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Management and Effects of Coalbed Methane Produced Water in the Western United States (2010)

Chapter: Appendix G: Acronyms and Abbreviations

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix G: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2010. Management and Effects of Coalbed Methane Produced Water in the Western United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/12915.
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APPENDIX G
Acronyms and Abbreviations

ASR aquifer storage and recovery

ATG (Powder River) Aquatic Task Group

BER Board of Environmental Review

BLM Bureau of Land Management

CBM coalbed methane

CBNG coalbed natural gas (i.e., coalbed methane)

COGCC Colorado Oil and Gas Conservation Commission

COGIS Colorado Oil and Gas Information System

CWA Clean Water Act

DEQ (Wyoming) Department of Environmental Quality

DIC dissolved inorganic carbon

DIN dissolved inorganic nitrogen

DNR (Utah) Department of Natural Resources

DNRC Department of Natural Resources and Conservation

DOGM (Utah) Division of Oil, Gas, and Mining

DWR (Colorado) Division of Water Resources

DWRi (Utah) Division of Water Rights

EA environmental assessment

EC electrical conductivity

EIA Energy Information Administration

EIS environmental impact statement

EPA U.S. Environmental Protection Agency

Suggested Citation:"Appendix G: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2010. Management and Effects of Coalbed Methane Produced Water in the Western United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/12915.
×

FTE Freeze/Thaw Evaporation

GPC Groundwater Pollution Control

IOGCC Interstate Oil and Gas Compact Commission

LPR Little Powder River

MBMG Montana Bureau of Mines and Geology

MBOGC Montana Board of Oil and Gas Conservation

MPDES Montana Pollutant Discharge Elimination System

NDIC North Dakota Industrial Commission

NEPA National Environmental Policy Act

NETL National Environmental Technology Laboratory

NMED New Mexico Environment Department

NPDES National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System

NRC National Research Council

OCD Oil Conservation Division

OOGO Onshore Oil and Gas Order

PAH polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons

PR Powder River

PWMIS Produced Water Management Information System

RO reverse osmosis

RPSEA Research Partnership to Secure Energy for America

SAR sodium-adsorption ratio

SDI subsurface drip irrigation

SDWA Safe Drinking Water Act

SEO State Engineer’s Office

SWQB (New Mexico) Surface Water Quality Bureau

TIE toxicity identification and evaluation

TDS total dissolved solids

TOC total organic carbon

TR Tongue River

Suggested Citation:"Appendix G: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2010. Management and Effects of Coalbed Methane Produced Water in the Western United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/12915.
×

UIC Underground Injection Control

USDW underground source of drinking water

USFS U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service

USGS U.S. Geological Survey

WQB Water Quality Board

WQCC (New Mexico) Water Quality Control Commission

WQCD (Colorado) Water Quality Control Division

WQS water quality standards

WSGS Wyoming State Geological Survey

WYPDES Wyoming Pollutant Discharge Elimination System

UNITS

δ13Cdic delta 13; the difference between the (13C/12C) carbon isotope ratios

mg/L milligrams per liter

g/L micrograms per liter

bbl barrels

BCF billion cubic feet

MCF thousand cubic feet

TCF trillion cubic feet

Suggested Citation:"Appendix G: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2010. Management and Effects of Coalbed Methane Produced Water in the Western United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/12915.
×

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix G: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2010. Management and Effects of Coalbed Methane Produced Water in the Western United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/12915.
×
Page 217
Suggested Citation:"Appendix G: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2010. Management and Effects of Coalbed Methane Produced Water in the Western United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/12915.
×
Page 218
Suggested Citation:"Appendix G: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2010. Management and Effects of Coalbed Methane Produced Water in the Western United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/12915.
×
Page 219
Suggested Citation:"Appendix G: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2010. Management and Effects of Coalbed Methane Produced Water in the Western United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/12915.
×
Page 220
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In some coalbeds, naturally occurring water pressure holds methane--the main component of natural gas--fixed to coal surfaces and within the coal. In a coalbed methane (CBM) well, pumping water from the coalbeds lowers this pressure, facilitating the release of methane from the coal for extraction and use as an energy source. Water pumped from coalbeds during this process--CBM 'produced water'--is managed through some combination of treatment, disposal, storage, or use, subject to compliance with federal and state regulations.

CBM produced water management can be challenging for regulatory agencies, CBM well operators, water treatment companies, policy makers, landowners, and the public because of differences in the quality and quantity of produced water; available infrastructure; costs to treat, store, and transport produced water; and states' legal consideration of water and produced water. Some states consider produced water as waste, whereas others consider it a beneficial byproduct of methane production. Thus, although current technologies allow CBM produced water to be treated to any desired water quality, the majority of CBM produced water is presently being disposed of at least cost rather than put to beneficial use.

This book specifically examines the Powder River, San Juan, Raton, Piceance, and Uinta CBM basins in the states of Montana, Wyoming, Colorado, New Mexico, and Utah. The conclusions and recommendations identify gaps in data and information, potential beneficial uses of CBM produced water and associated costs, and challenges in the existing regulatory framework.

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