National Academies Press: OpenBook

Travel Demand Forecasting: Parameters and Techniques (2012)

Chapter: Appendix C - Transferable Parameters

« Previous: Appendix B - Review of Literature on Transferability Studies
Page 136
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C - Transferable Parameters." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2012. Travel Demand Forecasting: Parameters and Techniques. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/14665.
×
Page 136
Page 137
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C - Transferable Parameters." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2012. Travel Demand Forecasting: Parameters and Techniques. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/14665.
×
Page 137
Page 138
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C - Transferable Parameters." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2012. Travel Demand Forecasting: Parameters and Techniques. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/14665.
×
Page 138
Page 139
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C - Transferable Parameters." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2012. Travel Demand Forecasting: Parameters and Techniques. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/14665.
×
Page 139
Page 140
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C - Transferable Parameters." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2012. Travel Demand Forecasting: Parameters and Techniques. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/14665.
×
Page 140
Page 141
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C - Transferable Parameters." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2012. Travel Demand Forecasting: Parameters and Techniques. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/14665.
×
Page 141
Page 142
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C - Transferable Parameters." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2012. Travel Demand Forecasting: Parameters and Techniques. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/14665.
×
Page 142
Page 143
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C - Transferable Parameters." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2012. Travel Demand Forecasting: Parameters and Techniques. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/14665.
×
Page 143
Page 144
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C - Transferable Parameters." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2012. Travel Demand Forecasting: Parameters and Techniques. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/14665.
×
Page 144
Page 145
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C - Transferable Parameters." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2012. Travel Demand Forecasting: Parameters and Techniques. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/14665.
×
Page 145
Page 146
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C - Transferable Parameters." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2012. Travel Demand Forecasting: Parameters and Techniques. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/14665.
×
Page 146
Page 147
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C - Transferable Parameters." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2012. Travel Demand Forecasting: Parameters and Techniques. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/14665.
×
Page 147
Page 148
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C - Transferable Parameters." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2012. Travel Demand Forecasting: Parameters and Techniques. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/14665.
×
Page 148
Page 149
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C - Transferable Parameters." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2012. Travel Demand Forecasting: Parameters and Techniques. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/14665.
×
Page 149
Page 150
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C - Transferable Parameters." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2012. Travel Demand Forecasting: Parameters and Techniques. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/14665.
×
Page 150
Page 151
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C - Transferable Parameters." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2012. Travel Demand Forecasting: Parameters and Techniques. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/14665.
×
Page 151
Page 152
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C - Transferable Parameters." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2012. Travel Demand Forecasting: Parameters and Techniques. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/14665.
×
Page 152
Page 153
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C - Transferable Parameters." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2012. Travel Demand Forecasting: Parameters and Techniques. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/14665.
×
Page 153
Page 154
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C - Transferable Parameters." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2012. Travel Demand Forecasting: Parameters and Techniques. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/14665.
×
Page 154
Page 155
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C - Transferable Parameters." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2012. Travel Demand Forecasting: Parameters and Techniques. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/14665.
×
Page 155
Page 156
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C - Transferable Parameters." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2012. Travel Demand Forecasting: Parameters and Techniques. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/14665.
×
Page 156
Page 157
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C - Transferable Parameters." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2012. Travel Demand Forecasting: Parameters and Techniques. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/14665.
×
Page 157
Page 158
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C - Transferable Parameters." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2012. Travel Demand Forecasting: Parameters and Techniques. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/14665.
×
Page 158
Page 159
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C - Transferable Parameters." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2012. Travel Demand Forecasting: Parameters and Techniques. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/14665.
×
Page 159
Page 160
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C - Transferable Parameters." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2012. Travel Demand Forecasting: Parameters and Techniques. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/14665.
×
Page 160
Page 161
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C - Transferable Parameters." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2012. Travel Demand Forecasting: Parameters and Techniques. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/14665.
×
Page 161

Below is the uncorrected machine-read text of this chapter, intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text of each book. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.

C-1 Table C.1. Percentages of households by number of vehicles for U.S. metro areas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C-2 Table C.2. Coefficients for four U.S. logit vehicle availability models (one-vehicle household utilities) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C-10 Table C.3. Coefficients for four U.S. logit vehicle availability models (two-vehicle household utilities) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C-11 Table C.4. Coefficients for four U.S. logit vehicle availability models (three-or-more-vehicle household utilities) . . . . . . C-12 Table C.5. Home-based work trip rates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C-13 Table C.6. Home-based nonwork trip rates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C-14 Table C.7. Nonhome-based trip rates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C-16 Table C.8. Home-based school trip rates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C-17 Table C.9. Home-based other trip rates (excluding work and school) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C-18 Table C.10. Mean trip length in minutes by mode and trip purpose by urban area population range. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C-20 Table C.11. Time-of-day distributions by trip purpose and direction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C-22 A p p e n d i x C Transferable Parameters

C-2 Metro Area Percent 0 Vehicle Percent 1 Vehicle Percent 2 Vehicle Percent 3+ Vehicle Provo-Orem, UT 2.7% 21.3% 44.2% 31.9% Holland-Grand Haven, MI 2.9% 26.1% 45.8% 25.2% St. George, UT 2.9% 29.4% 43.3% 24.4% Coeur d’Alene, ID 3.0% 26.0% 40.4% 30.6% Cheyenne, WY 3.4% 31.9% 34.1% 30.6% Bend, OR 3.5% 25.5% 44.7% 26.3% Lake Havasu City-Kingman, AZ 3.5% 34.7% 40.6% 21.2% Fort Collins-Loveland, CO 3.6% 29.5% 42.0% 25.0% Fort Walton Beach-Crestview-Destin, FL 3.6% 30.5% 43.3% 22.7% Logan, UT-ID 3.6% 23.7% 41.5% 31.2% Ogden-Clearfield, UT 3.9% 22.9% 43.7% 29.5% Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura, CA 3.9% 26.7% 39.4% 30.0% Boise City-Nampa, ID 4.0% 27.6% 42.6% 25.8% Pocatello, ID 4.0% 27.1% 40.0% 28.9% Rapid City, SD 4.0% 27.1% 39.6% 29.2% Columbus, IN 4.2% 29.5% 38.7% 27.5% Elizabethtown, KY 4.2% 30.9% 41.6% 23.4% Mount Vernon-Anacortes, WA 4.2% 26.7% 39.1% 29.9% Punta Gorda, FL 4.2% 42.1% 40.0% 13.7% Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers, AR-MO 4.3% 32.0% 43.4% 20.3% Greeley, CO 4.3% 24.9% 40.6% 30.2% Naples-Marco Island, FL 4.3% 42.6% 40.9% 12.2% Palm Coast, FL 4.3% 35.2% 45.7% 14.8% Prescott, AZ 4.3% 35.3% 38.4% 21.9% San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles, CA 4.3% 30.1% 39.3% 26.3% Abilene, TX 4.4% 36.3% 42.2% 17.1% Casper, WY 4.4% 31.9% 36.7% 27.0% Grand Junction, CO 4.4% 27.6% 40.0% 28.0% Gulfport-Biloxi, MS 4.4% 34.0% 39.2% 22.3% Huntsville, AL 4.4% 31.2% 39.0% 25.4% Idaho Falls, ID 4.4% 23.9% 41.9% 29.9% Monroe, MI 4.4% 27.9% 42.6% 25.0% Santa Fe, NM 4.4% 31.4% 38.4% 25.7% Appleton, WI 4.5% 28.3% 44.7% 22.5% Jefferson City, MO 4.5% 30.0% 39.5% 26.0% Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville, FL 4.5% 38.7% 40.8% 16.0% Pascagoula, MS 4.5% 28.3% 41.7% 25.5% Port St. Lucie, FL 4.5% 40.2% 39.6% 15.7% Wausau, WI 4.6% 25.8% 43.9% 25.7% Amarillo, TX 4.7% 34.3% 40.0% 21.0% Bismarck, ND 4.7% 28.7% 36.0% 30.6% Boulder, CO 4.7% 34.3% 40.7% 20.3% Cleveland, TN 4.7% 29.2% 40.5% 25.6% Killeen-Temple-Fort Hood, TX 4.7% 32.4% 43.9% 19.0% Barnstable Town, MA 4.8% 35.3% 42.0% 17.9% Colorado Springs, CO 4.8% 29.6% 42.5% 23.1% Green Bay, WI 4.8% 30.2% 43.0% 21.9% Lawrence, KS 4.8% 34.4% 38.5% 22.3% Lewiston, ID-WA 4.8% 30.0% 36.7% 28.5% Michigan City-La Porte, IN 4.8% 35.1% 39.4% 20.7% Table C.1. Percentages of households by number of vehicles for U.S. metro areas.

