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Weather Services for the Nation: Becoming Second to None (2012)

Chapter: Appendix B: Acronyms and Abbreviations

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2012. Weather Services for the Nation: Becoming Second to None. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13429.
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B


Acronyms and Abbreviations

3DVar    

3-dimensional variational

4DVar    

4-dimensional variational

 
ADM    

Atmospheric Dynamics Mission

AHPS    

Advanced Hydrologic Prediction System

AMS    

American Meteorological Society

AMSU    

Advanced Microwave Sounding Unit

AOML    

Atlantic Oceanographic and Meteorological Laboratory

ARRC    

Atmospheric Radar Research Center

ASOS    

Automated Surface Observing System

AWCIA    

American Weather and Climate Industry Association

AWIPS    

Advanced Weather Interactive Processing System

 
BMA    

Bayesian model averaging

 
C3    

command, control, and communications

CAPS    

Center for the Analysis and Prediction of Storms

CASA    

Collaborative Adaptive Sensing of the Atmosphere

CDAS    

Coordinated Data Analysis System

CFS    

Climate Forecast System

CIMMS    

Cooperative Institute for Mesoscale Meteorological Studies

CMC    

Canadian Meteorological Center

COMET    

Cooperative Program for Operational Meteorology, Education, and Training

COP    

common operating picture

CWCE    

Commission on the Weather and Climate Enterprise

 
DAR3E    

Denver AWIPS Risk Reduction and Requirements Evaluation

DMIP    

Distributed Model Intercomparison Program

DOD    

U.S. Department of Defense

DOE    

U.S. Department of Energy

DTC    

Developmental Testbed Center

 
ECMWF    

European Centre for Medium-range Weather Forecasts

EISWG    

Environmental Information Services Working Group

EnKF    

ensemble Kalman filter

ERS    

emergency response specialist

ESPC    

Earth System Prediction Capability

ESRL    

Earth System Research Laboratory

 
FAA    

Federal Aviation Administration

FACA    

Federal Advisory Committee Act

FNMOC    

Fleet Numerical Meteorology and Oceanography Center

 
GAW    

Global Atmosphere Watch

GEOSS    

Global Earth Observation System of Systems

GFDL    

Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory

GFS    

Global Forecast System

GOES    

Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite

Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2012. Weather Services for the Nation: Becoming Second to None. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13429.
×
 
HFIP    

Hurricane Forecast Improvement Program

HS3    

Hurricane and Severe Storm Sentinel (NASA program)

HWRF    

Hurricane Weather Research Forecasting

HWT    

Hazardous Weather Testbed

HYCOM    

Hybrid Coordinate Ocean Model

HYSPLIT    

Hybrid Single Particle Lagrangian Integrated Trajectory

 
ICSU    

International Council for Sciences

IMET    

incident meteorologist

IP    

intellectual property

IT    

information technology

 
JHT    

Joint Hurricane Testbed

 
LIDAR    

LIght Detection and Ranging

 
MAR    

Modernization and Associated Restructuring

MOS    

model output statistics

MPAR    

multi-function phased array radar

 
NAM    

North American Mesoscale Model

NASA    

National Aeronautics and Space Administration

NAVO    

Naval Oceanography Center

NCAR    

National Center for Atmospheric Research

NCEP    

National Centers for Environmental Prediction

NCIM    

National Council of Industrial Meteorologists

NCWCP    

NOAA Center for Weather and Climate Prediction

NESDIS    

National Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Service

NEXRAD    

Next Generation Weather Radar

NHC    

National Hurricane Center

NMHS    

National Meteorological Hydrological Service

NOAA    

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

NPOESS    

National Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System

NPP    

NPOESS Preparatory Project

NRC    

National Research Council

NRL    

Naval Research Laboratory

NSAB    

NOAA Science Advisory Board

NSF    

National Science Foundation

NSSL    

National Severe Storms Laboratory

NWA    

National Weather Association

NWC    

National Weather Center

NWP    

Numerical Weather Prediction

NWS    

National Weather Service

NWSEO    

National Weather Service Employees Organization

 
O2R    

operations-to-research

OAR    

Office of Oceanic and Atmospheric Research

OHD    

Office of Hydrological Development

OSE    

observing system experiment

OSIP    

Operational Satellite Improvement Program

OUN    

NWS Norman Weather Forecast Office

 
PAR    

phased array radar

POES    

Polar Operational Environmental Satellite

PROFS    

Program for Regional Observing and Forecasting Service

 
QPE    

quantitative precipitation estimation

QPF    

quantitative precipitation forecast

 
R2O    

research-to-operations

R&D    

research and development

RFC    

River Forecast Center

RFI    

radio frequency interference

ROC    

Radar Operations Center

RTOFS    

Real Time Ocean Forecast System

 
SCH    

Service Coordination Hydrologists

SLEP    

Service Life Extension Program

SPC    

Storm Prediction Center

 
UAS    

Unmanned Aircraft Systems

UCAR    

University Corporation for Atmospheric Research

UKMO    

United Kingdom Meteorological Office

USGS    

U.S. Geological Survey

Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2012. Weather Services for the Nation: Becoming Second to None. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13429.
×
 
WAS*IS    

Weather and Society * Integrated Studies

WCM    

Warning Coordination Meteorologist

WDTB    

Warning Decision Training Branch

WFO    

Weather Forecast Office

WMO    

World Meteorological Organization

WSFO    

Weather Service Forecast Office

WSR    

Winter Storm Reconnaissance

WWW    

World Weather Watch

Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2012. Weather Services for the Nation: Becoming Second to None. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13429.
×

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2012. Weather Services for the Nation: Becoming Second to None. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13429.
×
Page 65
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2012. Weather Services for the Nation: Becoming Second to None. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13429.
×
Page 66
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2012. Weather Services for the Nation: Becoming Second to None. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13429.
×
Page 67
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2012. Weather Services for the Nation: Becoming Second to None. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13429.
×
Page 68
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During the 1980s and 1990s, the National Weather Service (NWS) undertook a major program called the Modernization and Associated Restructuring (MAR). The MAR was officially completed in 2000. No comprehensive assessment of the execution of the MAR plan, or comparison of the promised benefits of the MAR to its actual impact, had ever been conducted. Therefore, Congress asked the National Academy of Sciences to conduct an end-to-end assessment. That report, The National Weather Service Modernization and Associated Restructuring: A Retrospective Assessment, concluded that the MAR was a success.

Now, twelve years after the official completion of the MAR, the challenges faced by the NWS are no less important than those of the pre-MAR era. The three key challenges are: 1) Keeping Pace with accelerating scientific and technological advancement, 2) Meeting Expanding and Evolving User Needs in an increasingly information centric society, and 3) Partnering with an Increasingly Capable Enterprise that has grown considerably since the time of the MAR.

Weather Services for the Nation presents three main recommendations for responding to these challenges. These recommendations will help the NWS address these challenges, making it more agile and effective. This will put it on a path to becoming second to none at integrating advances in science and technology into its operations and at meeting user needs, leading in some areas and keeping pace in others. It will have the highest quality core capabilities among national weather services. It will have a more agile organizational structure and workforce that allow it to directly or indirectly reach more end-users, save more lives, and help more businesses. And it will have leveraged these capabilities through the broader enterprise. This approach will make possible societal benefits beyond what the NWS budget alone allows.

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