National Academies Press: OpenBook

A Guidebook for Sustainability Performance Measurement for Transportation Agencies (2011)

Chapter: Appendix B - Performance Measures Compendium

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Performance Measures Compendium." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2011. A Guidebook for Sustainability Performance Measurement for Transportation Agencies. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/14598.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Performance Measures Compendium." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2011. A Guidebook for Sustainability Performance Measurement for Transportation Agencies. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/14598.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Performance Measures Compendium." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2011. A Guidebook for Sustainability Performance Measurement for Transportation Agencies. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/14598.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Performance Measures Compendium." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2011. A Guidebook for Sustainability Performance Measurement for Transportation Agencies. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/14598.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Performance Measures Compendium." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2011. A Guidebook for Sustainability Performance Measurement for Transportation Agencies. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/14598.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Performance Measures Compendium." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2011. A Guidebook for Sustainability Performance Measurement for Transportation Agencies. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/14598.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Performance Measures Compendium." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2011. A Guidebook for Sustainability Performance Measurement for Transportation Agencies. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/14598.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Performance Measures Compendium." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2011. A Guidebook for Sustainability Performance Measurement for Transportation Agencies. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/14598.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Performance Measures Compendium." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2011. A Guidebook for Sustainability Performance Measurement for Transportation Agencies. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/14598.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Performance Measures Compendium." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2011. A Guidebook for Sustainability Performance Measurement for Transportation Agencies. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/14598.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Performance Measures Compendium." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2011. A Guidebook for Sustainability Performance Measurement for Transportation Agencies. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/14598.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Performance Measures Compendium." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2011. A Guidebook for Sustainability Performance Measurement for Transportation Agencies. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/14598.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Performance Measures Compendium." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2011. A Guidebook for Sustainability Performance Measurement for Transportation Agencies. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/14598.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Performance Measures Compendium." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2011. A Guidebook for Sustainability Performance Measurement for Transportation Agencies. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/14598.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Performance Measures Compendium." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2011. A Guidebook for Sustainability Performance Measurement for Transportation Agencies. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/14598.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Performance Measures Compendium." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2011. A Guidebook for Sustainability Performance Measurement for Transportation Agencies. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/14598.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Performance Measures Compendium." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2011. A Guidebook for Sustainability Performance Measurement for Transportation Agencies. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/14598.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Performance Measures Compendium." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2011. A Guidebook for Sustainability Performance Measurement for Transportation Agencies. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/14598.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Performance Measures Compendium." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2011. A Guidebook for Sustainability Performance Measurement for Transportation Agencies. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/14598.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Performance Measures Compendium." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2011. A Guidebook for Sustainability Performance Measurement for Transportation Agencies. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/14598.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Performance Measures Compendium." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2011. A Guidebook for Sustainability Performance Measurement for Transportation Agencies. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/14598.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Performance Measures Compendium." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2011. A Guidebook for Sustainability Performance Measurement for Transportation Agencies. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/14598.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Performance Measures Compendium." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2011. A Guidebook for Sustainability Performance Measurement for Transportation Agencies. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/14598.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Performance Measures Compendium." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2011. A Guidebook for Sustainability Performance Measurement for Transportation Agencies. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/14598.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Performance Measures Compendium." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2011. A Guidebook for Sustainability Performance Measurement for Transportation Agencies. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/14598.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Performance Measures Compendium." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2011. A Guidebook for Sustainability Performance Measurement for Transportation Agencies. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/14598.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Performance Measures Compendium." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2011. A Guidebook for Sustainability Performance Measurement for Transportation Agencies. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/14598.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Performance Measures Compendium." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2011. A Guidebook for Sustainability Performance Measurement for Transportation Agencies. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/14598.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Performance Measures Compendium." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2011. A Guidebook for Sustainability Performance Measurement for Transportation Agencies. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/14598.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Performance Measures Compendium." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2011. A Guidebook for Sustainability Performance Measurement for Transportation Agencies. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/14598.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Performance Measures Compendium." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2011. A Guidebook for Sustainability Performance Measurement for Transportation Agencies. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/14598.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Performance Measures Compendium." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2011. A Guidebook for Sustainability Performance Measurement for Transportation Agencies. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/14598.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Performance Measures Compendium." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2011. A Guidebook for Sustainability Performance Measurement for Transportation Agencies. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/14598.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Performance Measures Compendium." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2011. A Guidebook for Sustainability Performance Measurement for Transportation Agencies. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/14598.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Performance Measures Compendium." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2011. A Guidebook for Sustainability Performance Measurement for Transportation Agencies. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/14598.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Performance Measures Compendium." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2011. A Guidebook for Sustainability Performance Measurement for Transportation Agencies. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/14598.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Performance Measures Compendium." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2011. A Guidebook for Sustainability Performance Measurement for Transportation Agencies. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/14598.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Performance Measures Compendium." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2011. A Guidebook for Sustainability Performance Measurement for Transportation Agencies. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/14598.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Performance Measures Compendium." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2011. A Guidebook for Sustainability Performance Measurement for Transportation Agencies. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/14598.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Performance Measures Compendium." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2011. A Guidebook for Sustainability Performance Measurement for Transportation Agencies. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/14598.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Performance Measures Compendium." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2011. A Guidebook for Sustainability Performance Measurement for Transportation Agencies. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/14598.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Performance Measures Compendium." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2011. A Guidebook for Sustainability Performance Measurement for Transportation Agencies. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/14598.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Performance Measures Compendium." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2011. A Guidebook for Sustainability Performance Measurement for Transportation Agencies. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/14598.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Performance Measures Compendium." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2011. A Guidebook for Sustainability Performance Measurement for Transportation Agencies. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/14598.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Performance Measures Compendium." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2011. A Guidebook for Sustainability Performance Measurement for Transportation Agencies. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/14598.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Performance Measures Compendium." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2011. A Guidebook for Sustainability Performance Measurement for Transportation Agencies. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/14598.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Performance Measures Compendium." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2011. A Guidebook for Sustainability Performance Measurement for Transportation Agencies. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/14598.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Performance Measures Compendium." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2011. A Guidebook for Sustainability Performance Measurement for Transportation Agencies. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/14598.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Performance Measures Compendium." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2011. A Guidebook for Sustainability Performance Measurement for Transportation Agencies. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/14598.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Performance Measures Compendium." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2011. A Guidebook for Sustainability Performance Measurement for Transportation Agencies. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/14598.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Performance Measures Compendium." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2011. A Guidebook for Sustainability Performance Measurement for Transportation Agencies. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/14598.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Performance Measures Compendium." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2011. A Guidebook for Sustainability Performance Measurement for Transportation Agencies. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/14598.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Performance Measures Compendium." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2011. A Guidebook for Sustainability Performance Measurement for Transportation Agencies. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/14598.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Performance Measures Compendium." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2011. A Guidebook for Sustainability Performance Measurement for Transportation Agencies. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/14598.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Performance Measures Compendium." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2011. A Guidebook for Sustainability Performance Measurement for Transportation Agencies. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/14598.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Performance Measures Compendium." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2011. A Guidebook for Sustainability Performance Measurement for Transportation Agencies. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/14598.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Performance Measures Compendium." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2011. A Guidebook for Sustainability Performance Measurement for Transportation Agencies. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/14598.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Performance Measures Compendium." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2011. A Guidebook for Sustainability Performance Measurement for Transportation Agencies. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/14598.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Performance Measures Compendium." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2011. A Guidebook for Sustainability Performance Measurement for Transportation Agencies. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/14598.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Performance Measures Compendium." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2011. A Guidebook for Sustainability Performance Measurement for Transportation Agencies. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/14598.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Performance Measures Compendium." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2011. A Guidebook for Sustainability Performance Measurement for Transportation Agencies. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/14598.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Performance Measures Compendium." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2011. A Guidebook for Sustainability Performance Measurement for Transportation Agencies. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/14598.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Performance Measures Compendium." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2011. A Guidebook for Sustainability Performance Measurement for Transportation Agencies. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/14598.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Performance Measures Compendium." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2011. A Guidebook for Sustainability Performance Measurement for Transportation Agencies. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/14598.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Performance Measures Compendium." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2011. A Guidebook for Sustainability Performance Measurement for Transportation Agencies. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/14598.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Performance Measures Compendium." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2011. A Guidebook for Sustainability Performance Measurement for Transportation Agencies. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/14598.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Performance Measures Compendium." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2011. A Guidebook for Sustainability Performance Measurement for Transportation Agencies. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/14598.
×
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Perform ance M easures Com pendium B-1 Appendix B Performance Measures Compendium Note: Italicized entries are featured as examples in Appendix D. Goal 1: Safety—Provide a Safe Transportation System for Users and the General Public # Objectives Measure A Measure B Measure C Measure D Measure E Focus Area 1: Planning 1.1 Reduce the number and severity of crashes Change in the number and severity of crashes Change in the number of crashes by crash type and contributing factor Change in the number and severity of truck crashes 1.2 Ensure that safety considerations are addressed for all modes Change in the number and severity of crashes by user type (e.g., pedestrian, bicycle, transit user, freight) Change in the number of grade crossing collisions/incidents 1.3 Ensure that safety is considered early in project planning Change in percentage of projects where safety of a project was reviewed in each of the project development stages by a multidisciplinary review team Change in the percentage of projects implementing predictive methods of the AASHTO Highway Safety Manual

B-2 A G uidebook for Sustainability Perform ance M easurem ent for Transportation Agencies 1.4 Ensure that projects take into consideration the 4Es (engineering, education, enforcement, EMS) of safety Change in the percentage of projects where non- infrastructure-based safety countermeasures were selected as part of the project Number of projects incorporating the use of innovative TSM and ITS solutions that address human factors considerations 1.5 Plan road networks that are predictable and recognizable Existence of a functional class system of highways Existence of a system that adjust speeds based on the presence of alternative modes and context Goal 1: Safety—Provide a Safe Transportation System for Users and the General Public # Objectives Measure A Measure B Measure C Measure D Measure E Focus Area 1: Planning

Perform ance M easures Com pendium B-3 Goal 1: Safety—Provide a Safe Transportation System for Users and the General Public # Objectives Measure A Measure B Measure C Measure D Measure E Focus Area 2: Programming 1.6 Develop programs that maximize return on safety investment Change in return on investment (reduction in the number and severity of crashes for the expenditure) Change in the number and proportion of projects evaluated on substantive safety versus nominal safety 1.7 Develop a performance-based safety improvement program Number and proportion of projects evaluated for effect on crashes Number and cost of projects that address safety concerns at the system, corridor, and local levels 1.8 Prioritize projects with explicit safety considerations Change in number of programmed projects with highest reduction in crashes out of all alternatives

