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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2012. Intelligent Human-Machine Collaboration: Summary of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13479.
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INTELLIGENT
HUMAN-MACHINE
COLLABORATION

Summary of a Workshop

Ethan N. Chiang and Patricia S. Wrightson
Rapporteurs

Board on Global Science and Technology

Policy and Global Affairs

NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL

                         OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES

THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS
Washington, D.C.
www.nap.edu

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2012. Intelligent Human-Machine Collaboration: Summary of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13479.
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THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS 500 Fifth Street, NW Washington, DC 20001

NOTICE: The project that is the subject of this report was approved by the Governing Board of the National Research Council, whose members are drawn from the councils of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. The members of the committee responsible for the report were chosen for their special competences and with regard for appropriate balance.

This study was supported by Contract No. HHM402-10-D-0036 between the National Academy of Sciences and the Department of Defense. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the organizations or agencies that provided support for the project.

International Standard Book Number-13: 978-0-309-26264-4
International Standard Book Number-10: 0-309-26264-X

Additional copies of this report are available from the National Academies Press, 500 Fifth Street, NW, Keck 360, Washington, DC 20001; (800) 624-6242 or (202) 334-3314; http://www.nap.edu.

Copyright 2012 by the National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.

Printed in the United States of America

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2012. Intelligent Human-Machine Collaboration: Summary of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13479.
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THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES

Advisers to the Nation on Science, Enginnering and Medicine

The National Academy of Sciences is a private, nonprofit, self-perpetuating society of distinguished scholars engaged in scientific and engineering research, dedicated to the furtherance of science and technology and to their use for the general welfare. Upon the authority of the charter granted to it by the Congress in 1863, the Academy has a mandate that requires it to advise the federal government on scientific and technical matters. Dr. Ralph J. Cicerone is president of the National Academy of Sciences.

The National Academy of Engineering was established in 1964, under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences, as a parallel organization of outstanding engineers. It is autonomous in its administration and in the selection of its members, sharing with the National Academy of Sciences the responsibility for advising the federal government. The National Academy of Engineering also sponsors engineering programs aimed at meeting national needs, encourages education and research, and recognizes the superior achievements of engineers. Dr. Charles M. Vest is president of the National Academy of Engineering.

The Institute of Medicine was established in 1970 by the National Academy of Sciences to secure the services of eminent members of appropriate professions in the examination of policy matters pertaining to the health of the public. The Institute acts under the responsibility given to the National Academy of Sciences by its congressional charter to be an adviser to the federal government and, upon its own initiative, to identify issues of medical care, research, and education. Dr. Harvey V. Fineberg is president of the Institute of Medicine.

The National Research Council was organized by the National Academy of Sciences in 1916 to associate the broad community of science and technology with the Academy’s purposes of furthering knowledge and advising the federal government. Functioning in accordance with general policies determined by the Academy, the Council has become the principal operating agency of both the National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Engineering in providing services to the government, the public, and the scientific and engineering communities. The Council is administered jointly by both Academies and the Institute of Medicine. Dr. Ralph J. Cicerone and Dr. Charles M. Vest are chair and vice chair, respectively, of the National Research Council.

www.national-academies.org

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2012. Intelligent Human-Machine Collaboration: Summary of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13479.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2012. Intelligent Human-Machine Collaboration: Summary of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13479.
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PLANNING COMMITTEE FOR THE WORKSHOP ON INTELLIGENT HUMAN-MACHINE COLLABORATION

JEFFREY M. BRADSHAW (Chair), Florida Institute for Human and Machine Cognition

DIANNE CHONG, The Boeing Company

GAL KAMINKA, Bar-Ilan University

GEERT-JAN KRUIJFF, Deutsches Forschungszentrum für Künstliche Intelligenz (DFKI)

BRIAN WILLIAMS, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Principal Project Staff

WILLIAM O. BERRY, Director

ETHAN N. CHIANG, Program Officer

PATRICIA S. WRIGHTSON, Associate Director

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2012. Intelligent Human-Machine Collaboration: Summary of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13479.
×

BOARD ON GLOBAL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

RUTH DAVID, Analytic Services, Inc. (Chair)