C-3 Metro Area Percent 0 Vehicle Percent 1 Vehicle Percent 2 Vehicle Percent 3+ Vehicle Morristown, TN 4.8% 28.4% 40.3% 26.5% Ocala, FL 4.8% 43.1% 37.4% 14.7% Raleigh-Cary, NC 4.8% 31.8% 42.7% 20.8% Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA 4.8% 28.8% 39.0% 27.5% Vallejo-Fairfield, CA 4.8% 29.0% 37.8% 28.5% Dalton, GA 4.9% 37.7% 35.7% 21.6% Janesville, WI 4.9% 32.0% 42.0% 21.1% Orlando-Kissimmee, FL 4.9% 37.6% 41.1% 16.4% Sherman-Denison, TX 5.0% 32.6% 41.1% 21.3% Winchester, VA-WV 5.0% 27.7% 38.1% 29.2% Cape Coral-Fort Myers, FL 5.1% 43.5% 38.7% 12.8% Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX 5.1% 34.6% 42.0% 18.3% Farmington, NM 5.1% 31.1% 38.4% 25.4% Midland, TX 5.1% 31.5% 42.9% 20.5% Decatur, AL 5.2% 27.7% 39.5% 27.6% Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA 5.2% 30.6% 42.2% 22.1% Hattiesburg, MS 5.2% 34.0% 38.6% 22.2% Jacksonville, NC 5.2% 31.5% 41.0% 22.3% Nashville-Davidson-Murfreesboro-Franklin, TN 5.2% 32.0% 39.5% 23.2% Olympia, WA 5.2% 29.3% 38.5% 27.1% Panama City-Lynn Haven, FL 5.2% 34.8% 41.8% 18.2% St. Cloud, MN 5.2% 26.6% 42.4% 25.8% Salt Lake City, UT 5.2% 28.6% 40.9% 25.4% San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA 5.2% 29.0% 40.9% 24.9% Santa Rosa-Petaluma, CA 5.2% 30.0% 39.8% 25.0% Wenatchee, WA 5.2% 27.3% 42.0% 25.5% Anchorage, AK 5.3% 31.4% 41.0% 22.3% Auburn-Opelika, AL 5.3% 35.3% 36.6% 22.8% Austin-Round Rock, TX 5.3% 35.8% 42.2% 16.7% Bloomington-Normal, IL 5.3% 33.6% 42.9% 18.2% Indianapolis-Carmel, IN 5.3% 33.5% 41.3% 20.0% Lincoln, NE 5.3% 33.3% 39.0% 22.4% Oklahoma City, OK 5.3% 34.3% 40.8% 19.5% Rochester, MN 5.3% 29.0% 43.0% 22.7% Billings, MT 5.4% 28.2% 39.6% 26.7% Bradenton-Sarasota-Venice, FL 5.4% 45.4% 37.3% 11.9% Eau Claire, WI 5.4% 29.5% 40.9% 24.1% Kennewick-Pasco-Richland, WA 5.4% 26.8% 36.8% 30.9% Manchester-Nashua, NH 5.4% 28.9% 43.9% 21.8% Myrtle Beach-North Myrtle Beach-Conway, SC 5.4% 36.9% 42.0% 15.7% Bremerton-Silverdale, WA 5.5% 29.1% 38.7% 26.7% Burlington-South Burlington, VT 5.5% 33.6% 42.0% 19.0% Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach, FL 5.5% 42.0% 37.5% 15.0% Fort Wayne, IN 5.5% 32.6% 41.2% 20.7% Gainesville, GA 5.5% 27.9% 41.1% 25.5% Grand Forks, ND-MN 5.5% 31.7% 42.6% 20.1% Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton, NC 5.5% 29.2% 36.8% 28.5% Knoxville, TN 5.5% 33.6% 39.3% 21.6% Longview, TX 5.5% 33.8% 40.0% 20.7% Missoula, MT 5.5% 31.8% 40.4% 22.2% (continued on next page) Table C.1. (Continued).

C-4 Metro Area Percent 0 Vehicle Percent 1 Vehicle Percent 2 Vehicle Percent 3+ Vehicle Odessa, TX 5.5% 32.4% 39.4% 22.7% Sioux Falls, SD 5.5% 28.5% 41.9% 24.1% Topeka, KS 5.5% 31.1% 38.1% 25.3% Florence-Muscle Shoals, AL 5.6% 29.5% 37.3% 27.6% Lubbock, TX 5.6% 36.5% 40.3% 17.7% Wichita, KS 5.6% 31.5% 39.1% 23.8% Yakima, WA 5.6% 26.5% 37.0% 30.8% Ames, IA 5.7% 30.4% 43.6% 20.4% Charlotte-Gastonia-Concord, NC-SC 5.7% 33.4% 40.8% 20.2% Columbia, MO 5.7% 33.1% 41.2% 19.9% Flagstaff, AZ 5.7% 31.8% 39.6% 22.9% Lakeland-Winter Haven, FL 5.7% 40.4% 38.7% 15.2% Madera, CA 5.7% 28.6% 38.4% 27.2% San Angelo, TX 5.7% 37.3% 38.9% 18.1% Tyler, TX 5.7% 33.4% 40.6% 20.3% Yuba City, CA 5.7% 27.4% 40.5% 26.5% Burlington, NC 5.8% 32.1% 38.0% 24.1% Cedar Rapids, IA 5.8% 30.8% 40.2% 23.2% Clarksville, TN-KY 5.8% 29.3% 42.5% 22.5% Grand Rapids-Wyoming, MI 5.8% 32.1% 41.8% 20.3% Kansas City, MO-KS 5.8% 32.3% 40.7% 21.2% Las Cruces, NM 5.8% 31.7% 37.4% 25.1% Medford, OR 5.8% 32.7% 39.4% 22.2% Wichita Falls, TX 5.8% 33.7% 41.6% 19.0% Albuquerque, NM 5.9% 34.3% 38.8% 21.0% Asheville, NC 5.9% 32.1% 38.9% 23.1% Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway, AR 5.9% 34.4% 41.4% 18.4% Oshkosh-Neenah, WI 5.9% 32.5% 42.2% 19.4% Santa Cruz-Watsonville, CA 5.9% 29.0% 39.0% 26.0% Springfield, MO 5.9% 33.3% 41.1% 19.6% Warner Robins, GA 5.9% 32.3% 36.9% 24.9% Ann Arbor, MI 6.0% 36.0% 40.2% 17.8% Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta, GA 6.0% 33.0% 40.2% 20.9% Gadsden, AL 6.0% 30.3% 38.7% 24.9% Johnson City, TN 6.0% 31.9% 37.0% 25.0% Napa, CA 6.0% 29.5% 39.0% 25.5% Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent, FL 6.0% 33.6% 41.3% 19.1% Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ 6.0% 37.5% 39.6% 17.0% Racine, WI 6.0% 32.9% 41.7% 19.4% Sebastian-Vero Beach, FL 6.0% 41.6% 40.5% 11.9% Tulsa, OK 6.0% 33.4% 39.8% 20.8% York-Hanover, PA 6.0% 27.7% 41.2% 25.2% Yuma, AZ 6.0% 41.4% 35.4% 17.2% Anniston-Oxford, AL 6.1% 31.0% 38.7% 24.2% Dothan, AL 6.1% 35.2% 37.4% 21.3% Fort Smith, AR-OK 6.1% 33.8% 39.5% 20.6% Iowa City, IA 6.1% 34.8% 39.6% 19.5% Lansing-East Lansing, MI 6.1% 35.0% 39.6% 19.3% Norwich-New London, CT 6.1% 30.9% 40.4% 22.6% Omaha-Council Bluffs, NE-IA 6.1% 31.3% 40.8% 21.7% Table C.1. (Continued).

