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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Literature Review." Institute of Medicine. 2011. The Health of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender People: Building a Foundation for Better Understanding. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13128.
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B
Literature Review

For this study, the committee conducted an extensive review of the literature using Medline, PsycInfo, and the Social Science Citation Index. The committee did not limit itself to those documents identified through this search, but included other references as well. These searches initially yielded more than 6,000 citations. Given that not all of the relevant literature was published in national peer-reviewed journals, the committee developed an approach to use of the literature that is described in Chapter 1. Below is a listing of the terms used to search Medline, PsycInfo, and the Social Science Citation Index.

Terms defining the populations of interest:

  • bisexuality or heterosexuality or homosexuality or homosexuality, male or homosexuality, female

  • “gender minorit*”

  • “homophob*”

  • “men who have sex with men”

  • “sex* identity”

  • “sex* minorit*”

  • “sex* orientation”

  • “transgender”

  • transsexualism

  • transvestism

  • “women who have sex with women”

Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Literature Review." Institute of Medicine. 2011. The Health of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender People: Building a Foundation for Better Understanding. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13128.
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Terms used to search within the results set of the above terms combined:

  • adolescent development (limited to those aged 18 and below)

  • adolescent health services (limited to those aged 18 and below)

  • adolescent medicine (limited to those aged 18 and below)

  • adolescent psychiatry (limited to those aged 18 and below)

  • adolescent psychology (limited to those aged 18 and below)

  • age distribution or censuses

  • age factors or age distribution

  • continental population groups or ethnic groups

  • crime victims

  • cultural characteristics or cultural diversity

  • “delivery of health care” or health care disparities

  • demography

  • depression

  • emergency medical care or patient care or community health services or mental health services

  • epidemiologic methods or data collection or epidemiologic study characteristics or clinical trials or epidemiologic research design

  • family characteristics

  • family or family relations or nuclear family or single-parent family

  • geography or urban health or urbanization

  • health services accessibility

  • health status

  • health status indicators

  • human development or child development

  • introductory journal articles

  • mental disorders

  • mental health

  • “outcome and process assessment (health care)” or “outcome assessment (health care)”

  • population dynamics

  • population or rural population or suburban population or urban population

  • prejudice or health status disparities

  • research

  • risk assessment

  • risk factors

  • risk reduction behavior or risk-taking

  • rural health or suburban health

  • rural health services or suburban health services

  • social behavior or aggression or social identification or social isolation or stereotyping

Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Literature Review." Institute of Medicine. 2011. The Health of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender People: Building a Foundation for Better Understanding. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13128.
×
  • social environment

  • social perception or social change

  • socioeconomic factors

  • suicide

  • treatment outcome or treatment failure

  • utilization or use of health care

  • violence or domestic violence

  • AIDS or Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome

  • HIV (Including a number of subheadings)

  • sexually transmitted diseases (including a number of subheadings)

  • anxiety disorders

  • cancer or neoplasms

  • cardiovascular diseases

  • “disparities”

  • health personnel

  • hypertension

  • jurisprudence or patient advocacy

  • minority groups

  • mood disorders

  • obesity

  • patient care

  • public policy

  • “substance abuse” or substance-related disorders

  • health care surveys

  • health surveys

  • “methodological”

  • population surveillance

  • questionnaires

  • research design

Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Literature Review." Institute of Medicine. 2011. The Health of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender People: Building a Foundation for Better Understanding. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13128.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Literature Review." Institute of Medicine. 2011. The Health of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender People: Building a Foundation for Better Understanding. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13128.
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Page 313
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Literature Review." Institute of Medicine. 2011. The Health of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender People: Building a Foundation for Better Understanding. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13128.
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Page 314
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Literature Review." Institute of Medicine. 2011. The Health of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender People: Building a Foundation for Better Understanding. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13128.
×
Page 315
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Literature Review." Institute of Medicine. 2011. The Health of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender People: Building a Foundation for Better Understanding. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13128.
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Page 316
Next: Appendix C: Glossary »
The Health of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender People: Building a Foundation for Better Understanding Get This Book
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At a time when lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender individuals--often referred to under the umbrella acronym LGBT--are becoming more visible in society and more socially acknowledged, clinicians and researchers are faced with incomplete information about their health status. While LGBT populations often are combined as a single entity for research and advocacy purposes, each is a distinct population group with its own specific health needs. Furthermore, the experiences of LGBT individuals are not uniform and are shaped by factors of race, ethnicity, socioeconomic status, geographical location, and age, any of which can have an effect on health-related concerns and needs.

The Health of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender People assesses the state of science on the health status of LGBT populations, identifies research gaps and opportunities, and outlines a research agenda for the National Institute of Health. The report examines the health status of these populations in three life stages: childhood and adolescence, early/middle adulthood, and later adulthood. At each life stage, the committee studied mental health, physical health, risks and protective factors, health services, and contextual influences. To advance understanding of the health needs of all LGBT individuals, the report finds that researchers need more data about the demographics of these populations, improved methods for collecting and analyzing data, and an increased participation of sexual and gender minorities in research.

The Health of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender People is a valuable resource for policymakers, federal agencies including the National Institute of Health (NIH), LGBT advocacy groups, clinicians, and service providers.

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