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Suggested Citation:"Appendix A Committee Biographies." National Research Council. 2009. Applications of Social Network Analysis for Building Community Disaster Resilience: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/12706.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix A Committee Biographies." National Research Council. 2009. Applications of Social Network Analysis for Building Community Disaster Resilience: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/12706.
Page 58
Suggested Citation:"Appendix A Committee Biographies." National Research Council. 2009. Applications of Social Network Analysis for Building Community Disaster Resilience: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/12706.
Page 59
Suggested Citation:"Appendix A Committee Biographies." National Research Council. 2009. Applications of Social Network Analysis for Building Community Disaster Resilience: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/12706.
Page 60

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Appendix A _______________________________________________________________________________________ Committee Biographies Susan L. Cutter, Chair, is a Carolina Distinguished Professor of Geography at the University of South Carolina, and director of the university’s Hazards and Vulnerability Research Institute. Her primary research interests are in the area of vulnerability science—what makes people and the places where they live vulnerable to extreme events and how this vulnerability is measured, monitored, and assessed. She has authored or edited 12 books, and more than 100 peer-reviewed articles and book chapters. Dr. Cutter has also led post event field studies of the role of geographic information technologies in rescue and relief operations in the September 11th World Trade Center attack and studies of evacuation behavior from Three Mile Island (1979), Hurricane Floyd (1999), and the Graniteville, South Carolina, train derailment and chlorine spill (2005). Most recently, in 2006, she led a Hurricane Katrina post event field team that examined the geographic extent of storm surge inundation along the Mississippi and Alabama coastlines and its relationship to the social vulnerability of communities. She has provided expert testimony to Congress on hazards and vulnerability and was a member of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Interagency Performance Evaluation Taskforce that evaluated the social impacts of the New Orleans and Southeast Louisiana Hurricane Protection System in response to Hurricane Katrina. Dr. Cutter serves on many national advisory boards and committees, including those of the National Research Council, American Association for the Advancement of Science, National Science Foundation, Natural Hazards Center, and the H. John Heinz III Center for Science, Economics, and the Environment. She is also a co principal investigator and member of the Executive Committee of the National Consortium for the Study of Terrorism and Responses to Terrorism, a Department of Homeland Security Center of Excellence focused on the social and behavioral sciences. She is a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science and past president of the Association of American Geographers. Dr. Cutter is currently president of the Consortium of Social Science Associations. She received her B.A. from California State University, Hayward, and her M.A. and Ph.D. from the University of Chicago. Kathleen M. Carley is a professor at Carnegie Mellon University’s Institute of Software Research, Department of Engineering and Public Policy, and Department of Social and Decision Sciences, and director of the university’s Center for Computational Analysis of Social and Organizational Systems. She specializes in research on organization theory, dynamic network analysis, social networks, multiagent systems, and computational social 57

58 APPLICATIONS OF SNA FOR BUILDING COMMUNITY DISASTER RESILIENCE science. In her work, she examines how cognitive, social, and institutional factors affect individual, team, social, and policy outcomes. She is the author or coauthor of numerous books and articles in the areas of computational social and organizational science and dynamic network analysis. She served on the organizing committee for the National Research Council Workshop on Statistical Analysis of Networks and the Panel on Modeling Human Behavior and Command Decision Making: Representations for Military Simulations. She is a member of the Academy of Management, International Network for Social Network Analysis, American Sociological Society, American Association for the Advancement of Science, Informs, and Sigma Xi. In 2001, she re- ceived the lifetime achievement award from the sociology and computers section of the American Sociological Association. She is a founding and current editor of Computational and Mathematical Organization Theory. She received her Ph.D. in sociology from Harvard University. William A. V. Clark (NAS) is a professor of geography and an adjunct professor of statistics at the University of California, Los Angeles. His research has focused on demographic change and the nature of the spatial outcomes of both internal and international population migration flows. He provided fundamental insights into the roles of preferences, discrimination, and public intervention in generating ethnic and racial segregation in America's urban mosaic. Dr. Clark has received several international and domestic awards, including the Association of American Geographers Award in 1987. He was elected to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 2003, and to the National Academy of Sciences in 2005. He currently serves on the NRC Geographical Sciences Committee. He received his B.A. and M.A. from the University of New Zealand, his Ph.D. in geography from the University of Illinois, and a D.Sc. from the University of Auckland. Eric Holdeman is a principal in emergency management and homeland security at ICF International. His areas of expertise include building regional coalitions between agencies, governments, the private sector, and nonprofits. He has extensive experience in regional planning, emergency operations center design and construction, multimedia public education programs, joint information center formation and operations, media relations, and integration of technology into emergency management and homeland security programs. In 2007, he was recognized by Government Technology magazine as one of the top 25 people in the nation who “challenge convention, confront entrenched bureaucracy and promote innovation.” Mr. Holdeman has authored numerous articles for professional journals and opinion pieces for local, regional, and national newspapers. Prior to joining ICF, Mr. Holdeman was the local emergency management director for King County, Washington, which encompasses the metropolitan Seattle area. In this position he established the King County Office of Emergency Management as a national leader in many areas of emergency management and homeland security. In 2005, King County was given a national award by the National Association of Counties for establishing a regional approach to homeland security. Additionally, the 9/11 Commission recognized the King County Regional Disaster Response Plan as a “best practice” for integrating the private business sector into community-wide disaster planning. Mr. Holdeman also served in the Washington State Division of Emergency Management for five years and in the U.S. Army for 20 years. He currently serves on the board of directors for the King County Crisis

