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Education for Life and Work: Developing Transferable Knowledge and Skills in the 21st Century (2012)

Chapter: Appendix B: Reports on 21st Century Skills Used in Aligning and Clustering Competencies

« Previous: Appendix A: 21st Century Skills and Competencies Included in the OECD Survey
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Reports on 21st Century Skills Used in Aligning and Clustering Competencies." National Research Council. 2012. Education for Life and Work: Developing Transferable Knowledge and Skills in the 21st Century. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13398.
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Appendix B


Reports on 21st Century Skills Used in Aligning and Clustering Competencies

Report Skills
Association for Career and Technical Education. (2010). What Is Career Ready? Alexandria, VA: Author. Available: http://dpi.wi.gove/oea/pdf/crpaper.pdf [October 2011].
  • Critical thinking
  • Problem solving
  • Oral/written communication
  • Creativity
  • Adaptability
  • Diversity
  • Continuous learning
  • Collaboration
  • Teamwork
  • Responsibility
  • Professionalism/ethics

Bedwell, W.L., Salas, E., and Fiore, S.M. (2011). Developing the 21st Century (and Beyond) Workforce: A Review of Interpersonal Skills and Measurement Strategies. Paper prepared for the NRC Workshop on Assessing 21st Century Skills. Available: http://www7.nationalacademies.org/bota/21st_Century_Workshop_Salas_Fiore_Paper.pdf [October 2011].

  • Active listening
  • Oral communication
  • Written communication
  • Cooperation
  • Coordination
  • Trust
  • Service orientation
  • Conflict resolution
  • Negotiation
  • Assertive communication
  • Self-presentation
  • Social influence
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Reports on 21st Century Skills Used in Aligning and Clustering Competencies." National Research Council. 2012. Education for Life and Work: Developing Transferable Knowledge and Skills in the 21st Century. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13398.
×
Report Skills

Binkley, M., Erstad, O., Herman, J., Raizen, S., Ripley, M., and Rumble, M. (2010). Defining 21st Century Skills. White Paper commissioned for the Assessment and Teaching of 21st Century Skills Project (ATC21S). Available on request from ATC21S: http://atc21s.org/index.php/resources/white-papers/#item1.

  • Critical thinking
  • Problem solving
  • Decision making
  • Information literacy (including research on sources, evidence, biases)
  • Information and communications technology literacy
  • Creativity/innovation
  • Personal and social responsibility (including cultural awareness and competence)
  • Communication
  • Collaboration

Conley, D.T. (2007). Redefining College Readiness. Eugene, OR: Educational Policy Improvement Center. Available: https://www.epiconline.org/files/pdf/RedefiningCollegeReadiness.pdf [October 2011].

  • Problem solving
  • Analysis
  • Reasoning/argumentation
  • Interpretation

Finegold, D., and Notabartolo, A.S. (2010). 21st Century Competencies and Their Impact: An Interdisciplinary Literature Review. Paper commissioned for the NRC Project on Research on 21st Century Competencies: A Planning Process on Behalf of the Hewlett Foundation. Available: http://www7.nationalacademies.org/bota/Finegold_Notabartolo_Impact_Paper.pdf [October 2011].

  • Critical thinking
  • Problem solving
  • Decision making
  • Information literacy
  • Information and communication technology literacy
  • Creativity/innovation
  • Flexibility
  • Communication
  • Collaboration
  • Leadership
  • Responsibility
  • Initiative
  • Self-direction
  • Productivity

Hoyle, R.H., and Davisson, E.K. (2011). Assessment of Self-Regulation and Related Constructs: Prospects and Challenges. Paper prepared for the NRC Workshop on Assessment of 21st Century Skills. Available: http://www7.nationalacademies.org/bota/21st_Century_Workshop_Hoyle_Paper.pdf [October 2011].

  • Executive function (inhibition, working memory, shifting)
  • Leadership
  • Type 1 processes (forethought, performance, self-reflection)
  • Type 2 processes (self-monitoring, self-evaluation, self-reinforcement)
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Reports on 21st Century Skills Used in Aligning and Clustering Competencies." National Research Council. 2012. Education for Life and Work: Developing Transferable Knowledge and Skills in the 21st Century. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13398.
×
Report Skills

Voogt, J., and Pareja Roblin, N. (2010). 21st Century Skills Discussion Paper. Report prepared for Kennisnet, University of Twente, The Netherlands. Available: http://www.internationalsymposiumoneducationalreform.com/storage/21st%20Century%20Skills.pdf [October 2011].

  • Problem solving
  • ICT literacy
  • Creativity
  • Communication
  • Collaboration
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Reports on 21st Century Skills Used in Aligning and Clustering Competencies." National Research Council. 2012. Education for Life and Work: Developing Transferable Knowledge and Skills in the 21st Century. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13398.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Reports on 21st Century Skills Used in Aligning and Clustering Competencies." National Research Council. 2012. Education for Life and Work: Developing Transferable Knowledge and Skills in the 21st Century. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13398.
×
Page 221
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Reports on 21st Century Skills Used in Aligning and Clustering Competencies." National Research Council. 2012. Education for Life and Work: Developing Transferable Knowledge and Skills in the 21st Century. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13398.
×
Page 222
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Reports on 21st Century Skills Used in Aligning and Clustering Competencies." National Research Council. 2012. Education for Life and Work: Developing Transferable Knowledge and Skills in the 21st Century. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13398.
×
Page 223
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Reports on 21st Century Skills Used in Aligning and Clustering Competencies." National Research Council. 2012. Education for Life and Work: Developing Transferable Knowledge and Skills in the 21st Century. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13398.
×
Page 224
Next: Appendix C: Biographical Sketches of Committee Members »
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Americans have long recognized that investments in public education contribute to the common good, enhancing national prosperity and supporting stable families, neighborhoods, and communities. Education is even more critical today, in the face of economic, environmental, and social challenges. Today's children can meet future challenges if their schooling and informal learning activities prepare them for adult roles as citizens, employees, managers, parents, volunteers, and entrepreneurs. To achieve their full potential as adults, young people need to develop a range of skills and knowledge that facilitate mastery and application of English, mathematics, and other school subjects. At the same time, business and political leaders are increasingly asking schools to develop skills such as problem solving, critical thinking, communication, collaboration, and self-management - often referred to as "21st century skills."

Education for Life and Work: Developing Transferable Knowledge and Skills in the 21st Century describes this important set of key skills that increase deeper learning, college and career readiness, student-centered learning, and higher order thinking. These labels include both cognitive and non-cognitive skills- such as critical thinking, problem solving, collaboration, effective communication, motivation, persistence, and learning to learn. 21st century skills also include creativity, innovation, and ethics that are important to later success and may be developed in formal or informal learning environments.

This report also describes how these skills relate to each other and to more traditional academic skills and content in the key disciplines of reading, mathematics, and science. Education for Life and Work: Developing Transferable Knowledge and Skills in the 21st Century summarizes the findings of the research that investigates the importance of such skills to success in education, work, and other areas of adult responsibility and that demonstrates the importance of developing these skills in K-16 education. In this report, features related to learning these skills are identified, which include teacher professional development, curriculum, assessment, after-school and out-of-school programs, and informal learning centers such as exhibits and museums.

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