National Academies Press: OpenBook
« Previous: Appendix C: Relative Hazards of Near- and Far-field Tsunami Sources
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Available Tsunami Evacuation Maps." National Research Council. 2011. Tsunami Warning and Preparedness: An Assessment of the U.S. Tsunami Program and the Nation's Preparedness Efforts. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/12628.
×

APPENDIX D
Available Tsunami Evacuation Maps

A repository for tsunami evacuation maps does not currently exist in the United States. The following is a list of communities with tsunami evacuation maps, based on information provided by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Tsunami Program and by an online search of available maps.

COMMONWEALTH OF PUERTO RICO

  • Mayagüez (see Figure D.3C), Anasco, and Lajas and current efforts in Carolina and Dorado

Note: This list is based on information provided by the Puerto Rico Seismic Network.

STATE OF ALASKA

  • Whittier, Sand Point, King Cove, Cold Bay, and Dutch Harbor

  • All TsunamiReady communities have tsunami evacuation maps, including Homer, Kodiak, Seward, Sitka, Valdez (see Figure D.2), and Yakutat.

Note: Information provided by the NOAA Tsunami Program.

STATE OF CALIFORNIA

  • A tsunami evacuation zone exists for the entire Californian coastline and will become available on the CalEMA “My Hazards” website (http://www.myhazards.calema.ca.gov/).

  • Evacuation maps are being developed as stand-alone brochures (and digital PDFs) for all coastal communities.

Note: Information provided by the California Emergency Management Agency.

STATE OF HAWAII

  • A tsunami evacuation zone exists for the entire Hawaiian coastline and is organized around shoreline segments, not specific communities.

  • Hawaii—North Kohala, Waipio Bay, South Kohala, Laupahoehoe, Hakalau Bay, Wailea, Kailua Bay to Kiholo Bay, Hilo - Part 1 (see Figures D.3D, D.5), Hilo - Part 2, South Hilo / Puna, Keauhou to Kailua, Kealakekua to Kailua, Milolii to Kealakekua, Opihikao to Kau / Puna, Punaluu to Honuapo / Kau

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Available Tsunami Evacuation Maps." National Research Council. 2011. Tsunami Warning and Preparedness: An Assessment of the U.S. Tsunami Program and the Nation's Preparedness Efforts. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/12628.
×
  • Kaua‘i—Kailiu Pt. to Kalihiwai Bay, Kauapea Beach to Anahola Bay, Kealia to Alakukui Pt., Waimea to Barking Sands, Wailua to Kamilo Pt., Nawiliwili, Numila to Waimea, Ninini Pt. to Kamala Pt., Keoniloa Bay to Lawai Bay, Poipu

  • La-na‘i—Pohakuloa Pt. to Kaiolohia Bay, Kaiolohia Bay to Haua, Haua to Kapoho, Kaumalapau Harbor, Manele Bay to Kapihua Bay

  • Maui—Kaleia Kealekii Pt. to Keawalua, Hanakaoo to Kaelekii Pt., Kanaha Beach Park to Kuau, Waiehu Pt. to Kanaha Beach Park, Launiupoko Pt. to Wahikuli State Wayside Park, Ukumehame Beach Park to Launiupoko Pt., Hana, Kealia to Ukumehame Beach Park, Kamaole Beach Park to Kealia, Puu Olai to Kamaole Beach Park

  • Moloka‘i—Kalaupapa to Kaupikiawa, Pohakumauliuli, Halawa, Kaalaea to Ualapue, Kapukaulua to Kaunakakai, Halena to Kapukuwahine, Ualapue to Kapukaulua

  • Oahu—Malaekahana to Sunset Beach, Sunset Beach to Waialua Bay, Hauula to Malaekahana, Kahana Bay to Hauula, Waialua Bay to Mokuleia, Mokuleia to Yokohama Bay, Kaneohe Bay to Kahana Bay, Yokohama Bay to Pokai Bay, Kailua to Kaneohe Bay, Kailua to Kaneohe Bay, Pokai Bay to Kahe Point, Waimanalo to Kailua, Makapuu to Waimanalo, Kahe Point to Ewa Beach, Ewa Beach to Airport, Kahe Point to Ewa Beach, Hanauma Bay to Makapuu, Airport to Waikiki, Waikiki, Wailupe to Hanauma Bay, Waikiki to Wailupe

Note: This listing is based on information at Hawaii State Civil Defense (http://www.scd.state.hi.us/; see Figure D.1A).

STATE OF OREGON

  • A tsunami inundation line was developed for the entire Oregon shoreline by the Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral Industries (DOGAMI) to support the implementation of a statewide ordinance (Oregon Revised Statute 455.446-447) limiting the construction of critical facilities in tsunami-prone areas.