B-4 A G uidebook for Sustainability Perform ance M easurem ent for Transportation Agencies Go al 1: Safe ty —P ro vi de a S af e T ra ns po rta ti on Sy st em fo r U se rs and th e G ene ra l P ub lic # O bj ect iv es Meas ur e A Meas ur e B Meas ur e C Meas ur e D Meas ur e E Fo cu s A re a 3 : Proj ec t D ev e lop me nt 1. 9 D evel op pr oj ect s t ha t m eet m aximu m s af et y re qui re me nt s Re tu rn on in vest m ent fo r i ndi vi dual pr oj ec t (r educ ti on in th e number and seve rity of cr ashes fo r t he expendi tu re ) Pr oj ec t i s e val uat ed on s ubst ant iv e s af et y ve rs us nomi nal sa fe ty 1. 10 A ppl y a p er fo rm ance- b ased saf et y im pr o vemen t p ro gr am Pr oj ec t i s e val uat ed fo r e ffe ct on cr ashes Pr oj ect addr e sse s s af et y c oncer ns at th e syst em , co rri dor, and lo ca l l evel s (a s r el evant ) 1. 11 D evel op pr oj ect s w it h exp lic it saf et y c ons id er at i ons Se le ct ed pr oj ect has hi ghes t r educ ti on in cr ashes out of al l al te r nat iv es

Perform ance M easures Com pendium B-5 Goal 1: Safety—Provide a Safe Transportation System for Users and the General Public # Objectives Measure A Measure B Measure C Measure D Measure E Focus Area 4: Construction 1.12 Reduce crash risk in work zones Change in number of crashes per time unit within a particular work zone Change in number of crashes as a portion of total time of work zones by functional class, county, and district/region—where possible, distinguish between active and passive work zone time periods Change in number and severity of work zone truck crashes 1.13 Reduce the risk to construction and maintenance personnel working in work zones along roadways Change in number of crashes involving one or more construction and maintenance personnel and/or vehicles per time unit that the work zone exists Number of construction and maintenance personnel killed at work zones by functional class, county, and district/region Number of construction and maintenance personnel injured at work zones by functional class, county, and district/region Change in the number of grade crossing collisions/incidents due to new construction (removal of grade crossing) 1.14 Provide improved work zone traffic control activities Change in the number of traffic control supervisors that are trained and on- site Change in the number of annual traveler safety complaints Change in the number of workers injured during the course of traffic control activities Change in the percentage of construction or maintenance projects that use traveler information systems to provide public information on alternative routes and modes during construction or maintenance 1.15 Maintain safe facilities Change in time duration to correct potential roadway safety concerns that require construction and/or maintenance action Change in the time taken to carry out repairs to roadside safety hardware (by category, e.g., guardrail, guardrail end- treatment, cable barrier, cable barrier end treatment) Change in the percentage of construction and maintenance projects providing accessible routes during construction and maintenance (where applicable)

B-6 A G uidebook for Sustainability Perform ance M easurem ent for Transportation Agencies Go al 1: Safe ty —P ro vi de a S af e T ra ns po rta ti on Sy st em fo r U se rs and th e G ene ra l P ub lic # O bj ect iv es Meas ur e A Meas ur e B Meas ur e C Meas ur e D Meas ur e E Fo cu s A re a 5 : M ai nt en anc e 1. 16 Reduc e c r ash ri sk in wo rk z one s C hange in number of cr ashes per ti me uni t wi th in a par ti cu la r w or k z one C hange in number of cr ashes as a por ti on of to ta l t im e o f w or k z ones by f unc ti onal cl a ss, c ount y, and di st ri ct /r egi on— w her e possi bl e, di st i ngui sh bet w een ac ti ve and passi ve wo rk z one ti me per i ods C hange in number and seve rity of wo rk z one tr uc k c ra s hes 1. 17 Reduc e t he ri sk to c ons tr uc ti on an d ma in te nanc e p er s onne l wo rk in g i n w or k z one s al ong ro adways C hange in number of cr ashes in vo lv in g one or mo re c ons tr uc ti on and ma in t enance per s onnel and/ or v ehi cl es per ti me uni t t hat th e w or k z one ex is ts Number of c onstr uc ti on and ma in t enanc e per s onnel k ille d a t w or k z ones by f unc ti onal cl a ss, c ount y, and di st ri ct /r egi on Number of c onstr uc ti on and ma in t enanc e per s onnel in ju re d a t wo rk z ones by f unc ti onal cl a ss, c ount y, and di st ri ct /r egi on C hange in th e number of gr ade cr o ssi ng co llis i ons /i nci dent s due to new c ons tr uc ti on (re mova l o f g rade cr o ssi ng) 1. 18 Pr ov id e i mp ro ved wo rk z one tr af fi c c on tr ol act iv it ie s C hange in th e number of tr af fi c c ont ro l s uper vi so rs t hat ar e t ra i ned and on- si te C hange in th e number of tr avel er sa fe ty comp la in ts annua lly C hange in th e number of wo rk er s i nj ur ed dur in g t he c our se of tr af fi c c ont ro l a ct iv it ie s C hange in th e per c ent age of c ons tr uc ti on or ma in t enanc e p ro je ct s t hat us e t ra ve le r in fo rm at io n syst em s t o pr ov id e pub lic in fo rm at io n o n al te r nat iv e r out es and m odes dur in g c ons tr uc ti on 1. 19 Ma in ta in sa fe fa c ili ti es C hange in ti me dur at io n to co rre ct pot ent ia l r oadway sa fe ty c oncer ns t hat r equi re c ons tr ucti on and/ or ma in t enanc e ac ti on C hange in th e t im e ta ke n t o c a rry out r epai rs to r oads id e sa fe ty har dwar e ( by cat egor y, e. g., guar dr a il, guar dr ai l end- tr eatment , c abl e ba rri er , c abl e ba rri er end tr eat m ent ) C hange in th e per c ent age of schedul ed ma in t enanc e sa fe ty ac ti vi ti es de liv er ed on ti me C hange in th e per c ent age of c ons tr uc ti on and ma in t enanc e p ro je ct s pr ov id in g a ccessi bl e r out es dur in g c ons tr uc ti on and ma in t enanc e ( w her e app lic abl e)

Perform ance M easures Com pendium B-7 Go al 1: Safe ty —P ro vi de a S af e T ra ns po rta ti on Sy st em fo r U se rs and th e G ene ra l P ub lic # O bj ect iv es Meas ur e A Meas ur e B Meas ur e C Meas ur e D Meas ur e E Fo cu s A re a 6 : S yste m O per at io ns 1. 20 Reduc e c r ash ri sk on tw o- la ne ru ra l h ighways C hange in number of cr ashes by cr as h t yp e o n tw o- l ane ru ra l h ighway s C hange in number and seve rity of tr uc k c ra s hes in a co rri dor /s egment due to oper at i onal im pr ovement s C hange in th e number of gr ade cr o ssi ng co llis i ons /i nci dent s due to oper at i onal im pr ovement s (e .g ., tr af fi c c ont ro l and wa rn in g dev ic es ) 1. 21 Reduc e t he cr ash ri sk to th e tr avel in g pub lic us in g t ra nsit C hange in tr ans it cr ashes as a p ropor ti on of to ta l cr ashes on th e h ighway net wo rk Number of fa ta l and di s ab lin g in ju ri es sust ai ned by tr ans it user s as a por ti on of 100 m ill io n passenger mile s t ra ve lle d o r o f 100, 000 ri der s 1. 22 Reduc e t he cr ash ri sk to vu ln er ab le ro ad u ser s C hange in th e t ot al number of pedes tria n and bi cyc lis t cr ashes, and fa ta l and di s ab lin g c ra s hes , b y 100, 000 popul at io n C hange in th e per c ent age of si gnal syst em s w it h a ct iv e pedes tria n dev ic es (e .g ., cr o sswal ks, si gnal s m eet in g A DA st andar ds ) 1. 23 Reduc e t he ri sk to th e t r ave lin g pub lic on fr eeways dur in g in ci dent s C hange in th e t ot al ti me ta ke n t o c lear an in ci dent scene (e .g ., cr ash, hazar dous ma te ri al spi ll) fr om th e t im e o f t he in ci dent C hange in th e t ot al number and seve rity of secondar y c ra s hes (c ra s hes o ccu rri ng as a r esul t o f queui ng or di sr upt i ons in tr af fi c fl ow as a r esul t o f a n i nci dent ) 1. 24 Reduc e c r ashes re la te d t o in te r sect io n a nd ra mp ope ra ti ons C hange in th e per c ent age of si gnal s c oor di nat ed al ong eac h m aj or ar te ri al C hange in th e per c ent age of expr e ssway /fr eeway ra mp s me te re d i n a co rr i dor wh er e seve re c onges ti on ex is ts 1. 25 Reduc e c r ashes re la te d t o ne tw or k ope ra ti ons C hange in th e per c ent age of si gns m eet in g re tr or ef le ct iv it y c ri te ri a C hange in th e per c ent age of edge li nes m eet in g re tr or ef le ct iv it y c ri te ri a C hange in per c ent age of syst em m eet in g c ur ve wa rn i ng, s peed, and si gni ng cr it er ia C hange in th e per c ent age of in te rs ec ti ons pr ov id in g t ur n pocke ts and a ssoci at ed pr ot ec te d le ft -t ur n phas in g w hen wa rr ant ed C hange in per c ent age of syst em pr ov id in g a ccessi bl e r out es

B-8 A G uidebook for Sustainability Perform ance M easurem ent for Transportation Agencies Goal 2: Basic Accessibility—Provide a Transportation System That Offers Accessibility That Allows People to Fulfill at Least Their Basic Needs # Objectives Measure A Measure B Measure C Measure D Measure E Focus Area 1: Planning 2.1 Ensure accessibility to jobs Change in the number of jobs within reasonable travel time (by mode) for region's population Change in jobs/housing balance 2.2 Ensure accessibility to essential destinations Change in travel time (by mode) to schools, health services, grocery stores, civic and public spaces, recreation Change in travel time of goods to essential markets (region wide) Change in number of enterprises in key industries with reasonable access to high-capacity highway or rail facilities

Perform ance M easures Com pendium B-9 Goal 2: Basic Accessibility—Provide a Transportation System That Offers Accessibility That Allows People to Fulfill at Least Their Basic Needs # Objectives Measure A Measure B Measure C Measure D Measure E Focus Area 2: Programming 2.3 Program projects that increase access to job opportunities Change in the number of jobs within reasonable travel time (by mode) for region's population due to project 2.4 Program projects that increase access to essential destinations Change in travel time (by mode) to schools, health services, grocery stores, civic and public spaces, recreation due to project Change in travel time of goods to essential markets due to project Change in number of enterprises in key industries with reasonable access to high-capacity highway or rail facilities due to project