C-5 Metro Area Percent 0 Vehicle Percent 1 Vehicle Percent 2 Vehicle Percent 3+ Vehicle Portland-South Portland-Biddeford, ME 6.1% 31.9% 42.7% 19.3% Sacramento-Arden-Arcade-Roseville, CA 6.1% 31.6% 39.9% 22.4% Sioux City, IA-NE-SD 6.1% 31.0% 40.0% 23.0% Anderson, SC 6.2% 29.7% 38.6% 25.5% Brunswick, GA 6.2% 33.1% 39.5% 21.3% Carson City, NV 6.2% 34.5% 34.3% 25.0% Columbia, SC 6.2% 32.3% 39.2% 22.2% Dover, DE 6.2% 31.2% 41.2% 21.4% Fond du Lac, WI 6.2% 29.6% 41.9% 22.3% Greenville-Mauldin-Easley, SC 6.2% 32.8% 39.1% 21.9% Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown, TX 6.2% 34.9% 41.3% 17.6% Tallahassee, FL 6.2% 36.2% 38.4% 19.1% Waterloo-Cedar Falls, IA 6.2% 30.0% 39.0% 24.8% Davenport-Moline-Rock Island, IA-IL 6.3% 33.7% 39.7% 20.4% Jacksonville, FL 6.3% 35.1% 41.4% 17.2% Morgantown, WV 6.3% 38.5% 38.5% 16.8% San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos, CA 6.3% 32.0% 39.4% 22.4% Birmingham-Hoover, AL 6.4% 31.5% 38.0% 24.1% College Station-Bryan, TX 6.4% 36.4% 38.9% 18.2% Fairbanks, AK 6.4% 30.4% 38.0% 25.2% Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol, TN-VA 6.4% 29.2% 39.1% 25.3% Madison, WI 6.4% 34.0% 41.4% 18.1% Niles-Benton Harbor, MI 6.4% 36.5% 37.7% 19.4% Springfield, IL 6.4% 37.9% 37.6% 18.1% Terre Haute, IN 6.4% 33.1% 38.8% 21.7% Valdosta, GA 6.4% 33.0% 38.9% 21.7% Athens-Clarke County, GA 6.5% 32.9% 34.9% 25.7% Bellingham, WA 6.5% 32.0% 39.0% 22.4% Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford, VA 6.5% 31.2% 36.2% 26.1% Jackson, MS 6.5% 34.1% 37.5% 21.9% Joplin, MO 6.5% 31.7% 40.0% 21.7% Modesto, CA 6.5% 28.8% 39.3% 25.4% Reno-Sparks, NV 6.5% 32.3% 38.0% 23.2% Salinas, CA 6.5% 32.0% 36.3% 25.3% Santa Barbara-Santa Maria-Goleta, CA 6.5% 33.3% 37.0% 23.2% Sheboygan, WI 6.5% 31.7% 40.2% 21.6% South Bend-Mishawaka, IN-MI 6.5% 34.7% 39.7% 19.1% Stockton, CA 6.5% 29.5% 37.4% 26.6% Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL 6.5% 42.3% 38.3% 13.0% Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC 6.5% 31.2% 38.7% 23.6% Bloomington, IN 6.6% 34.4% 37.0% 22.0% Bowling Green, KY 6.6% 33.5% 38.0% 21.9% Denver-Aurora, CO 6.6% 33.1% 39.7% 20.6% Jonesboro, AR 6.6% 33.5% 40.6% 19.2% Visalia-Porterville, CA 6.6% 31.3% 39.5% 22.6% Wilmington, NC 6.6% 32.3% 40.7% 20.4% Charlottesville, VA 6.7% 31.3% 38.3% 23.8% Hinesville-Fort Stewart, GA 6.7% 34.8% 37.4% 21.0% Kalamazoo-Portage, MI 6.7% 33.8% 40.1% 19.4% Peoria, IL 6.7% 32.3% 40.9% 20.0% (continued on next page) Table C.1. (Continued).

C-6 Metro Area Percent 0 Vehicle Percent 1 Vehicle Percent 2 Vehicle Percent 3+ Vehicle Waco, TX 6.7% 35.1% 40.9% 17.2% Canton-Massillon, OH 6.8% 32.3% 39.1% 21.8% Chattanooga, TN-GA 6.8% 31.3% 38.9% 23.0% Columbus, OH 6.8% 34.2% 39.7% 19.4% Greensboro-High Point, NC 6.8% 32.9% 36.6% 23.7% Hagerstown-Martinsburg, MD-WV 6.8% 28.6% 39.5% 25.1% Longview, WA 6.8% 28.5% 37.4% 27.2% Roanoke, VA 6.8% 31.1% 36.6% 25.5% Rockford, IL 6.8% 32.9% 39.9% 20.3% Salem, OR 6.8% 31.8% 39.1% 22.3% Fayetteville, NC 6.9% 33.3% 37.9% 22.0% Hanford-Corcoran, CA 6.9% 30.7% 39.0% 23.4% Kingston, NY 6.9% 32.5% 39.1% 21.4% Owensboro, KY 6.9% 32.1% 38.4% 22.6% Redding, CA 6.9% 29.2% 39.1% 24.8% Spokane, WA 6.9% 31.0% 37.8% 24.3% Akron, OH 7.0% 34.4% 39.3% 19.3% Bangor, ME 7.0% 32.6% 40.9% 19.5% Hot Springs, AR 7.0% 38.2% 38.6% 16.2% La Crosse, WI-MN 7.0% 30.2% 42.3% 20.4% Lafayette, IN 7.0% 34.0% 40.0% 19.0% Lawton, OK 7.0% 33.5% 38.8% 20.8% Lexington-Fayette, KY 7.0% 34.5% 39.9% 18.6% Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI 7.0% 31.1% 41.7% 20.2% Richmond, VA 7.0% 29.8% 36.6% 26.6% Spartanburg, SC 7.0% 32.1% 37.3% 23.5% Winston-Salem, NC 7.0% 31.7% 37.2% 24.2% Baton Rouge, LA 7.1% 35.8% 39.8% 17.3% Bay City, MI 7.1% 31.5% 40.5% 20.9% Chico, CA 7.1% 31.8% 37.7% 23.3% Fargo, ND-MN 7.1% 31.4% 40.8% 20.7% Gainesville, FL 7.1% 41.4% 35.1% 16.5% Jackson, MI 7.1% 30.9% 41.4% 20.6% Lake Charles, LA 7.1% 36.6% 39.1% 17.3% Montgomery, AL 7.1% 34.5% 35.4% 22.9% St. Joseph, MO-KS 7.1% 32.0% 37.8% 23.1% Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA 7.1% 32.7% 37.7% 22.5% Glens Falls, NY 7.2% 35.4% 39.5% 17.9% Lebanon, PA 7.2% 31.1% 39.5% 22.2% Mobile, AL 7.2% 34.2% 37.1% 21.5% Texarkana, TX-Texarkana, AR 7.2% 34.5% 38.6% 19.8% Victoria, TX 7.2% 32.6% 42.3% 17.9% Beaumont-Port Arthur, TX 7.3% 35.0% 40.3% 17.4% Dubuque, IA 7.3% 29.4% 43.1% 20.1% Kokomo, IN 7.3% 29.2% 41.5% 22.0% Springfield, OH 7.3% 33.1% 36.6% 23.1% Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA 7.3% 36.2% 38.1% 18.4% Anderson, IN 7.4% 34.6% 37.8% 20.2% Augusta-Richmond County, GA-SC 7.4% 33.7% 37.4% 21.5% Durham, NC 7.4% 35.7% 36.0% 20.9% Table C.1. (Continued).

