Robert A. Duce (Co-Chair) is presently Distinguished Professor Emeritus of Oceanography and Atmospheric Sciences at Texas A&M University. From 1991 to 1997 he was Dean of the College of Geosciences at Texas A&M. From 1987 to 1991 he was Dean of the Graduate School of Oceanography and Vice Provost for Marine Affairs at the University of Rhode Island. His research interests include the chemistry of the atmosphere and ocean, focusing on the chemical cycles of pollutant and natural substances in the global atmosphere, their transport from the continents, and their deposition to and impact on coastal and remote ocean regions. He is the past President of SCOR (ICSU Scientific Committee on Oceanic Research), the International Association of Meteorology and Atmospheric Sciences, and the Oceanography Society, and he is past Chair of the U.N. Group of Experts on the Scientific Aspects of Marine Environmental Protection. He has been a member of the National Research Council’s (NRC) Ocean Studies Board and Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate. He is a Fellow of the American Geophysical Union, the Oceanography Society, the American Meteorological Society, and the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS). Dr. Duce earned a B.A. in chemistry from Baylor University in 1957 and a Ph.D. in inorganic and nuclear chemistry from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1964.
Arthur Goldstein (Co-Chair) has served as the Dean of the College of Science and Mathematics at Bridgewater State University, Massachusetts, since August 2010. As the founding Dean of this new college his responsibilities not only comprise the normal duties of a Dean, course scheduling, faculty workload, and promotion, tenure assessment, and hiring, but also include working with the faculty to craft a vision for the college and to develop strategic priorities. In addition, he has responsibilities for the completion of a new Science and Math Center, which will house the college in the future. Prior to joining Bridgewater State University he held appointments at the University of New England as Dean and at the National Science Foundation (NSF) in the Division of Earth Sciences as a Program Director, Section Head, and, eventually, Division Director. At NSF, Dr. Goldstein had responsibility for grants programs in excess of $150 million annually and had oversight responsibility for the construction of EarthScope, a $200 million project aimed at developing a comprehensive understanding of the plate boundary processes active in western North America and the structure and evolution of the North American continent. At NSF he was also involved in developing funding for geoinformatics projects and a variety of new initiatives including GeoTeach, a program that addresses development of pre-service and in-service secondary school teachers, and the Critical Zone Observatory Program that invested $8.5 million in integrated studies of Earth’s near surface environments. Prior to his appointment at NSF he was a Professor of Geology at Colgate University and served as Department Chair for five years. Dr. Goldstein received his B.S. in geology from Kent State University and M.S. and Ph.D. degrees from University of Massachusetts, Amherst.
Subir K. Banerjee is Distinguished Professor Emeritus and Founding Director of the Institute for Rock Magnetism at the University of Minnesota, a national facility for state-of-the-art instrumentation and research in rock magnetism. Dr. Banerjee earned a Sc.D. in 1983 from Cambridge University. Dr. Banerjee, his students, and his postdoctoral colleagues have studied many drill cores from the ocean crust and ophiolite complexes on land. Their research led to models of very deep-seated crustal sources of marine magnetic
anomalies. He is a Fellow of both the American Geophysical Union and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Dr. Banerjee has received many awards, including the 2006 John Adam Fleming Medal from the American Geophysical Union, the 2004 Louis Néel Medal from the European Geosciences Union, and the 2003 William Gilbert Award from the American Geophysical Union, Geomagnetism and Paleomagnetism. Dr. Banerjee was the President of American Geophysical Union’s Geomagnetism and Paleomagnetism section and a member of the Council of Officers of the American Geophysical Union from 1984 to 1988. At the NSF, Dr. Banerjee has participated in many ad hoc panels to review research grant proposals and reseach programs and to help select Presidential Young Investigators.
William B. Curry is a Senior Scientist at Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI). He received a B.S. in geology from the University of Delaware in 1974 and a Ph.D. in geology from Brown University in 1980. Dr. Curry studies the history of Earth’s climate and carbon cycle using geological records of ocean chemistry and physical properties. His detailed research interests are quantitative paleoclimatology and paleoceanography, sedimentation dynamics of marine particulates, and stable isotopic fractionation in carbonate-secreting organisms. Dr. Curry is actively involved with seagoing expeditions to collect deep-sea sediments and uses the chemistry of fossils in the sediments to determine how climate has changed on decadal to millennial time scales. He has been a member of the Scientific Staff at WHOI since 1981. He is a former Ocean Studies Board member and has served on three National Research Council Committees.
Magnus Friberg is a Research Officer at the Swedish Research Council with special responsibilities for large-scale infrastructures for earth and environmental research, polar research, and the Research Council’s program for investments in research equipment in all areas of science. As such, he represents Sweden in international research cooperations in Earth and environmental sciences and polar research. He has a Ph.D. in applied geophysics from Uppsala University. His research involved geophysical exploration techniques and their combination with geological observations, focusing on the deep drilling site in the Middle Ural Mountains. It also included applying geophysics to archeology and environmental and geothermal exploration, as well as characterizing sites for nuclear waste repositories. Dr. Friberg also serves on several national and international organizations, including the EU Joint Programming Initiative on Climate Research and the European Strategy Forum for Research Infrastructures (EU Commission) Thematic Working Group on Environmental Research Infrastructures, and he chairs the Nordic Council of Ministers program on Cryosphere Research.