B-10 A G uidebook for Sustainability Perform ance M easurem ent for Transportation Agencies Goal 2: Basic Accessibility—Provide a Transportation System That Offers Accessibility That Allows People to Fulfill at Least Their Basic Needs # Objectives Measure A Measure B Measure C Measure D Measure E Focus Area 3: Project Development 2.5 Develop projects that increase access to job opportunities Change in the number of jobs within reasonable travel time (by mode) for region's population due to selected project alternative 2.6 Develop projects that increase access to essential destinations Change in travel time (by mode) to schools, health services, grocery stores, civic and public spaces, recreation due to selected project alternative Change in travel time of goods to essential markets due to selected project alternative Change in number of enterprises in key industries with reasonable access to high-capacity highway or rail facilities due to selected project alternative

Perform ance M easures Com pendium B-11 Goal 2: Basic Accessibility—Provide a Transportation System That Offers Accessibility That Allows People to Fulfill at Least Their Basic Needs # Objectives Measure A Measure B Measure C Measure D Measure E Focus Area 4: Construction 2.7 Reduce delay to commuters due to construction activities Change in travel time delay for commuters due to construction activities 2.8 Minimize travel time delay (by mode) for affected population due to construction Change in travel time delay (by mode) for affected population due to construction activities Change in travel time of goods to essential markets due to construction activities

B-12 A G uidebook for Sustainability Perform ance M easurem ent for Transportation Agencies Goal 2: Basic Accessibility—Provide a Transportation System That Offers Accessibility That Allows People to Fulfill at Least Their Basic Needs # Objectives Measure A Measure B Measure C Measure D Measure E Focus Area 5: Maintenance 2.9 Reduce delay to commuters due to maintenance activities Change in travel time delay for commuters due to maintenance activities 2.10 Minimize travel time delay (by mode) for affected population due to maintenance activities Change in travel time delay (by mode) for affected population due to maintenance activities Change in travel time of goods to essential markets due to maintenance activities

Perform ance M easures Com pendium B-13 Goal 2: Basic Accessibility—Provide a Transportation System That Offers Accessibility That Allows People to Fulfill at Least Their Basic Needs # Objectives Measure A Measure B Measure C Measure D Measure E Focus Area 6: System Operations 2.11 Reduce travel time to jobs and other essential destinations through operational improvements Change in travel time per mode per destination type 2.12 Improve travel time reliability to jobs and other essential destinations through operational improvements Change in the reliability of travel time per mode per destination type Change in travel time of goods to essential markets due to operational improvements

B-14 A G uidebook for Sustainability Perform ance M easurem ent for Transportation Agencies Goal 3: Equity/Equal Mobility—Provide Options That Allow Affordable and Equitable Transportation Opportunities for All Sections of Society # Objectives Measure A Measure B Measure C Measure D Measure E Focus Area 1: Planning 3.1 Ensure comparable transportation system performance for all communities Change in level of service (LOS) for disadvantaged and non- disadvantaged neighborhoods 3.2 Ensure reasonable transportation options for all communities Relative change in the percentage of disadvantaged population with convenient access to high-quality transit service Relative change in the percentage of streets with sidewalks or walking paths within a community 3.3 Ensure accessibility to jobs and essential destinations for all communities Relative change in the level of access for disadvantaged populations to jobs, schools, health services, grocery stores, civic and public spaces, recreation 3.4 Ensure affordable transportation for all communities Relative change in the transportation cost index 3.5 Ensure that competitive options for freight movements exist for all communities Relative change in freight investment servicing disadvantaged populations

Perform ance M easures Com pendium B-15 Goal 3: Equity/Equal Mobility—Provide Options That Allow Affordable and Equitable Transportation Opportunities for All Sections of Society # Objectives Measure A Measure B Measure C Measure D Measure E Focus Area 2: Programming 3.6 Program transportation projects that improve transportation infrastructure equitably Change in ratio of transportation disadvantaged to non- disadvantaged population benefitting from program Ratio of disadvantaged to non-disadvantaged population experiencing negative impacts of transportation program (e.g., noise, air quality, neighborhood fragmentation) 3.7 Program projects that improve transportation options equitably All modes (automobile, transit, pedestrian, bicycle) accommodated or improved by program 3.8 Program projects that improve accessibility equitably Ratio of disadvantaged to non-disadvantaged people with increased accessibility due to program 3.9 Program projects that reduce transportation costs for low-income communities Relative change in the transportation cost index due to program 3.10 Program projects that increase competitive options for freight movements in all communities Change in ratio of transportation disadvantaged to non- disadvantaged population benefitting from freight program

B-16 A G uidebook for Sustainability Perform ance M easurem ent for Transportation Agencies Goal 3: Equity/Equal Mobility—Provide Options That Allow Affordable and Equitable Transportation Opportunities for All Sections of Society # Objectives Measure A Measure B Measure C Measure D Measure E Focus Area 3: Project Development 3.11 Develop transportation projects that improve transportation infrastructure equitably Change in ratio of transportation disadvantaged to non- disadvantaged population benefitting from project Ratio of disadvantaged to non-disadvantaged population experiencing negative impacts of transportation project (e.g., noise, air quality, neighborhood fragmentation) 3.12 Develop projects that improve transportation options equitably All modes (automobile, transit, pedestrian, bicycle) accommodated or improved by project 3.13 Develop projects that improve accessibility equitably Ratio of disadvantaged to non-disadvantaged people with increased accessibility due to project 3.14 Develop projects that reduce transportation costs for low-income communities Relative change in the transportation cost index due to project 3.15 Develop projects that increase competitive options for freight movements in all communities Change in ratio of transportation disadvantaged to non- disadvantaged population benefitting from freight project

Perform ance M easures Com pendium B-17 Goal 3: Equity/Equal Mobility—Provide Options That Allow Affordable and Equitable Transportation Opportunities for All Sections of Society # Objectives Measure A Measure B Measure C Measure D Measure E Focus Area 4: Construction 3.16 Reduce delay due to construction activities equitably Ratio of disadvantaged to non-disadvantaged system users experiencing delay due to construction activities 3.17 Maintain or improve transportation options during construction for all communities Ratio of disadvantaged to non-disadvantaged system users experiencing fewer transportation options due to construction activities

B-18 A G uidebook for Sustainability Perform ance M easurem ent for Transportation Agencies Goal 3: Equity/Equal Mobility—Provide Options That Allow Affordable and Equitable Transportation Opportunities for All Sections of Society # Objectives Measure A Measure B Measure C Measure D Measure E Focus Area 5: Maintenance 3.18 Reduce delay due to maintenance activities equitably Ratio of disadvantaged to non-disadvantaged system users experiencing delay due to maintenance activities 3.19 Maintain or improve transportation options during maintenance for all communities Ratio of disadvantaged to non-disadvantaged system users experiencing fewer transportation options due to maintenance activities

Perform ance M easures Com pendium B-19 Go al 3: Eq ui ty /E qu al Mo bilit y — Pr ov id e O pt io ns Th at Allo w A ff or dab le and Eq ui ta bl e T r ans por ta ti on O ppo rt un it ie s f or Al l Se ct io ns of S oci et y # O bj ect iv es Meas ur e A Meas ur e B Meas ur e C Meas ur e D Meas ur e E Fo cu s A re a 6 : S yste m O per at io ns 3. 20 Reduc e t r avel ti me to j obs and essen ti al d est in at i ons th r ough ope ra ti ona l im pr o vemen ts e qui ta bl y a nd acr os s al l m ode s Ra ti o o f d is advant aged to non- di s advant aged syst em user s exper i enc in g r educed tr avel ti me due to oper at i onal im pr ovement s 3. 21 Im pr ov e r el ia bi li ty in tr avel ti me to j obs an d ot her essen ti al d est in at i ons th r ough ope ra ti ona l im pr o vemen ts e qui ta bl y a nd acr os s al l m ode s Ra ti o o f d is advant aged to non- di s advant aged syst em user s exper i enc in g i mp ro ve d re li abi li ty of tr avel ti me by m ode and des ti nat io n ty pe 3. 22 Ensu re th at tr anspor ta ti on cost s do not di spr opor ti ona te ly a ff ect lo w- in come u ser s C hange in in ci denc e o f tr avel cost s b y i ncom e gr oup due to oper ati onal im pr ovement s 3. 23 In cr ease compet it iv e opt i ons fo r f re i ght movemen ts in al l communi ti es th r ough ope ra ti ona l im pr o vemen ts Re la ti ve c hange in oper at i onal in vest m ent by fr ei ght m ode se rv ic in g d is advant aged communi ti es

B-20 A G uidebook for Sustainability Perform ance M easurem ent for Transportation Agencies Goal 4: System Efficiency—Ensure That the Transportation System’s Functionality and Efficiency Are Maintained and Enhanced # Objectives Measure A Measure B Measure C Measure D Measure E Focus Area 1: Planning 4.1 Ensure that the transportation system is functional for all users Change in volume/capacity ratio by functional class Change in multimodal LOS (using HCM measures) Change in LOS on key freight routes or change in truck volume-to- capacity (V/C) ratio 4.2 Ensure that the existing transportation system achieves and maintains a state of good repair Change in percentage of roadway/transit infrastructure achieving state of good repair 4.3 Ensure that transportation options are efficient for all users Change in travel time index (TTI) by mode Change in person hours of recurring delay, by mode 4.4 Ensure that reliable transportation options are maintained for all users Change in person hours of nonrecurring delay, by mode Change in buffer time (by mode and freight) Relative change in hours of nonrecurring delay on key freight corridors and approach network

Perform ance M easures Com pendium B-21 Goal 4: System Efficiency—Ensure That the Transportation System’s Functionality and Efficiency Are Maintained and Enhanced # Objectives Measure A Measure B Measure C Measure D Measure E Focus Area 2: Programming 4.5 Program projects that maintain or improve the functionality of the transportation system for all users Change in volume/capacity ratio [congestion reduction per unit (lane-mile)] due to program Change in multimodal LOS due to program Change in LOS on key freight routes or change in truck V/C ratio due to program 4.6 Program projects designed to maintain or achieve a state of good repair for the existing transportation system Change in existing lane/track/sidewalk miles in a state of good repair due to program 4.7 Program projects that maintain or improve the efficiency of the transportation system for all users Change in TTI (by mode if applicable) due to program Change in person hours of recurring delay, by mode, due to program 4.8 Develop programs that maintain or improve the reliability of the transportation system for all users Change in person hours of nonrecurring delay due to program Change in buffer time due to program Relative change in hours of nonrecurring delay on key freight corridors and approach network due to program

