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Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2009. Sustainable Critical Infrastructure Systems: A Framework for Meeting 21st Century Imperatives: Report of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/12638.
Page 43
Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2009. Sustainable Critical Infrastructure Systems: A Framework for Meeting 21st Century Imperatives: Report of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/12638.
Page 44
Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2009. Sustainable Critical Infrastructure Systems: A Framework for Meeting 21st Century Imperatives: Report of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/12638.
Page 45
Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2009. Sustainable Critical Infrastructure Systems: A Framework for Meeting 21st Century Imperatives: Report of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/12638.
Page 46

Below is the uncorrected machine-read text of this chapter, intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text of each book. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.

References America 2050. 2009. America 2050. Information available at http://www. Accessed January 12, 2009. Amin, S.M. 2008. For the good of the grid. IEEE Power and Energy Magazine. November/December: pp. 48-59. Amin, M., and J. Stringer. 2008. The electric power grid: Today and tomorrow. MRS Bulletin. Vol. 33. Available at Accessed December 12, 2008. Anderson, J. 2008. Cities debate privatizing public infrastructure. New York Times. August 27. Available at http://www.nytimes. com/2008/08/27/business/27fund.html?partner=rssnyt. Accessed December 12, 2008. ASCE (American Society of Civil Engineers). 2005. Report Card for America’s Infrastructure. Available at index.cfm. Accessed July 6, 2008. ASCE. 2007. Raising the grades: Small steps for big improvements in America’s failing infrastructure—Action plan for the 110th Congress. Available at Accessed December 12, 2008. ASCE. 2009. 2009 Report Card for America’s Infrastructure. Available at http:// Accessed January 30, 2009. Bates, B.C., A.W. Kundzewicz, S. Wu, and J.P. Palutikof, eds. 2008. Climate Change and Water. Technical Paper of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, IPCC Secretariat, Geneva, Switzerland. Belson, K., and A. DePalma. 2007. Asbestos and aging pipes remain buried hazards. New York Times. July 19. Available at http://www.nytimes. com/2007/07/19/nyregion/19steam.html?_r=1. Accessed Decem- ber 12, 2008. Beven, J.L., L.A. Avila, E.S. Blake, D.P. Brown, J.L. Franklin, R.D. Knabb, R.J. Pasch, J.R. Rhome, and S.R. Stewart. 2007. Annual Summary: Atlantic Hurricane Season of 2005. Available at http://www.aoml. Accessed February 6, 2009. 43

