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Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Biographical Sketches of Committee Members." National Research Council. 2013. Review of Biotreatment, Water Recovery, and Brine Reduction Systems for the Pueblo Chemical Agent Destruction Pilot Plant. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13494.
Page 43
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Biographical Sketches of Committee Members." National Research Council. 2013. Review of Biotreatment, Water Recovery, and Brine Reduction Systems for the Pueblo Chemical Agent Destruction Pilot Plant. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13494.
Page 44
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Biographical Sketches of Committee Members." National Research Council. 2013. Review of Biotreatment, Water Recovery, and Brine Reduction Systems for the Pueblo Chemical Agent Destruction Pilot Plant. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13494.
Page 45
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Biographical Sketches of Committee Members." National Research Council. 2013. Review of Biotreatment, Water Recovery, and Brine Reduction Systems for the Pueblo Chemical Agent Destruction Pilot Plant. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13494.
Page 46

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Appendix C Biographical Sketches of Committee Members Robert A. Beaudet, Chair, is an independent consultant and transport of toxic chemicals, water footprint of biofuels, and Professor Emeritus of Chemistry who recently retired microbial-plant interactions, medical bio­emediation, and r from the faculty of the University of Southern California, environmental implications and applications of nanotechnol- where he has served continuously in the Department of ogy. He is a diplomate of the American Academy of Envi- Chemistry since 1962. He received his Ph.D. in physical ronmental Engineers and a fellow of AAAS, ASCE, IWA, chemistry from Harvard University in 1962. Most of his WEF, and the Leopold Leadership Foundation. Past honors academic career has been devoted to research in molecular include the Athalie Richardson Irvine Clarke Prize, president structure and molecular spectroscopy. From 1961 to 1962, of AEESP, the Malcom Pirnie-AEESP Frontiers in Research he was a U.S. Army officer and served at the Jet Propulsion Award, the WEF McKee Medal for Groundwater Protection, Laboratory as a research scientist. Dr. Beaudet since has the SERDP Cleanup Project of the Year Award, the Button of served on Department of Defense committees addressing the City of Valencia, the Collegiate Excellence in Teaching both offensive and defensive considerations surrounding Award from the University of Iowa, the Alejo Zuloaga Medal chemical warfare agents. He was chair of an Army Science from the Universidad de Carabobo, ­ enezuela, a Career V Board committee that addressed chemical detection and trace Award from the National Science Foundation, a Rackham gas analysis. He was also the chair of an Air Force technical Fellowship, and various best paper awards with his students. conference on chemical warfare decontamination and protec- Dr. Alvarez currently serves on the editorial board of Envi- tion. He has participated in two NRC studies on chemical ronmental Science and Technology, as honorary professor at and biological sensor technologies and energetic materials Nankai and Kunming Universities in China, and as adjunct and technologies. Previously, Dr. Beaudet served as a mem- professor at the Universidad Federal de Santa Catarina in ber of the National Research Council’s (NRC’s) Board on Florianopolis, Brazil. Dr. Alvarez received his B.E. in civil Army Science and Technology (BAST), as a member of the engineering from McGill University and M.S. and Ph.D. NRC Committee on Review of the Non-Stockpile Chemical degrees in environmental engineering from the University Materiel Disposal Program, and as a BAST liaison to the of Michigan. Committee on Review and Evaluation of the Army Chemical Stockpile Disposal Program (Stockpile Committee). Over Edward Bouwer is currently the Abel Wolman Professor the past decade, he has chaired or served as a member on of Environmental Engineering and chair of the Department various NRC committees examining issues on the design of Geography and Environmental Engineering at Johns evolution of the Assembled Chemical Weapons Alternatives ­Hopkins University. He is also director of the Center for Con- program pilot plant facilities in Colorado and Kentucky. taminant Transport, Fate and Remediation. Prior to this posi- tion, Dr. Bouwer spent 7 years as director of the Center for Pedro J.J. Alvarez is the George R. Brown Professor of Hazardous Substances in the Urban Environments, a ­ roject p Engineering and the chair of the Department of Civil and that was funded by the Environmental Protection Agency. Environmental Engineering at Rice University. He previ- Dr. Bouwer’s research interests encompass factors that influ- ously taught at the University of Iowa, where he also served ence biotransformation of contaminants; bio­ emediation for r as associate director for the Center for Biocatalysis and control of contaminated soils and groundwaters; biofilm Bioprocessing and as Honorary Consul for Nicaragua. kinetics; biological processes design in wastewater, indus- Dr. Alvarez’s research focuses on environmental sustain- trial, and drinking water treatment; transport and fate of ability through bioremediation of contaminated aquifers, fate microorganisms in porous media; and the behavior of metal 43