B-22 A G uidebook for Sustainability Perform ance M easurem ent for Transportation Agencies Goal 4: System Efficiency—Ensure That the Transportation System’s Functionality and Efficiency Are Maintained and Enhanced # Objectives Measure A Measure B Measure C Measure D Measure E Focus Area 3: Project Development 4.9 Develop projects that maintain or improve the functionality of the transportation system for all users Change in V/C ratio [congestion reduction per unit (lane-mile)] due to project Change in multimodal LOS due to project Change in LOS on key freight routes or change in truck V/C ratio due to project 4.10 Develop projects designed to maintain or achieve a state of good repair for the existing transportation system Change in existing lane/track/sidewalk miles in a state of good repair due to project 4.11 Develop projects that maintain or improve the efficiency of the transportation system for all users Change in TTI (by mode if applicable) due to project Change in person hours of recurring delay, by mode, due to project 4.12 Develop projects that maintain or improve the reliability of the transportation system for all users Change in person hours of nonrecurring delay due to project Change in buffer time due to project Relative change in hours of nonrecurring delay on key freight corridors and approach network due to project

Perform ance M easures Com pendium B-23 Goal 4: System Efficiency—Ensure That the Transportation System’s Functionality and Efficiency Are Maintained and Enhanced # Objectives Measure A Measure B Measure C Measure D Measure E Focus Area 4: Construction 4.13 Maintain the functionality of the transportation system during construction activities Change in peak hour persons moved due to construction activities Change in multimodal LOS due to construction activities Change in LOS on key freight routes or change in truck V/C ratio due to construction activities 4.14 Minimize the impact of construction activities on system efficiency Change in travel time delay for commuters due to construction activities Change in person hours of recurring delay due to construction activities 4.15 Minimize the impact of construction activities on system reliability Change in person hours of nonrecurring delay due to construction activities Change in buffer time due to construction activity Relative change in hours of nonrecurring delay on key freight corridors and approach network due to construction

B-24 A G uidebook for Sustainability Perform ance M easurem ent for Transportation Agencies Go al 4: Sy st em Effi ci enc y — En su re Th at th e T rans por ta ti on Sy st em ’s Func ti o nal it y a nd E ffici en cy Ar e M ai nt ai ned and Enh anced # O bj ect iv es Meas ur e A Meas ur e B Meas ur e C Meas ur e D Meas ur e E Fo cu s A re a 5 : M ai nt en anc e 4. 16 Ma in ta in th e f unc ti onali ty of th e tr anspor ta ti on syst em dur in g m ai nt enance act iv it ie s C hange in peak hour per s ons moved due to ma in t enanc e a ct iv itie s C hange in LOS due to ma in t enanc e a ct iv itie s C hange in LO S o n k ey fr ei ght r out es or c hange in tr uc k V /C ra tio due to ma in t enanc e a ct iv itie s 4. 17 C onduc t m ai nt enance act iv it ie s w it h su ffi ci en t f re quenc y t o ma in ta in th e s ta te of good re pa ir C hange in ex is ti ng l ane /tra ck/ si dewal k m ile s i n a s ta te of good r epai r due to ma in t enanc e ac ti vi ti es 4. 18 Mi ni mi ze th e i mpact of ma in te nance act iv itie s on syst em ef fi ci ency C hange in tr avel ti me del ay fo r c o mmu te rs due to ma in t enanc e a ct iv it ie s C hange in per son hour s of re curr in g del ay due to ma in t enanc e ac ti vi ti es 4. 19 Mi ni mi ze th e i mpact of ma in te nance act iv itie s on syst em re lia bi li ty C hange in per son hour s of nonr ecu rri ng del ay due to ma in t enanc e ac ti vi ti es C hange in bu ffe r t im e due to ma in t enanc e ac ti vi ty Re la ti ve c hange in hour s o f nonr ecur ri ng del ay on ke y f re i ght co rri dor s and appr oac h net wo rk due to ma in t enanc e a ct iv itie s

Perform ance M easures Com pendium B-25 Goal 4: System Efficiency—Ensure That the Transportation System’s Functionality and Efficiency Are Maintained and Enhanced # Objectives Measure A Measure B Measure C Measure D Measure E Focus Area 6: System Operations 4.20 Implement operational improvements that maintain system functionality Change in peak hour persons moved due to operational improvements Change in LOS due to operational improvements Change in LOS on key freight routes or change in truck V/C ratio due to operational improvements 4.21 Implement operational improvements that minimize the deterioration of transportation infrastructure and assets Change in useful life of infrastructure due to operational improvements 4.22 Implement operational improvements that enhance or maintain the efficiency of transportation options Change in TTI due to operational improvements Change in person hours of recurring delay due to operational improvements 4.23 Implement operational improvements that enhance or maintain the reliability of transportation options Change in person hours of nonrecurring delay due to operational improvements Change in buffer time due to operational improvements Relative change in hours of nonrecurring delay on key freight corridors and approach network due to operational improvements/issues

B-26 A G uidebook for Sustainability Perform ance M easurem ent for Transportation Agencies Goal 5: Security—Ensure That the Transportation System Is Secure from, Ready for, and Resilient to Threats from All Hazards # Objectives Measure A Measure B Measure C Measure D Measure E Focus Area 1: Planning 5.1 Prevent incidents within a transportation agency’s control and responsibility Change in level of redundancy for critical passenger and freight infrastructure 5.2 Protect transportation users, agency personnel, and critical infrastructure Change in share of agency staff that have received appropriate emergency training 5.3 Improve the capacity of the transportation system to recover swiftly from incidents Change in the capacity of parallel/redundant routes across all modes 5.4 Enhance the security of freight transportation assets (e.g., ports) Change in the capacity of parallel/redundant routes along major freight corridors Relative change in funding allocated to disaster/incident response and management

Perform ance M easures Com pendium B-27 Goal 5: Security—Ensure That the Transportation System Is Secure from, Ready for, and Resilient to Threats from All Hazards # Objectives Measure A Measure B Measure C Measure D Measure E Focus Area 2: Programming 5.5 Program projects that prevent incidents within a transportation agency’s control and responsibility Change in level of redundancy for critical passenger and freight infrastructure 5.6 Program projects that protect transportation users, agency personnel, and critical infrastructure Change in the number/value of projects as part of program designed to protect transportation users, agency personnel, and critical infrastructure 5.7 Program projects that improve the capacity of the transportation system to recover swiftly from incidents Change in the number/value of projects as part of program designed to improve capacity of the transportation system to recover swiftly from incidents 5.8 Program projects that enhance the security of freight transportation assets (e.g., ports) Change in the number/value of projects as part of program designed to enhance the security of freight transportation assets (e.g., ports)

B-28 A G uidebook for Sustainability Perform ance M easurem ent for Transportation Agencies Goal 5: Security—Ensure That the Transportation System Is Secure from, Ready for, and Resilient to Threats from All Hazards # Objectives Measure A Measure B Measure C Measure D Measure E Focus Area 3: Project Development 5.9 Develop projects that prevent incidents within a transportation agency’s control and responsibility Change in level of redundancy for critical passenger and freight infrastructure 5.10 Develop projects that protect transportation users, agency personnel, and critical infrastructure Change in the number/value of projects designed to protect transportation users, agency personnel, and critical infrastructure 5.11 Develop projects that improve the capacity of the transportation system to recover swiftly from incidents Change in the number/value of projects designed to improve capacity of the transportation system to recover swiftly from incidents 5.12 Develop projects that enhance the security of freight transportation assets (e.g., ports) Change in the number/value of projects designed to enhance the security of freight transportation assets (e.g., ports)

Perform ance M easures Com pendium B-29 Goal 5: Security—Ensure That the Transportation System Is Secure from, Ready for, and Resilient to Threats from All Hazards # Objectives Measure A Measure B Measure C Measure D Measure E Focus Area 4: Construction N/A N/A Focus Area 5: Maintenance N/A N/A

B-30 A G uidebook for Sustainability Perform ance M easurem ent for Transportation Agencies Goal 5: Security—Ensure That the Transportation System Is Secure from, Ready for, and Resilient to Threats from All Hazards # Objectives Measure A Measure B Measure C Measure D Measure E Focus Area 6: System Operations 5.13 Prevent incidents within a transportation agency’s control and responsibility Change in level of redundancy for critical passenger and freight infrastructure Annual number of incidents 5.14 Protect transportation users, agency personnel, and critical infrastructure Change in the share of agency staff that have received appropriate emergency training 5.15 Support regional, state, and local emergency responders with resources including facilities, equipment, and personnel Relative change in capital funding allocated to disaster/incident response and management 5.16 Help the transportation system recover swiftly from incidents Incident clearance time for selected incidents 5.17 Implement operational improvements that enhance the security of freight transportation assets (e.g., ports) Relative change in operational funding allocated to disaster/incident response and management

Perform ance M easures Com pendium B-31 Goal 6: Prosperity—Ensure That the Transportation System’s Development and Operation Support Economic Development and Prosperity # Objectives Measure A Measure B Measure C Measure D Measure E Focus Area 1: Planning 6.1 Support growth in jobs and income by improving travel efficiency/reducing congestion Change in average truck speed on major freight corridors Change in travel delay (e.g., travel time index) at major freight bottlenecks by mode Change in corridor/city/commuter-shed- specific travel delay or other congestion-related measure Change in cost of goods movement in key national modal corridors 6.2 Support growth in jobs and income by improving access to markets and factors of production (labor and raw materials) Change in population within user-defined distance to four- lane highway facilities, air cargo service, scheduled air service, intercity bus service, intercity rail service, etc. Change in access to jobs and labor (how many jobs and how much labor can be accessed within various periods of time for an entire region or smaller areas) Change in regional and shortline trackage with 286,000-lb rating 6.3 Support growth in jobs and income Net change in jobs/income associated with transportation plan implementation

