National Academies Press: OpenBook

Advancing the Science of Climate Change (2010)

Chapter: Appendix G: Acronyms and Initialisms

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix G: Acronyms and Initialisms." National Research Council. 2010. Advancing the Science of Climate Change. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/12782.
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APPENDIX G
Acronyms and Initialisms

AEF America’s Energy Future

AERONET Aerosol Robotic Network

ARM Atmosphere Radiation Measurement

CCS carbon capture and storage

CCSP Climate Change Science Program

CCTP climate change technology program

CDM Clean Development Mechanism

COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

CDR carbon dioxide removal

C-ROADS Climate Rapid Overview and Decision-support Simulator

DOD U.S. Department of Defense

DOE U.S. Department of Energy

EGS enhanced geothermal system

ENSO El Niño-Southern Oscillation

EOS Earth Observing System

EPA U.S. Environmental Protection Agency

ESSP Earth System Science Partnership

EUMETSAT European meteorological satellite program

FACE free air CO2 enrichment

GCRA Global Change Research Act

GHG greenhouse gas

ICESat Ice, Cloud, and Land Elevation Satellite

ICSU International Council of Scientific Unions

IGBP International Geosphere-Biosphere Program

IGERT Integrative Graduate Education and Research Traineeship

IGFA International Group of Funding Agencies for Global Change Research

IHDP International Human Dimensions Program

Suggested Citation:"Appendix G: Acronyms and Initialisms." National Research Council. 2010. Advancing the Science of Climate Change. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/12782.
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IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change

IUBS International Union of Biological Science

IWRM Integrated Water Resources Management

JI Joint Implementation

MEA Millennium Ecosystem Assessment

MODIS Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer

MPAs marine protected areas

NAPAs National Adaptation Programmes of Action

NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration

NIC National Intelligence Council

NOAA National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

NPOESS National Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System

NPP net primary productivity

NRC National Research Council

OCO Orbiting Carbon Observatory

OMB Office of Management and Budget

PIER Public Interest Energy Research

PSAC President’s Science Advisory Committee

QDR Quadrennial Defense Review

R&D research and development

REDD Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Degradation

RISA Regional Integrated Sciences and Assessments

SARP Sector Applications Research Program

SCOPE Scientific Committee on Problems of the Environment

SRM solar radiation management

START System for Analysis, Research and Training

TAO Tropical-Atmosphere Ocean

UNFCCC United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change

USGCRP U.S. Global Change Research Program

Suggested Citation:"Appendix G: Acronyms and Initialisms." National Research Council. 2010. Advancing the Science of Climate Change. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/12782.
×

WCRP World Climate Research Program

WMO World Meteorological Organization

UNDP United Nations Development Programme

UNEP United Nations Environment Programme

UNESCO United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization

Suggested Citation:"Appendix G: Acronyms and Initialisms." National Research Council. 2010. Advancing the Science of Climate Change. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/12782.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix G: Acronyms and Initialisms." National Research Council. 2010. Advancing the Science of Climate Change. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/12782.
×
Page 501
Suggested Citation:"Appendix G: Acronyms and Initialisms." National Research Council. 2010. Advancing the Science of Climate Change. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/12782.
×
Page 502
Suggested Citation:"Appendix G: Acronyms and Initialisms." National Research Council. 2010. Advancing the Science of Climate Change. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/12782.
×
Page 503
Suggested Citation:"Appendix G: Acronyms and Initialisms." National Research Council. 2010. Advancing the Science of Climate Change. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/12782.
×
Page 504
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Climate change is occurring, is caused largely by human activities, and poses significant risks for--and in many cases is already affecting--a broad range of human and natural systems. The compelling case for these conclusions is provided in Advancing the Science of Climate Change, part of a congressionally requested suite of studies known as America's Climate Choices. While noting that there is always more to learn and that the scientific process is never closed, the book shows that hypotheses about climate change are supported by multiple lines of evidence and have stood firm in the face of serious debate and careful evaluation of alternative explanations.

As decision makers respond to these risks, the nation's scientific enterprise can contribute through research that improves understanding of the causes and consequences of climate change and also is useful to decision makers at the local, regional, national, and international levels. The book identifies decisions being made in 12 sectors, ranging from agriculture to transportation, to identify decisions being made in response to climate change.

Advancing the Science of Climate Change calls for a single federal entity or program to coordinate a national, multidisciplinary research effort aimed at improving both understanding and responses to climate change. Seven cross-cutting research themes are identified to support this scientific enterprise. In addition, leaders of federal climate research should redouble efforts to deploy a comprehensive climate observing system, improve climate models and other analytical tools, invest in human capital, and improve linkages between research and decisions by forming partnerships with action-oriented programs.

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