Results of Other Major Studies
Tables I.1 through I.8, which indicate the costs and fuel consumption benefits from other major studies, are included here to facilitate the comparison to other sources of technology cost and effectiveness. However, the reader is encouraged to look at the original source material to gain a better understanding of the different assumptions made in each study. For example, some sources consider incremental benefits, while others do not. Certain items, such as improved accessories, may include different technologies, which makes an apples-to-apples comparison difficult. Retail price equivalent factors also vary from source to source, reinforcing the need to review the original materials as well as the tables.
DOT/NHTSA (U.S. Department of Transportation/National Highway Traffic Safety Administration). 2009. Average Fuel Economy Standards, Passenger Cars and Light Trucks, Model Year 2001: Final Rule. 49 CFR Parts 523, 531, 533, 534, 536, and 537, Docket No. NHTSA-2009-0062, RIN 2127-AK29, March 23. Washington D.C.
EEA (Energy and Environmental Analysis, Inc.). 2007. Technologies to Improve Light-Duty Vehicle Fuel Economy. Draft report to the National Research Council Committee on Fuel Economy of Light-Duty Vehicles. EEA, Arlington, Va. September.
EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 2008. EPA Staff Technical Report: Cost and Effectiveness Estimates of Technologies Used to Reduce Light-Duty Vehicle Carbon Dioxide Emissions. EPA420R-08-008. EPA, Washington, D.C.
Martec Group, Inc. 2008. Variable Costs of Fuel Economy Technologies. Prepared for Alliance of Automobile Manufacturers. June 1; amended September 26 and December 10.
NESCCAF (Northeast States Center for a Clean Air Future). 2004. Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Light-Duty Motor Vehicles. March.
NRC (National Research Council). 2002. Effectiveness and Impact of Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) Standards. National Academy Press, Washington, D.C.
Ricardo, Inc. 2008. A Study of Potential Effectiveness of Carbon Dioxide Reducing Vehicle Technologies. Prepared for the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, EPA420-R-08-004, Contract No. EP-C-06-003, Work Assignment No. 1-14, Ricardo, Inc., Ann Arbor, Mich.
Sierra Research. 2008. Basic Analysis of the Cost and Long-Term Impact of the Energy Independence and Security Act Fuel Economy Standards. Sierra Research, Sacramento, Calif. April 24.