B-32 A G uidebook for Sustainability Perform ance M easurem ent for Transportation Agencies Go al 6: Pr os pe ri ty — En su re Th at th e T ra ns po rt at io n S ys te m’ s D ev el op me nt an d O pe ra ti on Sup por t E co nom ic De ve lo pmen t an d P ro sp er it y # O bj ect iv es Meas ur e A Meas ur e B Meas ur e C Meas ur e D Meas ur e E Fo cu s A re a 2 : Pro gr am mi ng 6. 4 S uppor t g ro wt h i n j obs an d in come by im pr ov in g t r avel e ffi ci ency/ re duc in g c ongest io n th r ough pr ogr am mi ng C hange in aver age tr uc k s peed on ma jo r f re ig ht co rr i dor s due to pr ogr am C hange in tr avel del ay (e .g ., tr avel ti me i ndex ) at ma jo r f re i ght bo ttl enecks by m ode due to pr ogr am C hange in co rri dor /c it y/ commu te r-s hed- s pec ific tr avel del ay or ot her c onges ti on -re la te d m easur e due to pr ogr am C hange in cost of goods movement in key nat i onal m odal co rri dor s due to pr ogr am Ne t c hange in j obs /i ncom e due to pr ogr am 6. 5 S uppor t g ro wt h i n j obs an d in come by im pr ov in g access to mar ket s a nd f act or s o f pr oduc ti on (la bor an d r aw ma te ri al s) th r ough pr ogr am mi ng C hange in popul at io n w it hi n u ser- def i ned pr ox im it y t o a ccess- c ont ro lle d f ou r-l ane hi ghway fa c ilit ie s, ai r c ar go se rv ic e, schedul ed ai r s er vi ce , i nt er ci ty bus se rv ic e, in te rc it y r ai l s er vi ce , et c. , due to pr ogr am C hange in a ccess to j obs and l abor ( how m any j obs and how much l abor ca n b e a ccesse d wi th in vari ous per i ods of ti me fo r a n ent ir e r egi on or sma lle r ar eas) due to pr ogr am C hange in r egi onal and s hor tlin e t ra ckage wi th 286, 000- lb ra ti ng due to pr ogr am 6. 6 Pr ogr am pr oj ec ts th at re duc e fr ei gh t t ra nspor ta ti on cost s C hange in cost of sh ip m ent per t on/ mile , b y m ode, due to pr ogr am Ex is t enc e o f a pr oces s f or c onsi der in g t he fr ei ght -s pec ific benef its and cost s i n t he pr ogr a mmi ng phas e

Perform ance M easures Com pendium B-33 Go al 6: Pr os pe ri ty — En su re Th at th e T ra ns po rt at io n S ys te m’ s D ev el op me nt an d O pe ra ti on Sup por t E co nom ic De ve lo pmen t an d P ro sp er it y # O bj ect iv es Meas ur e A Meas ur e B Meas ur e C Meas ur e D Meas ur e E Fo cu s A re a 3 : Proj ec t D ev e lop me nt 6. 7 D evel op pr oj ect s t ha t s uppor t gr ow th in j obs an d i ncom e b y im pr ov in g t r avel e ffi ci ency/ re duc in g c ongest io n C hange in aver age tr uc k s peed on ma jo r f re ig ht co rr i dor s due to pr oj ec t C hange in tr avel del ay (e .g ., tr avel ti me i ndex ) at ma jo r f re i ght bo ttl enecks by m ode due to pr oj ec t C hange in co rri dor /c it y/ commu te r-s hed- s pec ific tr avel del ay or ot her c onges ti on -re la te d m easur e due to pr oj ec t C hange in cost of goods movement in key nat i onal m odal co rri dor s due to pr oj ec t Ne t c hange in j obs /i ncom e due to pr oj ec t 6. 8 D evel op pr oj ect s t ha t s uppor t gr ow th in j obs an d i ncom e b y im pr ov in g access to ma r ket s an d f act or s o f p r oduc ti on (l ab or an d r aw ma te ri al s) C hange in popul at io n w it hi n u ser- def i ned pr ox im it y t o a ccess- c ont ro lle d f ou r-l ane hi ghway fa c ilit ie s, ai r c ar go se rv ic e, schedul ed ai r s er vi ce , i nt er ci ty bus se rv ic e, in te rc it y r ai l s er vi ce , et c. , due to pr oj ec t C hange in a ccess to j obs and l abor ( how m any j obs and how much l abor ca n b e a ccesse d wi th in vari ous per i ods of ti me fo r a n ent ir e r egi on or sma lle r ar eas) due to pr oj ec t C hange in r egi onal and s hor tlin e t ra ckage wi th 286, 000- lb ra ti ng due to pr oj ec t 6. 9 D evel op pr oj ect s t ha t r e duc e fr ei gh t t ra nspor ta ti on cost s C hange in cost of sh ip m ent per t on/ mile , b y m ode, due to pr oj ec t Ex is t enc e o f a pr oces s f or c onsi der in g t he fr ei ght -s pec ific benef its and cost s i n t he pr ogr a mmi ng phase due to pr oj ec t

B-34 A G uidebook for Sustainability Perform ance M easurem ent for Transportation Agencies Goal 6: Prosperity—Ensure That the Transportation System’s Development and Operation Support Economic Development and Prosperity # Objectives Measure A Measure B Measure C Measure D Measure E Focus Area 4: Construction N/A NA Focus Area 5: Maintenance N/A NA

Perform ance M easures Com pendium B-35 Goal 6: Prosperity—Ensure That the Transportation System’s Development and Operation Support Economic Development and Prosperity # Objectives Measure A Measure B Measure C Measure D Measure E Focus Area 6: System Operations 6.10 Support growth in jobs and income by improving travel efficiency/reducing congestion Change in average truck speed on major freight corridors Change in travel delay (e.g., travel time index) at major freight bottlenecks by mode Change in corridor/city/commuter- shed-specific travel delay or other congestion-related measure Change in cost of goods movement in key national modal corridors 6.11 Support growth in jobs and income by improving access to markets and factors of production (labor and raw materials) Change in population within user- defined proximity to access- controlled four-lane highway facilities, air cargo service, scheduled air service, intercity bus service, intercity rail service, etc. Change in access to jobs and labor (how many jobs and how much labor can be accessed within various periods of time for an entire region or smaller areas) Change in regional and shortline trackage with 286,000-lb rating

B-36 A G uidebook for Sustainability Perform ance M easurem ent for Transportation Agencies Goal 7: Economic Viability—Ensure the Economic Feasibility of Transportation Investments Over Time # Objectives Measure A Measure B Measure C Measure D Measure E Focus Area 1: Planning 7.1 Ensure that the expected value of social and economic benefits created by proposed transportation projects exceeds their costs Project-level cost/benefit ratio for proposed alternatives/policies, including freight 7.2 Ensure the selection of the lowest cost project alternative Proportion of projects subjected to life cycle cost analysis (LCCA) 7.3 Ensure that revenue sources used to pay for transportation infrastructure are sufficient to meet expected needs Percent of annual transportation funding needs that can be met with annual revenues 7.4 Ensure that the financial burden borne by transportation system users is shared equitably Cost per user/vehicle/household of taxes and fees dedicated to transportation

Perform ance M easures Com pendium B-37 Goal 7: Economic Viability—Ensure the Economic Feasibility of Transportation Investments Over Time # Objectives Measure A Measure B Measure C Measure D Measure E Focus Area 2: Programming 7.5 Ensure that the expected value of social and economic benefits created by proposed transportation programs exceeds their costs Project-level cost/benefit ratio for proposed programs, including freight Focus Area 3: Project Development 7.6 Ensure that the expected value of social and economic benefits created by major transportation projects exceeds their costs Project-level cost/benefit ratio for proposed projects and/or programs, including freight 7.7 Ensure the selection of the lowest cost project alternative Proportion of projects for which LCCA is verified/updated through post-project review

B-38 A G uidebook for Sustainability Perform ance M easurem ent for Transportation Agencies Goal 7: Economic Viability—Ensure the Economic Feasibility of Transportation Investments Over Time # Objectives Measure A Measure B Measure C Measure D Measure E Focus Area 4: Construction 7.8 Ensure that construction costs are within planned budget Proportion of projects with construction costs within planned budget Focus Area 5: Maintenance 7.9 Ensure that maintenance costs are within planned budget Proportion of projects with maintenance costs within planned budget Focus Area 6: System Operations 7.10 Ensure that operations costs are within planned budget Proportion of projects with operations costs within planned budget

Perform ance M easures Com pendium B-39 Goal 8: Ecosystems—Protect and Enhance Environmental and Ecological Systems While Developing and Operating Transportation Systems # Objectives Measure A Measure B Measure C Measure D Measure E Focus Area 1: Planning 8.1 Ensure that environmental and ecological systems function properly Change in the number of formalized working partnerships (e.g., memorandums of understanding) with public and private environmental stakeholders Change in the number of programmatic environmental permits and approvals for streamlining stakeholder regulatory review and support Preparation of an annual sustainability report on ecological trends and ecological performance against agency sustainability policies and goals Change in percentage of transportation system covered by consistent and accessible regional ecosystem framework(s) or spatially related ecological database(s) 8.2 Ensure that environmental and ecological systems are free of contaminants and pollutants Existence of an agency- wide environmental management system [i.e., plan documenting environmental policy, environmental objectives and targets, identified regulatory requirements and compliance with requirements, defined roles and responsibilities, employee training plan, listing of documented processes, preventive actions, corrective actions, and emergency procedures (i.e., ISO 14001)]

B-40 A G uidebook for Sustainability Perform ance M easurem ent for Transportation Agencies Goal 8: Ecosystems—Protect and Enhance Environmental and Ecological Systems While Developing and Operating Transportation Systems # Objectives Measure A Measure B Measure C Measure D Measure E Focus Area 2: Programming 8.3 Program projects that maximize ecological opportunities and ecosystem benefits Change in the percentage of projects programmed on the basis of achieving priority ecological outcomes 8.4 Maintain ecosystem functions and processes Change in the number of projects programmed consistent with regional ecosystem framework(s) Change in percentage of projects evaluated for ecological impacts through an informed decision-making process (comprehensive environmental review) 8.5 Maintain enterprise-wide habitat connectivity Change in road miles/square miles of watershed due to program Change in number of fish passage barriers/hydrological obstructions in right-of-way due to program Change in the number of retrofitted/maintained drainage and crossing structures due to program 8.6 Program projects that maintain and improve quantity and quality of water and aquatic ecosystems Change in number (percentage) of projects programmed to maintain or improve water quantity or quality 8.7 Program projects that allow normal physical processes within the stream/floodplain corridor Change in the number of new and retrofitted water crossings other than overflow crossings that (1) promote natural sediment transport patterns for the reach, (2) provide unaltered fluvial debris movement, and (3) allow for longitudinal continuity and connectivity of the stream/floodplain system due to program Change in the number of new and retrofitted water crossings that allow lateral connectivity between the stream and floodplain due to program 8.8 Program projects that are free of contaminants and pollutants Change in the percentage of projects covered by a documented environmental management system due to program Change in the number of projects developed for remediation of contaminated sites due to program