Julie Huber is a microbial oceanographer at the Marine Biological Laboratory, interested in the ecology of bacteria and archaea in the deep sea, especially at underwater volcanoes. Most of her research focuses on the oceanic crust as a microbial habitat and the distribution, diversity, and evolutionary and community dynamics of microbial groups in the subseafloor. Currently, Dr. Huber is using phylogenetic, metagenomic, cultivation-based, and geochemical measurements of deep-sea crustal fluids to link microbial groups with their metabolic and physiological functions in subseafloor habitats. She is broadly interested in marine microbial ecosystems of all types, from coral reefs to marine sediments, and the methods and approaches that unite microbial scientists. As a sea-going scientist, Dr. Huber is also interested in technology development for deep-sea exploration and in situ experimentation. Dr. Huber has a Ph.D. and M.S. in oceanography from the University of Washington, and she is a winner of the Loreal Women in Science award.
Michael E. Jackson is the Manager for Earth Sciences for Trimble Navigation. He was recently the Principal Investigator and Director of EarthScope Plate Boundary and SAFOD (San Andres Fault Obsevatory at Depth) Observatories, UNAVCO, Inc. Dr. Jackson specializes in the geodesy, paleoseismology, and physics of tectonically active parts of Earth with an emphasis on the installation, operations, and management of remote, geographically distributed instrumentation networks. As part of his duties as a National Science Foundation (NSF) Major Equipment and Facilities Construction Project Manager, Dr. Jackson provides advice to NSF on whether other large facility projects are well proposed and ready to begin construction/implementation, and he provides ongoing guidance to NSF during the construction and operations phases. Dr. Jackson was Chair of the Ocean Observatories Initiatives Preliminary Design Review panel and a member of the National Ecological Observatory Network (NEON) Conceptual Design and Preliminary Design review panels. Dr. Jackson has also served as a member of the U.S. Geological Survey’s National Volcano Early Warning System (NVEWS) advisory panel. He has a B.S. in geology from the University of New Mexico and an M.S. in geological sciences and a Ph.D. in geophysics from the University of Colorado.
Keith K. Millheim (NAE) is President of Strategic Worldwide, LLC. Dr. Millheim received his Ph.D. in mining engineering from the University of Leoben in 1992. He also earned an M.Sc. in petroleum engineering from the University of Oklahoma in 1964 and a B.Sc. in petroleum science from Marietta College in 1963. Dr. Millheim is a member of many professional societies, including the Society of Petroleum Engineers (SPE) and the Society of Systems Thinking. He is also a member of many other organizations, including the Texas Academy of Science, Engineering and
Medicine and the National Academy of Engineering (NAE). He currently serves on NAE’s Committee on the Analysis of Causes of the Deepwater Horizon Fire and Oil Spill to Identify Measures to Prevent Similar Accidents in the Future. His research interest focuses on the implementation of new technology in petroleum drilling. Dr. Millheim is currently serving on the NAE Committee on Membership.
Samuel Mukasa is Dean of the College of Engineering and Physical Sciences and Eric J. Essene Professor of Geochemistry at the University of New Hampshire (UNH). Dr. Mukasa earned a Ph.D. from the University of California, Santa Barbara in geochemistry in 1984, and spent 21 years on the faculty of the Department of Geological Sciences at the University of Michigan prior to moving to UNH in January 2011. His fields of study in petrology and geochemistry focus on integrated use of trace elements and lead, neodymium, strontium, hafnium, and osmium isotopes to model the pet-rogenesis of ultramafic xenoliths, arc lavas, layered mafic intrusions, and continental flood basalts, the application of uranium-lead and argon-argon (40Ar-39Ar) geochronology to provide constraints on the evolution of continental and oceanic arcs, the kinematic evolution of orogenic belts, and the chemical geodynamics of the mantle and lower crust. Dr. Mukasa recently served on the NRC’s Polar Research Board and on the Committee on Principles of Environmental and Scientific Stewardship for the Exploration and Study of Subglacial Lake Environments.
Tim Naish is Professor and Director of the Antarctic Research Centre at Victoria University of Wellington in New Zealand. Dr. Naish’s current research projects include understanding of how continental margin sedimentation responds to climate and sea level change over long (orbital time scales), specifically focusing on the role of ice sheets and Antarctica in the global climate system. Since 1990, his research has focused on documenting the physical evidence in shallow-marine sedimentary basins of climatic and sea-level variability inferred from deep ocean drill cores (e.g., oxygen isotope records). More recently his research has been concerned with documenting past variability of the Antarctic ice sheets and their contribution to global sea-level change and climate variability. During the past 10 years he participated on the Cape Roberts Drilling Project and led the recently completed ANDRILL McMurdo Ice Shelf Drilling Project. He is Chair of the International ANDRILL Science Planning Committee, and a member of the Executive Committee of the Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research’s Antarctic Climate Evolution Project. He is also a member of the Royal Society of New Zealand Marsden Fund Council. Dr. Naish earned a B.Sc. in 1988, an M.Sc. (1st Class Hons.) in 1989, and a Ph.D. in 1996 from the University of Waikato, all in Earth sciences.
