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Appendix B Curriculum Projectsâ Descriptive Summaries The Academy of Engineering The Academy of Engineering (AOE) is a mobile engineering laboratory that combines hands-on activities with either FischertechnikÂ® or LEGOÂ® manipulatives to teach students science, technology, engineering, math, architecture, communications, and robotics. According to the company, AOE includes hundreds of hours of course work and activities. Versions appropriate to elementary, middle, and high school are available. The pro- gram also includes online teacher training, student assessment and support, and a virtual online community that includes quarterly engineering chal- lenges, and at-home extension activities. The curriculum is comprised of four volumes of real-world mechanical engineering projects that naturally embed mathematics, design, technology literacy, communications, and sci- ence. The volumes address simple machines, power transfer, gear trains, and principles of robotics and each book provides enough materials to cover an entire semester. Developer: PCS Edventures Inc. Website: http://edventures.com/imssc/nsimssc/ To Obtain Materials: Contact Sales and Product Information at 800/429-3110 or firstname.lastname@example.org 189
190 ENGINEERING IN Kâ12 EDUCATION Children Designing & Engineering Children Designing & Engineering was a collaboration between the College of New Jerseyâs Department of Technological Studies, the New Jersey Cham- ber of Commerce, and the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. With funding from the National Science Foundation, the project developed contextual learning units for children in grades Kâ2 and 3â5. Each unit is framed in the context of a prominent New Jersey business (i.e., Six Flags Wild Safari, Lucent Technologies, Marcal Paper, Public Service Electric and Water, Elizabethtown Water, Johnson & Johnson, Ocean Spray). They are designed to run from four to six weeks (or 15 to 22 hours), and they begin with a design challenge that must be addressed in the ï¬nal week. The subsequent instruction enables students to develop a solution to the challenge by engag- ing them in researching topics, generating ideas, planning courses of action, making things, and testing and presenting their designs. Addressing these challenges requires students to apply concepts and skills from mathematics, science, technology, and other academic subjects. Developer: The College of New Jersey Contact: Alison Goeke E-mail: email@example.com To obtain materials: Materials out of print.
APPENDIX B 191 DTEACh DTEACh (Design Technology and Engineering for Americaâs Children) is a product of the Cockrell School of Engineering at The University of Texas at Austin. It began in 1992 as a grassroots science, technology, engineering, and mathematics teacher education project for elementary school teachers. In 2000, DTEACh began partnering with National Instruments to offer robotics and automation workshops using LEGO MINDSTORMS. Over the past eight years, the program has helped hundreds of Central Texas educators integrate cutting-edge technology into the classroom through the DTEACh Robotics and Automation Summer Institutes. Participants learn to use the engineering design process to more effectively teach state-mandated science and math standards. Mentors from the engineering community held these teachers use LEGO MINDSTORMS to engage their students in learning that integrates core STEM subjects while incorporating 21st century skills. DTeach has one published curriculum, for grades 3â4, on automation and control. Developer: Cockrell School of Engineering, The University of Texas at Austin Website: www.engr.utexas.edu/dteach Contact: Cheryl Farmer E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org To obtain materials: The curriculum on automation and control can be downloaded at http://www.engr.utexas.edu/dteach/resources/ DTEACh_Robotics_3-5.pdf
192 ENGINEERING IN Kâ12 EDUCATION Engineering: An Introduction for High School Engineering: An Introduction for High School is an open-source high school âï¬exbookâ created using software developed by the CKâ12 Foundation by engineering and education faculty at Arizona State University. The ï¬exbook format allows the book to be customized for multiple audiences. The text can be updated, expanded, and repurposed as necessary to support speciï¬c stan- dards and classroom needs. The current draft has four content chapters that cover the nature of engineering, engineering and society, engineering design, and the connection between engineering, science, and mathematics. Developer: Faculty at Arizona State University Contact: Darryl Morrell E-mail: DARRYL.MORRELL@asu.edu To obtain materials: http://ï¬exbooks.ck12.org
APPENDIX B 193 Engineering by Designâ¢ Engineering byDesignâ¢ (EbD) is a national model program developed by the ITEA-CATTS (International Technology Education Association-Center to Advance the Teaching of Technology and Science) Consortium in con- sultation with the ITEA Technology Education Advisory Council, ITEA institutional members, and the mathematics, science, and engineering com- munities. At the Kâ5 grades, the program provides content that can be inte- grated with other school subjects. In grades 6â12, the program offers nine discrete courses, ranging in length from 18 weeks to 36 weeks. Engineering by Designâ¢ is built on the constructivist model, and students in the program learn concepts and principles in an authentic, problem-based environment. A network of technology teachers (EbDâ¢ Network) has been selected to collaborate and conduct action research (through eTIDEonlineâ¢ and the EbD Online Assessment & Design Challenge) in order to better understand the complexities of student learning and to help all students succeed and be prepared for the global society in which they will grow up. Developer: International Technology Education Association Website: http://www.iteaconnect.org/EbD/ebd.htm Contact: Barry Burke E-mail: email@example.com Materials available to members of the ITEA-CATTS Consortium.