Perform ance M easures Com pendium B-41 Goal 8: Ecosystems—Protect and Enhance Environmental and Ecological Systems While Developing and Operating Transportation Systems # Objectives Measure A Measure B Measure C Measure D Measure E Focus Area 3: Project Development 8.9 Develop projects that maximize ecological opportunities and ecosystem benefits Change in the percentage of project alternatives selected on the basis of achieving priority ecological outcomes 8.10 Maintain ecosystem functions and processes Change in the number of projects designed consistent with regional ecosystem framework(s) 8.11 Conserve natural resources/capital during project implementation Change in ratio of resource replacement mitigation (e.g., wetland restoration, creation, enhancement, and preservation) to resource impact (area or function) by habitat type due to project Change in net area of undeveloped land converted to transportation uses (acres) due to project Change in percentage of projects evaluated for ecological impacts through an informed decision-making process (comprehensive environmental review) due to project 8.12 Maintain enterprise-wide habitat connectivity Change in road miles/square miles of watershed due to project Change in number of fish passage barriers/hydrological obstructions in right-of-way due to project Change in the number of retrofitted/maintained drainage and crossing structures due to project 8.13 Develop projects that maintain and improve quantity and quality of water and aquatic ecosystems Change in number (percentage) of projects designed to maintain or improve water quantity or quality 8.14 Maintain and improve surface water quantity and quality during project implementation Change in the amount of net impervious surface area (acres) due to project Change in the amount of aquatic habitat affected [i.e., wetlands (acres), stream channel (feet, square feet)] due to project

B-42 A G uidebook for Sustainability Perform ance M easurem ent for Transportation Agencies Goal 8: Ecosystems—Protect and Enhance Environmental and Ecological Systems While Developing and Operating Transportation Systems # Objectives Measure A Measure B Measure C Measure D Measure E Focus Area 3: Project Development (Continued) 8.15 Design projects that allow normal physical processes within the stream/floodplain corridor Change in the number of new and retrofitted water crossings other than overflow crossings that (1) promote natural sediment transport patterns for the reach, (2) provide unaltered fluvial debris movement, and (3) allow for longitudinal continuity and connectivity of the stream/floodplain system due to project Change in the number of new and retrofitted water crossings that allow lateral connectivity between the stream and floodplain due to project 8.16 Develop projects to be free of contaminants and pollutants Change in the percentage of projects covered by a documented environmental management system Change in the number of projects developed for remediation of contaminated sites

Perform ance M easures Com pendium B-43 Goal 8: Ecosystems—Protect and Enhance Environmental and Ecological Systems While Developing and Operating Transportation Systems # Objectives Measure A Measure B Measure C Measure D Measure E Focus Area 4: Construction 8.17 Promote biodiversity during project implementation Number of biological communities, species, populations, and genetic assemblages eliminated from effect zones due to construction 8.18 Control dispersal and establishment of invasive species during project implementation Number of projects implementing integrated pest management or weed control plans during construction 8.19 Apply context-sensitive corridor habitat restoration and landscaping during project implementation Ratio of restored and maintained area to disturbed area (acres) within project 8.20 Reduce noise and light effects on fish and wildlife during project implementation Amount and duration of priority habitat exposure to high levels of noise/light during construction 8.21 Reduce herbicide use during project implementation Area (in acres) sprayed with herbicides during construction 8.22 Reduce exposure to pollutants and contaminants during project implementation Amount of hazardous materials accidentally spilled (e.g., number of spills, gallons spilled, spills per million gallons shipped) during construction

B-44 A G uidebook for Sustainability Perform ance M easurem ent for Transportation Agencies Go al 8: E cos ys te ms — Prot ect and En hance En vi r onm en ta l and E col og ic al S yst em s W hile De ve lo pi ng and Op er at in g Tr ans por ta ti on Sy st em s # O bj ect iv es Meas ur e A Meas ur e B Meas ur e C Meas ur e D Meas ur e E Fo cu s A re a 5 : M ai nt en anc e 8. 23 Pr omot e b iodi ver si ty du ri ng pr oj ect ma in te nanc e Number of bi ol ogi ca l c o mmuni ti es , s pec ie s, popul at i ons, and genet ic a ssembl ages e lim i nat ed fr om ef fe ct z ones due to ma in t enanc e 8. 24 C ont ro l d is per sal an d est ab lis hmen t o f i n vasi ve speci es dur in g p ro j ect ma in te nanc e Number of pr oj ec ts im pl ement in g in t egr at ed pes t m anagement or w eed c ont ro l p lans dur in g ma in t enanc e 8. 25 A ppl y c ont ex t- sensi ti ve co rri do r h abit at r est or at io n an d l a ndscap in g dur in g pr oj ect ma in te nanc e Ra ti o o f r es to re d and ma in ta i ned ar ea to di st ur bed ar ea (a cr es) due to ma in t enanc e 8. 26 Reduce noi se and li ght eff ect s on fi sh an d w ild li fe dur in g pr oj ect ma in te nanc e Amount and dur at io n o f p ri or it y habi ta t e x posur e t o h ig h l evel s o f noi se/ li ght dur in g m ai nt enanc e 8. 27 Reduc e h er bi ci de use dur in g pr oj ect ma in te nanc e Ar ea (i n a cr es ) s pr ayed wi th her bi ci des dur in g m ai nt enanc e 8. 28 Reduce exposur e t o po llu ta nt s an d c ont am in an ts du ri ng pr oj ect ma in te nanc e Amount of hazar dous ma te ri al s a cci dent a lly sp ille d ( e. g. , number of sp ills , gall ons sp ill ed, sp ills per mill io n ga ll ons shi pped) dur in g ma in t enanc e

Perform ance M easures Com pendium B-45 Goal 8: Ecosystems—Protect and Enhance Environmental and Ecological Systems While Developing and Operating Transportation Systems # Objectives Measure A Measure B Measure C Measure D Measure E Focus Area 6: System Operations 8.29 Operate facilities to promote ecological opportunities, ecosystem benefits, and the building of natural capital Change in number of projects using spatially related (i.e., GIS- based) ecological condition inventories for managing healthy ecological systems 8.30 Conserve natural resources/capital during operations Change in amount of managed natural resource area by habitat type (acres) Change in the area of previously established resource replacement mitigation disturbed by operations (acres) 8.31 Reduce vehicle–animal collisions during operations Change in the number of animal kills 8.32 Control dispersal and establishment of invasive species during operations Change in number of noxious species in right-of-way 8.33 Apply context sensitive corridor habitat restoration and landscaping during operations Change in amount (percentage) of operational budget allocated for landscape maintenance

B-46 A G uidebook for Sustainability Perform ance M easurem ent for Transportation Agencies Goal 8: Ecosystems—Protect and Enhance Environmental and Ecological Systems While Developing and Operating Transportation Systems # Objectives Measure A Measure B Measure C Measure D Measure E Focus Area 6: System Operations (Continued) 8.34 Manage facilities to be pervious to the movements of biological organisms Change in the amount (percentage) of operational budget allocated for habitat connectivity Change in the amount (percentage) of operational budget allocated for maintenance of hydrology 8.35 Reduce noise and light effects on fish and wildlife during operations Change in the amount of priority habitat areas exposed to high levels of transportation noise/light (due to operational improvements) 8.36 Maintain surface water quantity during operations Change in the number of water detention facilities in operation 8.37 Allow normal physical processes within the stream/floodplain corridor during operations Change in the percentage of channel crossings with properly functioning fluvial processes Change in the percentage of floodplain crossings with properly functioning fluvial processes 8.38 Reduce herbicide use during operations Change in area (in acres) sprayed with herbicides during construction and maintenance 8.39 Reduce exposure to pollutants and contaminants during operations Change in the number of extant contaminated sites in right-of- way

Perform ance M easures Com pendium B-47 Goal 9: Waste Generation—Reduce Waste Generated by Transportation-Related Activities # Objectives Measure A Measure B Measure C Measure D Measure E Focus Area 1: Planning 9.1 Reduce total waste created Change in the amount of waste generated by type, weight, and/or volume 9.2 Increase the percentage of waste diverted Change in the amount of waste diverted (from landfill) by type, weight, and/or volume 9.3 Reduce hazardous waste Change in the amount of hazardous waste generated by type, weight, and/or volume 9.4 Clean up existing hazardous waste Change in the quantity of hazardous waste cleaned up compared to waste generated (e.g., acres of brownfield, gallons of waste, amount of treated groundwater) 9.5 Ensure that transportation infrastructure (e.g., pavements, bridges) is designed for long life Change in the average structural life of infrastructure network (e.g., pavement, bridge, tunnels) 9.6 Ensure that assets are managed to reduce life- cycle cost and increase useful life An asset management system exists

B-48 A G uidebook for Sustainability Perform ance M easurem ent for Transportation Agencies Goal 9: Waste Generation—Reduce Waste Generated by Transportation-Related Activities # Objectives Measure A Measure B Measure C Measure D Measure E Focus Area 2: Programming 9.7 Reduce total waste created by transportation projects Change in the amount of waste generated by type, weight, and/or volume due to program Change in the percentage of projects with a waste management plan in compliance due to program 9.8 Increase the percentage of waste diverted from transportation projects Change in the amount of project waste diverted (from landfill) by type, weight, and/or volume due to program Change in the percentage of projects with a recycling plan or waste diversion goal due to program 9.9 Reduce hazardous waste generated by transportation projects Change in the amount of hazardous waste generated due to program 9.10 Clean up existing hazardous waste Change in the quantity of hazardous waste cleaned up compared to waste generated (e.g., acres of brownfield, gallons of waste, amount of treated groundwater) due to program 9.11 Program infrastructure projects designed for long life Change in average design life of infrastructure (by major component) due to program

Perform ance M easures Com pendium B-49 Goal 9: Waste Generation—Reduce Waste Generated by Transportation-Related Activities # Objectives Measure A Measure B Measure C Measure D Measure E Focus Area 3: Project Development 9.12 Reduce total waste created by transportation projects Change in the amount of waste generated by type, weight, and/or volume due to project Change in the percentage of projects with a waste management plan in compliance 9.13 Increase the percentage of waste diverted from transportation projects Change in the amount of project waste diverted (from landfill) by type, weight, and/or volume Change in the percentage of projects with a recycling plan or waste diversion goal 9.14 Reduce hazardous waste generated by transportation projects Change in the amount of hazardous waste generated due to project 9.15 Clean up existing hazardous waste Change in the quantity of hazardous waste cleaned up compared to waste generated (e.g., acres of brownfield, gallons of waste, amount of treated groundwater) due to project 9.16 Develop infrastructure projects designed for long life Change in average design life of project infrastructure (by major component)

