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Suggested Citation:"REFERENCES." National Research Council. 2010. An Evaluation of the Food Safety Requirements of the Federal Purchase Ground Beef Program. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13069.
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REFERENCES

ASQ (American Society for Quality). 2008. Sampling Procedures and Tables for Inspection by Attributes. ANSI/ASQ Z1.4-2008. Milwaukee, WI: American Society for Quality.

Brown, M.H., C.O. Gill, J. Hollingsworth, R. Nickelson, S. Seward, J.J. Sheridan, T. Stevenson, J.L. Sumner, D.M. Theno, W.R. Usborne, and D. Zink. 2000. The role of microbiological testing in systems for assuring the safety of beef. International Journal of Food Microbiology 62(1-2):7-16.

CAC (Codex Alimentarius Commission). 1997. Principles for the Establishment and Application of Microbiological Criteria for Foods. CAC-GL 21-1997 Joint FAO/WHO Food Standards Program. Rome: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Available online at http://www.codexalimentarius.net/download/standards/394/CXG_021e.pdf. Accessed September 16, 2010.

CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention). 2010a. Surveillance for foodborne disease outbreaks—United States, 2007. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report 59(31):973-979.

CDC. 2010b. OutbreakNet: Foodborne Outbreak Online Database. Atlanta, GA: CDC. Available online at http://wwwn.cdc.gov/foodborneoutbreaks/Default.aspx. Accessed September 29, 2010.

Deloitte. 2010. Consumer Food Safety Survey Results. New York: Deloitte Development LLC.

Gabbett, R.J. 2010. Walmart’s Food Safety Chief Outlines New Beef Rules. Chicago, IL: Marketing & Technology Group. Available online at http://www.meatingplace.com/MembersOnly/webNews/details.aspx?item=16366 [membership access]. Accessed August 13, 2010.

GAO (General Accounting Office). 2000. School Meal Programs: Few Instances of Foodborne Outbreaks Reported. GAO/RCED-00-53. Washington, DC: U.S. General Accounting Office.

GAO. 2003. School Meal Programs: Few Instances of Foodborne Outbreaks Reported, but Opportunities Exist to Enhance Outbreak Data and Food Safety Practices. GAO-03-530. Washington, DC: U.S. General Accounting Office.

Hallman, W.K., C.L. Cuite, and N.H. Hooker. 2009. Consumer Responses to Food Recalls: 2008 National Survey Report. RR-0109-018. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey.

ICMSF (International Commission on Microbiological Specifications for Foods). 1996. Microorganisms in Foods 5: Characteristics of Microbial Pathogens. London: Blackie Academic & Professional.

ICMSF. 2002. Microorganisms in Foods 7: Microbiological Testing in Food Safety Management. New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers.

ICMSF. 2005. Microorganisms in Foods 6: Microbial Ecology of Food Commodities, 2nd edition. New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers.

ICMSF. 2009. Microbiological Sampling Plans: A Tool to Explore ICMSF Recommendations. (2.05) [Spreadsheet] Sharnbrook, UK: ICMSF. Available online at http://www.icmsf.iit.edu/NEWsampleplans2_05.xls. Accessed November 8, 2010.

IFICF (International Food Information Council Foundation). 2010. 2010 Food & Health Survey: Consumer Attitudes towards Food Safety, Nutrition, & Health. Washington, DC: International Food Information Council Foundation.

IOM (Institute of Medicine). 2009. Review of Use of Process Control Indicators in the FSIS Public Health Risk-Based Inspection System: Letter Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

NRC (National Research Council). 1985. An Evaluation of the Role of Microbiological Criteria for Foods and Food Ingredients. Washington, DC: The National Academy Press.

Roudebush, P., T.A. Allen, C.E. Dodd, and B.J. Novotny. 2004. Application of evidence-based medicine to veterinary clinical nutrition. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 224(11):1766-1771.

USDA-AMS (U.S. Department of Agriculture - Agricultural Marketing Service). 2010a. Technical Requirements Schedule for USDA Purchase of Ground Beef Items, Frozen. Effective: July 2010.

Suggested Citation:"REFERENCES." National Research Council. 2010. An Evaluation of the Food Safety Requirements of the Federal Purchase Ground Beef Program. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13069.
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LSP-SAT-TRS-GB-10. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Agriculture - Agricultural Marketing Service. Available online at http://www.ams.usda.gov/AMSv1.0/getfile?dDocName=STELPRDC5085021. Accessed September 16, 2010.

USDA-AMS. 2010b. Technical Requirements Statement of Work: For Microbiological and Fat Testing and Analysis to Support USDA Meat Purchase Program. Effective: June 2010. LS-SAT-FPP-LAB-SOW. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Agriculture - Agricultural Marketing Service.

USDA-FSIS (U.S. Department of Agriculture - Food Safety and Inspection Service). 2002. E. coli O157:H7 Contamination of Beef Products. Federal Register 67(194) October 7:62325-62334.

USDA-FSIS. 2008a. Microbiology Laboratory Guidebook: Notice of Change: MLG 5A.01: Title: FSIS Procedure for the Use of Escherichia coli O157:H7 Screening Tests. Washington, DC: U. S. Department of Agriculture - Food Safety and Inspection Service. Available online at http://www.fsis.usda.gov/science/microbiological_lab_guidebook/. Accessed August 11, 2010.

USDA-FSIS. 2008b. Microbiology Laboratory Guidebook: Notice of Change: MLG 5.04: Detection, Isolation and Identification of Escherichia coli O157:H7 from Meat Products. Washington, DC:

U. S. Department of Agriculture - Food Safety and Inspection Service. Available online at http://www.fsis.usda.gov/science/microbiological_lab_guidebook/. Accessed August 11, 2010.

Suggested Citation:"REFERENCES." National Research Council. 2010. An Evaluation of the Food Safety Requirements of the Federal Purchase Ground Beef Program. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13069.
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Page 27
Suggested Citation:"REFERENCES." National Research Council. 2010. An Evaluation of the Food Safety Requirements of the Federal Purchase Ground Beef Program. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13069.
×
Page 28
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To ensure the safety of food distributed through the National School Lunch Program, food banks, and other federal food and nutrition programs, the United States Department of Agriculture has established food safety and quality requirements for the ground beef it purchases. This National Research Council book reviews the scientific basis of the Department's ground beef safety standards, evaluates how the standards compare to those used by large retail and commercial food service purchasers of ground beef, and looks at ways to establish periodic evaluations of the Federal Purchase Ground Beef Program. The book finds that although the safety requirements could be strengthened using scientific concepts, the prevention of future outbreaks of foodborne disease will depend on eliminating contamination during production and ensuring meat is properly cooked before it is served.

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