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A Review of the Use of Science and Adaptive Management in California's Draft Bay Delta Conservation Plan (2011)

Chapter: Appendix C: BDCP Proposed Covered Species and Associated Habitats

« Previous: Appendix B: BDCP Steering Committee Members and Planning Agreement Signature Dates
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: BDCP Proposed Covered Species and Associated Habitats." National Research Council. 2011. A Review of the Use of Science and Adaptive Management in California's Draft Bay Delta Conservation Plan. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13148.
×

Appendix C
BDCP Proposed Covered Species and Associated Habitats

No. Common Name/ Scientific Name Status (Federal/ State/CNPS)1 Natural Communities Supporting Species Habitat
Fish (11 species)
1 Central Valley steelhead Oncorhynchus mykiss DPS T/-/DPS Critical Habitat, Recovery Plan11 Tidal perennial aquatic, tidal mudflats, tidal brackish emergent wetland, tidal freshwater emergent wetland
2 Sacramento River winter-run Chinook salmon Oncorhynchus tshawytscha Evolutionarily Significant Unit (ESU) E/E/ESU Critical Habitat, Recovery Plan11, 12 Tidal perennial aquatic, tidal mudflats, tidal brackish emergent wetland, tidal freshwater emergent wetland
3 Central Valley spring-run Chinook salmon Oncorhynchus tshawytscha ESU T/T/ESU Critical Habitat, Recovery Plan11, 13 Tidal perennial aquatic, tidal mudflats, tidal brackish emergent wetland, tidal freshwater emergent wetland
4 Central Valley fall- and late fall-run Chinook salmon Oncorhynchus tshawytscha -/SSC/Recovery Plan13 Tidal perennial aquatic, tidal mudflats, tidal brackish emergent wetland, tidal freshwater emergent wetland
5 Delta smelt Hypomesus transpacificus T/T/Critical Habitat, Recovery Plan13 Tidal perennial aquatic, tidal mudflats, tidal brackish emergent wetland, tidal freshwater emergent wetland
6 Longfin smelt Spirinchus thaleichthys -/T/Recovery Plan13 Tidal perennial aquatic, tidal mudflats, tidal brackish emergent wetland, tidal freshwater emergent wetland
7 Sacramento splittail Pogonichthys macrolepidotus -/SSC/Recovery Plan13 Tidal perennial aquatic, tidal mudflats, tidal brackish emergent wetland, tidal freshwater emergent wetland
8 White sturgeon Acipenser transmontanus -/-/- Tidal perennial aquatic, tidal mudflats, tidal brackish emergent wetland, tidal freshwater emergent wetland
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: BDCP Proposed Covered Species and Associated Habitats." National Research Council. 2011. A Review of the Use of Science and Adaptive Management in California's Draft Bay Delta Conservation Plan. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13148.
×
No. Common Name/ Scientific Name Status (Federal/ State/CNPS)1 Natural Communities Supporting Species Habitat
9 North American green sturgeon Acipenser medirostris Southern DPS T/SSC/Southern DPS Proposed Critical Habitat, Recovery Plan13 Tidal perennial aquatic, tidal mudflats, tidal brackish emergent wetland, tidal freshwater emergent wetland
10 Pacific lamprey Entosphenus tridentatus -/-/- Tidal perennial aquatic, tidal mudflats, tidal brackish emergent wetland, tidal freshwater emergent wetland
11 River lamprey Lampetra ayresii -/-/- Tidal perennial aquatic, tidal mudflats, tidal brackish emergent wetland, tidal freshwater emergent wetland
Mammals (6 species)
12 San Joaquin kit fox Vulpes macrotis mutica E/T/-Recovery Plan2 Grassland, Agricultural habitats
13 Riparian woodrat Neotoma fuscipes riparia E/SSC/Recovery Plan2 Valley/foothill riparian
14 Salt marsh harvest mouse Reithrodontomys raviventris E/E,FP/Recovery Plan3, 4 Tidal brackish emergent wetland, managed wetlands, grassland
15 Riparian brush rabbit Sylvilagus bachmani riparius E/E/-Recovery Plan2 Valley/foothill riparian
16 Townsend’s big-eared bat Corynorhinus townsendii -/SSC/- All natural communities
17 Suisun shrew Sorex ornatus sinuosus -/SSC/Recovery Plan3 Tidal brackish emergent wetland, managed wetlands
Birds (12 species)