B-50 A G uidebook for Sustainability Perform ance M easurem ent for Transportation Agencies Goal 9: Waste Generation—Reduce Waste Generated by Transportation-Related Activities # Objectives Measure A Measure B Measure C Measure D Measure E Focus Area 4: Construction 9.17 Reduce total waste created during construction Change in the amount of waste generated by type, weight, and/or volume during construction Change in the percentage of projects with a waste management plan in compliance 9.18 Increase the percentage of waste diverted during construction Change in the amount of construction waste diverted (from landfill) by type, weight, and/or volume Change in the percentage of construction projects with a recycling plan or waste diversion goal 9.19 Reduce hazardous waste generated during construction Change in the amount of hazardous waste generated by project construction

Perform ance M easures Com pendium B-51 Go al 9: Wa st e G ene ra ti on — Re d uce Wa st e G en er at ed by Tran spo rta ti on -R el at ed Ac ti vi ti es # O bj ect iv es Meas ur e A Meas ur e B Meas ur e C Meas ur e D Meas ur e E Fo cu s A re a 5 : M ai nt en anc e 9. 20 Reduc e t ot al w ast e cr eat ed dur in g ma in te nanc e C hange in th e a m ount of wast e gener at ed by ty pe, wei ght , and/ or vo lu me dur in g m ai nt enanc e 9. 21 In cr ease th e per cen ta ge of wa st e di ver te d d ur in g ma in te nanc e C hange in th e a m ount of ma in t enanc e w as te di ve rt ed (f ro m l andf il l) by ty pe, wei ght, and/ or vo lu me C hange in th e per c ent age of ma in t enanc e p ro je ct s wi th a r e cyc lin g p la n o r wast e d iv er si on goal 9. 22 Reduc e h azar dous w ast e g ener at ed du ri ng ma in te nanc e C hange in th e a m ount of hazar dous wast e gener at ed dur in g ma in t enanc e

B-52 A G uidebook for Sustainability Perform ance M easurem ent for Transportation Agencies Goal 9: Waste Generation—Reduce Waste Generated by Transportation-Related Activities # Objectives Measure A Measure B Measure C Measure D Measure E Focus Area 6: System Operations 9.23 Reduce total waste created due to system operations Change in the amount of waste generated by type, weight, and/or volume due to system operations Change in the percentage of projects with a waste management plan in compliance 9.24 Increase the percentage of waste due to system operations that is diverted Change in the amount of operations waste diverted (from landfill) by type, weight, and/or volume Change in the percentage of operational activities with a recycling plan or waste diversion goal 9.25 Reduce hazardous waste generated due to operations Change in the amount of hazardous waste generated by operational activities 9.26 Reduce litter Change in the quantity of total litter collected annually (weight, volume, etc.) 9.27 Increase composting, reuse of existing vegetation, and clearing/grubbing waste Change in total weight/volume composted annually 9.28 Reduce use of toxic cleaners, pesticides, and other chemicals Change in the total quantity used annually (weight, volume, etc.) 9.29 Ensure that transportation infrastructure is operated for long life Change in the average actual life of infrastructure (by major component) 9.30 Ensure that assets are managed to reduce life- cycle cost and increase useful life An asset management system is actively operated

Perform ance M easures Com pendium B-53 10.7 Provide electric vehicle infrastructure Change in the number of plug-in stations and amount of energy distributed from those stations Change in percentage of truck stops with electrification (IdleAire, etc.) Goal 10: Resource Consumption—Reduce the Use of Nonrenewable Resources and Promote the Use of Renewable Replacements # Objectives Measure A Measure B Measure C Measure D Measure E Focus Area 1: Planning 10.1 Maintain a sustainable fleet Change in the percentage of zero/low emissions vehicles in DOT fleet Change in the percentage of total diesel fuel substituted with alternative fuels, ultralow sulfur diesel (ULSD), electric motors 10.2 Purchase sustainable materials as a priority Existence of a purchasing plan that establishes priority for sustainable materials Change in percentage of sustainable materials (by weight, volume, or dollar value) 10.3 Use renewable energy to provide project power Change in percentage of renewable energy, in kWh, created in relation to energy requirements 10.4 Reduce the demand for single occupancy vehicle travel Change in the number (or cost) of multimodal options for state employees 10.5 Purchase green energy Change in the amount and percentage of green energy purchased 10.6 Reduce energy usage Change in total energy consumed by DOT facilities (should relate to quantity of facilities) Change in the number (or value) of investments in operational technologies to reduce fuel consumption (IdleAire, auxiliary power units supported by DOT through the Congestion Mitigation and Air Quality Improvement Program) Percentage of trucks with Smartway-type technologies

B-54 A G uidebook for Sustainability Perform ance M easurem ent for Transportation Agencies Goal 10: Resource Consumption—Reduce the Use of Nonrenewable Resources and Promote the Use of Renewable Replacements # Objectives Measure A Measure B Measure C Measure D Measure E Focus Area 2: Programming 10.8 Encourage the sensible use of recycled materials in project programming Existence of a policy or specification prioritizing the use of sustainable materials in program Change in percentage of sustainable materials (by weight, volume, or dollar value) due to program 10.9 Encourage the use of renewable energy in project programming Change in percentage of renewable energy, in kWh, created in relation to project energy requirements due to program 10.10 Program projects that use less energy Change in the number and percentage of projects in program that have lighting meeting Energy Star requirements

Perform ance M easures Com pendium B-55 Goal 10: Resource Consumption—Reduce the Use of Nonrenewable Resources and Promote the Use of Renewable Replacements # Objectives Measure A Measure B Measure C Measure D Measure E Focus Area 3: Project Development 10.11 Develop projects that encourage the sensible use of recycled materials Change in percentage of sustainable materials (by weight, volume, or dollar value) due to project 10.12 Use renewable energy to provide project power Change in percentage of renewable energy, in kWh, created in relation to project energy requirements in project 10.13 Develop projects that use less energy Change in the number and percentage of projects that have lighting meeting Energy Star requirements

B-56 A G uidebook for Sustainability Perform ance M easurem ent for Transportation Agencies Goal 10: Resource Consumption—Reduce the Use of Nonrenewable Resources and Promote the Use of Renewable Replacements # Objectives Measure A Measure B Measure C Measure D Measure E Focus Area 4: Construction 10.14 Use biofuel for non-road construction equipment Percentage of machine-hours or gallons of biofuel used during construction 10.15 Purchase regionally produced construction materials Total weight/volume/cost purchased within a certain radius (e.g., 500 miles) from the project 10.16 Reduce energy usage due to construction Total machine-hours of energy-efficient non-road equipment as a percentage of all construction-related machine-hours

Perform ance M easures Com pendium B-57 Goal 10: Resource Consumption—Reduce the Use of Nonrenewable Resources and Promote the Use of Renewable Replacements # Objectives Measure A Measure B Measure C Measure D Measure E Focus Area 5: Maintenance 10.17 Use biofuel for non- road maintenance equipment Percentage of machine- hours or gallons of biofuel used during maintenance 10.18 Purchase regionally produced maintenance materials Total weight/volume/cost purchased within a certain radius (e.g., 500 miles) from the project 10.19 Reduce energy usage due to maintenance Total machine-hours of energy-efficient non- road equipment as a percentage of all maintenance-related machine-hours

B-58 A G uidebook for Sustainability Perform ance M easurem ent for Transportation Agencies Goal 10: Resource Consumption—Reduce the Use of Nonrenewable Resources and Promote the Use of Renewable Replacements # Objectives Measure A Measure B Measure C Measure D Measure E Focus Area 6: System Operations 10.20 Maintain a sustainable fleet Change in the percentage of zero/low emissions vehicles in DOT fleet Change in the percentage of total diesel fuel substituted with alternative fuels, ULSD, electric motors 10.21 Purchase sustainable materials as a priority Sustainable purchasing plan that defines and establishes priority for sustainable materials (e.g., recycled, reused, local) 10.22 Purchase green energy Change in the amount and percentage of green energy purchased 10.23 Reduce energy usage due to operations Change in the number of energy-efficient fixtures, total kWh saved, etc. Change in percentage of renewable energy, in kWh, created in relation to operations energy requirements

Perform ance M easures Com pendium B-59 Goal 11: Emissions and Air Quality—Reduce Transportation-Related Emissions of Air Pollutants and Greenhouse Gases # Objectives Measure A Measure B Measure C Measure D Measure E Focus Area 1: Planning 11.1 Reduce activity that generates pollutant emissions (travel, trip length, mode split, emissions) Change in trips, vehicle trips, vehicle miles traveled (VMT), percent non-driver, tons of emissions per day Change in percentage of commercial vehicles by EPA tier compliance 11.2 Reduce polluting exhaust emissions (criteria pollutants and GHGs) Change in emissions by criteria pollutant, total, and by mode/ton mile Lane miles of new access improvements to intermodal and port facilities Number of new separated rail crossings replacing grade crossings 11.3 Increase land use compactness, density, and balance of interacting uses (compactness, density, balance) Change in jobs/housing balance Change in zoned residential density levels around essential service hubs 11.4 Increase the use of nonmotorized modes Change in planned miles of transit routes, pedestrian facilities, designated bike facilities, population within 1 mile of transit, connectivity index (pedestrian facilities, bike facilities, transit routes) 11.5 Increase street connectivity Change in street connectivity index 11.6 Reduce congestion, promote low emissions travel speeds Change percent VMT at low emission speed ranges Change in percentage of toll lanes with EZPass

B-60 A G uidebook for Sustainability Perform ance M easurem ent for Transportation Agencies Goal 11: Emissions and Air Quality—Reduce Transportation-Related Emissions of Air Pollutants and Greenhouse Gases # Objectives Measure A Measure B Measure C Measure D Measure E Focus Area 1: Planning (continued) 11.7 Reduce proximity of air- pollution-sensitive land uses to major pollution sources (high-volume highways) Change in sensitive receptors within close proximity, residential population within critical distance, percentage of ethnic/racial population groups within critical distance 11.8 Reduce concentration of critical pollutants in populated areas (model forecast) (criteria pollutants, GHGs) Change in population within areas above EPA standard (non-attainment areas), percent of ethnic/racial population groups within areas above EPA standard, percent of school population within areas above EPA standard 11.9 Provide measures that can reduce air pollutant concentrations (e.g., landscaping) Change in CO2 O2 conversion capacity of planned ROW plant materials

