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Suggested Citation:"Appendix K: Acronyms." National Research Council. 2011. Tsunami Warning and Preparedness: An Assessment of the U.S. Tsunami Program and the Nation's Preparedness Efforts. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/12628.
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APPENDIX K
Acronyms

AHAB All-Hazard Alert Broadcast

ANSI American National Standards Institute

AOR Area of Responsibility

ARSC Arctic Regional Supercomputing Center

ASCE American Society of Civil Engineers

ATFM Alaska Tsunami Forecast Model

AusAID Australian Agency for International Development

AWC Aviation Weather Center

BODC British Oceanographic Data Center

BPR Bottom Pressure Recorder

CalEPA California Emergency Management Agency

CALWAS California Warning System

CHP California Highway Patrol

CISN California Integrated Seismic Network

CLETS California Law Enforcement Telecommunications System

CMT Global Centroid-Moment-Tensor

COMCOT Cornell Multi-grid Coupled Tsunami Model

CO-OPS Center for Operational Oceanographic Products and Services

CPPT Centre Polynesien de Prevention des Tsunamis (Polynesian Tsunami Warning Center)

CPU Central Processing Unit

CSG Council of State Governments

CSWC California State Warning Center

CSZ Cascadia Subduction Zone

CTBTO Comprehensive Nuclear Test-Ban Treaty Organization

DART Deep-ocean Assessment and Reporting of Tsunamis

DEM Digital Elevation Model

DMS Data Management System

DOGAMI Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral Industries

DONET Dense Ocean-Floor Network System for Earthquakes and Tsunamis

DOS Department of State

EAS Emergency Alert System

Suggested Citation:"Appendix K: Acronyms." National Research Council. 2011. Tsunami Warning and Preparedness: An Assessment of the U.S. Tsunami Program and the Nation's Preparedness Efforts. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/12628.
×

EDIS California Emergency Digital Information Service

EERC Earthquake Engineering and Research Center

EERI Earthquake Engineering Research Institute

EEZ Exclusive Economic Zone

EMAP Emergency Management Accreditation Program

EMWIN Emergency Managers Weather Information Notification

EOC Emergency Operation Center

EVO Engineering Virtual Organization

FEMA Federal Emergency Management Agency

FGDC Federal Geographic Data Committee

FORTRAN Formula Translation/Translator

GAO Government Accountability Office

GCMT Global Centroid-Moment Tensor

GEBCO General Bathymetric Chart of the Oceans

GEO Group on Earth Observations

GEOSS Global Earth Observation System of Systems

GIS Geographic Information System

GITEWS German Indonesian Tsunami Early Warning System

GLOSS Global Sea Level Observing System

GMT Generic Mapping Tool

GOES Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellites

GOOS Global Ocean Observing System

GPS Global Positioning System

GSN Global Seismograph Network

GTS Global Telecommunications Service

HAWAS Hawaii Warning System

HF High Frequency

HRO High-Reliability Organization

HRV Harvard University Seismic Station

HST Hawaii Standard Time

IAEM International Association of Emergency Managers

ICC Incident Command Center

ICG/CARIBE/EWS Intergovernmental Coordination Group for the Tsunami and Other Coastal Hazards Warning System for the Caribbean and Adjacent Regions

ICS Incident Command System

IDA International Deployment of Accelerometers

IMS Integrated Maritime Surveillance

IOC Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission

Suggested Citation:"Appendix K: Acronyms." National Research Council. 2011. Tsunami Warning and Preparedness: An Assessment of the U.S. Tsunami Program and the Nation's Preparedness Efforts. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/12628.
×

IOOS Integrated Ocean Observing System

IOTWS Indian Ocean Tsunami Warning and Mitigation System

IRIS Incorporated Research Institutions for Seismology

ISDR International Strategy for Disaster Reduction

ISEC Inundation Science and Engineering Cooperative

IT Information Technology

ITEWS Indonesia Tsunami Early Warning System

ITIC International Tsunami Information Center

JAMSTEC Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology

JIMAR Joint Institute for Marine and Atmospheric Research

JMA Japan Meteorological Agency

LEO Low Earth Orbit

LIDAR Light Detection and Ranging

MARS Monterey Accelerated Research System

M&ES Mitigation and Education Subcommittee

MMS Mapping and Modeling Subcommittee

MOST Method of Splitting Tsunami

NACSE Northwest Alliance for Computational Science and Engineering

NAS National Academy of Sciences

NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration

NAWAS National Warning System

NCDC National Climate Data Center

NCEP National Centers for Environmental Prediction

NCG National Association of Governors

NCSL National Conference of State Legislatures

NCTR NOAA Center for Tsunami Research

NDBC National Data Buoy Center

NEES Network for Earthquake and Engineering Simulation

NEHRP National Earthquake Hazards Reduction Program

NEIC National Earthquake Information Center

NEMA National Emergency Management Association

NEOWAVE Non-hydrostatic Evolution of Ocean WAVE

NEPTUNE North-East Pacific Time-Series Underwater Networked Experiments

NESDIS National Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Service

NFPA 1600 Standard on Disaster/Emergency Management and Business Continuity Programs

NGDC National Geophysical Data Center

NGO Non-Governmental Organization

Suggested Citation:"Appendix K: Acronyms." National Research Council. 2011. Tsunami Warning and Preparedness: An Assessment of the U.S. Tsunami Program and the Nation's Preparedness Efforts. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/12628.
×