18 Tricolored blackbird Agelaius tricolor -/SSC/- Tidal brackish emergent wetland, tidal freshwater emergent wetland, valley/foothill riparian, alkali seasonal wetland complex, managed wetlands, other natural seasonal wetlands, grassland, agricultural habitats
19 Suisun song sparrow Melospiza melodia maxillaries -/SSC/Recovery Plan4 Tidal brackish emergent wetland, tidal freshwater emergent wetland, managed wetlands
20 Yellow-breasted chat Icteria virens -/SSC/- Valley/foothill riparian
21 Least Bell's vireo Vireo bellii pusillus E/E/Recovery Plan5 Valley/foothill riparian
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: BDCP Proposed Covered Species and Associated Habitats." National Research Council. 2011. A Review of the Use of Science and Adaptive Management in California's Draft Bay Delta Conservation Plan. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13148.
×
No. Common Name/ Scientific Name Status (Federal/ State/CNPS)1 Natural Communities Supporting Species Habitat
22 Western burrowing owl Athene cunicularia hypugaea -/SSC/- Grassland, alkali seasonal wetland complex, vernal pool complex, managed wetland, other natural seasonal wetlands, agricultural habitats
23 Western yellow-billed cuckoo Coccyzus americanus occidentalis C/E/- Valley/foothill riparian
24 California least tern Sternula antillarum browni E/E/-Recovery Plan6 Tidal perennial aquatic
25 Greater sandhill crane Grus canadensis tabida -/T,FP/- Agricultural habitats, alkali seasonal wetland complex, vernal pool complex, managed wetlands, other natural seasonal wetlands, grassland
26 California black rail Laterallus jamaicensis coturniculus -/T,FP/Recovery Plan4 Tidal brackish emergent wetland, tidal freshwater emergent wetland, nontidal freshwater permanent emergent wetland
27 California clapper rail Rallus longirostris obsoletus E/E,FP/Recovery Plan3, 4 Tidal brackish emergent wetland
28 Swainson’s hawk Buteo swainsoni -/T/- Valley/foothill riparian, agricultural habitats, grassland, alkali seasonal wetland complex, vernal pool complex, managed wetlands, other natural seasonal wetlands
29 White-tailed kite Elanus leucurus -/FP/- Valley/foothill riparian, agricultural habitats, grassland, alkali seasonal wetland complex, vernal pool complex, managed wetlands, other natural seasonal wetlands
Reptiles (2 species)
30 Giant garter snake Thamnophis gigas T/T/-Recovery Plan6 Tidal perennial aquatic, tidal freshwater emergent wetland, nontidal perennial aquatic, nontidal freshwater permanent emergent wetland, alkali seasonal wetland complex, vernal pool complex, managed wetlands, other natural seasonal wetlands, grassland, agricultural habitats
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: BDCP Proposed Covered Species and Associated Habitats." National Research Council. 2011. A Review of the Use of Science and Adaptive Management in California's Draft Bay Delta Conservation Plan. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13148.
×
No. Common Name/ Scientific Name Status (Federal/ State/CNPS)1 Natural Communities Supporting Species Habitat
31 Western pond turtle Actinemys (formerly Clemmys and Emys) marmorata -/SSC/- Tidal perennial aquatic, tidal freshwater emergent wetland, tidal brackish emergent wetland, nontidal perennial aquatic, nontidal freshwater permanent emergent wetland, valley/foothill riparian, alkali seasonal wetland complex, vernal pool complex, managed wetlands, other natural seasonal wetlands, grassland, agricultural habitats
Amphibians (3 species)
32 California red-legged frog Rana draytonii T/SSC/-Critical Habitat, Recovery Plan8 Valley/foothill riparian, nontidal freshwater permanent emergent wetland, tidal freshwater emergent wetland, nontidal perennial aquatic, managed wetlands, grassland, alkali seasonal wetland complex, vernal pool complex, other natural seasonal wetlands, agricultural habitats
33 Western spadefoot toad Spea hammondii -/SSC/Recovery Plan9 Grassland, alkali seasonal wetland complex, vernal pool complex, other natural seasonal wetlands, nontidal perennial aquatic
34 California tiger salamander Ambystoma californiense Central Valley Distinct Population Segment (DPS) T/T/-Central Valley DPS Critical Habitat Vernal pool complex, alkali seasonal wetland complex, other natural seasonal wetlands, grassland
