HEALTHY AGING IN
Sheila Moats and Julia Hoglund, Rapporteurs
Food and Nutrition Board
INSTITUTE OF MEDICINE
OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES
THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS
THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS 500 Fifth Street, NW Washington, DC 20001
NOTICE: The project that is the subject of this report was approved by the Governing Board of the National Research Council, whose members are drawn from the councils of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine.
This study was supported by Contract No. N01-OD-4-2139, Task Order No. 235, between the National Academy of Sciences and the National Institutes of Health (Division of Nutrition Research Coordination and Office of Dietary Supplements) and by Contract No. HHSP233201100557P from the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (Administration on Aging), and grants from Abbott Laboratories, the Meals On Wheels Association of America, and the Meals On Wheels Research Foundation. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the view of the organizations or agencies that provided support for this project.
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Copyright 2012 by the National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
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Suggested citation: IOM (Institute of Medicine). 2012. Nutrition and Healthy Aging in the Community: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.
THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES
Advisers to the Nation on Science, Engineering, and Medicine
The National Academy of Sciences is a private, nonprofit, self-perpetuating society of distinguished scholars engaged in scientific and engineering research, dedicated to the furtherance of science and technology and to their use for the general welfare. Upon the authority of the charter granted to it by the Congress in 1863, the Academy has a mandate that requires it to advise the federal government on scientific and technical matters. Dr. Ralph J. Cicerone is president of the National Academy of Sciences.
The National Academy of Engineering was established in 1964, under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences, as a parallel organization of outstanding engineers. It is autonomous in its administration and in the selection of its members, sharing with the National Academy of Sciences the responsibility for advising the federal government. The National Academy of Engineering also sponsors engineering programs aimed at meeting national needs, encourages education and research, and recognizes the superior achievements of engineers. Dr. Charles M. Vest is president of the National Academy of Engineering.
The Institute of Medicine was established in 1970 by the National Academy of Sciences to secure the services of eminent members of appropriate professions in the examination of policy matters pertaining to the health of the public. The Institute acts under the responsibility given to the National Academy of Sciences by its congressional charter to be an adviser to the federal government and, upon its own initiative, to identify issues of medical care, research, and education. Dr. Harvey V. Fineberg is president of the Institute of Medicine.
The National Research Council was organized by the National Academy of Sciences in 1916 to associate the broad community of science and technology with the Academy’s purposes of furthering knowledge and advising the federal government. Functioning in accordance with general policies determined by the Academy, the Council has become the principal operating agency of both the National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Engineering in providing services to the government, the public, and the scientific and engineering communities. The Council is administered jointly by both Academies and the Institute of Medicine. Dr. Ralph J. Cicerone and Dr. Charles M. Vest are chair and vice chair, respectively, of the National Research Council.
PLANNING COMMITTEE ON NUTRITION AND HEALTHY AGING IN THE COMMUNITY: A WORKSHOP*
GORDON L. JENSEN (Chair), Professor and Head, Department of Nutritional Sciences, Pennsylvania State University, University Park
CONNIE W. BALES, Professor of Medicine, Division of Geriatrics, Duke University, NC and the Geriatric Research, Education, and Clinical Center, Durham VA Medical Center, NC
ELIZABETH B. LANDON, Vice President, Community Services, CareLink, North Little Rock, AR
JULIE L. LOCHER, Associate Professor of Medicine, Division of Gerontology, Geriatrics, and Palliative Care, University of Alabama, Birmingham
DOUGLAS PADDON-JONES, Associate Professor, Department of Nutrition and Metabolism, School of Health Professionals, Department of Internal Medicine, The University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston
NADINE R. SAHYOUN, Associate Professor, Department of Nutrition and Food Science, University of Maryland, College Park
NANCY S. WELLMAN, Adjunct Professor, Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy, Tufts University, Boston, MA
SHEILA MOATS, Study Director
JULIA HOGLUND, Research Associate
ALLISON BERGER, Senior Program Assistant
ANTON L. BANDY, Financial Associate
GERALDINE KENNEDO, Administrative Assistant
LINDA D. MEYERS, Director, Food and Nutrition Board
*Institute of Medicine planning committees are solely responsible for organizing the workshop, identifying topics, and choosing speakers. The responsibility for the published workshop summary rests with the workshop rapporteur and the institution.
This report has been reviewed in draft form by individuals chosen for their diverse perspectives and technical expertise, in accordance with procedures approved by the National Research Council’s Report Review Committee. The purpose of this independent review is to provide candid and critical comments that will assist the institution in making its published report as sound as possible and to ensure that the report meets institutional standards for objectivity, evidence, and responsiveness to the study charge. The review comments and draft manuscript remain confidential to protect the integrity of the process. We wish to thank the following individuals for their review of this report:
Rose Ann DiMaria-Ghalili, Doctoral Nursing Department and Nutrition Sciences Department, Drexel University, Philadelphia, PA
Denise K. Houston, Department of Internal Medicine, Section on Gerontology and Geriatric Medicine, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, NC
Gordon Jensen, Department of Nutritional Sciences, Pennsylvania State University, University Park
Nadine R. Sahyoun, Department of Nutrition and Food Sciences, University of Maryland, College Park
Dennis T. Villareal, New Mexico VA Health Care System, Albuquerque
Although the reviewers listed above have provided many constructive comments and suggestions, they did not see the final draft of the report
before its release. The review of this report was overseen by Hugh H. Tilson, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Appointed by the Institute of Medicine, he was responsible for making certain that an independent examination of this report was carried out in accordance with institutional procedures and that all review comments were carefully considered. Responsibility for the final content of this report rests entirely with the authors and the institution.