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Understanding the Changing Planet: Strategic Directions for the Geographical Sciences (2010)

Chapter: Appendix B: Acronyms and Abbreviations

« Previous: Appendix A: Committee and Staff Biographies
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2010. Understanding the Changing Planet: Strategic Directions for the Geographical Sciences. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/12860.
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Appendix B
Acronyms and Abbreviations

AAG Association of American Geographers

ALS amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

CBNRM community-based natural resources management

CO2 carbon dioxide

CSISS Center for Spatially Integrated Social Science

DMSP/OLS Defense Meteorological Satellite Program, Operational Linescan System

EOC emergency operations center

EPA U.S. Environmental Protection Agency

FAO Food and Agricultural Organization

FEMA Federal Emergency Management Agency

FRAGSTATS Spatial Pattern Analysis Program for Categorical Maps

GIS geographic information system

GMC genetically modified crop

GPS Global Positioning System

ICT information and communication technology

IGERT Integrative Graduate Education and Research Traineeship (NSF)

IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change

IRB institutional review board

LBS location-based service

lidar light detection and ranging

LRT light-rail transit

LSC land-change science

MODIS Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer

Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2010. Understanding the Changing Planet: Strategic Directions for the Geographical Sciences. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/12860.
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NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration

NIC National Intelligence Council

NGS National Geographic Society

NOAA National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

NRC National Research Council

NSF National Science Foundation

OSL optically stimulated luminescence

PDA personal digital assistant

QCA qualitative comparative analysis

SAR synthetic aperture radar

SoVI Social Vulnerability Index

STE science, technology, and engineering

SWOT Surface Water Ocean Topography

UN United Nations

USGS U.S. Geological Survey

UV ultraviolet

VGI volunteered geographic information

VMT vehicle miles traveled

Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2010. Understanding the Changing Planet: Strategic Directions for the Geographical Sciences. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/12860.
×
Page 153
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2010. Understanding the Changing Planet: Strategic Directions for the Geographical Sciences. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/12860.
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Page 154
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From the oceans to continental heartlands, human activities have altered the physical characteristics of Earth's surface. With Earth's population projected to peak at 8 to 12 billion people by 2050 and the additional stress of climate change, it is more important than ever to understand how and where these changes are happening. Innovation in the geographical sciences has the potential to advance knowledge of place-based environmental change, sustainability, and the impacts of a rapidly changing economy and society.

Understanding the Changing Planet outlines eleven strategic directions to focus research and leverage new technologies to harness the potential that the geographical sciences offer.

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