Invertebrates (8 species)
35 Lange's metalmark butterfly Apodemia mormo langei E/-/-Recovery Plan15 Inland dune scrub
36 Valley elderberry longhorn beetle Desmocerus californicus dimorphus T/-/-Recovery Plan14 Valley/foothill riparian, grassland
37 Vernal pool tadpole shrimp Lepidurus packardi E/-/-Critical Habitat Recovery Plan9 Vernal pool complex
38 Conservancy fairy shrimp Branchinecta conservatio E/-/-Critical Habitat Recovery Plan9 Vernal pool complex
39 Longhorn fairy shrimp Branchinecta longiantenna E/-/-Recovery Plan9 Vernal pool complex
40 Vernal pool fairy shrimp Branchinecta lynchi T/-/-Critical Habitat Recovery Plan9 Vernal pool complex
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: BDCP Proposed Covered Species and Associated Habitats." National Research Council. 2011. A Review of the Use of Science and Adaptive Management in California's Draft Bay Delta Conservation Plan. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13148.
×
No. Common Name/ Scientific Name Status (Federal/ State/CNPS)1 Natural Communities Species Habitat Supporting
41 Midvalley fairy shrimp Branchinecta mesovallensis -/-/- Recovery Plan9 Vernal pool complex
42 California linderiella Linderiella occidentalis -/-/- Recovery Plan9 Vernal pool complex
Plants (21 species)
43 Alkali milk-vetch Astragalus tener var. tener -/-/1B Recovery Plan9 Vernal pool complex
44 Heartscale Atriplex cordulata -/-/1B Alkali seasonal wetland complex, vernal pool complex, grassland
45 Brittlescale Atriplex depressa -/-/1B Alkali seasonal wetland complex, vernal pool complex, grassland
46 San Joaquin spearscale Atriplex joaquiniana -/-/1B Alkali seasonal wetland complex, vernal pool complex, grassland
47 Slough thistle Cirsium crassicaule -/-/1B Valley/foothill riparian
48 Suisun thistle Cirsium hydrophilum var.hydrophilum E/-/1B Critical Habitat Recovery Plan4 Tidal brackish emergent wetland
49 Soft bird’s-beak Cordylanthus mollis ssp. mollis E/R/IB Critical Habitat Recovery Plan4 Tidal brackish emergent wetland
50 Dwarf downingia Downingia pusilla -/-/2 Vernal pool complex
51 Delta button-celery Eryngium racemosum -/E/1B Alkali seasonal wetland complex, vernal pool complex, valley/foothill riparian, grassland
52 Contra Costa wallflower Erysimum capitatum var. angustatum E/E/1B Critical Habitat Recovery Plan15 Inland dune scrub
53 Boggs Lake hedge-hyssop Gratiola heterosepala -/E/1B Recovery Plan9 Vernal pool complex
54 Carquinez goldenbush Isocoma arguta -/-/1B Alkali seasonal wetland complex, grassland
55 Delta tule pea Lathyrus jepsonii var. jepsonii -/-/1B Recovery Plan4 Tidal brackish emergent wetland, tidal freshwater emergent wetland, valley/foothill riparian
56 Legenere Legenere limosa -/-/1B Recovery Plan9 Vernal pool complex
57 Heckard’s peppergrass Lepidium latipes var. heckardii -/-/1B Vernal pool complex
58 Mason’s lilaeopsis Lilaeopsis masonii -/R/1B Tidal mudflats, tidal brackish emergent wetland, tidal freshwater emergent wetland, valley/foothill riparian
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: BDCP Proposed Covered Species and Associated Habitats." National Research Council. 2011. A Review of the Use of Science and Adaptive Management in California's Draft Bay Delta Conservation Plan. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13148.
×
No. Common Name/ Scientific Name Status (Federal/ State/CNPS)1 Natural Communities Supporting Species Habitat
59 Delta mudwort Limosella subulata -/-/2 Tidal mudflats, tidal brackish emergent wetland, tidal freshwater emergent wetland, valley/foothill riparian
60 Antioch Dunes evening-primrose Oenothera deltoides ssp. howellii E/E/1B Critical Habitat Recovery Plan15 Inland dune scrub
61 Side-flowering skullcap Scutellaria lateriflora -/-/2 Valley/foothill riparian
62 Suisun Marsh aster Symphyotrichum (formerly Aster lentus) lentum -/-/1B Tidal brackish emergent wetland, tidal freshwater emergent wetland, valley/foothill riparian
63 Caper-fruited tropidocarpum Tropidocarpum capparideum -/-/1B Grassland