Paul E. Olsen (NAS) is the Arthur D. Storke Memorial Professor in the Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences at Columbia University. He earned his Ph.D. in biology from Yale University in 1984. Dr. Olsen’s research interests include ecosystem evolution, especially aspects of external forcing and intrinsic biological innovations, and also Triassic and Jurassic continental ecosystems, paleobiology, climate, tectonics, and stratigraphy. Dr. Olsen’s overall area of interest is the evolution of continental ecosystems, including their external and internal controls and their biological and physical components. Furthermore, he is especially interested in the pattern, causes, and effects of climate change on geological time scales, mass extinctions, and the effects of evolutionary innovations on global biogeochemical cycles. Dr. Olsen became a member of the National Academy of Sciences (NAS) in 2008.
Lori Summa is Senior Technical Consultant with the ExxonMobil Upstream Research Company. In this position, she advises corporate management on strategic geoscience issues to ensure appropriate research is performed in support of business objectives. Her background is in basin analysis and numerical modeling, and she has also done much applied research with exploration and drilling. She currently serves as a member of the TeXas Earth and Space Science (TXESS) Advisory Board and is a former member of the Integrated Ocean Drilling Program’s U.S. Science Advisory Committee (IODP USSAC) Panel, which advises the U.S. Science Support Program on supporting drillship operations. Dr. Summa earned a B.S. in geology with honors from the University of Rochester in 1979 and a Ph.D. in geology from the University of California, Davis in 1985.
Anne M. Tréhu is a Professor of Geophysics in Oregon State University’s College of Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. She earned her Ph.D. from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1982 and her B.A. from Princeton University in 1975. Dr. Tréhu’s research interests focus on the influence of crustal structure on earthquake processes and on the distribution and dynamics of gas hydrates on continental margins. Dr. Tréhu is a current member of the Ocean Studies Board; she has also served on the NRC Committee to Review the Activities Authorized under the Methane Hydrate Research and Development Act of 2000 (2003-2004) and the Committee on Seismology (1990-1996). Dr. Tréhu is a Fellow of the American Geophysical Union.
Deborah Glickson is a Senior Program Officer with the Ocean Studies Board at the National Research Council (NRC). She received an M.S. in geology from Vanderbilt University in 1999 and a Ph.D. in oceanography from the University of Washington in 2007. Her doctoral research fo-
cused on magmatic and tectonic contributions to mid-ocean ridge evolution and hydrothermal activity at the Endeavour Segment of the Juan de Fuca Ridge. In 2008, she participated in the Dean John A. Knauss Marine Policy Fellowship and worked on coastal and ocean policy and legislation in the U.S. Senate. Prior to her Ph.D. work, she was a research associate in physical oceanography at Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. Since joining the NRC staff in 2008, she has worked on a number of studies including Critical Infrastructure for Ocean Research and Societal Needs in 2030 (2011), Realizing the Energy Potential of Methane Hydrate for the United States (2010), Science at Sea: Meeting Future Oceanographic Goals with a Robust Academic Research Fleet (2009), and Oceanography in 2025: Proceedings of a Workshop (2009).
Elizabeth A. Eide is a Senior Program Officer with the Board on Earth Sciences and Resources. Prior to joining the NRC in this capacity in 2005, she worked for 12 years as a researcher, team leader, and laboratory manager at the Geological Survey of Norway in Trondheim. Her research on large-scale crustal processes in many areas of the world included use of isotope geochronology, petrology, and field observations, and collaboration with academia and the private sector. She is author or coauthor of more than 40 research papers and 10 Geological Survey reports, and she has directed 10 studies at the NRC. She completed a Ph.D. in geology at Stanford University and received a B.A. in geology from Franklin and Marshall College.
Jeremy Justice was a Senior Program Assistant with the Ocean Studies Board from 2008 to 2011. He earned a B.A. in international and area studies from the University of Oklahoma in 2008. While at the NRC, Mr. Justice worked on Science at Sea: Meeting Future Oceanographic Goals with a Robust Academic Research Fleet, Ecosystem Concepts for Sustainable Bivalve Mariculture, Assessment of Sea-Turtle Status and Trends, and Tsunami Warning and Preparedness: An Assessment of the U.S. Tsunami Program and the Nation’s Preparedness Efforts in addition to this report.
Lauren Harding joined the Ocean Studies Board as a program assistant in August 2011. In 2011, she graduated from High Point University majoring in biology and minoring in chemistry. As an undergraduate, she conducted an independent research project on cave ecosystems, which she presented at the 72nd Annual Meeting of the Association for Southeastern Biologists. Prior to her position at OSB, Lauren was a marketing and accounting assistant with Webco General Partnership, a company of the U.S. military resale market.