APPENDIX A 59 Clinic and the Emergency Information Infrastructure Partnership and is on the advisory council for the Center for Regional Disaster Resilience. He is a past president of the Washington State Emergency Management Association. Mr. Holdeman received a B.A. in education from Concordia University. Randolph H. Rowel is an associate professor at the Morgan State University School of Community Health and Policy and an associate faculty member at the Johns Hopkins University Center for Public Health Preparedness. Dr. Rowel's research agenda is to examine the cultural implications of public health emergency preparedness, response, and recovery. In partnership with the Maryland Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, Dr. Rowel recently completed a project that examined natural disaster experiences of low-income African American and Spanish-speaking Latino populations. He currently serves on the Maryland Bioterrorism Preparedness and Response Advisory Committee, and is director of the Why Culture Matters Work Group for Disaster Studies, an organi- zation that informs public health professionals and faith and community organizations about the needs of vulnerable populations during natural and technological disasters. Dr. Rowel serves as an investigator for the Department of Homeland Security-funded National Center for Preparedness and Catastrophic Event Response, where he is working to establish the scientific foundation and principles of the practice of homeland security in matters of preparedness and response to catastrophic events. He received his undergraduate degree at Morgan State University and his master’s and doctoral degrees from the University of Utah and the University of Maryland College Park, respectively. Monica Schoch-Spana is a senior associate with the Center for Biosecurity at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center (UPMC) and an assistant professor in the School of Medicine Division of Infectious Diseases. The Center for Biosecurity works to affect policy and practice in ways that lessen the illness, death, and civil disruption that would follow large epidemics, whether they occur naturally or result from the use of a biological weapon. Dr. Schoch-Spana, a medical anthropologist, has led research, education, and advocacy efforts to encourage greater consideration by authorities of the general public’s capacity to confront bioattacks and epidemics constructively. She recently chaired the Center’s Working Group on Citizen Engagement in Health Emergency Planning, and was the principal organizer for the 2006 U.S.-Canada summit on Disease, Disaster, and Democracy: The Public’s Stake in Health Emergency Planning. In 2003, she organized the national summit, Leadership During Bioterrorism: The Public as an Asset, Not a Problem, and chaired the Working Group on “Governance Dilemmas” in Bioterrorism Response that issued consensus recommendations to mayors, governors, and top health officials nationwide in 2004. Dr. Schoch-Spana has served on the NRC Steering Committee of the Disasters Roundtable, the Committee on Educational Paradigms for Homeland Security, and the Committee on Standards and Policies for Decontaminating Public Facilities Affected by Exposure to Harmful Biological Agents: How Clean is Safe? She serves on the faculty for the National Consortium for the Study of Terrorism and Responses to Terrorism, a university center of excellence supported by the U.S. Department of Homeland Security. Dr. Schoch-Spana helped establish the Biosecurity Center of UPMC in 2003; prior to that she worked at the Johns Hopkins Center for Civilian Biodefense Strategies, starting in 1998. She received a Ph.D. in cultural anthropology from Johns Hopkins University and a B.A. from Bryn Mawr College.

Next: Appendix B Selected Recent References on Disaster Resilience, Social Networks, and Social Network Analysis »
Applications of Social Network Analysis for Building Community Disaster Resilience: Workshop Summary Get This Book
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Social Network Analysis (SNA) is the identification of the relationships and attributes of members, key actors, and groups that social networks comprise. The National Research Council, at the request of the Department of Homeland Security, held a two-day workshop on the use of SNA for the purpose of building community disaster resilience. The workshop, summarized in this volume, was designed to provide guidance to the DHS on a potential research agenda that would increase the effectiveness of SNA for improving community disaster resilience.

The workshop explored the state of the art in SNA and its applications in the identification, construction, and strengthening of networks within U.S. communities. Workshop participants discussed current work in SNA focused on characterizing networks; the theories, principles and research applicable to the design or strengthening of networks; the gaps in knowledge that prevent the application of SNA to the construction of networks; and research areas that could fill those gaps. Elements of a research agenda to support the design, development, and implementation of social networks for the specific purpose of strengthening community resilience against natural and human-made disasters were discussed.

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