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Special RepoRt 309 Evaluating the Effectiveness of Offshore Safety and Environmental Management Systems
MARINE BOARD Chair: Michael S. Bruno, Stevens Institute of Technology, Hoboken, New Jersey Vice Chair: Thomas M. Leschine, University of Washington, Seattle Steven R. Barnum, Hydrographic Consultation Services, Suffolk, Virginia Jerry A. Bridges, Virginia Port Authority, Norfolk Mary R. Brooks, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada James C. Card, Maritime Consultant, The Woodlands, Texas Stephen M. Carmel, Maersk Line Limited, Norfolk, Virginia Edward N. Comstock, Raytheon Company, Sudbury, Massachusetts StÃ©phan T. Grilli, University of Rhode Island, Narragansett Douglas J. Grubbs, Crescent River Port Pilots Association, Metairie, Louisiana Judith Hill Harris, City of Portland, Maine John R. Headland, Moffatt & Nichol Engineers, New York, New York John M. Holmes, Port of Los Angeles, San Pedro, California Donald Liu, Marine Consultant, Willis, Texas Richard S. Mercier, Texas A&M University, College Station Edmond J. Moran, Jr., Moran Towing Corporation, New Canaan, Connecticut Ali Mosleh, University of Maryland, College Park George Berryman Newton, QinetiQ North America, Marstons Mills, Massachusetts Peter K. Velez, Shell International Exploration and Production, Inc., Houston, Texas John William Waggoner, HMS Global Maritime, New Albany, Indiana TRANSPORTATION RESEARCH BOARD 2012 EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE OFFICERS Chair: Sandra Rosenbloom, Professor of Planning, University of Arizona, Tucson Division Chair for NRC Oversight: C. Michael Walton, Ernest H. Cockrell Centennial Chair in Engineering, University of Texas, Austin (Past Chair, 1991) Vice Chair: Deborah H. Butler, Executive Vice President, Planning, and CIO, Norfolk Southern Corporation, Norfolk, Virginia Executive Director: Robert E. Skinner, Jr., Transportation Research Board
SPECIAL REPORT 309 Evaluating the Effectiveness of Offshore Safety and Environmental Management Systems Committee on the Effectiveness of Safety and Environmental Management Systems for Outer Continental Shelf Oil and Gas Operations TRANSPORTATION RESEARCH BOARD OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES Transportation Research Board Washington, D.C. 2012 www.TRB.org
Transportation Research Board Special Report 309 Subscriber Categories Safety and human factors, marine transportation, environment Transportation Research Board publications are available by ordering individual pub- lications directly from the TRB Business Office, through the Internet at www.TRB.org or national-academies.org/trb, or by annual subscription through organizational or indi- vidual affiliation with TRB. Affiliates and library subscribers are eligible for substantial discounts. For further information, contact the Transportation Research Board Business Office, 500 Fifth Street, NW, Washington, DC 20001 (telephone 202-334-3213; fax 202- 334-2519; or e-mail TRBsales@nas.edu). Copyright 2012 by the National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. Printed in the United States of America. NOTICE: The project that is the subject of this report was approved by the Governing Board of the National Research Council, whose members are drawn from the councils of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. The members of the committee responsible for the report were chosen for their special competencies and with regard for appropriate balance. This report has been reviewed by a group other than the authors according to the procedures approved by a Report Review Committee consisting of members of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. This study was sponsored by the Bureau of Safety and Environmental Enforcement of the U.S. Department of the Interior. Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data United States. Committee on the Effectiveness of Safety and Environmental Management Systems for Outer Continental Shelf Oil and Gas Operations. Evaluating the effectiveness of offshore safety and environmental management systems/ Committee on the Effectiveness of Safety and Environmental Management Systems for Outer Continental Shelf Oil and Gas Operations. pages cm.â(Transportation Research Board special report ; 309) Includes bibliographical references. ISBN 978-0-309-22308-9 1. Offshore oil well drillingâUnited StatesâSafety measuresâEvaluation. 2. Offshore gas well drillingâUnited StatesâSafety measuresâEvaluation. 3. Continental shelfâ United States. 4. Environmental protectionâGovernment policyâUnited States. I. National Research Council (U.S.). Transportation Research Board. II. Title. TN872.A45 2012 363.11'9622338190973âdc23 2012026029
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Committee on the Effectiveness of Safety and Environmental Management Systems for Outer Continental Shelf Oil and Gas Operations Kenneth E. Arnold, WorleyParsons, Inc., Houston, Texas, Chair J. Ford Brett, PetroSkills, Tulsa, Oklahoma Paul S. Fischbeck, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania Stuart Jones, Lloydâs Register EMEA, Aberdeen, Scotland, United Kingdom Thomas Kitsos, Consultant, Bethesda, Maryland Frank J. Puskar, Energo Engineering, Houston, Texas Darin W. Qualkenbush, Chevron North America Exploration and Production Company, Covington, Louisiana Raja V. Ramani, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania (emeritus) Vikki Sanders, JMJ Associates, Austin, Texas Transportation Research Board Staff Beverly Huey, Project Director