Boyle, S., and Associates. 2009. The Memphis Sourcebook. Available at http:// Accessed January 9, 2009. CBO (Congressional Budget Office). 2002. Future Investment in Drinking Water and Wastewater Infrastructure. Washington, D.C. CBO. 2008. Investing in Infrastructure: Testimony. Statement of Peter R. Orszag, Director, before the Committee on Finance, United States S ­ enate. July 10, 2008. Available at 95xx/doc9534/MainText.1.2.shtml. Accessed November 30, 2008. Chupka, M.W., R. Earle, P. Fox-Penner, and R. Hledik. 2008. Transforming America’s Power Industry: The Investment Challenge 2010-2030. Available at Accessed December 12, 2008. Connery, N.R. 2008. Development of next-generation U.S. infrastructure sys- tems: A framework for national policy. Public Works Management and Policy. Vol. 12, No. 3: pp. 479-482. Sage Publications: Los Angeles. CSIS (Center for Strategic and International Studies). 2006. Guiding Principles for Strengthening America’s Infrastructure. Available at http://www. Accessed December 12, 2008. Deshpande, M., and D.W. Elmendorf. 2008. An Economic Strategy for Investing in America’s Infrastructure. The Hamilton Project: Brookings Institu- tion. Available at structure_elmendorf.aspx. Accessed December 12, 2008. DHS (Department of Homeland Security). 2009. National Infrastructure Protection Plan: Partnering to Enhance Protection and Resiliency. Washington, D.C.: DHS. Doshi, V., G. Schulman, and D. Gabaldon. 2007. Lights! Water! Motion! In Global Perspective, Strategy+Business Issue. Washington, D.C.: Booz, Allen, Hamilton. EC (European Commission). 1999. ESDP (European Spatial Development Perspective): Towards Balanced and Sustainable Development of the Territory of the European Union. Available at regional_policy/sources/docoffic/official/reports/pdf/sum_en.pdf. Accessed February 6, 2009. Ehrlich, E., and F.G. Rohatyn. 2008. A new bank to save our infrastructure. New York Review of Books. Vol. 55, No. 5. Available at www.nybooks. com/articles/21873. Accessed December 12, 2008. EIA (Energy Information Administration). 2008a. Energy in Brief: What Everyone Should Know About Energy. Available at http://tonto.eia. Accessed December 12, 2008. EIA. 2008b. Emissions of Greenhouse Gases Report. Release date December 3, 2008. Available at html?featureclicked=2&. Accessed December 12, 2008. Gallis, Michael. 2008. Globalization and Infrastructure Needs. Presentation at Workshop: Toward Sustainable Critical Infrastructure Systems: F­raming the Challenges. May 7-8, 2008. Washington, D.C. GAO (Government Accountability Office). 2006. The Nation’s Long-Term F ­ iscal Outlook. Washington, D.C. Available at Accessed September 13, 2008. GAO. 2008. Physical Infrastructure: Challenges and Investment Options for the Nation’s Infrastructure. GAO-08-763T. Washington, D.C. Available at Accessed July 14, 2008. 44 SUSTAINABLE CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE SYSTEMS

Goodman, B. 2007. U.S. acts to bolster supply of water for Atlanta. New York Times. November 17. Available at http://www.nytimes. com/2007/11/17/us/17water.html?_r=1&ref=us&pagewanted= print. Accessed December 12, 2008. Grabowski, J. 2008. First Net Zero Electric Commercial Building in the U.S.: 31 Tannery Project. Available at Grabowski_John.pdf. Accessed February 12, 2009. Gramlich, E.M. 1994. Infrastructure investment: A review essay. Journal of Economic Literature. Vol. 32, No. 3: pp. 1176-1196. Kates, R.W., C.E. Colten, S. Laska, and S.P. Leatherman. 2006. Reconstruction of New Orleans after Hurricane Katrina: A research perspective. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. Available at files/xstandard/kates_pnas_katrina_2006.pdf. Accessed February 6, 2009. Katz, B., R. Puentes, and C. Geissler. 2007. America’s Infrastructure: Ramping Up or Crashing Down. Available at media/Files/rc/papers/2008/01_infrastructure_katz_ puentes/01_ infrastructure_katz_puentes.pdf. Accessed January 12, 2009. Little, R.G. 2007. Time for an infrastructure overhaul. In Dialogue Rebuilding, Urban Land. Pp. 40-42. Washington, D.C.: Urban Land Institute. Lovley, D.R. 2009. Future shock from the microbe electric. Microbial Bio­tech­ nology. Vol. 2, pp. 139-141. McClean, J. 2007. Using UV for dechlorination. Water and Wastes Digest. 2007. Vol. 47, No. 11. Available at for-dechlorination-article8635. Accessed February 12, 2009. Minkel, J.R. 2008. The 2003 Northeast Blackout—Five years later. Scientific American. Available at blackout-five-years-later&print=true. Accessed December 12, 2008. MnDOT (Minnesota Department of Transportation). 2007. Mn/DOT announces apparent bid winner for I-35W bridge project. September 19. Avail- able at Accessed December 12, 2008. Mongelluzzo, B. 2008. Biggest ships a quandary for East Coast port plans. J ­ ournal of Commerce Online. Available at articles/Printable.asp?sid=47076. Accessed February 12, 2009. MSTPRC (Ministry of Science and Technology of the People’s Republic of China). 2006. National High-Tech R&D Program (863 Program). Available at t20061009_36225.htm. Accessed February 6, 2009. NCPWI (National Council on Public Works Improvement). 1988. Fragile Foundations: A Report on America’s Public Works: Final Report to the President and Congress. Washington, D.C. NRC (National Research Council). 1995. Measuring and Improving Infrastruc- ture Performance. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. NRC. 2003. Completing the “Big Dig”: Managing the Final Stages of Boston’s Central Artery/Tunnel Project. Washington, D.C.: The National Academies Press. NRC. 2008a. The National Academies Summit on America’s Energy Future: Summary of a Meeting. Washington, D.C.: The National Academies Press. NRC. 2008b. Potential Impacts of Climate Change on U.S. Transportation. TRB Special Report 290. Washington, D.C.: The National Academies Press. REFERENCES 45