C-7 Metro Area Percent 0 Vehicle Percent 1 Vehicle Percent 2 Vehicle Percent 3+ Vehicle Evansville, IN-KY 7.4% 31.7% 38.5% 22.3% Harrisonburg, VA 7.4% 26.4% 35.8% 30.5% Las Vegas-Paradise, NV 7.4% 38.0% 39.0% 15.7% St. Louis, MO-IL 7.4% 33.5% 39.2% 19.8% Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton, PA-NJ 7.5% 30.4% 40.4% 21.7% Bakersfield, CA 7.5% 30.6% 38.4% 23.5% Dayton, OH 7.5% 33.6% 38.5% 20.4% Flint, MI 7.5% 36.9% 37.7% 18.0% Sandusky, OH 7.5% 31.5% 40.5% 20.5% Harrisburg-Carlisle, PA 7.6% 32.8% 39.4% 20.2% Lynchburg, VA 7.6% 29.0% 35.0% 28.4% Muskegon-Norton Shores, MI 7.6% 34.1% 37.2% 21.1% Pueblo, CO 7.6% 31.5% 37.2% 23.8% Worcester, MA 7.6% 33.5% 41.1% 17.8% Battle Creek, MI 7.7% 35.5% 39.3% 17.5% Monroe, LA 7.7% 39.4% 37.0% 15.9% Parkersburg-Marietta-Vienna, WV-OH 7.7% 33.6% 37.6% 21.2% Poughkeepsie-Newburgh-Middletown, NY 7.7% 29.1% 40.4% 22.8% Saginaw-Saginaw Township North, MI 7.7% 34.6% 39.1% 18.6% San Antonio, TX 7.7% 34.9% 38.7% 18.8% Savannah, GA 7.7% 34.5% 39.9% 18.0% Charleston-North Charleston-Summerville, SC 7.8% 34.2% 39.3% 18.7% Great Falls, MT 7.8% 27.7% 35.4% 29.0% Alexandria, LA 7.9% 35.3% 39.2% 17.6% Goldsboro, NC 7.9% 31.7% 36.0% 24.4% Lima, OH 7.9% 30.6% 38.8% 22.7% Muncie, IN 7.9% 33.1% 37.8% 21.2% Portland-Vancouver-Beaverton, OR-WA 7.9% 32.5% 38.9% 20.7% Detroit-Warren-Livonia, MI 8.0% 35.3% 38.4% 18.4% Elkhart-Goshen, IN 8.0% 30.4% 40.7% 21.0% Houma-Bayou Cane-Thibodaux, LA 8.0% 32.5% 42.3% 17.2% Kankakee-Bradley, IL 8.0% 33.4% 39.2% 19.4% Louisville-Jefferson County, KY-IN 8.0% 33.5% 38.3% 20.3% Corpus Christi, TX 8.1% 36.7% 39.1% 16.2% Jackson, TN 8.1% 31.7% 37.5% 22.8% McAllen-Edinburg-Mission, TX 8.1% 39.7% 35.4% 16.8% Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford, CT 8.2% 31.8% 40.1% 19.8% Lafayette, LA 8.2% 34.2% 41.8% 15.8% Tucson, AZ 8.2% 39.6% 35.7% 16.5% Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk, CT 8.3% 30.0% 39.5% 22.2% Rome, GA 8.3% 31.9% 38.2% 21.6% Toledo, OH 8.3% 35.1% 38.4% 18.1% Cincinnati-Middletown, OH-KY-IN 8.4% 31.4% 38.5% 21.7% Corvallis, OR 8.4% 31.8% 37.7% 22.0% Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, CA 8.4% 33.5% 36.7% 21.4% New Orleans-Metairie-Kenner, LA 8.4% 36.9% 38.7% 15.9% Duluth, MN-WI 8.5% 32.6% 36.3% 22.5% Eugene-Springfield, OR 8.5% 32.7% 37.4% 21.4% Memphis, TN-MS-AR 8.5% 36.7% 36.3% 18.5% Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach, FL 8.5% 40.4% 37.0% 14.1% (continued on next page) Table C.1. (Continued).

C-8 Metro Area Percent 0 Vehicle Percent 1 Vehicle Percent 2 Vehicle Percent 3+ Vehicle Reading, PA 8.5% 29.9% 39.1% 22.4% Florence, SC 8.6% 33.0% 36.3% 22.0% Greenville, NC 8.6% 35.1% 35.5% 20.8% Sumter, SC 8.6% 34.0% 37.1% 20.2% Fresno, CA 8.7% 33.0% 37.9% 20.4% Mansfield, OH 8.7% 30.2% 39.6% 21.6% State College, PA 8.7% 34.4% 38.6% 18.3% Tuscaloosa, AL 8.7% 31.2% 38.4% 21.7% El Paso, TX 8.9% 34.0% 38.1% 19.1% Ocean City, NJ 8.9% 36.7% 38.9% 15.4% Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY 9.0% 35.1% 40.0% 16.0% Champaign-Urbana, IL 9.0% 37.4% 36.7% 16.8% Decatur, IL 9.0% 35.6% 37.9% 17.5% Merced, CA 9.0% 29.4% 38.4% 23.2% Salisbury, MD 9.0% 32.7% 35.2% 23.2% Altoona, PA 9.1% 33.9% 37.8% 19.1% Elmira, NY 9.1% 35.5% 39.5% 15.9% Providence-New Bedford-Fall River, RI-MA 9.2% 35.2% 37.5% 18.2% Binghamton, NY 9.3% 35.4% 38.1% 17.2% Macon, GA 9.3% 33.6% 34.4% 22.6% Shreveport-Bossier City, LA 9.3% 37.9% 37.2% 15.6% Weirton-Steubenville, WV-OH 9.3% 34.6% 36.9% 19.2% Rochester, NY 9.4% 33.7% 40.1% 16.8% Rocky Mount, NC 9.4% 31.5% 33.3% 25.8% Williamsport, PA 9.4% 32.9% 37.3% 20.5% Danville, IL 9.5% 34.4% 37.0% 19.0% Pittsfield, MA 9.5% 39.0% 37.2% 14.3% Erie, PA 9.6% 37.4% 38.1% 14.9% Laredo, TX 9.6% 36.5% 35.6% 18.4% Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV 9.6% 33.6% 36.0% 20.9% Lewiston-Auburn, ME 9.7% 34.6% 36.5% 19.2% Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis, WI 9.7% 35.5% 38.7% 16.2% Huntington-Ashland, WV-KY-OH 9.8% 33.1% 37.7% 19.5% Lancaster, PA 9.8% 29.6% 40.9% 19.7% Cumberland, MD-WV 9.9% 31.1% 36.1% 22.9% Pine Bluff, AR 9.9% 34.4% 35.1% 20.5% Scranton-Wilkes-Barre, PA 10.0% 35.7% 36.7% 17.6% Brownsville-Harlingen, TX 10.1% 40.2% 35.1% 14.6% Cleveland-Elyria-Mentor, OH 10.3% 36.2% 36.6% 16.9% Honolulu, HI 10.3% 34.6% 35.0% 20.1% Syracuse, NY 10.4% 35.9% 38.4% 15.2% Albany, GA 10.5% 36.0% 32.8% 20.7% Charleston, WV 10.5% 36.0% 37.3% 16.2% Columbus, GA-AL 10.5% 35.5% 34.2% 19.9% New Haven-Milford, CT 10.5% 33.7% 36.7% 19.1% Utica-Rome, NY 10.5% 35.8% 37.9% 15.8% Wheeling, WV-OH 10.5% 34.7% 35.7% 19.1% Springfield, MA 10.6% 37.8% 36.5% 15.2% Johnstown, PA 10.7% 34.5% 37.0% 17.8% El Centro, CA 11.0% 33.1% 34.3% 21.6% Table C.1. (Continued).