44 REVIEW OF BIOTREATMENT, WATER RECOVERY, AND BRINE REDUCTION SYSTEMS FOR PCAPP and organic contaminants in sediments and aquatic ecosys- Ronald Latanision (NAE) is the corporate vice president tems. He received his B.S.C.E. in civil engineering with a at Exponent, Inc. Prior to joining Exponent, Dr. Latanision minor in nuclear engineering from Arizona State University was the director of the H.H. Uhlig Corrosion Laboratory in and M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in environmental engineering the Department of Materials Science and Engineering at the and science from Stanford University. Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) and held joint faculty appointments in the Department of Materials Science David L. Freedman is currently a professor in the Depart- and Engineering and in the Department of Nuclear Engineer- ment of Environmental Engineering and Earth Sciences at ing. He is now an emeritus professor at MIT. In addition, he Clemson University. Prior to this position, Dr. Freedman was is a member of the National Academy of Engineering and a an associate and assistant professor of environmental engi- fellow of ASM International, NACE International, and the neering at the university. His major teaching and research American Academy of Arts and Sciences. From 1983-1988, interests include hazardous waste management, water and Dr. Latanision was the first holder of the Shell Distinguished wastewater treatment, and biodegradation/bioremediation Chair in Materials Science. He was a founder of Altran of recalcitrant organic compounds. Dr. Freedman’s research Materials Engineering Corporation, established in 1992, focuses on the application of environmental microbiology and led the Materials Processing Center at MIT as its direc- to the development of enhanced methods for biodegrading tor from 1985 to 1991. Dr. Latanision’s research interests hazardous organic contaminants. Of particular interest is are focused largely in the areas of materials processing and elucidation of biotransformation pathways and application in the corrosion of metals and other materials in aqueous of this knowledge to design biological treatment processes. (ambient as well as high-temperature and high-pressure) Current studies include development of bioaugmentation environments. He specializes in corrosion science and cultures for chlorinated ethenes that grow at low pH, evalu- engineering with particular emphasis on materials selection ation of bioremediation strategies to treat high concentration for contemporary and advanced engineering systems and in of halogenated methanes, use of biostimulation to enhance failure analysis. His expertise extends to electrochemical biogeochemical degradation of chlorinated ethenes in frac- systems and processing technologies, ranging from fuel cells tured sandstone, and studies to determine the anaerobic bio- and batteries to supercritical water power generation and degradability of 1,4-dioxane. Dr. Freedman received his B.S. waste destruction. Dr. Latanision’s research interests include in science and environmental change from the University of stress corrosion cracking and hydrogen embrittlement of Wisconsin, Green Bay, an M.S. in environmental engineering metals and alloys, water and ionic permeation through thin from the University of Cincinnati, and a Ph.D. in environ- polymer films, photoelectrochemistry, and the study of mental engineering from Cornell University. aging phenomena/life prediction in engineering materials and systems. Dr. Latanision is a member of the International Kimberly L. Jones is a professor and chair in the Depart- Corrosion Council and serves as co-editor-in-chief of Corro- ment of Civil and Environmental Engineering at Howard sion Reviews. Dr. Latanision has served as a science advisor University. She has previously worked as an associate and to the U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Science assistant professor in this department from 1996 to 2009. and Technology, as a member of the Advisory Committee to Her research interests are in water and wastewater treatment the Massachusetts Office of Science and Technology, and as and membrane processes. Over the past 5 years, her research a member of the NRC National Materials Advisory Board. objectives have primarily been interdisciplinary, collabora- Dr. Latanision hosts the annual Siemens Westinghouse tive research in the emerging research areas of nanotechnol- Science and Technology Competition on the MIT campus. ogy and nanobiotechnology, while continuing to build her In June of 2002, Dr. Latanision was appointed to the U.S. environmental engineering capabilities. She has worked to Nuclear Waste Technical Review Board, a position in which develop an effective research strategy to investigate innova- he continues to serve. tive technologies involving nanotechnology, environmental engineering, and membrane processes in an effort to solve Michael J. Lockett (NAE) has been a professor of chemical some of the more pervasive problems facing our world, engineering at the University at Buffalo, State University while working to attract, retain, and graduate technically of New York, since 2008 and is a retired corporate fellow competent African American students to increase the number of Praxair, Inc. (formerly the Linde Division of Union Car- of minority engineers and scientists in academic, industrial, bide Corporation), where he worked from 1982 to 2007. At and government related careers. Dr. Jones received her B.S. Praxair, Dr. Lockett led a group that was responsible for in civil engineering from Howard University, an M.S. in civil distillation and heat transfer research and development and and environmental engineering from the University of Illi- engineering for the industrial gases division. As a corporate nois, and a Ph.D. in environmental engineering from Johns fellow, his responsibilities included research, development, Hopkins University. and design of equipment used in cryogenic air separation and low-temperature refrigeration. Between 1984 and 1989, he was the technical manager for the Union Carbide distillation

APPENDIX C 45 and liquid-liquid extraction tray business, which supplied ment of contaminated waters; the role of microbial-reactive process equipment to the chemical and petrochemical indus- mineral interactions in the fate and transport of pollutants try worldwide. Between 1970 and 1982, he was a consultant (e.g., As, Hg, oxidized organics; anaerobic biological waste to a number of companies in the chemical process industry. treatment; and health effects of environmental contamina- His recent awards include Praxair Technology Innovation tion). He is the co-author or author of numerous publications Award (1999); American Institute of Chemical Engineers, and a member of several professional societies, including the Separation Division, Honors Awards (2002); fellow of the American Society of Civil Engineers. Dr. Parkin received his Royal Academy of Engineering (2004); Western New York B.S. and M.S. degrees in civil engineering from the Univer- Pioneer of Science Award (2006); and Praxair Technology sity of Iowa and a Ph.D. in environmental engineering from Hall of Fame (2007). Dr. Lockett is a member of the National Stanford University. Academy of Engineering. He received a B.Sc. in chemical engineering from Imperial College, London University, Ronald F. Probstein (NAS/NAE) is a Ford Professor of a Ph.D. in chemical engineering from Trinity College, Engineering (emeritus) at MIT. Previously, he was a profes- C ­ ambridge University, and a D.Sc. in chemical engineering sor of mechanical engineering at MIT and a distinguished from the University of London. visiting professor at the University of Utah. His research areas include physicochemical hydrodynamics, fluid mechanics, Paige J. Novak is currently a professor in the Department of and environmental control technology. In the early 1970s, Civil Engineering at the University of Minnesota. Prior to this Dr. Probstein turned his attention to the desalination of salt position, Dr. Novak was an associate and assistant professor water and purification of contaminated water. In 1982, he at the university. Dr. Novak primarily specializes in research published Synthetic Fuels as a unified and coherent subject. on the biological transformation of hazardous substances. It is the first and still the only book providing the under­ ying l She is particularly interested in how external environmental principles and possible means for producing fuels to replace factors influence the biodegradation of these substances. This natural ones. In the 1990s, Dr. Probstein introduced the con- is of critical importance in designing and implementing bio- cept of electrokinetic soil remediation. His basic procedure logically based remediation systems, using micro­ rganisms o was patented and licensed to an industrial firm for further to treat drinking water, or optimizing wastewater treatment. development, and today the subject has become one that is She works both in the laboratory and in the field, trying to widely studied and applied worldwide. The scientific basis understand the interactions between micro­ rganisms and o is outlined in his book Physicochemical ­Hydrodynamic, environmental conditions (such as electron-donor con- describing a discipline concerned with the interaction centration and redox conditions). She has been involved between fluid flow and physical, chemical, and biochemi- in field work that has focused on implementing remedia- cal processes. Dr. Probstein received his B.M.E. from New tion technologies that alter environmental conditions and, York University and his M.S.E., A.M., and Ph.D. degrees in thereby, stimulate beneficial biological activity. Dr. Novak aeronautical engineering from ­ rinceton University. P has recently been studying ­ ehalorespirers, the organisms d that respire chlorinated organic compounds, focusing on Robert B. Puyear is an independent consultant special- those organisms that dechlorinate poly­chlorinated biphenyls. izing in corrosion prevention and control, failure analysis, Additionally, she is working with her colleagues in civil and materials selection. Mr. Puyear worked at the Haynes and