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Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Acronyms." Institute of Medicine. 2012. The Role of Obesity in Cancer Survival and Recurrence: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13348.
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A


Acronyms

AARP American Association of Retired Persons
ACS American Cancer Society
ACS American College of Surgeons
AHEAD Action for HEAlth in Diabetes
ALDH aldehyde dehydrogenase
AMP adenosine monophosphate
ASCO American Society of Clinical Oncology
ATAC Arimidex, Tamoxifen, Alone or in Combination trial
 
BMI body mass index
 
CHALLENGE Colon Health and Life-Long Exercise Change
CMS Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services
CRP C-reactive protein
CWLS Collaborative Women’s Longevity Study
CXCL chemokine (C-X-C motif) ligand
CXCR chemokine (C-X-C motif) receptor
 
DNA deoxyribonucleic acid
DPP diabetes prevention program
 
EGF epidermal growth factor
Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Acronyms." Institute of Medicine. 2012. The Role of Obesity in Cancer Survival and Recurrence: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13348.
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EMT epithelial-mesenchymal transition
ER estrogen receptor
ERK extracellular-signal-regulated kinase
 
FDA Food and Drug Administration
FFA free fatty acid
 
GP glycoprotein
 
HEAL Health, Eating, Activity, and Lifestyle study
 
IGF insulin-like growth factor
IL interleukin
IOM Institute of Medicine
IRS insulin receptor substrate
 
JAK Janus kinase
 
LIF leukemia inhibitory factor
 
MAC macrophages
MCP monocyte chemotactic protein
MI myocardial infarction
mTOR mammalian target of rapamycin
 
NCI National Cancer Institute
NCPF National Cancer Policy Forum
NF-kB nuclear factor kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cells
NHS Nurses’ Health Study
NIH National Institutes of Health
 
PAI plasminogen activator inhibitor
PGE prostaglandin
PI3K phosphoinositide 3-kinase
PR progesterone receptor
PSA prostate specific antigen
PTEN phosphatase and tensin homolog
Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Acronyms." Institute of Medicine. 2012. The Role of Obesity in Cancer Survival and Recurrence: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13348.
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REAP Rapid Eating and Activity Assessment for Patients
RMR resting metabolic rate
ROS reactive oxygen species
 
SHBG sex hormone binding globulin
STAT signal transducer and activator of transcription
 
TEE total energy expenditure
TEF thermic effect of food
TG triglycerides
TGFβ transforming growth factor β
TNF tumor necrosis factor
TPA tumor promoting agent
TREC Transdisciplinary Research on Energetics and Cancer
TSC tuberous sclerosis protein
 
USPSTF U.S. Preventative Services Task Force
 
VEGF vascular endothelial growth factor
 
WCRF World Cancer Research Fund
WHEL Women’s Healthy Eating and Living study
WHO World Health Organization
WINS Women’s Intervention Nutrition Study
Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Acronyms." Institute of Medicine. 2012. The Role of Obesity in Cancer Survival and Recurrence: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13348.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Acronyms." Institute of Medicine. 2012. The Role of Obesity in Cancer Survival and Recurrence: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13348.
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Page 81
Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Acronyms." Institute of Medicine. 2012. The Role of Obesity in Cancer Survival and Recurrence: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13348.
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Page 82
Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Acronyms." Institute of Medicine. 2012. The Role of Obesity in Cancer Survival and Recurrence: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13348.
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Page 83
Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Acronyms." Institute of Medicine. 2012. The Role of Obesity in Cancer Survival and Recurrence: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13348.
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Page 84
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Recent research suggests that obesity and excess weight can play a prominent role in the incidence and progression of various cancers. Obesity results from an energy imbalance - that is, energy intake that is higher than energy expenditure - could also influence the growth of cancers. Recognizing the impact that current findings on obesity and cancer could have on future cancer prevention and care, the National Cancer policy Forum (NCPF) of the Institute of Medicine (IOM) help a 2-day workshop on "The Role of Obesity in Cancer Survival and Recurrence," in Washington, DC, on October 31 and November 1, 2011.

The Role of Obesity in Cancer Survival and Recurrence: Workshop Summary reviews each presenter's latest clinical evidence on the obesity-cancer link and the molecular mechanisms that might explain that link. Clinicians, researchers, cancer survivors, and policy makers also discussed potential interventions to counter the effects of obesity on cancer, and research and policy measures needed to stem the rising tide of cancer mortality predicted by an increasingly overweight and older population worldwide.

The Role of Obesity in Cancer Survival and Recurrence: Workshop Summary explores the complex web of molecular mechanisms that underlie the obesity-cancer link, the ways to design future studies to acquire the information needed to guide patient care, what to advise cancer patients about weight loss, diet, exercise, and other measures to reduce their risk of cancer progression or recurrence and policy suggestions related to research, education, and dissemination of the findings on obesity and cancer.

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