194 ENGINEERING IN Kâ12 EDUCATION Engineering Your Future: A Project-Based Introduction to Engineering Engineering Your Future: A Project-Based Introduction to Engineering is a high-school level, project-based introduction to engineering. The 19-chapter text includes information related to the history of technology and engineer- ing; engineers and the engineering profession; the big ideas in engineering, including systems, optimization, problem solving, design, and modeling; technology, society, and ethics; and fundamental mathematical and physics concepts used in mechanical and electrical engineering. There are 43 case studies that engage students in various types of learning activities. An instructorâs guide can also be purchased. Developers: Alan Gomez, William Oakes, Les Leone Contact: Al Gomez E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org To obtain materials: Great Lakes Press, Paul Bruner (email@example.com) or 800-837-0201
APPENDIX B 195 Engineers of the Future Engineers of the Future is a set of eight middle and high school courses modeled on the design and technology curriculum of the United Kingdom and intended for use by technology education teachers in the United States. The course are (1) Introduction to Design, Engineering and Technology for Middle School; (2) Foundations of Design, Innovation, Engineering and Technology for High School; (3) Engineering Design and Product Development for MS and HS; (4) Exploring our Designed World; (5) Pro/ Desktop Designing and Modeling for MS or HS; (6) Pro Engineering and Prototyping for HS; (7) Introduction to Biotechnology and Bioengineering; and (8) Introduction to Digital Electronics and Control Systems. According to the developers, the courses and accompanying professional development experiences are meant to complement and enhance the delivery of integrated STEM education. The courses were piloted in New York in 2007. Partners in the effort include Buffalo State College, Technology Department; the New York State Education Department; PTC Corporation; and the MIT Consortium. Developer: Buffalo State College, Technology Department Website: http://www.buffalostate.edu/technology/eof.xml Contact: Steve Macho E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
196 ENGINEERING IN Kâ12 EDUCATION Exploring Designing and Engineering Exploring Designing and Engineering (ED&E)â¢, initially funded by the New Jersey Commission on Higher Education, offers teacher professional development and instructional materials that are contextual, problem-based, and authentic. Six-week units for grades 6-8 focus on science and technol- ogy integration in âPack It Up, Ship It Outâ; âCommunity by Designâ; âMaterials & Processes,â and âThe Big ThrillâDream It, Plan It, Build It.â High School units include âDigital DJ,â âReady, Set, Sail,â âXtreme Automataâ and the âCapstone Courseâ for advanced students. Design and Engineering with ProDESKTOP, ED&Eâs classroom text, guides students through the skills of computer-aided design and visualization used in the ED&E units. Over 500 New Jersey teachers have taken ED&E workshops since 2000, with nearly 15,000 students now participating in design and engineering activi- ties statewide. Developer: The College of New Jersey, Center for Mathematics, Science, Technology and Pre-Engineering Website: http://njtqe-r.grant.tcnj.edu/index.htm Contact: John Karsnitz E-mail: email@example.com
APPENDIX B 197 The Inï¬nity Project (Middle School) The Inï¬nity Project introduced its middle school (grades 6â8) engineering curriculum in fall 2008. It consists of six three-week modules developed in partnership with engineering professors at Southern Methodist University and middle school educators. Modules can be grouped together and offered as a standalone course or individually incorporated into existing math, sci- ence, or technology classes. Additional modules spanning the disciplines of electrical, mechanical, civil, environmental, and biomedical engineering will be introduced in fall 2009. The initial six modules are: Introduction to Engineering Design RocketryâAchieving Liftoff I RocketryâAchieving Liftoff II Robots from Concept to Completion Sound EngineeringâMaking Great Sounds Engineering in the Natural World Schools must apply to become an Inï¬nity Project school and offer the middle school engineering curriculum. Once accepted into the program, teachers attend week-long training during the summer. Professional development materials include instructor notes, homework solutions, sample test ques- tions, a daily lesson plan guide, PowerPoint chapter lectures, and online support. Developer: The Inï¬nity Project, Southern Methodist University Contact: Dianna McAtee E-mail: dmcatee@inï¬nity-project.org