  • Clatsop County—Cannon Beach and Arch Cape (see Figure D.4A; Figure D.4B), Gearhart, Seaside (see Figure D.3B), Warrenton

  • Tillamook County—Manzanita/Nehalem, Nestucca, Oceanside/Netarts, Rockaway Beach

  • Lincoln County—Depoe Bay, Lincoln City, Newport, Salishan/Gleneden/Lincoln Beach, Waldport, Yachats

  • Lane County—Florence

  • Douglas County—Reedsport, Gardiner, Winchester Bay

  • Coos County—Charleston, Coos Bay, Bandon

  • Curry County—Brookings, Gold Beach, Port Orford

Note: This list is based on information from the Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral Industries (http://www.oregongeology.org/sub/earthquakes/Coastal/Tsubrochures.htm; see Figure D.1B).

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Available Tsunami Evacuation Maps." National Research Council. 2011. Tsunami Warning and Preparedness: An Assessment of the U.S. Tsunami Program and the Nation's Preparedness Efforts. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/12628.
×

STATE OF WASHINGTON

  • Grays Harbor County (Figure D.3A)—Aberdeen and Hoquiam, Cosmopolis and South Aberdeen, Ocean City, Copalis Beach, Pacific Beach, and Moclips, Ocean Shores, Westport, Grayland, and Ocosta

  • Jefferson County—Hoh Reservation

  • Pacific County—Bay Center, Long Beach and Ilwaco, North Cove and Tokeland, Ocean Park, Raymond and South Bend

  • Whatcom County—Bellingham, Lummi Reservation, Point Roberts, Sandy Point

  • Clallam County—Clallam Bay, La Push, Neah Bay, Port Angeles, Port Townsend, Sequim

Note: This list is based on information from the Washington State Emergency Management (http://www.emd.wa.gov/hazards/haz_tsunami.shtml) and Washington Department of Natural Resources (http://www.dnr.wa.gov/ResearchScience/Topics/GeologyPublicationsLibrary/Pages/tsuevac.aspx)

TERRITORY OF GUAM

Guam, Rota, Saipan, and Tinian.

Note: Information provided by the NOAA Tsunami Program.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Available Tsunami Evacuation Maps." National Research Council. 2011. Tsunami Warning and Preparedness: An Assessment of the U.S. Tsunami Program and the Nation's Preparedness Efforts. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/12628.
×
FIGURE D.1 Tsunami evacuation maps available at (A) Hawaii State Civil Defense for Hawaiian communities and (B; next page) Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral Industries for Oregon communities. SOURCE: http://www.scd.state.hi.us; with permission from Hawaii State Civil Defense, and http://www.oregongeology.org/sub/default.htm; image courtesy of DOGAMI, respectively.

FIGURE D.1 Tsunami evacuation maps available at (A) Hawaii State Civil Defense for Hawaiian communities and (B; next page) Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral Industries for Oregon communities. SOURCE: http://www.scd.state.hi.us; with permission from Hawaii State Civil Defense, and http://www.oregongeology.org/sub/default.htm; image courtesy of DOGAMI, respectively.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Available Tsunami Evacuation Maps." National Research Council. 2011. Tsunami Warning and Preparedness: An Assessment of the U.S. Tsunami Program and the Nation's Preparedness Efforts. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/12628.
×
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Available Tsunami Evacuation Maps." National Research Council. 2011. Tsunami Warning and Preparedness: An Assessment of the U.S. Tsunami Program and the Nation's Preparedness Efforts. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/12628.
×
FIGURE D.2 Tsunami evacuation map for Valdez, Alaska. SOURCE: http://www.ci.valdez.ak.us/development/documents/TsunamiBrochureValdez.pdf; with permission from Lisa Von Bargen, City of Valdez.

FIGURE D.2 Tsunami evacuation map for Valdez, Alaska. SOURCE: http://www.ci.valdez.ak.us/development/documents/TsunamiBrochureValdez.pdf; with permission from Lisa Von Bargen, City of Valdez.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Available Tsunami Evacuation Maps." National Research Council. 2011. Tsunami Warning and Preparedness: An Assessment of the U.S. Tsunami Program and the Nation's Preparedness Efforts. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/12628.
×
FIGURE D.3 Tsunami evacuation maps for (A) Aberdeen and Hoquiam, Washington, SOURCE: with permission from Washington Department of Natural Resources, Division of Geology and Earth Resources, (B) Seaside, Oregon, SOURCE: http://www.oregongeology.org/sub/default.htm; image courtesy of DOGAMI, (C) Mayaguez, Puerto Rico, SOURCE: http://redsismica.uprm.edu/spanish/Noticias/TsunamiMap_Pub.pdf; with permission from Puerto Rico Seismic Network Tsunami and Educational Outreach Program, and (D) Hilo, Hawaii, SOURCE: http://www.pdc.org/Disaster-Info/Shelters/CDmaps/HawaiiCounty/H-map01.html; with permission from Kevin Richards; Hawaii State Civil Defense.