C-9 Metro Area Percent 0 Vehicle Percent 1 Vehicle Percent 2 Vehicle Percent 3+ Vehicle Trenton-Ewing, NJ 11.0% 32.5% 39.2% 17.2% Vineland-Millville-Bridgeton, NJ 11.1% 34.4% 35.4% 19.1% Baltimore-Towson, MD 11.2% 32.4% 36.4% 19.9% Pittsburgh, PA 11.2% 35.6% 37.3% 16.0% Danville, VA 11.3% 32.1% 29.9% 26.6% Chicago-Naperville-Joliet, IL-IN-WI 11.5% 35.1% 36.8% 16.6% San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont, CA 11.8% 34.2% 34.2% 19.8% Ithaca, NY 12.3% 38.4% 35.2% 14.0% Buffalo-Niagara Falls, NY 12.6% 38.0% 36.3% 13.2% Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, MA-NH 12.7% 35.0% 37.0% 15.3% Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD 13.7% 34.4% 35.9% 16.0% Atlantic City-Hammonton, NJ 13.9% 34.2% 36.6% 15.4% Fajardo, PR 19.7% 45.4% 28.3% 6.6% San Germán-Cabo Rojo, PR 19.7% 40.3% 30.2% 9.8% Yauco, PR 20.1% 43.5% 28.2% 8.2% Aguadilla-Isabela-San Sebastián, PR 20.3% 42.4% 27.6% 9.8% San Juan-Caguas-Guaynabo, PR 20.5% 40.6% 29.0% 9.9% Guayama, PR 22.1% 43.4% 26.8% 7.8% Mayagüez, PR 23.5% 41.6% 25.0% 10.0% Ponce, PR 24.0% 40.4% 26.4% 9.2% New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, NY-NJ-PA 30.3% 32.2% 25.8% 11.7% Note: Metro areas are ordered by percentage of zero-vehicle households, from lowest to highest. Source: U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey data set for 2006–2008 (http://www.census.gov/acs/). Table C.1. (Continued).

C-10 One-Vehicle Household Utilities Model 1 2 3 4 Alternative Specific Constant 1.21 1.58 0.64 0.16 0 Workers in Household 0.95 1 Worker in Household 1.99 0.83 0.79 2 Workers in Household 1.43 1.46 2+ Workers in Household 0.54 3+ Workers in Household 0.65 Low Income -1.18 -0.90 Low-Medium Income 1.84 1.16 0.53 High-Medium Income 2.54 0.87 1.93 High Income 0.72 1.78 2.30 1 Person in Household -0.39 -0.15 2 Persons in Household 0.009 0.50 3 Persons in Household 4+ Persons in Household Percent Regional Employment within 15 Min Transit -0.03 Percent Regional Employment within 40 Min Transit -0.10 Employment within 30 Min Transit -0.000012 Accessibility Ratio 0.06 Population Density per Acre 0.02 Source: MPO Documentation Database. Table C.2. Coefficients for four U.S. logit vehicle availability models.

C-11 Two-Vehicle Household Utilities Model 1 2 3 4 Alternative Specific Constant 3.23 -1.90 -0.45 4.21 0 Workers in Household 0.63 1 Worker in Household 1.72 1.10 -1.02 2 Workers in Household 1.71 0.32 2+ Workers in Household 2.47 3+ Workers in Household 0.52 Low Income -2.20 -4.06 Low-Medium Income 2.78 2.18 -1.85 High-Medium Income 4.30 3.04 0.38 High Income 2.97 4.31 1.76 1 Person in Household -2.77 -2.84 2 Persons in Household -0.56 3.15 0.42 3 Persons in Household -0.32 3.02 0.24 4+ Persons in Household -0.29 3.41 Percent Regional Employment within 15 Min Transit -0.08 Percent Regional Employment within 40 Min Transit -0.17 Employment within 30 Min Transit -0.000020 Accessibility Ratio 0.089 Population Density per Acre -0.028 -0.064 Source: MPO Documentation Database. Table C.3. Coefficients for four U.S. logit vehicle availability models.

C-12 Three-or-More-Vehicle Household Utilities Model 1 2 3 4 Alternative Specific Constant 4.29 -12.38 -2.29 5.18 0 Workers in Household -1.00 1 Worker in Household 1.66 -3.78 2 Workers in Household -2.15 2+ Workers in Household 3.32 3+ Workers in Household -1.98 Low Income -2.73 -4.06 Low-Medium Income 3.04 2.26 -2.45 High-Medium Income 4.88 3.64 High Income 3.59 5.28 1.76 1 Person in Household -3.36 -2.84 2 Persons in Household -1.00 3.09 -0.61 3 Persons in Household 4.14 4+ Persons in Household 4.35 Percent Regional Employment within 15 Min Transit -0.12 Percent Regional Employment within 40 Min Transit -0.17 Employment within 30 Min Transit -0.000020 Accessibility Ratio 0.12 Population Density per Acre -0.052 -0.128 Source: MPO Documentation Database. Table C.4. Coefficients for four U.S. logit vehicle availability models.

C-13 Number of Wo rkers by Number of Autos Work er s Autos 0 1 2 3+ Average 0 0.0 1.0 2.4 5.1 0.5 1 0.0 1.0 2.6 5.1 0.8 2 0.0 1.3 2.6 5.1 1.6 3+ 0.0 1.3 2.6 5.1 2.3 Average 0.0 1.2 2.6 5.1 1.4 Number of Persons by Number of Autos Persons Autos 1 2 3 4 5+ Average 0 0.2 0.7 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.5 1 0.6 0.8 1.2 1.7 1.5 0.8 2 0.7 1.3 2.0 2.0 2.3 1.6 3+ 0.9 1.4 2.6 2. 9 3.3 2.3 Average 0.5 1.2 2.0 2.3 2.4 1.4 Number of Persons by Income Leve l Persons Household Inco me 1 2 3 4 5+ Average i 0.2 0.6 0.8 1.3 1.8 0.6 ii 0.3 0.8 1.5 1.6 2.0 0.8 iii 0.7 1.0 1.8 2.3 2.6 1.3 iv 0.8 1.5 2.4 2.4 2.6 1.9 v 0.9 1.6 2.4 2.4 2.6 2.0 Average 0.5 1.2 2.0 2.3 2.4 1.4 Note: All averages are weighted. Source: 2009 NHTS. Table C.5. Home-based work trip rates.

C-14 Number of Persons by Number of Workers, Urban Area Greater Than 500,000 Population Household Size Workers 1 2 3 4 5+ Average 0 1.8 4.0 5.6 9.2 10.5 3.5 1 1.8 4.0 6.6 9.9 12.4 4.9 2 4.0 7.0 11.4 14.5 7.9 3+ 7.0 11.4 14.5 10.8 Average 1.8 4.0 6.7 10.6 13.4 5.6 Number of Persons by Number of Workers, Urban Area Less Than 500,000 Population (Including Non-Urban Areas) Household Size Workers 1 2 3 4 5+ Average 0 1.8 3.6 5.6 8.1 8.8 3.4 1 1.8 3.6 6.7 8.7 11.8 4.6 2 3.6 6.7 10.1 14.4 6.8 3+ 6.7 11.2 15.3 10.8 Average 1.8 3.6 6.7 9.5 12.9 5.1 Number of Persons by Number of Vehicles, Urban Area Greater Than 500,000 Population Household Size Vehicles 1 2 3 4 5+ Average 0 1.4 3.8 5.6 7.5 10.0 3.2 1 1.9 3.9 6.5 9.0 11.8 3.7 2 2.4 4.0 6.5 11.0 14.0 6.8 3+ 2.5 4.0 7.3 11.0 14.5 8.6 Average 1.8 4.0 6.7 10.6 13.4 5.6 Table C.6. Home-based nonwork trip rates.

C-15 Number of Persons by Number of Vehicles, Urban Area Less Than 500,000 Population (Including Non-Urban Areas) Household Size Vehicles 1 2 3 4 5+ Average 0 1.2 3.3 5.1 8.1 10.3 2.6 1 1.9 3.6 6.7 9.5 10.3 3.5 2 2.0 3.6 6.7 9.5 12.1 5.6 3+ 2.0 3.6 6.7 9.5 14.7 6.9 Average 1.8 3.6 6.7 9.5 12.9 5.1 Number of Persons by Income Level, Urban Area Greater Than 500,000 Population Household Size Household Income 1 2 3 4 5+ Average i 1.7 3.7 5.0 9.1 11.5 4.1 ii 1.7 4.1 6.0 9.9 11.5 4.7 iii 1.9 4.1 6.9 9.9 13.1 5.0 iv 2.0 4.1 6.9 10.4 14.7 6.2 v 2.3 4.1 7.1 11.8 15.4 7.6 Average 1.8 4.0 6.7 10.6 13.4 5.6 Number of Persons by Income Level, Urban Area Less Than 500,000 Population (Including Non-Urban Areas) Household Size Household Income 1 2 3 4 5+ Average i 1.4 3.2 5.1 7.9 7.5 3.3 ii 1.9 3.4 6.8 8.9 11.9 4.1 iii 1.9 3.7 6.8 8.9 12.4 4.9 iv 1.9 3.7 6.8 10.0 14.1 6.2 v 2.2 3.7 7.3 10.1 14.8 7.0 Average 1.8 3.6 6.7 9.5 12.9 5.1 Note: All averages are weighted. Source: 2009 NHTS. Table C.6. (Continued).

