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Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Acronym List." National Research Council. 2012. Urban Meteorology: Forecasting, Monitoring, and Meeting Users' Needs. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13328.
×

Appendix E

Acronym List

4D

Var data-assimilation framework-four-dimensional variational data-assimilation framework
 

AERMOD

Atmospheric Dispersion Modeling System

AMS

American Meteorological Society

AQ

air quality

ASTER

Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer
 

BASC

Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate

BL

Boundary Layer
 

CASA

Center for Collaborative Adaptive Sensing of the Atmosphere

CCNY

City College of New York

CDC

Centers for Disease Control

CESM

the NCAR Community Earth System Model

CFD

Computational Fluid Dynamics (Modeling)

CFS

climate forecast system

CG

Cloud to Ground (Lightning)

CIMEL

CIMEL Electronique, Paris, France

CMAQ

Community Multiscale Air Quality model

CMAQ-WRF

Community Multiscale Air Quality Weather Research and Forecasting coupled model

CSAQ

Community Scale Air Quality
 

DEMS

digital elevation model

DFW

Dallas-Fort Worth

DHS

Department of Homeland Security

DIAL

Differential Absorption Lidar
Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Acronym List." National Research Council. 2012. Urban Meteorology: Forecasting, Monitoring, and Meeting Users' Needs. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13328.
×

DMSP OLS

Defense Meteorological Satellite Program Operational Linescan System

DOD

Department of Defense

DOT

Department of Transportation
 

ECMWF

European Centre for Medium-range Weather Forecasts

EM

Electromagnetic Modeling

EMS

Emergency Medical Service

EnKF data-assimilation
framework

ensemble Kalman filter data-assimilation framework

EPA

Environmental Protection Agency

EPHI

Environmental Public Health Indicators

EPiCC

Environmental Prediction in Canadian Cities Network
 

FHWA

Federal Highway Administration

FIFE

the First International Satellite Land Surface Climatology Project Field Experiment
 

GCM

global climate model

GEWEX

the Global Energy and Water Cycle Experiment

GFS

global forecast system

GHCN

Global Historical Climate Network

GHG

Greenhouse Gas (Emissions)

GIS

Geographic Information System

GLDAS

Global Land Data Assimilation System

GMAO

the NASA Global Modeling and Assimilation Office

GPM

Global Precipitation Measurement

GPS

Global Positioning System

GSWP

the Global Soil Wetness Project
 

HAZMAT

hazardous materials

HRLDAS

high resolution land data assimilations systems
 

IC

intra-cloud (lightning)

iLEAPS

integrated Land Ecosystem-Atmosphere Process Study

INDOT

Indiana Department of Transportation

IPCC

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change

IRS

Indian Remote Sensing Satellite

ISA

impervious surface area
Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Acronym List." National Research Council. 2012. Urban Meteorology: Forecasting, Monitoring, and Meeting Users' Needs. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13328.
×

ISL

Interstitial Sublayer

ISLSCP

International Satellite Land Surface Climatology Project
 

JMA

Japanese Meteorological Agency
 

KML

Keyhole Markup Language
 

LANDSAT

Derived from Land Satellite

LDAS

land data assimilations systems

LES

Large-Eddy simulation

lidar

Light Detection and Ranging

LIS

land information system

LST

land surface temperature

LUMPS

local-scale urban meteorological parameterization scheme
 

MDCARS

Meteorological Data Collection and Reporting System

MDSS

Maintenance and Decision Support System

MFRSR

Multi-Filter Rotating Shadowband Radiometer

MISR

Multi-angle Imaging Spectroradiometer

MODIS

Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer

MSA

Metropolitan Statistical Area

MWRP

Microwave Radiometric Profilers
 

NAAQS

National Ambient Air Quality Standards

NAQFC

National Air Quality Forecast Capability

NARAC

National Atmospheric Release Advisory Center

NASA

National Aeronautics and Space Administration

NASA LIS

NASA Land Information System

NCAR

National Center for Atmospheric Research

NCEP

National Centers for Environmental Prediction

NCTCOG

the North Central Texas Council of Governments

NEXRAD

Next-Generation Radar

NLDAS

North American Land Data Assimilation System

NLDN

National Lightning Detection Network

NOAA

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

NOAA MADIS

National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Association’s Meteorological Assimilation Data Ingest System

NOAA NCDC

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s National Climatic Data Center

NRC

The National Research Council
Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Acronym List." National Research Council. 2012. Urban Meteorology: Forecasting, Monitoring, and Meeting Users' Needs. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13328.
×