FIGURE D.3 Tsunami evacuation maps for (A) Aberdeen and Hoquiam, Washington, SOURCE: with permission from Washington Department of Natural Resources, Division of Geology and Earth Resources, (B) Seaside, Oregon, SOURCE: http://www.oregongeology.org/sub/default.htm; image courtesy of DOGAMI, (C) Mayaguez, Puerto Rico, SOURCE: http://redsismica.uprm.edu/spanish/Noticias/TsunamiMap_Pub.pdf; with permission from Puerto Rico Seismic Network Tsunami and Educational Outreach Program, and (D) Hilo, Hawaii, SOURCE: http://www.pdc.org/Disaster-Info/Shelters/CDmaps/HawaiiCounty/H-map01.html; with permission from Kevin Richards; Hawaii State Civil Defense.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Available Tsunami Evacuation Maps." National Research Council. 2011. Tsunami Warning and Preparedness: An Assessment of the U.S. Tsunami Program and the Nation's Preparedness Efforts. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/12628.
×
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Available Tsunami Evacuation Maps." National Research Council. 2011. Tsunami Warning and Preparedness: An Assessment of the U.S. Tsunami Program and the Nation's Preparedness Efforts. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/12628.
×
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Available Tsunami Evacuation Maps." National Research Council. 2011. Tsunami Warning and Preparedness: An Assessment of the U.S. Tsunami Program and the Nation's Preparedness Efforts. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/12628.
×
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Available Tsunami Evacuation Maps." National Research Council. 2011. Tsunami Warning and Preparedness: An Assessment of the U.S. Tsunami Program and the Nation's Preparedness Efforts. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/12628.
×
FIGURE D.4 (A) Tsunami evacuation map of Cannon Beach and Arch Cape areas, Oregon and (B) text included in evacuation map brochure for helping individuals to prepare for two types of tsunamis on the Oregon coast. SOURCE: http://www.oregongeology.org/sub/default.htm; image courtesy of DOGAMI.

FIGURE D.4 (A) Tsunami evacuation map of Cannon Beach and Arch Cape areas, Oregon and (B) text included in evacuation map brochure for helping individuals to prepare for two types of tsunamis on the Oregon coast. SOURCE: http://www.oregongeology.org/sub/default.htm; image courtesy of DOGAMI.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Available Tsunami Evacuation Maps." National Research Council. 2011. Tsunami Warning and Preparedness: An Assessment of the U.S. Tsunami Program and the Nation's Preparedness Efforts. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/12628.
×
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Available Tsunami Evacuation Maps." National Research Council. 2011. Tsunami Warning and Preparedness: An Assessment of the U.S. Tsunami Program and the Nation's Preparedness Efforts. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/12628.
×
FIGURE D.5 Dynamic tsunami evacuation maps for Hawaiian communities served by an online mapping application. SOURCE: http://www.csc.noaa.gov/psc/riskmgmt/tsunami.html; Pacific Services Center, NOAA.

FIGURE D.5 Dynamic tsunami evacuation maps for Hawaiian communities served by an online mapping application. SOURCE: http://www.csc.noaa.gov/psc/riskmgmt/tsunami.html; Pacific Services Center, NOAA.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Available Tsunami Evacuation Maps." National Research Council. 2011. Tsunami Warning and Preparedness: An Assessment of the U.S. Tsunami Program and the Nation's Preparedness Efforts. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/12628.
×