C-16 Number of Persons by Number of Workers Household Size Workers 1 2 3 4 5+ Average 0 0.9 1.8 2.7 3.1 3.1 1.5 1 1.6 2.4 3.3 4.7 5.0 2.7 2 3.2 4.5 5.9 6.1 4.5 3+ 4.8 7.0 8.1 6.7 Average 1.3 2.5 3.8 5.3 5.7 3.0 Number of Persons by Number of Vehicles Household Size Vehicles 1 2 3 4 5+ Average 0 0.7 1.7 2.0 3.7 3.9 1.3 1 1.4 2.3 3.5 3.9 3.9 2.0 2 1.6 2.6 3.9 5.5 5.6 3.5 3+ 1.6 2.7 4.5 5.8 7.1 4.4 Average 1.3 2.5 3.8 5.3 5.7 3.0 Number of Persons by Income Level Household Size Household Income 1 2 3 4 5+ Average i 0.7 1.4 2.7 3.4 3.4 1.6 ii 1.0 1.8 2.8 3.9 3.9 1.9 iii 1.5 2.4 3.5 4.7 5.0 2.7 iv 1.8 3.0 4.4 5.5 6.8 3.8 v 2.0 3.2 4.6 6.5 8.3 4.7 Average 1.3 2.5 3.8 5.3 5.7 3.0 Note: All averages are weighted. Source: 2009 NHTS. Table C.7. Nonhome-based trip rates.

C-17 Number of Persons by Number of Children Household Size Children 1 2 3 4 5+ Average 0 0.0 0.0 0.5 1.0 1.1 0.1 1 0.0 1.0 1.0 1.7 1.8 1.1 2 1.6 1.8 2.6 1.9 3+ 2.7 2.7 2.7 Average 0.0 0.1 0.8 1.7 2.5 0.6 Number of Persons by Number of Vehicles Household Size Vehicles 1 2 3 4 5+ Average 0 0.0 0.1 0.8 1.5 1.6 0.3 1 0.0 0.1 0.8 1.6 2.4 0.3 2 0.0 0.1 0.8 1.7 2.6 0.7 3+ 0.0 0.1 0.8 1.8 2.7 1.0 Average 0.0 0.1 0.8 1.7 2.5 0.6 Number of Persons by Income Level Household Size Household Income 1 2 3 4 5+ Average i 0.0 0.1 0.7 1.2 1.5 0.4 ii 0.0 0.1 0.8 1.6 2.6 0.5 iii 0.0 0.1 0.8 1.6 2.6 0.5 iv 0.0 0.1 0.8 1.6 2.6 0.7 v 0.0 0.1 0.8 1.9 2.8 1.0 Average 0.0 0.1 0.8 1.7 2.5 0.6 Note: All averages are weighted. Source: 2009 NHTS. Table C.8. Home-based school trip rates.

C-18 Number of Persons by Number of Workers, Urban Area Greater Than 500,000 Population Household Size Workers 1 2 3 4 5+ Average 0 1.8 3.9 5.1 7.6 8.8 3.3 1 1.8 3.9 5.8 8.2 9.7 4.4 2 3.9 6.1 9.3 12.1 6.8 3+ 6.2 9.5 12.1 9.2 Average 1.8 3.9 5.8 8.7 10.9 4.9 Number of Persons by Number of Workers, Urban Area Less Than 500,000 Population (Including Non-Urban Areas) Household Size Workers 1 2 3 4 5+ Average 0 1.8 3.5 5.2 6.7 6.7 3.2 1 1.8 3.5 5.9 7.3 9.5 4.1 2 3.5 6.1 8.2 11.5 5.9 3+ 6.1 9.6 12.5 9.2 Average 1.8 3.5 6.0 7.9 10.3 4.6 Number of Persons by Number of Vehicles, Urban Area Greater Than 500,000 Population Household Size Vehicles 1 2 3 4 5+ Average 0 1.4 3.5 5.0 5.9 8.6 2.9 1 1.9 3.8 5.6 7.1 9.2 3.4 2 2.4 4.0 5.7 9.2 11.1 6.0 3+ 2.5 4.0 6.4 9.2 12.2 7.5 Average 1.8 3.9 5.8 8.7 10.9 4.9 Table C.9. Home-based other trip rates (excluding work and school).

C-19 Table C.9. (Continued). Number of Persons by Number of Vehicles, Urban Area Less Than 500,000 Population (Including Non-Urban Areas) Household Size Vehicles 1 2 3 4 5+ Average 0 1.2 3.0 4.5 6.8 8.1 2.4 1 1.9 3.5 6.2 8.0 8.1 3.2 2 2.0 3.6 6.2 8.0 9.9 5.0 3+ 2.0 3.6 6.2 8.0 11.6 6.0 Average 1.8 3.5 6.0 7.9 10.3 4.6 Number of Persons by Income Level, Urban Area Greater Than 500,000 Population Household Size Household Income 1 2 3 4 5+ Average i 1.6 3.5 4.0 7.4 9.6 3.7 ii 1.7 3.9 5.3 8.0 9.6 4.1 iii 1.9 3.9 5.9 8.0 10.4 4.5 iv 2.0 4.1 6.2 8,6 12.2 5.5 v 2.3 4.1 6.3 9.8 12.4 6.6 Average 1.8 3.9 5.8 8.7 10.9 4.9 Number of Persons by Income Level, Urban Area Less Than 500,000 Population (Including Non-Urban Areas) Household Size Household Income 1 2 3 4 5+ Average i 1.4 3.0 4.6 6.9 5.7 3.0 ii 1.9 3.3 6.0 7.5 9.2 3.7 iii 1.9 3.7 6.0 7.5 10.0 4.4 iv 1.9 3.7 6.0 8.3 11.3 5.4 v 2.2 3.7 6.5 8.3 12.2 6.1 Average 1.8 3.5 6.0 7.9 10.3 4.6 Note: All averages are weighted. Source: 2009 NHTS.

C-20 Home-Based Work Mean Urban Area Population Auto Transit Nonmotorized All Modes 1 million or more with subway or rail 29 55 16 32 1 million or more without subway or rail 25 55 16 26 Between 500,000 and 1 million 22 55 16 22 Less than 500,000 20 55 16 21 Not in urban area 24 55 16 24 All trips 24 55 16 25 Home-Based Nonwork Mean Urban Area Population Auto Transit Nonmotorized All Modes All population ranges 18 48 15 18 Nonhome Based Mean Urban Area Population Auto Transit Nonmotorized All Modes 1 million or more with subway or rail 20 42 14 20 Other urban area 18 42 14 18 Not in urban area 19 42 14 19 All trips 19 42 14 19 Table C.10. Mean trip length in minutes by mode and trip purpose by urban area population range.

C-21 Home-Based School Mean Urban Area Population Auto Transit Nonmotorized All Modes 1 million or more with subway or rail 17 45 15 21 Other urban area 15 45 14 18 Not in urban area 17 45 12 23 All trips 16 45 14 20 Home-Based Other (excluding school and work) Mean Urban Area Population Auto Transit Nonmotorized All Modes All population ranges 18 48 15 18 All Trips Mean Urban Area Population Auto Transit Nonmotorized All Modes 1 million or more with subway or rail 21 48 15 22 Other urban area 18 48 15 18 Not in urban area 20 48 14 20 All trips 19 48 15 19 Source: 2009 NHTS. Table C.10. (Continued).