Perform ance M easures Com pendium B-61 Goal 11: Emissions and Air Quality—Reduce Transportation-Related Emissions of Air Pollutants and Greenhouse Gases # Objectives Measure A Measure B Measure C Measure D Measure E Focus Area 2: Programming 11.10 Program projects that reduce pollutant emissions (travel, trip length, mode split, emissions) Change in trips, vehicle trips, VMT, percent non- driver, tons of emissions per day due to program Change in percentage of commercial vehicles by EPA tier compliance due to program Change in emissions by criteria pollutant, total, and by mode/ton mile due to program Lane miles of new access improvements to intermodal and port facilities due to program Number of new separated rail crossings replacing grade crossings due to program 11.11 Increase use of nonmotorized modes Change in route or service miles of transit routes, pedestrian facilities, designated bike facilities, population within 1 mile of transit, person-miles walk distance to transit stops, person-miles distance from building entrances to public pedestrian facilities (sidewalks, pedestrianways), connectivity index (pedestrian facilities, bike facilities, transit) due to program 11.12 Increase street connectivity Change in street connectivity index due to program 11.13 Reduce congestion, promote low emissions travel speeds Change in percent VMT at low emission speed range, total vehicle delay, percent stops (of intersection approach volumes), multimodal level of service (by mode), percent VMT at each level of service due to program

B-62 A G uidebook for Sustainability Perform ance M easurem ent for Transportation Agencies Goal 11: Emissions and Air Quality—Reduce Transportation-Related Emissions of Air Pollutants and Greenhouse Gases # Objectives Measure A Measure B Measure C Measure D Measure E Focus Area 2: Programming (Continued) 11.14 Reduce populations within critical distance of major highway emissions sources (criteria pollutants, GHGs) Change in population within critical distance of high-volume highways [specify threshold average daily traffic (ADT)] (schools, hospitals, residences, ethnic/racial group equity) due to program 11.15 Reduce traffic volumes on major highways within critical distance of sensitive receptors (schools, hospitals, residences, ethnic/racial equity) Change in ADT (total, diesel), emissions due to program 11.16 Provide measures that can reduce air pollutant concentrations (e.g., landscaping) Change in CO2 O2 conversion capacity of project plant materials due to program 11.17 Reduce travel speeds to those within the lowest emissions ranges (criteria pollutants, GHGs) Change in population percentage within a critical distance of traffic operating at speeds outside the lowest emissions range due to program

Perform ance M easures Com pendium B-63 Goal 11: Emissions and Air Quality—Reduce Transportation-Related Emissions of Air Pollutants and Greenhouse Gases # Objectives Measure A Measure B Measure C Measure D Measure E Focus Area 3: Project Development 11.18 Develop projects that reduce pollutant emissions (travel, trip length, mode split, emissions) Change in trips, vehicle trips, VMT, percent non- driver, tons of emissions per day due to project Change in percentage of commercial vehicles by EPA tier compliance due to project Change in emissions by criteria pollutant, total, and by mode/ton mile due to project Lane miles of new access improvements to intermodal and port facilities due to project Number of new separated rail crossings replacing grade crossings due to project 11.19 Increase use of nonmotorized modes Change in route or service miles of transit routes, pedestrian facilities, designated bike facilities, population within 1 mile of transit, person-miles walk distance to transit stops, person-miles distance from building entrances to public pedestrian facilities (sidewalks, pedestrianways), connectivity index (pedestrian facilities, bike facilities, transit) due to project 11.20 Increase street connectivity Change in street connectivity index due to project 11.21 Reduce congestion, promote low emissions travel speeds due to project Change in percent VMT at low emission speed range, total vehicle delay, percent stops (of intersection approach volumes), multimodal level of service (by mode), percent VMT at each level of service due to project

B-64 A G uidebook for Sustainability Perform ance M easurem ent for Transportation Agencies Goal 11: Emissions and Air Quality—Reduce Transportation-Related Emissions of Air Pollutants and Greenhouse Gases # Objectives Measure A Measure B Measure C Measure D Measure E Focus Area 3: Project Development (Continued) 11.22 Reduce populations within critical distance of major highway emissions sources (criteria pollutants, GHGs) Change in population within critical distance of high-volume highways (specify threshold ADT) (schools, hospitals, residences, ethnic/racial group equity) due to project 11.23 Reduce traffic volumes on major highways within critical distance of sensitive receptors (schools, hospitals, residences, ethnic/racial equity) Change in ADT (total, diesel), emissions due to project 11.24 Provide measures that can reduce air pollutant concentrations (e.g., landscaping) Change in CO2 O2 conversion capacity of project plant materials due to project 11.25 Reduce travel speeds to those within the lowest emissions ranges (criteria pollutants, GHGs) Change in population percentage within a critical distance of traffic operating at speeds outside the lowest emissions range due to project

Perform ance M easures Com pendium B-65 Goal 11: Emissions and Air Quality—Reduce Transportation-Related Emissions of Air Pollutants and Greenhouse Gases # Objectives Measure A Measure B Measure C Measure D Measure E Focus Area 4: Construction 11.26 Reduce construction activity that generates pollutant emissions (engine operation, engine emission rates, idling time, emissions) Engine hours of operation, emission rates, idling hours per day, tons of emissions per day due to construction 11.27 Reduce adverse impact on traffic operations (lane reductions, traffic interruptions, detours, night operations) Change in peak hour/period capacity (e.g., lane miles), vehicle hours of delay, extra VMT, percent of passing VMT affected by construction 11.28 Reduce equipment emissions (equipment conforming to latest EPA emissions standards) Percent of construction equipment at each tier of emissions standards (weighted or unweighted), percent of construction equipment retrofitted to meet latest EPA emissions standards 11.29 Reduce on-site construction equipment activity Percent change in hours of diesel equipment operation compared to conventional techniques, percent of construction completed off-site (e.g., precast) 11.30 Reduce construction equipment emissions within a critical distance of sensitive populations (schools, hospitals, residences, ethnic/racial group equity) Daily emissions within critical distance (criteria pollutants, GHGs) due to construction 11.31 Reschedule urban construction activity with high emission rates to periods of low pollutant concentrations Percentage of diesel construction equipment operating hours during low pollutant concentration hours

B-66 A G uidebook for Sustainability Perform ance M easurem ent for Transportation Agencies Goal 11: Emissions and Air Quality—Reduce Transportation-Related Emissions of Air Pollutants and Greenhouse Gases # Objectives Measure A Measure B Measure C Measure D Measure E Focus Area 5: Maintenance 11.32 Reduce maintenance activity that generates pollutant emissions (engine operation, engine emission rates, idling time, emissions) Engine hours of operation, emission rates, idling hours per day, tons of emissions per day due to maintenance 11.33 Reduce adverse impact on traffic operations (lane reductions, traffic interruptions, detours, night operations) Change in peak hour/period capacity (e.g., lane miles), vehicle hours of delay, extra VMT, percent of passing VMT affected by maintenance 11.34 Reduce equipment emissions (equipment conforming to latest EPA emissions standards) Percent of maintenance equipment at each tier of emissions standards (weighted or unweighted), percent of maintenance equipment retrofitted to meet latest EPA emissions standards 11.35 Reduce maintenance equipment emissions within a critical distance of sensitive populations (schools, hospitals, residences, ethnic/racial group equity) Daily emissions within critical distance (criteria pollutants, GHGs) due to maintenance 11.36 Reschedule urban maintenance activity with high emission rates to periods of low pollutant concentrations Percentage of diesel maintenance equipment operating hours during low pollutant concentration hours

Perform ance M easures Com pendium B-67 Goal 11: Emissions and Air Quality—Reduce Transportation-Related Emissions of Air Pollutants and Greenhouse Gases # Objectives Measure A Measure B Measure C Measure D Measure E Focus Area 6: System Operations 11.37 Reduce congestion- related emissions Change in the percent of VMT at low emission speed ranges, total vehicle delay, percent of approaching traffic that is stopped, multimodal level of service (by mode) Change in emissions by criteria pollutant, total, and by mode/ton mile due to operational improvements 11.38 Reduce engine idling (on-road, non-road) Change in vehicle hours of idling 11.39 Promote nonmotorized modes Change in multimodal level of service, percent telework jobs (person-days/week), percent jobs within __ minutes of population (average) by nonmotorized modes, percent population within 1/4 mile of transit service, percent jobs within 1/4 mile of transit service, percent jobs within 1/2 mile of designated bike route, percent population within 1/2 mile of designated bike routes, average auto/transit travel time ratio (selected corridors) 11.40 Maintain efficient traffic operations Percent of area traffic signals retimed during past three years, percent of area traffic signals within coordinated signal systems re- coordinated during past three years Change in percentage of toll payers using EZPass 11.41 Promote driving shifts to nonschool hours Change in percent (volume) of traffic passing school zones during times when schools are not in session 11.42 Promote nonmotorized modes Change in the percentage of person miles traveled by nonmotorized modes, emissions

Next: Appendix C - Electronic Compendium User Instructions »
A Guidebook for Sustainability Performance Measurement for Transportation Agencies Get This Book
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TRB’s National Cooperative Highway Research Program (NCHRP) Report 708: A Guidebook for Sustainability Performance Measurement for Transportation Agencies describes the underlying principles of sustainability as it relates to transportation, possible goals that can be used to address those principles, and performance measures that can be used to address those goals.

Aspects of sustainability-related performance measures, including data sources and examples of use, are discussed. A reference compendium of performance measures has also been provided.

In addition to the guidebook, the contractor’s project Final Report contains the results of the literature review, surveys of the state of the practice, case study interviews, detail on research methodology and findings, and a discussion of future research needs is available on the NCHRP Project 08-74 website.

A CD-ROM, included in the print version of the guidebook, contains an Excel-spreadsheet-based version of the performance measures compendium located in Appendix B of the guidebook. The spreadsheet allows the existing measures to be modified, and macros enable the user to generate and export a custom list of measures. Instructions for using the spreadsheet are found in Appendix C.

The CD-ROM is also available for download from TRB’s website as an ISO image. Links to the ISO image and instructions for burning a CD-ROM from an ISO image are provided below.

Help on Burning an .ISO CD-ROM Image

Download the .ISO CD-ROM Image

(Warning: This is a large file and may take some time to download using a high-speed connection.)

An article on NCHRP Report 708 was published in the January-February 2013 issue of the TR News.

CD-ROM Disclaimer - This software is offered as is, without warranty or promise of support of any kind either expressed or implied. Under no circumstance will the National Academy of Sciences or the Transportation Research Board (collectively “TRB’) be liable for any loss or damage caused by the installation or operation of this product. TRB makes no representation or warranty of any kind, expressed or implied, in fact or in law, including without limitation, the warranty of merchantability or the warranty of fitness for a particular purpose, and shall not in any case be liable for any consequential or special damages.

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