chemical engineering to develop a layered membrane Stellite Division of Union Carbide for 16 years developing that is capable of treating and containing common sedi- high-­ erformance materials for chemical and aerospace p ment contaminants. Dr. Novak has also been investigating applications. He also worked for Monsanto for 21 years the fate of estrogenic compounds in wastewater treatment. as a corrosion specialist, where he managed the Mechani- Dr. Novak received her B.S. in chemical engineering from cal and Materials Engineering Section. He is an expert in the University of Virginia and M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in civil m ­ aterials engineering and evaluating materials of construc- and environmental engineering from the University of Iowa. tion. Mr. Puyear graduated from Missouri School of Mines and Metallurgy with a B.S. in chemical engineering and from Gene Parkin is currently the Donald E. Bently Professor Purdue University with an M.S. in industrial administration. of Engineering and professor of civil and environmental He was also a member on the NRC Committee on Review engineering at the College of Engineering at the University and Evaluation of the Army Chemical Stockpile Disposal of Iowa. He is also director of the Center for Health Effects Program. of Environmental Contamination at the university. Prior to these positions, he was an assistant and associate professor Vernon L. Snoeyink (NAE) is a professor of environmental of civil and environmental engineering at Drexel University engineering emeritus who worked in the Department of Civil and acting assistant professor of civil engineering at Stanford Engineering at the University of Illinois, where he has been University. Dr. Parkin’s research interests include bioreme- on the faculty since 1969. From 1985 to 1999, he served as diation of contaminated waters; constructed wetlands treat- coordinator of the Environmental Engineering and Science

46 REVIEW OF BIOTREATMENT, WATER RECOVERY, AND BRINE REDUCTION SYSTEMS FOR PCAPP Program. Dr. Snoeyink has taught graduate and undergradu- to control water quality problems that develop in drinking ate courses in water chemistry and water quality control, as water distribution systems as a result of reactions of iron, well as a course in cultural awareness and speech enhance- aluminum, and other inorganic substances. Dr. Snoeyink is a ment to advanced doctoral students. He is a co-author of the member of the National Academy of Engineering, the ASCE, book Water Chemistry (1980). Dr. Snoeyink’s research has the American Water Works Association, the Association of focused on drinking water quality control. His research pro- Environmental Engineering and Science Professors, and gram in recent years has centered on the removal of organic the International Water Association. He served as president and inorganic contaminants from water using adsorption of the Association of Engineering and Science Professors systems, especially granular and powdered activated carbon and currently is on the editorial advisory board of the water systems that are coupled with membrane systems. Also, he ­supply journal, AQUA. Dr. Snoeyink has a B.S. in civil engi- is investigating the mechanisms of formation and means neering, an M.S. in sanitary engineering, and a Ph.D. in water resources engineering, all from the University of Michigan.

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The Pueblo Chemical Depot (PCD) in Colorado is one of two sites that features U.S. stockpile of chemical weapons that need to be destroyed. The PCD features about 2,600 tons of mustard-including agent. The PCD also features a pilot plant, the Pueblo Chemical Agent Destruction Pilot Plant (PCAPP), which has been set up to destroy the agent and munition bodies using novel processes. The chemical neutralization or hydrolysis of the mustard agent produces a Schedule 2 compound called thiodiglycol (TDG) that must be destroyed. The PCAPP uses a combined water recovery system (WRS) and brine reduction system (BRS) to destroy TDG and make the water used in the chemical neutralization well water again.

Since the PCAPP is using a novel process, the program executive officer for the Assembled Chemical Weapons Alternatives (ACWA) program asked the National Research Council (NRC) to initiate a study to review the PCAPP WRS-BRS that was already installed at PCAPP. 5 months into the study in October, 2012, the NRC was asked to also review the Biotreatment area (BTA). The Committee on Review of Biotreatment, Water Recovery, and Brine Reduction Systems for the Pueblo Chemical Agent Destruction Pilot Plant was thus tasked with evaluating the operability, life-expectancy, working quality, results of Biotreatment studies carried out prior to 1999 and 1999-2004, and the current design, systemization approached, and planned operation conditions for the Biotreatment process.
Review of Biotreatment, Water Recovery, and Brine Reduction Systems for the Pueblo Chemical Agent Destruction Pilot Plant is the result of the committee's investigation. The report includes diagrams of the Biotreatment area, the BRS, and WRS; a table of materials of construction, the various recommendations made by the committee; and more.
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