism (2009)

Chapter: Appendix B: Acronyms and Abbreviations

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2009. Experimentation and Rapid Prototyping in Support of Counterterrorism. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/12612.
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Page 63
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2009. Experimentation and Rapid Prototyping in Support of Counterterrorism. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/12612.
×
Page 64
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2009. Experimentation and Rapid Prototyping in Support of Counterterrorism. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/12612.
×
Page 65
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2009. Experimentation and Rapid Prototyping in Support of Counterterrorism. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/12612.
×
Page 66

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B Acronyms and Abbreviations ADSS Automated Decision Support System AFRL Air Force Research Laboratory AGIG Airborne Global Information Grid ATEC Army Test and Evaluation Command BAT Biometric Automated Toolset BISA Biometric Identification System for Access BITE Biometric Information Technology Evaluation C4I command, control, communications, computers, and intelligence CENTCOM Central Command CIA Central Intelligence Agency CIPA Counter Insurgency Pattern Assessment COCOM combatant commander COIN counterinsurgency CONOPS concepts of operations CORE Common Operational Research Environment CTTTF Combating Terrorism Technology Task Force DARPA Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency DDR&E Director, Defense Research and Engineering DEC Digital Equipment Corporation DERF Defense Emergency Response Fund DHS Department of Homeland Security DIA Defense Intelligence Agency 63

64 Experimentation and Rapid Prototyping in Support of Counterterrorism DNI Director of National Intelligence DOD Department of Defense DOE Department of Energy DTC Development Test Command DTRA Defense Threat Reduction Agency DURAD Detection of Unintended Radiation FADE Fusion Analysis Development Effort FFRDC federally funded research and development center FY fiscal year GCOIN global counterinsurgency GMTI Ground Motion Target Integrator HBS Harvard Business School HTS Human Terrian System IC intelligence community IDA Institute for Defense Analyses IED improvised explosive device IP Internet Protocol ISR intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance JCTD Joint Capability Technology Demonstration JCURE Joint Cultural Understanding and Relationship Exploitation JERC Joint Experimentation Range Complex JFCOM Joint Forces Command JIATF-South Joint Interagency Task Force-South JIEDDO Joint Improvised Explosive Device Defeat Organization JIPOE Joint Intelligence Preparation of the Operational Environment JRAC Joint Rapid Acquisition Cell JUONS Joint Urgent Operational Needs Statement LUUV large unmanned undersea vehicle MASTER Maritime Automated Super Track Enhanced Reporting MPICE Measuring Progress in Conflicts Environments MTI moving target indicator NACCITEC National Counterterrorism/Counterinsurgency Integrated Test and Evaluation Center NAVAIR Naval Air Systems Command NGA National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency

appendix B 65 NIPRnet Non-Classified Internet Protocol Router Network NORTHCOM Northern Command NRC National Research Council NRO National Reconnaissance Office NSA National Security Agency NTIPS National Tactical Integrated Processing System OEF Operation Enduring Freedom OIF Operation Iraqi Freedom OODA observe, orient, decide, and act OTA other transaction authority PC personal computer PE program element PPBE Planning, Programming, Budgeting and Execution PTDS Persistent Threat Detection System QRSP Quick Reaction Special Projects RDT&E Research, Development, Test and Evaluation RRTO Rapid Reaction Technology Office S&T science and technology SIPRnet Secret Internet Protocol Router Network SOCOM Special Operations Command SOUTHCOM Southern Command SSA Sudan Strategic Assessment STRATCOM Strategic Command TacSat Tactical Satellite TINA Tactical Infrared Networked Awareness TRADOC Training and Doctrine Command TSWG Technical Support Working Group UAS unmanned aircraft system UAV unmanned aerial vehicle UON Urgent Operational Need USAID United States Agency for International Development USD Under Secretary of Defense USD(AT&L) Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology and Logistics UUV unmanned undersea vehicle

66 Experimentation and Rapid Prototyping in Support of Counterterrorism VMOC Virtual Mission Operations Center WMD weapons of mass destruction XPAK Explosives Particulate Analysis YPG Yuma Proving Ground

Next: Appendix C: Rapid Reaction Technology Office Test Planning, Conduct, Analysis, and Reporting »
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The U.S. military forces currently face a nontraditional threat from insurgents and terrorists who primarily employ improvised explosive devices, and have shown a cycle of adaptation of less than 12 months to responses by U.S. forces to counter these attacks. This constantly evolving threat requires U.S. military forces to adapt and respond more rapidly with modified tactics, technologies, and/or equipment.

In response to this need for new technologies, the Rapid Reaction Technology Office (RRTO) was established in 2006 to develop technologies that can mature in 6 to 18 months for purposes of counterterrorism. Although RRTO appears to be successfully fulfilling its mission, the agency seeks to understand and address barriers to and opportunities for meeting future counterterrorism needs—including the need to accelerate the transition of technologies for counterterrorism with an eye to countering emerging and anticipated threats. This book reviews RRTO approaches and provides a set of recommendations for potential improvements to help meet these needs for rapid technology development.

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