NUDAPT

National Urban Database and Access Portal Tool

NWCC

The National Wind Coordinating Collaborative

NWP

Numerical Weather Prediction

NWS

National Weather Service

NYC MetNet

New York City Meteorological Network
 

OFCM

Office of the Federal Coordinator for Meteorology

OSSE

Observing System Simulation Experiments
 

PBL

planetary boundary layer

PDA

Personal Digital Assistant

PM Samplers

Particulate Matter Samplers
 

RANS

Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes

RAOB

the Universal RAwinsonde OBservation program

RFC

River Forecasting Center

RISA

Regional Integrated Sciences and Assessments (NOAA program)

RSL

Roughness Sublayer

RSS

Really Simple Syndication
 

SAR

synthetic aperture radar

SEAFM

streamflow forecasting computer model system used and developed by Seattle Public Utilities

SEB

surface energy balance

SMS

Short Message Service

SNOTEL

SNOwpack TELemetry

SPOT

Satellite Pour l’Observation de la Terre

SPU

Seattle Public Utilities
 

TAMDAR

Tropospheric Airborne Meteorological Data Reporting

T&D

transport and dispersion

TOMS

Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer

TRMM

Tropical Rainfall Measurement Mission
 

UBL

Urban Boundary Layer

UBL/PBL

Urban Boundary Layer/Planetary Boundary Layer

UCL

Urban Canopy Layer

UCM

urban canopy model

UHI

Urban Heat Island
Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Acronym List." National Research Council. 2012. Urban Meteorology: Forecasting, Monitoring, and Meeting Users' Needs. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13328.
×

UPS

United Parcel Service

USWRP

U.S. Weather Research Program
 

V-I-S model

Ridds’s vegetation-impervious surface-soil model
 

WMO

World Meteorological Organization

WRF

Weather Research & Forecasting Model

WRF/Chem

Weather Research and Forecasting/Chemistry model

model

WRF-NMM

Weather Research and Forecasting-Nonhydrostatic Mesoscale Model

WSR-88D

Weather Surveillance Radar 88 Dop
Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Acronym List." National Research Council. 2012. Urban Meteorology: Forecasting, Monitoring, and Meeting Users' Needs. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13328.
×

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Acronym List." National Research Council. 2012. Urban Meteorology: Forecasting, Monitoring, and Meeting Users' Needs. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13328.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Acronym List." National Research Council. 2012. Urban Meteorology: Forecasting, Monitoring, and Meeting Users' Needs. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13328.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Acronym List." National Research Council. 2012. Urban Meteorology: Forecasting, Monitoring, and Meeting Users' Needs. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13328.
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Page 169
Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Acronym List." National Research Council. 2012. Urban Meteorology: Forecasting, Monitoring, and Meeting Users' Needs. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13328.
×
Page 170
Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Acronym List." National Research Council. 2012. Urban Meteorology: Forecasting, Monitoring, and Meeting Users' Needs. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13328.
×
Page 171
Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Acronym List." National Research Council. 2012. Urban Meteorology: Forecasting, Monitoring, and Meeting Users' Needs. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13328.
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According to the United Nations, three out of five people will be living in cities worldwide by the year 2030. The United States continues to experience urbanization with its vast urban corridors on the east and west coasts. Although urban weather is driven by large synoptic and meso-scale features, weather events unique to the urban environment arise from the characteristics of the typical urban setting, such as large areas covered by buildings of a variety of heights; paved streets and parking areas; means to supply electricity, natural gas, water, and raw materials; and generation of waste heat and materials.

Urban Meteorology: Forecasting, Monitoring, and Meeting Users' Needs is based largely on the information provided at a Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate community workshop. This book describes the needs for end user communities, focusing in particular on needs that are not being met by current urban-level forecasting and monitoring. Urban Meteorology also describes current and emerging meteorological forecasting and monitoring capabilities that have had and will likely have the most impact on urban areas, some of which are not being utilized by the relevant end user communities.

Urban Meteorology explains that users of urban meteorological information need high-quality information available in a wide variety of formats that foster its use and within time constraints set by users' decision processes. By advancing the science and technology related to urban meteorology with input from key end user communities, urban meteorologists can better meet the needs of diverse end users. To continue the advancement within the field of urban meteorology, there are both short-term needs-which might be addressed with small investments but promise large, quick returns-as well as future challenges that could require significant efforts and investments.

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