NHC National Hurricane Center

NLC National League of Cities

NOAA National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

NOMAD Nonlinear Optimization for Mixed Variables and Derivatives

NOS National Ocean Service

NRC National Research Council

NSE National Science Education

NSF National Science Foundation

NSSL National Severe Storms Laboratory

NSTC National Science and Technology Council

NTF National Tidal Facility

NTHMP National Tsunami Hazard Mitigation Program

NWLON National Water Level Observation Network

NWR NOAA Weather Radio

NWS National Weather Service

NWSTG National Weather Service Telecommunication Gateway

OAR Office of Oceanic and Atmospheric Research

OEM Oregon Emergency Management

OES Office of Emergency Services

OGP Office of Global Programs

OJP U.S. Department of Justice Office of Justice Programs

OMAO Office of Marine and Aviation Offices

OOI Ocean Observatories Initiative

PC Personal Computer

P.L. 109-424 Public Law 109-424

PMEL Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory

PNG Papua New Guinea

PRTTRC Puerto Rico Tsunami Technical Review Committee

PSAP Public Safety Access Points

PSMSL Permanent Service for Mean Sea Level

PTA Parent-Teacher Association

PTWC Pacific Tsunami Warning Center

PTWS Pacific Tsunami Warning and Mitigation System

RHM ROSHYDROMET

RSN Regional Scale Nodes

RTK-GPS Real Time Kinematic-Global Positioning System

SAIC Science Applications International Corporation

SCEC Southern California Earthquake Center

Suggested Citation:"Appendix K: Acronyms." National Research Council. 2011. Tsunami Warning and Preparedness: An Assessment of the U.S. Tsunami Program and the Nation's Preparedness Efforts. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/12628.
×

SELFE Semi-implicit Eulerian-Langrangian Finite

SHOA Servicio Hidrográfico y Oceanográfico de la Armada (Chilean Navy Hydrographic and Oceanographic Service)

SIFT Short-term Inundation Forecasting for Tsunami

SIO Scripps Institution of Oceanography

SLSMF Sea Level Station Monitoring Facility

SMS Simple Messaging System

SOEST School of Ocean and Earth Science and Technology

SOFAR Channel Sound Fixing and Ranging Channel

SPC Storm Prediction Center

STSC California State Tsunami Steering Committee

TACO Tsunami Advisory Council for Oregon

TAO Tropical Atmosphere Ocean Project

TERK Tsunami Education Resource Kit

TTRC Hawaii Tsunami Technical Review Committee

TWC Tsunami Warning Center

TWS Tsunami Warning System

UAF University of Alaska, Fairbanks

UHSLC University of Hawaii Sea Level Center

UNESCO United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization

USAID United States Agency for International Development

USACE U.S. Army Corps of Engineers

USGS U.S. Geological Survey

USVI U.S. Virgin Islands

WAS*IS Weather and Society*Integrated Studies

WC/ATWC West Coast/Alaska Tsunami Warning Center

WCM Warning Coordination Meteorologist

WCS Tsunami Warning Coordination Subcommittee

WEMD Washington State Emergency Management Department

WHOI Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

WMO World Meteorological Office

XML Extensible Markup Language

YSTWC Yuzhno-Sakhalin Tsunami Warning Center

Suggested Citation:"Appendix K: Acronyms." National Research Council. 2011. Tsunami Warning and Preparedness: An Assessment of the U.S. Tsunami Program and the Nation's Preparedness Efforts. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/12628.
×

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix K: Acronyms." National Research Council. 2011. Tsunami Warning and Preparedness: An Assessment of the U.S. Tsunami Program and the Nation's Preparedness Efforts. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/12628.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix K: Acronyms." National Research Council. 2011. Tsunami Warning and Preparedness: An Assessment of the U.S. Tsunami Program and the Nation's Preparedness Efforts. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/12628.
×
Page 274
Suggested Citation:"Appendix K: Acronyms." National Research Council. 2011. Tsunami Warning and Preparedness: An Assessment of the U.S. Tsunami Program and the Nation's Preparedness Efforts. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/12628.
×
Page 275
Suggested Citation:"Appendix K: Acronyms." National Research Council. 2011. Tsunami Warning and Preparedness: An Assessment of the U.S. Tsunami Program and the Nation's Preparedness Efforts. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/12628.
×
Page 276
Suggested Citation:"Appendix K: Acronyms." National Research Council. 2011. Tsunami Warning and Preparedness: An Assessment of the U.S. Tsunami Program and the Nation's Preparedness Efforts. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/12628.
×
Page 277
Suggested Citation:"Appendix K: Acronyms." National Research Council. 2011. Tsunami Warning and Preparedness: An Assessment of the U.S. Tsunami Program and the Nation's Preparedness Efforts. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/12628.
×
Page 278
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Many coastal areas of the United States are at risk for tsunamis. After the catastrophic 2004 tsunami in the Indian Ocean, legislation was passed to expand U.S. tsunami warning capabilities. Since then, the nation has made progress in several related areas on both the federal and state levels. At the federal level, NOAA has improved the ability to detect and forecast tsunamis by expanding the sensor network. Other federal and state activities to increase tsunami safety include: improvements to tsunami hazard and evacuation maps for many coastal communities; vulnerability assessments of some coastal populations in several states; and new efforts to increase public awareness of the hazard and how to respond.

Tsunami Warning and Preparedness explores the advances made in tsunami detection and preparedness, and identifies the challenges that still remain. The book describes areas of research and development that would improve tsunami education, preparation, and detection, especially with tsunamis that arrive less than an hour after the triggering event. It asserts that seamless coordination between the two Tsunami Warning Centers and clear communications to local officials and the public could create a timely and effective response to coastal communities facing a pending tsuanami.

According to Tsunami Warning and Preparedness, minimizing future losses to the nation from tsunamis requires persistent progress across the broad spectrum of efforts including: risk assessment, public education, government coordination, detection and forecasting, and warning-center operations. The book also suggests designing effective interagency exercises, using professional emergency-management standards to prepare communities, and prioritizing funding based on tsunami risk.

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