HAMIDEH AFSARMANESH, University of Amsterdam

KATY BÖRNER, Indiana University Bloomington

JEFFREY BRADSHAW, Florida Institute for Human and Machine Cognition

DIANNE CHONG, The Boeing Company

JARED COHON, Carnegie Mellon University

ERIC HASELTINE, Haseltine Partners, LLC

JOHN HENNESSEY, Stanford University

NAN JOKERST, Duke University

PETER KOLCHINSKY, RA Capital Management, LLC

CHEN-CHING LIU, Washington State University

KIN MUN LYE, Singapore’s Agency for Science, Technology and Research

BERNARD MEYERSON, IBM Corporation

KENNETH OYE, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

NEELA PATEL, Abbott Laboratories

DANIEL REED, Microsoft Corporation

DAVID REJESKI, Woodrow Wilson Center

Staff

WILLIAM O. BERRY, Director

ETHAN N. CHIANG, Program Officer

NEERAJ GORKHALY, Research Associate

PATRICIA S. WRIGHTSON, Associate Director

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2012. Intelligent Human-Machine Collaboration: Summary of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13479.
×

Preface

The Workshop on Intelligent Human-Machine Collaboration was organized by a planning committee whose role was limited to identification of topics and speakers. During its deliberations, the planning committee focused on topics that addressed the challenges and opportunities presented by intelligent collaboration between humans and machines. In acknowledging that interpretations of “intelligent” and “collaboration” vary among different scientific communities, the planning committee sought workshop participants from a range of science and engineering disciplines relevant to human-machine collaboration. Throughout the workshop, participants were not asked to arrive at consensus on any issue but, to explore human-machine collaboration issues from diverse disciplinary and cultural perspectives.

As such, the selected workshop topics and subsequent discussions were not intended to provide comprehensive coverage of all research efforts in the field of human-computer or human-robot interaction, but to glean insights into the research challenges and opportunities presented by intelligent humanmachine collaboration in dynamic and unstructured environments.

The present summary was prepared by the rapporteurs as a factual summary of the presentations and discussions that took place at the workshop. Statements and opinions expressed are those of individual presenters and participants and are not necessarily endorsed or verified by the National Academies, and they should not be construed as reflecting any group consensus.

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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2012. Intelligent Human-Machine Collaboration: Summary of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13479.
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Acknowledgment of Reviewers

This report has been reviewed in draft form by individuals chosen for their diverse perspectives and technical expertise, in accordance with procedures approved by the National Academies’ Report Review Committee. The purpose of this independent review is to provide candid and critical comments that will assist the institution in making its published report as sound as possible and to ensure that the report meets institutional standards for quality and objectivity. The review comments and draft manuscript remain confidential to protect the integrity of the process.

We wish to thank the following individuals for their review of this report: Henrik Christensen, Georgia Institute of Technology; Michael Goodrich, Brigham Young University; Paul Maglio, University of California; and Branko Sarh, The Boeing Company.

Although the reviewers listed above have provided many constructive comments and suggestions, they were not asked to endorse the content of the report, nor did they see the final draft before its release. Responsibility for the final content of this report rests entirely with the rapporteurs and the institution.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2012. Intelligent Human-Machine Collaboration: Summary of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13479.
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On June 12-14, 2012, the Board on Global Science and Technology held an international, multidisciplinary workshop in Washington, D.C., to explore the challenges and advances in intelligent human-machine collaboration (IH-MC), particularly as it applies to unstructured environments. This workshop convened researchers from a range of science and engineering disciplines, including robotics, human-robot and human-machine interaction, software agents and multi-agentsystems, cognitive sciences, and human-machine teamwork. Participants were drawn from research organizations in Australia, China, Germany, Israel, Italy, Japan, the Netherlands, the United Arab Emirates, the United Kingdom, and the United States.

The first day of the workshop participants worked to determine how advances in IH-MC over the next two to three years could be applied solving a variety of different real-world scenarios in dynamic unstructured environments, ranging from managing a natural disaster to improving small-lot agile manufacturing. On the second day of the workshop, participants organized into small groups for a deeper exploration of research topics that had arisen, discussion of common challenges, hoped-for breakthroughs, and the national, transnational, and global context in which this research occurs. Day three of the workshop consisted of small groups focusing on longer term research deliverables, as well as identifying challenges and opportunities from different disciplinary and cultural perspectives. In addition, ten participants gave presentations on their research, ranging from human-robot communication, to disaster response robots, to human-in-the-loop control of robot systems.

Intelligent Human-Machine Collaboration: Summary of a Workshop describes in detail the discussions and happenings of the three day workshop.

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