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Suggested Citation:"Acronyms." Transportation Research Board. 2012. TRB Special Report 309: Evaluating the Effectiveness of Offshore Safety and Environmental Management Systems. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13434.
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Page 17
Page 18
Suggested Citation:"Acronyms." Transportation Research Board. 2012. TRB Special Report 309: Evaluating the Effectiveness of Offshore Safety and Environmental Management Systems. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13434.
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Page 18

Below is the uncorrected machine-read text of this chapter, intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text of each book. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.

Acronyms Acronyms used in the report are listed below. ABS American Bureau of Shipping ALARP as low as reasonably practicable API American Petroleum Institute BOEM Bureau of Ocean Energy Management BOEMRE Bureau of Ocean Energy Management, Regulation and Enforcement BSEE Bureau of Safety and Environmental Enforcement CFR Code of Federal Regulations CIP continuous improvement program COS Center for Offshore Safety CSLC California State Lands Commission DOI Department of the Interior DDRS Daily Drilling Report System HSE Health and Safety Executive (United Kingdom) INC incident of noncompliance ISM International Safety Management ISO International Organization for Standardization JSA job safety analysis KPI key performance indicator MMS Minerals Management Service MOC management of change MSHA Mine Safety and Health Administration NIOSH National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health NSSGA National Stone, Sand, and Gravel Association NVIC Navigation and Vessel Inspection Circular xv

Evaluating the Effectiveness of Offshore Safety and Environmental Management Systems xvi OCS Outer Continental Shelf OSHA Occupational Safety and Health Administration PHA process hazard analysis PINC potential incident of noncompliance PSA Petroleum Safety Authority (Norway) PSM process safety management QRA quantitative risk assessment RNNP Risikonivå i norsk petroleumsvirksomhet RP Recommended Practice SAMS Safety Assessment of Management Systems SEMP safety and environmental management program SEMS Safety and Environmental Management Systems SME Society for Mining, Metallurgy, and Exploration SMS safety management system SPE Society of Petroleum Engineers UK United Kingdom USCG U.S. Coast Guard USCOP U.S. Commission on Ocean Policy

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TRB Special Report 309: Evaluating the Effectiveness of Offshore Safety and Environmental Management Systems recommends that the Bureau of Safety and Environmental Enforcement (BSEE) take a holistic approach to evaluating the effectiveness offshore oil and gas industry operators' Safety and Environmental Management Systems (SEMS) programs. According to the report, this approach should, at a minimum, include inspections, audits by the operator and BSEE, key performance indicators, and a whistleblower program.

SEMS is a safety management system(SMS) aimed at shifting from a completely prescriptive regulatory approach to one that is proactive, risk based, and goal oriented in an attempt to improve safety and reduce the likelihood that events similar to the April 2010 Macondo incident will reoccur.

According to the committee that produced the report, it is not possible for a regulator to create a culture of safety in an organization by inspection or audit; that culture needs to come from within the organization. To be successful, the tenets of SEMS must be fully acknowledged and accepted by workers, motivated from the top, and supported throughout the organization and must drive workers' actions.

The report also notes that BSEE can encourage and aid industry in development of a culture of safety by the way it measures and enforces SEMS. The Committee believes BSEE should seize this opportunity to make a step change in safety culture by adopting a goal based holistic approach to evaluating the effectiveness of SEMS programs.

In recommending a holistic approach to evaluating the effectiveness of SEMS programs, the report explores in detail SEMS' role in helping to develop a culture of safety, highlights the pros and cons of various methods of assessing the effectiveness of a SEMS program, and investigates existing approaches for assessing the SMS programs of various U.S. and international regulatory agencies whose safety mandates are similar to that of BSEE.

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