198 ENGINEERING IN Kâ12 EDUCATION Insights: An Inquiry-Based Elementary School Science Curriculum (Struc- tures Module) Insights: An Inquiry-Based Elementary School Science Curriculum was developed by a coalition of science curriculum specialists at Education Development Center, Inc. and teams of elementary school teachers from Baltimore, Boston, Cleveland, Los Angeles, New York, Montgomery County (Maryland), and San Francisco school districts. Each module was pilot tested by team teachers, revised, ï¬eld tested on a larger scale, and revised a second time before publication. The Center for the Study of Testing, Evaluation, and Educational Policy (CSTEEP) at Boston College provided evaluation and assessment specialists for the project. In the Structures Module, sixth grade students begin to develop an understanding of some of the basic prin- ciples that answer the question, Why do structures stand up? They look at structures in the school neighborhood, observing the variety in size, shape, material, and function. They build their own structures, using straws, index cards, and other materials. As they build, students explore some of the basic concepts of standing structures, such as live load, dead load, tension and compression, the role of shapes, and trusses. By comparing their structures with those in their community, students learn how structure and design are inï¬uenced by function, materials, and aesthetics. The last activity in the module challenges students to design and construct a unique piece of play- ground equipment. Developer: Center for Science Education, Education Development Center, Inc. Website: http://cse.edc.org/curriculum/insightsElem/ Contact: Karen Worth E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org To obtain materials: Kendall/Hunt Publishing Company, 800-542-6657, ext. 1042, or email@example.com
APPENDIX B 199 INSPIRES: INcreasing Student Participation, Interest and Recruitment in Engineering and Science INSPIRES is a collaborative project between the University of Maryland Bal- timore County and University of Maryland School of Medicine. It is funded through a grant from the National Science Foundation. The curriculum has ï¬ve units: Engineering in Health Care Engineering and Flight Engineering and the Environment Engineering in Communications and Information Technology Engineering Energy Solutions INSPIRES aims to provide students with hands-on experiences and inquiry- based learning with âreal worldâ engineering design exercises. The materials target the ITEA Standards for Technological Literacy as well as national stan- dards in science and mathematics. In addition, the project includes in-service training with curriculum and professional development opportunities for technology education teachers prior to classroom use. A speciï¬c objective is to increase the involvement of women and other underrepresented groups in engineering and technology by providing role modes in the classroom and developing case studies that encourage interest and participation by all groups. Developers: UMBC and UMSM Contact: Julia Ross E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
200 ENGINEERING IN Kâ12 EDUCATION Learning by Design Learning by Design is a project-based inquiry approach to science for middle school students (grades six through eight). This initiative is housed at the Georgia Institute of Technology and funded by the National Science Founda- tion, the BellSouth Foundation, the James S. McDonnell Foundation, and the Robert W. Woodruff Foundation. The thrust of the project is to help students âlearn science content deeplyâ in conjunction with developing the âskills and understanding needed to undertake solution of complex, ill-structured prob- lems.â Students study science in the context of addressing design challenges that help them make connections between their experiences, science con- cepts and skills, and the world around them. During the design process, they practice designing and running experiments, analyzing data and drawing conclusions, making informed decisions and justifying them with evidence, working collaboratively in a team, and communicating ideas and experiences to others. Each unit requires students to âpublicly describe to their peers what theyâve done and how theyâve been reasoning, allowing the teacher and their peers to hear their reasoning and help them around hurdles.â The units of instruction center on designing parachutes, erosion management systems, model vehicles, lifting devices, and subway tunnels. Developer: Georgia Institute of Technology Website: http://www.cc.gatech.edu/projects/lbd/home.html Contact: Janet Kolodner E-mail: email@example.com
