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Page 30
Suggested Citation:"REFERENCES." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2012. Waterproofing Membranes for Concrete Bridge Decks. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/14654.
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Page 31
Suggested Citation:"REFERENCES." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2012. Waterproofing Membranes for Concrete Bridge Decks. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/14654.
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Page 31
Page 32
Suggested Citation:"REFERENCES." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2012. Waterproofing Membranes for Concrete Bridge Decks. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/14654.
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Page 32

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30 REFERENCES CITED REFERENCES 1. Hida, S., et al., Assuring Bridge Safety and Serviceability in Europe, Report FHWA-PL-10-04, Federal Highway Administration, Washington, D.C., 2010, 56 pp. 2. Manning, D.G., NCHRP Synthesis of Highway Practice 4: Concrete Bridge Durability, Transportation Research Board, National Research Council, Washington, D.C., 1970, 28 pp. 3. Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), Federal-Aid Highway Program Manual, Vol. 6, Chapter 7, Section 2, Subsection 7, Concrete Bridge Decks, Transmittal 188, FHWA, Washington, D.C., Apr. 5, 1976. 4. Manning, D.G., NCHRP Synthesis of Highway Practice 57: Durability of Concrete Bridge Decks, Transportation Research Board, National Research Council, Washing- ton, D.C., 1979, 61 pp. 5. Manning, D.G., Synthesis of Highway Practice 220: Waterproofing Membranes for Concrete Bridge Decks, Transportation Research Board, National Research Council, Washington, D.C., 1995, 69 pp. 6. Babaie, K. and N.M. Hawkins, NCHRP Report 297: Evaluation of Bridge Deck Protective Strategies, Trans- portation Research Board, National Research Council, Washington, D.C., 1987, 80 pp. 7. Russell, H.G., NCHRP Synthesis of Highway Practice 333: Concrete Bridge Deck Performance, Transportation Research Board of the National Academies, Washington, D.C., 2004, 101 pp. 8. Kepler, J.L., D. Darwin, and C.E. Locke, Jr., Evaluation of Corrosion Protection Methods for Reinforced Concrete Highway Structures, SM Report No. 58, University of Kansas Center for Research, Inc., Lawrence, 2000, 222 pp. 9. American Association of State Highway and Transporta- tion Officials, (AASHTO), AASHTO LRFD Bridge Con- struction Specifications, 3rd ed., AASHTO, Washington, D.C., 2010. 10. Ontario Provincial Standard Specification, Construction Specification for Waterproofing Bridge Decks with Hot Applied Asphalt Membrane, OPSS 914, Ontario, Canada, revised Nov. 2009. 11. United Kingdom Department for Transport (UKDOT), Design Manual for Roads and Bridges, Volume 2, High- way Structures (Sub Structures and Special Structures), Materials, Section 3 Materials and Components Part 4, BD47/99, Waterproofing and Surfacing of Concrete Bridge Decks, UKDOT, London, 1999. 12. Bridge Deck Waterproofing Association webpage, Crow- thorne, U.K. [Online]. Available: www.bdwa.org.uk. 13. Mertz, D.R., NCHRP Report 381: Report on the 1995 Scanning Review of European Bridge Structures, National Research Council, Transportation Research Board, Washington, D.C., 1996, 30 pp. 14. Russell, H.G., NCHRP Research Results Digest 232: Report on the 1997 Scanning Review of Asian Bridge Structures, Transportation Research Board, National Research Council, Washington, D.C., Nov. 1998, 45 pp. 15. Hearn, G., et al., Bridge Preservation and Maintenance in Europe and South Africa, Report No. FHWA-PL-05-002, Federal Highway Administration, U.S. Department of Transportation, Washington, D.C., Apr. 2005, 150 pp. 16. Ralls, M.L., et al., Prefabricated Bridge Elements and Systems in Japan and Europe, FHWA, U.S. Department of Transportation, Report No. FHWA-PL-05-003, Mar. 2005, 64 pp. 17. International Concrete Repair Institute (ICRI), Guide- lines for Selecting and Specifying Concrete Surface Preparation for Sealers, Coatings, and Polymer Over- lays, ICRI, Rosemont, Ill., 1997, 41 pp. 18. Sohanghpurwala, A.A., NCHRP Report 558: Manual on Service Life of Corrosion-Damaged Reinforced Concrete Bridge Superstructure Elements, Transportation Research Board of the National Academies, Washington, D.C., 2006, 59 pp. 19. Xi, Y., N. Abu-Hejleh, A. Asiz, and A. Suwito, Perfor- mance Evaluation of Various Corrosion Protection Sys- tems of Bridges in Colorado, Colorado Department of Transportation, Report No. CDOT-DTD-R-2004-1, Final Report, Jan. 2004, 141 pp. 20. Distlehorst, J., Cost-Effective Bridge Deck Reconstruc- tion in Kansas Using High-Density Concrete Overlays and Asphalt Overlays, Report No. FHWA KS-07-4, Kan- sas Department of Transportation Bureau of Materials and Research, Topeka, Kans., Aug. 2009. 21. Wojakowski, J. and M. Hossain, “Twenty-Five-Year Per- formance History of Interlayer Membranes on Bridge Decks in Kansas,” Transportation Research Record 1476, Transportation Research Board, National Research Council, Washington, D.C., 1995, pp 180–187. 22. Hearn, G. and Y. Xi, Service Life and Cost Comparisons for Four Types of CD Bridge Decks, Report No. CDOT- 2007-2, Final Report, Colorado Department of Transpor- tation, Denver, Sep. 2007, 116 pp.

