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Suggested Citation:"Acronyms." Institute of Medicine. 1990. Nutrition During Pregnancy: Part I: Weight Gain, Part II: Nutrient Supplements. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1451.
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Page 441
Suggested Citation:"Acronyms." Institute of Medicine. 1990. Nutrition During Pregnancy: Part I: Weight Gain, Part II: Nutrient Supplements. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1451.
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Page 442

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Acronyms ACOG American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists BMI body mass index BMR basal metabolic rate CSFII Continuing Survey of Food Intake by Individuals DNA deoxyribonucleic acid EP erythrocyte protoporphyrin FAS fetal alcohol syndrome Fe/TIBC ratio of serum iron to total iron binding capacity FNB Food and Nutrition Board GA gestational age HES national Health Examination Survey, Cycle I (1960-1962) HHANES Hispanic Health and Nutrition Examination Survey IU international unit IUGR intrauterine growth retardation LBW low birth weight LMP last menstrual period MCV mean corpuscular volume MLI Metropolitan Life Insurance Company NCHS National Center for Health Statistics NE niacin equivalent NFCS Nationwide Food Consumption Survey NHANES I first National Health and Nutrition Examination SuIvey (1971-1974) 441

442 ACRONYMS NHANES II second National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (1976-1980) NNS National Natality Survey PIH pregnancy-induced hypertension PLP pyridoxal phosphate PTH parathyroid hormone PUFA polyunsaturated fatty acids RBP retinal binding protein RDA Recommended Dietary Allowances RE retinal equivalent RMR resting metabolic rate RNA ribonucleic acid SD standard deviation SEM standard error of the mean SGA small for gestational age U.S. RDA UeSe Recommended Daily Allowances USDA U.S. Department of Agriculture VLBW very low birth weight WIC Special Supplemental Food Program for Women, Infants, and Children

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Nutrition During Pregnancy: Part I: Weight Gain, Part II: Nutrient Supplements Get This Book
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In Part I of Nutrition During Pregnancy, the authors call for revisions in recommended weight gains for pregnant women. They explore relationships between weight gain during pregnancy and a variety of factors (e.g., the mother's weight for height before pregnancy) and places this in the context of the health of the infant and the mother. They present specific target ranges for weight gain during pregnancy and guidelines for proper measurement.

Part II addresses vitamin and mineral supplementation during pregnancy, examining the adequacy of diet in meeting nutrient needs during pregnancy and recommending specific amounts of supplements for special circumstances. It also covers the effects of caffeine, alcohol, cigarette, marijuana, and cocaine use and presents specific research recommendations.

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