National Academies Press: OpenBook
« Previous: CHALLENGES IN OUTSOURCING STUDIES
Suggested Citation:"Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2011. Animal Research in a Global Environment: Meeting the Challenges: Proceedings of the November 2008 International Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13175.
×

Abbreviations

AAALAC Association for Assessment and Accreditation of
Laboratory Animal Care International
AAAS American Association for the Advancement of Science
AALAS American Association for Laboratory Animal Science
AAVMC Association of American Veterinary Medical Colleges
ABSL animal biosafety level
ACCMAL Central American, Caribbean, and Mexican Association
for Laboratory Animal Science
ACLAM American College of Laboratory Animal Medicine
AMCAL Mexican Association for Laboratory Animal Science
AMMRA Asian Mouse Mutagenesis Resources Association
APC UK Animal Procedures Committee
AQSIQ Provincial Administration of Quality Supervision,
Inspection, and Quarantine (China)
ASLAP American Society of Laboratory Animal Practitioners
AV attending veterinarian
AVA Agri-Food and Veterinary Authority
AVMA American Veterinary Medical Association
BAC bacterial artificial chromosome
CALAM/ACMAL Canadian Association for Laboratory Animal Medicine
CAST Council for Agricultural Science and Technology (US)
CCAC Canadian Council on Animal Care
CEDD center of excellence for drug discovery
CENEVAL National Center for Higher Education Evaluation (Mexico)
CHORI Children’s Hospital Oakland Research Institute (California)
CIOMS Council for International Organizations of Medical Sciences
CMMR Canadian Mouse Mutant Repository
CNRS National Center for Scientific Research (France)
ConeVet National Council for Veterinary Medical Education (academic branch of the Mexican Veterinary Medical Association)
CPCSEA Committee for the Purpose of Control and Supervision of Experiments on Animals (India)
CPMP Committee for Proprietary Medicinal Products
CRISP NIH Computer Retrieval of Information on Scientific Projects system
CRO contract research organization
ECLAM European College of Laboratory Animal Medicine
ECVAM European Center for the Validation of Alternative Methods
Suggested Citation:"Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2011. Animal Research in a Global Environment: Meeting the Challenges: Proceedings of the November 2008 International Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13175.
×
EE enriched environment or environmental enrichment
EFSA European Food Safety Authority
EMMA European Mouse Mutant Archive
ENU ethylnitrosourea
ESC embryonic stem cell
ESLAV European Society of Laboratory Animal Veterinarians
ETS 123 European Convention for the Protection of Vertebrate Animals Used for Experimental and Other Scientific Purposes
EUCOMM European Conditional Mouse Mutagenesis
EUMODIC European Mouse Disease Clinic
FDA US Food and Drug Administration
FELASA Federation of European Laboratory Animal Science Associations
FeSSACAL South American Federation for Laboratory Animal Science
FIMRe Federation of International Mouse Resources
GEMM genetically engineered mouse model
GLP good laboratory practice
GM genetically modified or genetic modification
the Guide Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals (NRC report)
HO Home Office (UK)
HVAC heating, ventilation, and air conditioning
IACLAM International Association of Colleges of Laboratory Animal Medicine
IACUC institutional animal care and use committee
IATA International Air Transport Association
ICCVAM Interagency Coordinating Committee on the Validation of Alternative Methods
ICH International Council on Harmonization
ICLAS International Council for Laboratory Animal Science
IKMC International Knockout Mouse Consortium
iPS induced pluripotent stem [cell]
IRAC Interagency Research Animal Committee
JAX Jackson Laboratory
JCLAM Japanese College of Laboratory Animal Medicine
KOMP Knockout Mouse Project
LAM laboratory animal medicine
LAR Live Animals Regulations
MMRRC Mutant Mouse Regional Resource Centers
MOU memorandum of understanding
MSM Mus musculus molossinus
MTA materials transfer agreement
NACLAR National Advisory Committee for Laboratory Animal Research (Singapore)
NC3Rs UK National Center for Replacement, Refinement, and Reduction of Animals in Research
NCRR National Center for Research Resources (at US NIH)
Suggested Citation:"Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2011. Animal Research in a Global Environment: Meeting the Challenges: Proceedings of the November 2008 International Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13175.
×
NGO nongovernmental organization
NHMRC National Health and Medical Research Council (Australia)
NHP nonhuman primate(s)
NIH US National Institutes of Health
NorCOMM North American Conditional Mouse Mutagenesis [Project]
NTP National Toxicology Program
OECD Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development
OIE Office International des Epizooties, now the World Organization for Animal Health (but still goes by OIE)
OLAW Office of Laboratory Animal Welfare (at US NIH)
PAHO Pan American Health Organization
PCR polymerase chain reaction
PETA People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals
PHS US Public Health Service
RFID radio frequency identification
SARS severe acute respiratory syndrome
SIV simian immunodeficiency virus
TA teaching assistant
TACT Air Cargo Tariff [book]
TCP Toronto Centre for Phenogenomics
USAMRIID United States Army Medical Research Institute for Infectious Diseases
VICH International Cooperation on Harmonization of Technical Requirements for Registration of Veterinary Medicinal Products
VRL Virus Reference Laboratory
Suggested Citation:"Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2011. Animal Research in a Global Environment: Meeting the Challenges: Proceedings of the November 2008 International Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13175.
×
Page 249
Suggested Citation:"Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2011. Animal Research in a Global Environment: Meeting the Challenges: Proceedings of the November 2008 International Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13175.
×
Page 250
Suggested Citation:"Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2011. Animal Research in a Global Environment: Meeting the Challenges: Proceedings of the November 2008 International Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13175.
×
Page 251
Next: Appendix A: Workshop Agenda »
Animal Research in a Global Environment: Meeting the Challenges: Proceedings of the November 2008 International Workshop Get This Book
×
Buy Paperback | $45.00 Buy Ebook | $35.99
MyNAP members save 10% online.
Login or Register to save!
Download Free PDF