31 23. Liang, Y., W. Zhang, and Y. Xi, Strategic Evaluation of Different Topical Protection Systems for Bridge Decks and the Associated Life-Cycle Cost Analysis, Report No. CDOT-2010-6, Colorado Department of Transportation, Denver, 2010, 71 pp. 24. Korhonen, C.J., J.S. Buska, E.R. Cortez, and A.R. Gre- atorex, Procedures for the Evaluation of Sheet Membrane Waterproofing, Report NETCR 13, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Cold Regions Research and Engineering Lab- oratory, Hanover, N.H., 1999, 67 pp. (Also published as CRREL Special Report 99-11.) 25. European Organisation for Technical Approvals (EOTA), Determination of the Resistance to the Passage of Chlo- ride Ions through Waterproofing Layer Subjected to Indentation by Aggregate, European Organisation for Technical Approvals, Report No. TR 022, Nov. 2007, 9 pp. 26. McKeel, W.T., A Commentary on the Implementation of Virginia Test Method Number 39, Electrical Resistivity Testing of Waterproof Membranes, Report No. VHTRC 76-R57, Virginia Highway & Transportation Research Council, May 1976, 11 pp., plus appendices. 27. Morey, R.M., NCHRP Synthesis of Highway Practice 255: Ground Penetrating Radar for Evaluating Subsur- face Conditions for Transportation Facilities, National Research Council, Transportation Research Board, Washington, D.C., 1998, 37 pp. 28. Stimolo, M., “Practical Utilization of Thermography in Road Construction and in Waterproofing Systems,” The International Society for Optical Engineering (SPIE) Proceedings, Vol. 4710, 2002, pp. 299–306. 29. ACI Committee 228, Non-destructive Test Methods for Evaluation of Concrete in Structures (ACI 228.2R-98), American Concrete Institute, Farmington Hills, Mich., 1998, 59 pp. 30. LCPC, Non-Destructive Testing in LCPC, An Overview, Laboratoire Central des Ponts et Chaussées, Paris, Apr. 2008. [Online]. Available: http://onlinepubs.trb.org/ onlinepubs/shrp2/tra_2008_oa07_bis_modified.pdf [accessed June 8, 2011]. 31. Boisvert, D.M., Evaluation of the Bond between Barrier Membrane and Concrete Bridge Decks, Draft Report No. FHWA-NH-RD-12323G, New Hampshire Department of Transportation, Concord, 2003, unpublished. 32. Martinelli, P., Bridge Deck Waterproofing Membrane Eval- uation, Alaska Department of Transportation and Public Facilities, Report No. AK-RD-96-04, Sep. 1996, 69 pp. 33. Transportation Research Circular E-C-022: Mainte- nance Research Master Planning Workshop, Transporta- tion Research Board of the National Academies, Washington, D.C., Nov. 2000 [Online]. Available: http:// onlinepubs.trb.org/onlinepubs/circulars /ec022.pdf [accessed June 8, 2011]. REFERENCED STANDARDS BY ASTM INTERNATIONAL C900 Standard Test Method for Pullout Strength of Hard- ened Concrete D5 Standard Test Method for Penetration of Bituminous Materials D36/D36M Standard Test Method for Softening Point of Bitumen (Ring-and-Ball Apparatus) D41/D41M Standard Specification for Asphalt Primer Used in Roofing, Dampproofing, and Waterproofing D146 Standard Test Methods for Sampling and Testing Bitu- men-Saturated Felts and Woven Fabrics for Roofing and Waterproofing D173 Standard Specification for Bitumen-Saturated Cotton Fabrics Used in Roofing and Waterproofing D449 Standard Specification for Asphalt Used in Damp- proofing and Waterproofing D517 Standard Specification for Asphalt Plank D882 Standard Test Method for Tensile Properties of Thin Plastic Sheeting D1228 (Withdrawn Standard) Methods of Testing Asphalt Insulating Siding Surfaced with Mineral Granules (With- drawn 1982) D1668 Standard Specification for Glass Fabrics (Woven and Treated) for Roofing and Waterproofing D1777 Standard Test Method for Thickness of Textile Materials D3236 Standard Test Method for Apparent Viscosity of Hot Melt Adhesives and Coating Materials D3515 (Historical Standard) Standard Specification for Hot- Mixed, Hot-Laid Bituminous Paving Mixtures (D3515 does not appear to be the correct number for this AAS- HTO specification.) D3633 Standard Test Method for Electrical Resistivity of Membrane-Pavement Systems D4071 Standard Practice for Use of Portland Cement Con- crete Bridge Deck Water Barrier Membrane System D4541 Standard Test Method for Pull-Off Strength of Coat- ings Using Portable Adhesion Testers D4632 Standard Test Method for Grab Breaking Load and Elongation of Geotextiles D4787 Standard Practice for Continuity Verification of Liq- uid or Sheet Linings Applied to Concrete Substrates

32 D6153 Standard Specification for Materials for Bridge Deck Waterproofing Membrane Systems D6690 Standard Specification for Joint and Crack Sealants, Hot Applied, for Concrete and Asphalt Pavements E96/E96M Standard Test Methods for Water Vapor Trans- mission of Materials E154 Standard Test Method for Water Vapor Retarders Used in Contact with Earth Under Concrete Slabs, on Walls, or as Ground Cover

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Waterproofing Membranes for Concrete Bridge Decks Get This Book
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TRB’s National Cooperative Highway Research Program (NCHRP) Synthesis 425: Waterproofing Membranes for Concrete Bridge Decks documents information on materials, specification requirements, design details, application methods, system performance, and costs of waterproofing membranes used on new and existing bridge decks since 1995.

The synthesis focuses on North American practices with some information provided about systems used in Europe and Asia.

NCHRP Synthesis 425 is an update to NCHRP Synthesis 220: Waterproofing Membranes for Concrete Bridge Decks that was published in 1995.

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