C-22 All Modes Hour Ending Home-Based Work Home-Based Nonwork Home-Based School Home-Based Other Nonhome- Based All Trips From Home To Home From Home To Home From Home To Home From Home To Home 1:00 AM 0.1% 0.5% 0.0% 0.3% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.3% 0.2% 0.3% 2:00 AM 0.0% 0.2% 0.0% 0.2% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.2% 0.1% 0.1% 3:00 AM 0.0% 0.1% 0.0% 0.1% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.1% 0.1% 0.1% 4:00 AM 0.1% 0.1% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.1% 5:00 AM 1.4% 0.0% 0.2% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.2% 0.0% 0.3% 0.4% 6:00 AM 5.2% 0.0% 0.6% 0.1% 0.2% 0.0% 0.7% 0.1% 0.5% 1.3% 7:00 AM 11.5% 0.1% 2.3% 0.3% 6.4% 0.0% 1.8% 0.3% 1.7% 3.6% 8:00 AM 14.3% 0.1% 7.0% 1.0% 28.2% 0.1% 4.2% 1.0% 4.9% 7.9% 9:00 AM 7.7% 0.1% 4.8% 1.3% 12.6% 0.2% 3.9% 1.3% 5.1% 6.1% 10:00 AM 2.8% 0.3% 3.4% 1.4% 1.7% 0.2% 3.6% 1.4% 5.1% 4.6% 11:00 AM 1.3% 0.3% 3.1% 1.9% 0.8% 0.4% 3.4% 1.9% 6.4% 4.9% Noon 1.1% 1.0% 2.5% 2.4% 0.6% 1.1% 2.8% 2.4% 9.2% 5.8% 1:00 PM 1.6% 1.8% 2.3% 2.9% 0.7% 2.0% 2.5% 2.9% 11.1% 6.8% 2:00 PM 1.7% 1.4% 2.5% 2.7% 0.3% 2.0% 2.8% 2.7% 8.8% 6.0% 3:00 PM 1.7% 2.7% 2.7% 4.7% 0.3% 13.4% 3.0% 4.7% 8.6% 7.3% 4:00 PM 1.1% 6.2% 2.6% 5.9% 0.4% 16.5% 2.9% 5.9% 9.2% 8.6% 5:00 PM 1.0% 9.0% 3.2% 4.6% 0.6% 3.8% 3.5% 4.6% 8.2% 8.2% 6:00 PM 0.5% 10.5% 3.7% 4.9% 0.8% 2.5% 4.0% 4.9% 7.3% 8.5% 7:00 PM 0.3% 4.5% 4.1% 4.0% 0.4% 1.0% 4.6% 4.0% 5.0% 6.7% 8:00 PM 0.1% 1.9% 2.5% 3.8% 0.0% 0.8% 2.8% 3.8% 3.8% 4.9% 9:00 PM 0.1% 1.2% 1.1% 3.7% 0.0% 0.7% 1.2% 3.7% 2.1% 3.5% 10:00 PM 0.2% 1.2% 0.6% 2.5% 0.1% 0.9% 0.6% 2.5% 1.4% 2.3% 11:00 PM 0.3% 1.3% 0.3% 1.3% 0.0% 0.3% 0.3% 1.3% 0.8% 1.3% Midnight 0.1% 1.4% 0.2% 0.7% 0.0% 0.0% 0.2% 0.7% 0.3% 0.8% Total 54.3% 45.7% 49.5% 50.6% 54.0% 46.0% 49.5% 50.6% 100.0% 100.0% 7-9 AM 22.0% 0.2% 11.8% 2.3% 40.7% 0.3% 8.1% 2.6% 10.0% 14.0% 3-6 PM 2.6% 25.7% 9.5% 15.3% 1.7% 22.8% 10.5% 14.4% 24.7% 25.3% Table C.11. Time-of-day distributions by trip purpose and direction.

C-23 Auto Modes Hour Ending Home-Based Work Home-Based Nonwork Home-Based School Home-Based Other Nonhome- Based All Trips From Home To Home From Home To Home From Home To Home From Home To Home 1:00 AM 0.1% 0.5% 0.0% 0.3% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.4% 0.2% 0.3% 2:00 AM 0.0% 0.2% 0.0% 0.2% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.2% 0.1% 0.1% 3:00 AM 0.0% 0.1% 0.0% 0.1% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.1% 0.1% 0.1% 4:00 AM 0.1% 0.2% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.1% 5:00 AM 1.5% 0.0% 0.2% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.2% 0.0% 0.4% 0.4% 6:00 AM 5.4% 0.0% 0.6% 0.1% 0.2% 0.0% 0.7% 0.1% 0.5% 1.4% 7:00 AM 11.7% 0.0% 1.9% 0.3% 4.0% 0.0% 1.7% 0.3% 1.6% 3.5% 8:00 AM 14.3% 0.1% 6.5% 1.0% 30.6% 0.1% 4.4% 1.1% 4.9% 7.7% 9:00 AM 7.5% 0.1% 4.6% 1.2% 12.8% 0.2% 3.9% 1.3% 5.1% 5.9% 10:00 AM 2.7% 0.3% 3.6% 1.4% 2.2% 0.4% 3.7% 1.5% 5.1% 4.7% 11:00 AM 1.3% 0.3% 3.2% 1.9% 1.2% 0.6% 3.4% 2.1% 6.5% 5.1% Noon 1.0% 1.0% 2.7% 2.5% 1.0% 1.3% 2.8% 2.6% 9.4% 6.0% 1:00 PM 1.5% 1.8% 2.4% 3.1% 0.9% 2.5% 2.6% 3.1% 10.6% 6.8% 2:00 PM 1.7% 1.4% 2.7% 2.8% 0.5% 2.2% 2.8% 2.9% 8.7% 6.1% 3:00 PM 1.7% 2.7% 2.8% 4.0% 0.5% 8.8% 3.0% 3.5% 8.5% 6.9% 4:00 PM 1.1% 6.3% 2.6% 5.3% 0.7% 12.2% 2.8% 4.7% 9.2% 8.3% 5:00 PM 1.0% 8.9% 3.2% 4.8% 1.0% 4.5% 3.3% 4.9% 8.4% 8.4% 6:00 PM 0.5% 10.6% 3.7% 5.1% 1.3% 3.7% 3.9% 5.2% 7.4% 8.7% 7:00 PM 0.3% 4.4% 4.2% 4.1% 0.7% 1.5% 4.5% 4.3% 5.0% 6.7% 8:00 PM 0.2% 1.9% 2.3% 4.0% 0.1% 1.2% 2.5% 4.2% 3.8% 4.8% 9:00 PM 0.2% 1.2% 1.0% 4.0% 0.0% 1.1% 1.1% 4.3% 2.2% 3.5% 10:00 PM 0.2% 1.3% 0.5% 2.8% 0.2% 1.4% 0.5% 2.9% 1.4% 2.4% 11:00 PM 0.3% 1.3% 0.2% 1.4% 0.0% 0.6% 0.3% 1.5% 0.8% 1.4% Midnight 0.2% 1.3% 0.2% 0.7% 0.0% 0.0% 0.2% 0.8% 0.3% 0.8% Total 54.4% 45.6% 49.0% 51.0% 57.7% 42.4% 48.2% 51.8% 100.0% 100.0% 7-9 AM 21.8% 0.2% 11.1% 2.2% 43.3% 0.4% 8.3% 2.4% 9.9% 13.6% 3-6 PM 2.6% 25.7% 9.5% 15.3% 3.0% 20.4% 10.0% 14.8% 25.0% 25.4% Table C.11. (Continued). (continued on next page)