Animal research will play an essential role in efforts to meet increasing demands for global health care. Yet the animal research community faces the challenge of overcoming negative impressions that industry and academia engage in international collaborations in order to conduct work in parts of the world where animal welfare standards are less stringent. Thus, the importance of ensuring the international harmonization of the principles and standards of animal care and use cannot be overstated. A number of national and international groups are actively working toward this goal.

The Institute for Laboratory Animal Research (ILAR), a program unit of the US National Research Council, is committed to promoting both the welfare of animals used in research and the quality of the resulting science. In 2008, to follow up on the 2003 event, ILAR convened a workshop which brought together 200 participants from 17 countries. Their mission was to identify and promote better understanding of important challenges in the conduct of animal research across country boundaries. These challenges include: the sourcing of animals; the quality of veterinary care; competent staff; the provision of a suitable environment (including nutritious food and potable water) for animals; and ongoing oversight of the animal program; among others.

Animal Research in a Global Environment summarizes the proceedings of the 2008 workshop. The impact of this 2008 workshop has extended beyond the oral presentations conveyed in these proceedings. It has been a vital bridge for diverse colleagues and organizations around the world to advance initiatives designed to fill gaps in standards, professional qualifications, and coordination of animal use.

  1. ×

    Welcome to OpenBook!

    You're looking at OpenBook, NAP.edu's online reading room since 1999. Based on feedback from you, our users, we've made some improvements that make it easier than ever to read thousands of publications on our website.

    Do you want to take a quick tour of the OpenBook's features?

    No Thanks Take a Tour »
  2. ×

    Show this book's table of contents, where you can jump to any chapter by name.

    « Back Next »
  3. ×

    ...or use these buttons to go back to the previous chapter or skip to the next one.

    « Back Next »
  4. ×

    Jump up to the previous page or down to the next one. Also, you can type in a page number and press Enter to go directly to that page in the book.

    « Back Next »
  5. ×

    Switch between the Original Pages, where you can read the report as it appeared in print, and Text Pages for the web version, where you can highlight and search the text.

    « Back Next »
  6. ×

    To search the entire text of this book, type in your search term here and press Enter.

    « Back Next »
  7. ×

    Share a link to this book page on your preferred social network or via email.

    « Back Next »
  8. ×

    View our suggested citation for this chapter.

    « Back Next »
  9. ×

    Ready to take your reading offline? Click here to buy this book in print or download it as a free PDF, if available.

    « Back Next »
Stay Connected!