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Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Acronyms." Institute of Medicine. 2011. Fungal Diseases: An Emerging Threat to Human, Animal, and Plant Health: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13147.
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Appendix C

Acronyms

AARK

Amphibian Ark

ACAP

Amphibian Conservation Action Plan

AFTOL

Assembling the Fungal Tree of Life program

AM

Arbuscular mycorrhizae

APHIS

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

B.C.

British Columbia

BCCDC

British Columbian Centre for Disease Control

Bd

Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis

BGRI

Borlaug Global Rust Initiative

BWNS

bat white-nose syndrome

CANV

Chrysosporium anamorph of Nanniziopsis vriesii

CBD

Convention on Biological Diversity

CDC

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

CFU

colony-forming unit

CGB

canavanine-glycine-bromothymol blue

CGD

chronic granulomatous disease

CGIAR

Consultative Group for International Agricultural Research

CIMMYT

International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center

CITIES

Convention for International Trade of Endangered Species

DNA

deoxyribonucleic acid

DoD

Department of Defense

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Acronyms." Institute of Medicine. 2011. Fungal Diseases: An Emerging Threat to Human, Animal, and Plant Health: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13147.
×

DoD-GEIS

Department of Defense-Global Emerging Infections Surveillance and Response System

DOI

Department of the Interior

DTRA

Defense Threat Reduction Agency

EID

emerging infectious disease

ELISA

enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay

ENSO

El Niño-Southern Oscillation

EUS

epizootic ulcerative syndrome

FAO

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

FDA

Food and Drug Administration

FWS

Fish and Wildlife Service

GAA

Global Amphibian Assessment

GAO

Government Accountability Office

GHI

Global Health Initiative

GOARN

Global Outbreak and Response Network

GPHIN

Global Public Health Intelligence Network

GPM

Gaussian plume model

GRACE

Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment

GRC-YR

Global Reference Center for yellow rust

GRRC

Global Rust Reference Center

HIV/AIDS

human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome

ICARDA

International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas

ICRISAT

International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics

IHR

International Health Regulations

IOM

Institute of Medicine

IRIS

immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome

IRRI

International Rice Research Institute

ITS

internal transcribed spacer

IUCN

International Union for the Conservation of Nature

MIC

minimum inhibitory concentration

MLST

multilocus sequencing typing

NAS

National Academy of Sciences

NASA

National Aeronautics and Space Administration

NGO

non-governmental organization

NIAID

National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Acronyms." Institute of Medicine. 2011. Fungal Diseases: An Emerging Threat to Human, Animal, and Plant Health: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13147.
×

NIH

National Institutes of Health

NLM

National Library of Medicine

NOAA

National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration

NSF

National Science Foundation

NWHC

National Wildlife Health Center

OIE

World Organisation for Animal Health

OSTP

Office of Science and Technology Policy

PAMP

pathogen-associated molecular pattern

PCR

polymerase chain reaction

PNW

Pacific Northwest

ProMED

Program for Monitoring Emerging Diseases

RACE

Risk Assessment of Chytridiomycosis to European Amphibian Diversity

RVF

Rift Valley fever

SCBI

Smithsonian Conservation Biology Institute

SCLB

Southern corn leaf blight

SOD

sudden oak death

SSC

Species Survival Commission

TB

tuberculosis

TGen

Translational Genomics Research Institute

U.K.

United Kingdom

U.N.

United Nations

USAID

U.S. Agency for International Development

USDA

U.S. Department of Agriculture

USGS

U.S. Geological Survey

WHO

World Health Organization

WNS

white-nose syndrome

WTO

World Trade Organization

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Acronyms." Institute of Medicine. 2011. Fungal Diseases: An Emerging Threat to Human, Animal, and Plant Health: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13147.
×

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Acronyms." Institute of Medicine. 2011. Fungal Diseases: An Emerging Threat to Human, Animal, and Plant Health: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13147.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Acronyms." Institute of Medicine. 2011. Fungal Diseases: An Emerging Threat to Human, Animal, and Plant Health: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13147.
×
Page 410
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Acronyms." Institute of Medicine. 2011. Fungal Diseases: An Emerging Threat to Human, Animal, and Plant Health: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13147.
×
Page 411
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Acronyms." Institute of Medicine. 2011. Fungal Diseases: An Emerging Threat to Human, Animal, and Plant Health: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13147.
×
Page 412
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Fungal diseases have contributed to death and disability in humans, triggered global wildlife extinctions and population declines, devastated agricultural crops, and altered forest ecosystem dynamics. Despite the extensive influence of fungi on health and economic well-being, the threats posed by emerging fungal pathogens to life on Earth are often underappreciated and poorly understood. On December 14 and 15, 2010, the IOM's Forum on Microbial Threats hosted a public workshop to explore the scientific and policy dimensions associated with the causes and consequences of emerging fungal diseases.

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