Note: This table provides the current list of proposed covered species. Additional species may be added and some of the species presented here may be removed from the covered species list as per continuing development of the BDCP.

1Status:

Federal

E = Listed as endangered under ESA

T = Listed as threatened under ESA

C = Candidate for listing under ESA

State

E = Listed as endangered under CESA

T = Listed as threatened under CESA

R = Listed as rare under the California Native Plant Protection Act

SSC = California species of special concern

FP = Fully protected under the California Fish and Game Code

California Native Plant Society (CNPS)

1B = rare or endangered in California and elsewhere

2 = rare and endangered in California, more common elsewhere 2U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 1998. Recovery plan for upland species of the San Joaquin Valley, California. Region 1, Portland, OR. 319 pp.

3U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 1984. Salt marsh harvest mouse and California clapper rail recovery plan. Portland, OR.

4U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 2009. Draft Recovery Plan for Tidal Marsh Ecosystems of Northern and Central California.

Sacramento, California. xviii+636 pp.

5U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 1998. Draft recovery plan for the least Bell’s vireo. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Portland, OR.

139 pp.

6U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 1985. Recovery plan for the California least tern, Sterna antillarum browni. U.S. Fish and

Wildlife Service, Portland, OR. 112 pp.

7U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 1999. Draft Recovery Plan for the Giant Garter Snake (Thamnopsis gigas). U.S. Fish and Wildlife

Service, Portland, Pregon. ix+192 pp.

8U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 2002. Recovery Plan for the California Red-legged Frog (Rana aurora draytonii). U.S. fish and Wildlife Service, Portland, Oregon. viii+173pp.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: BDCP Proposed Covered Species and Associated Habitats." National Research Council. 2011. A Review of the Use of Science and Adaptive Management in California's Draft Bay Delta Conservation Plan. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13148.
×

9U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 2005. Recovery Plan for Vernal Pool Ecosystems of California and Southern Oregon. Portland, Oregon. xxvi + 606 pages.

10California Tiger Salamander distinct population segments are federally listed as endangered in Sonoma and Santa Barbara counties.

11National Marine Fisheries Service. 2009. Public Draft Recovery Plan for the Evolutionarily Significant Units of Sacramento

River Winter-run Chinook Salmon and Central Valley Spring-run Chinook Salmon and the Distinct Population Segment of

Central Valley Steelhead. Sacramento Protected Resources Division. October 2009.

12National Marine Fisheries Service. 1997. NMFS Proposed Recovery Plan for the Sacramento River winter-run Chinook Salmon.

NMFS Southwest Region. Long Beach, CA.

13U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 1995. Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta Native Fishes Recovery Plan. U.S. Fish and Wildlife

Service, Portland, Oregon.

14U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 1984. Valley elderberry longhorn beetle Recovery Plan. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Portland, Oregon. 62 pp.

15U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 1984. Revised recovery plan for three endangered species endemic to Antioch Dunes, California.

16U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Portland, Oregon

SOURCE: BDCP (Bay Delta Conservation Plan Steering Committee). 2010. Bay Delta Conservation Plan Working Draft. November 18. Available online at: http://www.resources.ca.gov/bdcp/.Last accessed April 26, 2011.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: BDCP Proposed Covered Species and Associated Habitats." National Research Council. 2011. A Review of the Use of Science and Adaptive Management in California's Draft Bay Delta Conservation Plan. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13148.
×
Page 65
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: BDCP Proposed Covered Species and Associated Habitats." National Research Council. 2011. A Review of the Use of Science and Adaptive Management in California's Draft Bay Delta Conservation Plan. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13148.
×
Page 66
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: BDCP Proposed Covered Species and Associated Habitats." National Research Council. 2011. A Review of the Use of Science and Adaptive Management in California's Draft Bay Delta Conservation Plan. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13148.
×
Page 67
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: BDCP Proposed Covered Species and Associated Habitats." National Research Council. 2011. A Review of the Use of Science and Adaptive Management in California's Draft Bay Delta Conservation Plan. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13148.
×
Page 68
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: BDCP Proposed Covered Species and Associated Habitats." National Research Council. 2011. A Review of the Use of Science and Adaptive Management in California's Draft Bay Delta Conservation Plan. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13148.
×
Page 69
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: BDCP Proposed Covered Species and Associated Habitats." National Research Council. 2011. A Review of the Use of Science and Adaptive Management in California's Draft Bay Delta Conservation Plan. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13148.
×
Page 70
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: BDCP Proposed Covered Species and Associated Habitats." National Research Council. 2011. A Review of the Use of Science and Adaptive Management in California's Draft Bay Delta Conservation Plan. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13148.
×
Page 71
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The San Francisco Bay Delta Estuary is a large, complex estuarine ecosystem in California. It has been substantially altered by dikes, levees, channelization, pumps, human development, introduced species, dams on its tributary streams and contaminants. The Delta supplies water from the state's wetter northern regions to the drier southern regions and also serves as habitat for many species, some of which are threatened and endangered. The restoration of water exacerbated tensions over water allocation in recent years, and have led to various attempts to develop comprehensive plans to provide reliable water supplies and to protect the ecosystem. One of these plans is the Bay Delta Conservation Plan (BDCP).

The report, A Review of the Use of Science and Adaptive Management in California's Draft Bay Delta Conservation Plan, determines that the plan is incomplete in a number of important areas and takes this opportunity to identify key scientific and structural gaps that, if addressed, could lead to a more successful and comprehensive final BDCP. The plan is missing the type of structure usually associated with current planning methods in which the goals and objectives are specified, alternative measure for achieving the objectives are introduced and analyzed, and a course of action in identified based on analytical optimization of economic, social, and environmental factors. Yet the panel underscores the importance of a credible and a robust BDCP in addressing the various water management problems that beset the Delta. A stronger, more complete, and more scientifically credible BDCP that effectively integrates and utilizes science could indeed pave the way toward the next generation of solutions to California's chronic water problems.

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