NRC. 2008c. Water Implications of Biofuels Production in the United States. Washington, D.C.: The National Academies Press. PBS (Public Broadcasting Service). 2009. Blueprint America. Available at http:// Accessed January 10, 2009. Purdue University. 2006. Proceedings of the Indiana State “Pipe Dream” Work- shop: July 18, 2006. Available at Activities/7-18-06Proceedings_Ver_1.2.pdf. Accessed February 6, 2009. Orr, R.J. 2007. The rise of infra funds. Global Infrastructure Report 2007. P ­ roject Finance International. Available at­ publications/articles_presentations/Orr_01_Infra_funds_ 2007pfie. pdf. Accessed November 13, 2008. Rohatyn, F.G., and W. Rudman. 2005. It’s time to rebuild America. Washington December 13. Available at http://www.washingtonpost. com/wp-dyn/content/article/2005/12/12/AR2005121201263.html. Accessed September 30, 2008. Sebelius, K., and A. Stern. 2008. Main Street, not Wall Street, should fix crum- bling infrastructure. Christian Science Monitor. May 7. Toffler Associates. 2008. Defining the Future of Sustainable Infrastructure. Avail- able at Accessed November 17, 2008. TRB (Transportation Research Board). 2006. Critical Issues in Transportation. Washington, D.C.: The National Academies Press. TTI (Texas Transportation Institute). 2005. 2005 Urban Mobility Study. College Station, Texas. Available at Accessed October 13, 2008. UN (United Nations). 1987. Our Common Future. Available at http://www. Accessed February 6, 2009. U.S. DOC (U.S. Department of Commerce). 2008. Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2008. Washington, D.C. U.S. EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 2002. The Clean Water and Drinking Water Infrastructure Gap Analysis. Office of Water. EPA-816- R-02-020. Washington, D.C. U.S. EPA. 2005. Energy and Water Distribution Interdependency Issues: Best Practices and Lessons Learned. Summary Report of 2005 Energy and Water Distribution Exercise. EPA 600/R-07/042. Washington, D.C. WPI (Worcester Polytechnic Institute). 2008. Alternative Energy Hits the Road: Research at WPI Explores Turning Highways and Parking Lots into Solar Collectors. Available at Releases/20089/asphaltnews.html. Accessed February 6, 2009. 46 SUSTAINABLE CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE SYSTEMS

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For the people of the United States, the 20th century was one of unprecedented population growth, economic development, and improved quality of life. The critical infrastructure systems-water, wastewater, power, transportation, and telecommunications-built in the 20th century have become so much a part of modern life that they are taken for granted. By 2030, 60 million more Americans will expect these systems to deliver essential services.

Large segments and components of the nation's critical infrastructure systems are now 50 to 100 years old, and their performance and condition are deteriorating. Improvements are clearly necessary. However, approaching infrastructure renewal by continuing to use the same processes, practices, technologies, and materials that were developed in the 20th century will likely yield the same results: increasing instances of service disruptions, higher operating and repair costs, and the possibility of catastrophic, cascading failures. If the nation is to meet some of the important challenges of the 21st century, a new paradigm for the renewal of critical infrastructure systems is needed.

This book discusses the essential components of this new paradigm, and outlines a framework to ensure that ongoing activities, knowledge, and technologies can be aligned and leveraged to help meet multiple national objectives.

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