National Academies Press: OpenBook

Communicating Science and Engineering Data in the Information Age (2012)

Chapter: Appendix A: Acronyms and Abbreviations

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2012. Communicating Science and Engineering Data in the Information Age. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13282.
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Appendix A

Acronyms and Abbreviations

API

application programming interface

APS

Archival Preservation System

ARC

Archival Research Catalog

   
BRDIS

Business Research and Development and Innovation Survey

   
CATI

computer-assisted telephone interviewing

CIPSEA

Confidential Information Protection and Statistical Efficiency Act

   
CRS

Congressional Research Service

   
D3

Data Driven Documents

Data-PASS

Data Preservation Alliance for the Social Sciences

DDI

Data Documentation Initiative

DVN

Dataverse Network

   
EDI

electronic data interchange

EIM

Enterprise Data/Information Management

EUROSTAT

Statistical Office of the European Union

   
FCSM

Federal Committee on Statistical Methodology

FFRDC

federally funded research and development center

Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2012. Communicating Science and Engineering Data in the Information Age. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13282.
×
GDP

gross domestic product

GPO

U.S. Government Printing Office

GSA

U.S. General Services Administration

   
HBCUs

historically black colleges and universities

HTML

hyper text markup language

   
ICPSR

Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research

IPEDS

Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System

IRIS

Industrial Research and Development Information System

   
NARA

National Archives and Records Administration

NCO

National Coordination Office

NCSES

National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics

NIH

National Institutes of Health

NITRD

Networking and Information Technology Research and Development

NORC

National Opinion Research Center

NSCG

National Survey of College Graduates

NSF

National Science Foundation

NSRCG

National Survey of Recent College Graduates

NTIS

National Technical Information Service

   
OECD

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

OMB

Office of Management and Budget

OPA

Online Public Access

OSTP

Office of Science and Technology Policy

OWL

Web Ontology Language

   
PDA

personal data assistant

POD

print-on -demand

PRA

Paperwork Reduction Act

   
R&D

research and development

RDC

Research Data Center

RDF

resource description framework

   
S&E

science and engineering

SciSIP

Science of Science and Innovation Policy

Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2012. Communicating Science and Engineering Data in the Information Age. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13282.
×
SCOPE

Statistical Community of Practice and Engagement

SDR

Survey of Doctorate Recipients

SED

Survey of Earned Doctorates

SEH

science, engineering, and health

SESTAT

Scientists and Engineers Statistical Data System

SRS

Science Resources Statistics Division (renamed the National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics)

STAR METRICS

Science and Technology for America’s Reinvestment: Measuring the EffecTs of Research on Innovation, Competitiveness and Science

STEM

science, technology, engineering, and mathematics

STPI

Science and Technology Policy Institute

   
URL

uniform resource locator

   
W3C

World Wide Web Consortium

WAI

Web Accessibility Initiative

WCAG

Web Content Accessibility Guidelines

WebCASPAR

Integrated Science and Engineering Resources Data System

   
XML

extensible markup language

Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2012. Communicating Science and Engineering Data in the Information Age. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13282.
×

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2012. Communicating Science and Engineering Data in the Information Age. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13282.
×
Page 91
Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2012. Communicating Science and Engineering Data in the Information Age. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13282.
×
Page 92
Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2012. Communicating Science and Engineering Data in the Information Age. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13282.
×
Page 93
Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2012. Communicating Science and Engineering Data in the Information Age. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13282.
×
Page 94
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The National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics (NCSES) of the National Science Foundation (NSF) communicates its science and engineering (S&E) information to data users in a very fluid environment that is undergoing modernization at a pace at which data producer dissemination practices, protocols, and technologies, on one hand, and user demands and capabilities, on the other, are changing faster than the agency has been able to accommodate. NCSES asked the Committee on National Statistics and the Computer Science and Telecommunications Board of the National Research Council to form a panel to review the NCSES communication and dissemination program that is concerned with the collection and distribution of information on science and engineering and to recommend future directions for the program.

Communicating Science and Engineering Data in the Information Age includes recommendations to improve NCSES's dissemination program and improve data user engagement. This report includes recommendations such as NCSES's transition to a dissemination framework that emphasizes database management rather than data presentation, and that NCSES analyze the results of its initial online consumer survey and refine it over time. The implementation of the report's recommendations should be undertaken within an overall framework that accords priority to the basic quality of the data and the fundamentals of dissemination, then to significant enhancements that are achievable in the short term, while laying the groundwork for other long-term improvements.

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