APPENDIX B 201 LEGOÂ® Engineering LEGO Engineering, a collaboration between the Tufts Center for Engineer- ing Education Outreach and LEGO Education, offers ï¬ve fully developed curriculum modules based on LEGO design projects. Each module consists of a set of class sessions, with each session building upon previous learning. Modules include lesson plans, teacher resource documents, student handouts, and assessment materials. Four of the modules are designed for grades 3â5: Design a Musical Instrument: The Science of Sound, Design a Model House: The Properties of Materials, Design an Animal Model: Animal Studies, and Design a People Mover: Simple Machines. The ï¬fth module, Robotics: Assis- tive Devices for the Future, is intended for grades 6â8. All ï¬ve modules were developed with funding from the National Science Foundation. The LEGO Engineering website also contains a number of discrete Lego design activities, sequences of these activities, and video tutorials (podcasts). Developers: Center for Engineering Educational Outreach, Tufts University, and LEGO Education Website: www.legoengineering.com Contact: Merredith Portsmore E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org To obtain materials: Curriculum resources are downloadable for free from the LEGO Engineering website.
202 ENGINEERING IN Kâ12 EDUCATION Principles of Engineering Principles of Engineering (PoE) was a major curriculum project developed under the auspices of the New York State Education Department in 1989, ï¬eld tested in 65 school districts across New York State from 1989 to 1992, and revised in 1995. PoE was a one-year high school course targeted to students in grades 11 and 12 who had completed two years of Regents level mathematics and two years of Regents level science, preferably including physics. The course included a set of hands-on, laboratory-based case studies and was taught in a laboratory setting, providing students access to tools and materials for individual, small-group, and large-group projects. The case studies addressed auto safety, ergonomics of communication technol- ogy, machine automation, structural design, and designing for people with disabilities. Engineering concepts addressed in the course included design, modeling, systems, optimization, technology-society interactions, and engineering ethics. After ï¬eld testing, a National Science Foundation grant provided funding to disseminate the course nationally through a series of professional development workshops. Teachers from 20 states participated in these workshops. Developer: New York State Department of Education Contact: Michael Hacker E-mail: Michael.Hacker@hofstra.edu To obtain materials: This curriculum is out of print.
APPENDIX B 203 TeachEngineering.org TeachEngineering.org is a collaborative project between faculty, students and teachers associated with ï¬ve universities and the American Society for Engineering Education, with funding from the NSF National Science Digi- tal Library. TeachEngineering.org is a searchable, web-based digital library collection populated with standards-based engineering curricula for use by Kâ12 teachers and engineering faculty to make applied science and math (engineering) come alive in Kâ12 settings. The collection provides access to a growing curricular resource of multi-week units, lessons, activities and living labs. Materials on the site are organized according to 43 subject areas, each containing related curricular units, lessons, and activities. The site allows users to determine the extent to which a given unit, lesson, or activity is con- sistent with individual state or national-level educational standards. Initiated by the merging of Kâ12 engineering curricula created by four universities, the collection continues to grow and evolve over time with new additions from other universities, and input from teachers who use the curricula in their classrooms. Developer: Multi-university collaboration, ASEE Website: http://www.teachengineering.org/ Contact: Jackie Sullivan Email: email@example.com To obtain materials: Materials downloadable free from the website.