This page intentionally left blank.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Available Tsunami Evacuation Maps." National Research Council. 2011. Tsunami Warning and Preparedness: An Assessment of the U.S. Tsunami Program and the Nation's Preparedness Efforts. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/12628.
×
Page 223
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Available Tsunami Evacuation Maps." National Research Council. 2011. Tsunami Warning and Preparedness: An Assessment of the U.S. Tsunami Program and the Nation's Preparedness Efforts. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/12628.
×
Page 224
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Available Tsunami Evacuation Maps." National Research Council. 2011. Tsunami Warning and Preparedness: An Assessment of the U.S. Tsunami Program and the Nation's Preparedness Efforts. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/12628.
×
Page 225
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Available Tsunami Evacuation Maps." National Research Council. 2011. Tsunami Warning and Preparedness: An Assessment of the U.S. Tsunami Program and the Nation's Preparedness Efforts. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/12628.
×
Page 226
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Available Tsunami Evacuation Maps." National Research Council. 2011. Tsunami Warning and Preparedness: An Assessment of the U.S. Tsunami Program and the Nation's Preparedness Efforts. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/12628.
×
Page 227
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Available Tsunami Evacuation Maps." National Research Council. 2011. Tsunami Warning and Preparedness: An Assessment of the U.S. Tsunami Program and the Nation's Preparedness Efforts. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/12628.
×
Page 228
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Available Tsunami Evacuation Maps." National Research Council. 2011. Tsunami Warning and Preparedness: An Assessment of the U.S. Tsunami Program and the Nation's Preparedness Efforts. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/12628.
×
Page 229
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Available Tsunami Evacuation Maps." National Research Council. 2011. Tsunami Warning and Preparedness: An Assessment of the U.S. Tsunami Program and the Nation's Preparedness Efforts. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/12628.
×
Page 230
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Available Tsunami Evacuation Maps." National Research Council. 2011. Tsunami Warning and Preparedness: An Assessment of the U.S. Tsunami Program and the Nation's Preparedness Efforts. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/12628.
×
Page 231
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Available Tsunami Evacuation Maps." National Research Council. 2011. Tsunami Warning and Preparedness: An Assessment of the U.S. Tsunami Program and the Nation's Preparedness Efforts. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/12628.
×
Page 232
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Available Tsunami Evacuation Maps." National Research Council. 2011. Tsunami Warning and Preparedness: An Assessment of the U.S. Tsunami Program and the Nation's Preparedness Efforts. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/12628.
×
Page 233
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Available Tsunami Evacuation Maps." National Research Council. 2011. Tsunami Warning and Preparedness: An Assessment of the U.S. Tsunami Program and the Nation's Preparedness Efforts. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/12628.
×
Page 234
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Available Tsunami Evacuation Maps." National Research Council. 2011. Tsunami Warning and Preparedness: An Assessment of the U.S. Tsunami Program and the Nation's Preparedness Efforts. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/12628.
×
Page 235
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Available Tsunami Evacuation Maps." National Research Council. 2011. Tsunami Warning and Preparedness: An Assessment of the U.S. Tsunami Program and the Nation's Preparedness Efforts. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/12628.
×
Page 236
Next: Appendix E: Examples of Tsunami Education Efforts »
Tsunami Warning and Preparedness: An Assessment of the U.S. Tsunami Program and the Nation's Preparedness Efforts Get This Book
×
Buy Paperback | $65.00 Buy Ebook | $49.99
MyNAP members save 10% online.
Login or Register to save!
Download Free PDF

Many coastal areas of the United States are at risk for tsunamis. After the catastrophic 2004 tsunami in the Indian Ocean, legislation was passed to expand U.S. tsunami warning capabilities. Since then, the nation has made progress in several related areas on both the federal and state levels. At the federal level, NOAA has improved the ability to detect and forecast tsunamis by expanding the sensor network. Other federal and state activities to increase tsunami safety include: improvements to tsunami hazard and evacuation maps for many coastal communities; vulnerability assessments of some coastal populations in several states; and new efforts to increase public awareness of the hazard and how to respond.

Tsunami Warning and Preparedness explores the advances made in tsunami detection and preparedness, and identifies the challenges that still remain. The book describes areas of research and development that would improve tsunami education, preparation, and detection, especially with tsunamis that arrive less than an hour after the triggering event. It asserts that seamless coordination between the two Tsunami Warning Centers and clear communications to local officials and the public could create a timely and effective response to coastal communities facing a pending tsuanami.

According to Tsunami Warning and Preparedness, minimizing future losses to the nation from tsunamis requires persistent progress across the broad spectrum of efforts including: risk assessment, public education, government coordination, detection and forecasting, and warning-center operations. The book also suggests designing effective interagency exercises, using professional emergency-management standards to prepare communities, and prioritizing funding based on tsunami risk.

  1. ×

    Welcome to OpenBook!

    You're looking at OpenBook, NAP.edu's online reading room since 1999. Based on feedback from you, our users, we've made some improvements that make it easier than ever to read thousands of publications on our website.

    Do you want to take a quick tour of the OpenBook's features?

    No Thanks Take a Tour »
  2. ×

    Show this book's table of contents, where you can jump to any chapter by name.

    « Back Next »
  3. ×

    ...or use these buttons to go back to the previous chapter or skip to the next one.

    « Back Next »
  4. ×

    Jump up to the previous page or down to the next one. Also, you can type in a page number and press Enter to go directly to that page in the book.

    « Back Next »
  5. ×

    Switch between the Original Pages, where you can read the report as it appeared in print, and Text Pages for the web version, where you can highlight and search the text.

    « Back Next »
  6. ×

    To search the entire text of this book, type in your search term here and press Enter.

    « Back Next »
  7. ×

    Share a link to this book page on your preferred social network or via email.

    « Back Next »
  8. ×

    View our suggested citation for this chapter.

    « Back Next »
  9. ×

    Ready to take your reading offline? Click here to buy this book in print or download it as a free PDF, if available.

    « Back Next »
Stay Connected!