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Letter Report on the Orbiting Carbon Observatory (2009)

Chapter: Attachment B: Committee Charge and Membership

« Previous: Attachment A: Specifications of Spaceborne Instruments Capable of Measuring CO2
Suggested Citation:"Attachment B: Committee Charge and Membership." National Research Council. 2009. Letter Report on the Orbiting Carbon Observatory. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/12723.
Page 7

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Attachment B: Committee Charge and Membership COMMITTEE CHARGE The study will review current methods and propose improved methods for estimating and verifying greenhouse gas emissions at different spatial (e.g., national, regional, global) and temporal (e.g., annual, decadal) scales. The greenhouse gases to be considered are carbon dioxide, chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), nitrous oxide, methane, and perfluorinated hydrocarbons (PFCs). Emissions of soot and sulfur compounds along with precursors of tropospheric ozone may also be considered. The results would be useful for a variety of applications, including carbon trading, setting emissions reduction targets, and monitoring and verifying international treaties on climate change. COMMITTEE MEMBERSHIP Stephen W. Pacala, Chair, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey Clare Breidenich, Independent Consultant, Seattle, Washington Peter G. Brewer, Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute, Moss Landing, California Inez Fung, University of California, Berkeley Michael R. Gunson, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, California Gemma Heddle, Chevron Corporation, San Ramon, California Beverly Law, Oregon State University, Corvallis Gregg Marland, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee Keith Paustian, Colorado State University, Fort Collins Michael Prather, University of California, Irvine James Randerson, University of California, Irvine Pieter Tans, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Boulder, Colorado Steven C. Wofsy, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts NRC Staff: Anne M. Linn 7

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A National Research Council committee is conducting a study on how well greenhouse gas emissions can be measured for treaty monitoring and verification. The committee's analysis suggests that NASA's Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO), which failed on launch in February 2009, would have provided proof of concept for spaceborne technologies to monitor greenhouse gas emissions, as well as baseline emissions data. This letter focuses on the capabilities of an OCO and currently deployed satellites that measure atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) and their potential role in monitoring and verifying a greenhouse gas treaty.

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