204 ENGINEERING IN Kâ12 EDUCATION TECH-Know The TECH-Know curriculum was developed by North Carolina State Uni- versity and is a standards-based curriculum adapted from 20 technology- based problems issued by the Technology Student Association (TSA). There are 10 units each for middle and high school classrooms. The following topics are covered in the middle school units: Agricultural/Biotechnology Cyberspace Pursuit Dragster Design Challenge Environmental Challenge Flight Challenge Mechanical Challenge Structural Challenge Transportation Challenge Medical Technology Challenge Digital Photography The following topics are covered in the middle school units: Desktop Publishing Film/Video Technology Manufacturing Prototype Radio Controlled Vehicle Transportation SciVis Structural Engineering System Control Technology Technology Challenge Medical Technologies Agricultural and Biotechnologies Developer: North Carolina State University Website: http://www.ncsu.edu/techknow/aboutproject.html Contact: Jerianne Taylor or Rosanne White Contact e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; email@example.com To obtain materials: Materials out of print.
APPENDIX B 205 Technology Education: Learning by Design Technology Education: Learning by Design is a middle school textbook developed by the Center for Technological Literacy at Hofstra University. The text uses the âinformed designâ approach, which encourages research, inquiry, and analysis; fosters student and teacher discourse; and cultivates language proï¬ciency. The book contains seven units: The Nature of Technology Design for a Technological World Materials, Manufacturing, and Construction Communication and Information Technology Energy, Power, and Transportation Biological and Chemical Technology The Future of Technology in Society Also available are a student activity guide, annotated teacherâs edition, teach- erâs resource binder, test bank with ExamView CD-ROM, and a technology timeline poster. Developer: Center for Technological Literacy, Hofstra University Contact: David Burghardt E-mail: M.D.Burghardt@hofstra.edu To obtain materials: Pearson Prentice Hall, firstname.lastname@example.org or 800/848-9500
206 ENGINEERING IN Kâ12 EDUCATION What is Engineering? What is Engineering? originated as an introduction to engineering class offered to ï¬rst semester freshmen at Johns Hopkins University (JHU). JHU adapted the course so it could be taught as a summer program aimed at ris- ing high school juniors and seniors as well as incoming college freshmen. The class is an intensive four-week experience where students actively participate in hands-on team activities including laboratory experiments and virtual Internet-based simulations while attending college-level lectures related to these activities. Field trips to local companies that employ engineers and informational sessions on college and career choices are integrated into the course schedule. The curriculum links math, science, and engineering concepts to practical problems as a means of teaching students the essential problem-solving skills required to be a successful engineer. Students may earn college credit from JHU for participating in the class. Course locations include Maryland, California, New Mexico, and Pennsylvania. In California, several of Engineering Innovationsâ sites are offered in partnership with MESA (Mathematics Engineering Science Achievement) program. Developer: Johns Hopkins University, Whiting School of Engineering Contact: Lindsay Carroll (Program Manager) or Michael Karweit (Academic Director) E-mail: email@example.com or firstname.lastname@example.org To obtain materials: http://engineering-innovation.jhu.edu
APPENDIX B 207 A World in MotionÂ® (High School) A World In MotionÂ® (High School), developed by SAE International, is an activities-based curriculum focused on electricity and electronics. Student teams conduct in-depth experiments involving transistors and semi- conductors, analog integrated circuits, and digital integrated circuits. As with other World in MotionÂ® curricula, the high school program requires teachers to work with a volunteer classroom mentor from a science, engi- neering or technical profession. World in MotionÂ® has the goal of increasing student interest in math and science. SAE International provides the AWIM curriculum and materials at no cost to classroom teachers who complete a Statement of Partnership. Developer: SAE International Website: http://www.sae.org/exdomains/awim/ Contact: Matt Miller E-Mail: email@example.com To obtain materials: AWIM hotline, 1-800-457-2946