C-24 Transit Modes Hour Ending Home-Based Work Home-Based Nonwork Home-Based School Home-Based Other Nonhome- Based All Trips From Home To Home From Home To Home From Home To Home From Home To Home 1:00 AM 0.0% 0.5% 0.0% 0.2% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.2% 0.1% 0.2% 2:00 AM 0.0% 0.1% 0.0% 0.2% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.3% 0.1% 0.2% 3:00 AM 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 4:00 AM 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.1% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.1% 0.0% 0.0% 5:00 AM 0.8% 0.0% 0.1% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.1% 0.0% 0.3% 0.3% 6:00 AM 3.0% 0.0% 1.1% 0.0% 0.8% 0.0% 1.2% 0.0% 1.0% 1.5% 7:00 AM 11.8% 0.0% 2.5% 0.0% 8.4% 0.0% 1.4% 0.0% 4.5% 5.4% 8:00 AM 17.1% 0.0% 7.6% 0.1% 27.1% 0.1% 3.9% 0.1% 6.1% 9.5% 9:00 AM 9.9% 0.2% 6.6% 0.5% 8.0% 0.2% 6.3% 0.6% 7.4% 7.9% 10:00 AM 2.7% 0.1% 6.5% 0.5% 2.0% 0.4% 7.4% 0.6% 5.1% 5.4% 11:00 AM 1.4% 0.0% 6.4% 2.7% 0.5% 0.6% 7.5% 3.1% 6.0% 6.3% Noon 1.0% 0.5% 3.9% 2.8% 0.3% 1.3% 4.6% 3.0% 6.8% 5.5% 1:00 PM 2.6% 1.6% 1.9% 4.9% 0.7% 2.5% 2.1% 5.6% 9.4% 6.9% 2:00 PM 1.9% 1.6% 2.2% 4.0% 0.9% 2.2% 2.4% 4.0% 6.7% 5.7% 3:00 PM 1.3% 2.0% 1.8% 6.7% 0.1% 8.8% 2.2% 6.0% 7.5% 6.9% 4:00 PM 1.0% 5.5% 2.0% 6.1% 0.0% 12.2% 2.4% 4.2% 7.3% 7.5% 5:00 PM 0.4% 10.8% 1.9% 5.0% 0.8% 4.5% 2.1% 5.0% 8.0% 8.3% 6:00 PM 0.4% 8.8% 1.8% 3.7% 0.6% 3.7% 2.0% 4.1% 9.4% 7.5% 7:00 PM 0.0% 5.0% 1.5% 3.6% 0.0% 1.5% 1.8% 4.1% 6.2% 5.4% 8:00 PM 0.1% 2.0% 1.2% 2.1% 0.0% 1.2% 1.4% 2.2% 4.2% 3.3% 9:00 PM 0.2% 1.2% 0.5% 2.9% 0.0% 1.1% 0.6% 3.0% 1.6% 2.3% 10:00 PM 0.2% 0.4% 0.1% 2.4% 0.0% 1.4% 0.1% 2.0% 1.6% 1.7% 11:00 PM 0.0% 1.2% 0.1% 1.7% 0.0% 0.6% 0.1% 1.9% 0.7% 1.4% Midnight 0.0% 2.6% 0.0% 0.4% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.5% 0.3% 0.9% Total 55.9% 44.1% 49.6% 50.4% 49.9% 50.1% 49.6% 50.4% 100.0% 100.0% 7-9 AM 27.0% 0.2% 14.2% 0.5% 35.1% 0.0% 10.2% 0.7% 13.5% 17.4% 3-6 PM 1.8% 25.1% 5.7% 14.8% 1.5% 22.5% 6.5% 13.3% 24.7% 23.3% Table C.11. (Continued).

C-25 Nonmotorized Modes Hour Ending Home-Based Work Home-Based Nonwork Home-Based School Home-Based Other Nonhome- Based All Trips From Home To Home From Home To Home From Home To Home From Home To Home 1:00 AM 0.0% 0.3% 0.1% 0.2% 0.0% 0.0% 0.1% 0.2% 0.2% 0.2% 2:00 AM 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.2% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.2% 0.0% 0.2% 3:00 AM 0.0% 0.1% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.1% 0.0% 4:00 AM 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 5:00 AM 0.7% 0.0% 0.1% 0.1% 0.0% 0.0% 0.1% 0.1% 0.1% 0.2% 6:00 AM 3.0% 0.0% 0.7% 0.4% 0.0% 0.0% 0.8% 0.4% 0.2% 1.0% 7:00 AM 6.4% 0.5% 1.8% 0.9% 1.4% 0.0% 1.8% 1.0% 1.1% 2.4% 8:00 AM 12.2% 0.1% 5.4% 1.8% 26.8% 0.3% 3.3% 1.9% 2.7% 6.3% 9:00 AM 8.7% 0.1% 4.3% 2.1% 14.8% 0.2% 3.3% 2.3% 3.7% 5.8% 10:00 AM 5.2% 0.3% 2.7% 1.7% 1.9% 0.1% 2.7% 1.9% 4.9% 4.5% 11:00 AM 2.0% 0.1% 2.5% 1.8% 0.3% 0.6% 2.7% 1.9% 5.6% 4.5% Noon 3.0% 1.4% 2.0% 2.1% 0.2% 0.9% 2.1% 2.2% 8.9% 5.3% 1:00 PM 1.7% 3.1% 2.1% 2.4% 0.6% 3.0% 2.3% 2.4% 16.5% 7.6% 2:00 PM 2.6% 1.7% 2.2% 1.9% 0.4% 2.2% 2.4% 1.9% 11.4% 5.9% 3:00 PM 1.6% 3.6% 3.1% 4.8% 0.2% 19.6% 3.3% 3.4% 9.3% 8.1% 4:00 PM 2.1% 6.2% 3.2% 4.8% 0.1% 18.2% 3.6% 3.4% 8.3% 8.1% 5:00 PM 1.4% 8.9% 4.1% 3.7% 0.1% 4.0% 4.5% 3.7% 6.7% 7.7% 6:00 PM 0.3% 10.0% 4.7% 4.7% 0.3% 2.0% 5.1% 4.9% 6.9% 8.7% 7:00 PM 0.4% 5.4% 4.8% 4.4% 0.1% 0.9% 5.2% 4.8% 5.0% 8.0% 8:00 PM 0.1% 1.1% 4.0% 4.1% 0.0% 0.3% 4.3% 4.5% 3.8% 6.7% 9:00 PM 0.0% 1.3% 2.0% 3.0% 0.1% 0.2% 2.2% 3.3% 2.0% 4.1% 10:00 PM 0.4% 0.9% 1.3% 1.9% 0.0% 0.1% 1.5% 2.1% 1.4% 2.7% 11:00 PM 0.1% 0.9% 0.5% 0.9% 0.0% 0.0% 0.5% 1.0% 1.1% 1.3% Midnight 0.0% 2.2% 0.3% 0.5% 0.0% 0.0% 0.4% 0.5% 0.5% 0.8% Total 52.0% 48.0% 51.7% 48.3% 47.3% 52.7% 52.2% 47.8% 100.0% 100.0% 7-9 AM 20.9% 0.2% 9.7% 3.8% 41.6% 0.6% 6.6% 4.2% 6.3% 12.1% 3-6 PM 3.9% 25.0% 12.1% 13.1% 0.5% 24.2% 13.2% 12.1% 21.8% 24.5% Source: 2009 NHTS. Table C.11. (Continued).

Abbreviations and acronyms used without definitions in TRB publications: AAAE American Association of Airport Executives AASHO American Association of State Highway Officials AASHTO American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials ACI–NA Airports Council International–North America ACRP Airport Cooperative Research Program ADA Americans with Disabilities Act APTA American Public Transportation Association ASCE American Society of Civil Engineers ASME American Society of Mechanical Engineers ASTM American Society for Testing and Materials ATA American Trucking Associations CTAA Community Transportation Association of America CTBSSP Commercial Truck and Bus Safety Synthesis Program DHS Department of Homeland Security DOE Department of Energy EPA Environmental Protection Agency FAA Federal Aviation Administration FHWA Federal Highway Administration FMCSA Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration FRA Federal Railroad Administration FTA Federal Transit Administration HMCRP Hazardous Materials Cooperative Research Program IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers ISTEA Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 ITE Institute of Transportation Engineers NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration NASAO National Association of State Aviation Officials NCFRP National Cooperative Freight Research Program NCHRP National Cooperative Highway Research Program NHTSA National Highway Traffic Safety Administration NTSB National Transportation Safety Board PHMSA Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration RITA Research and Innovative Technology Administration SAE Society of Automotive Engineers SAFETEA-LU Safe, Accountable, Flexible, Efficient Transportation Equity Act: A Legacy for Users (2005) TCRP Transit Cooperative Research Program TEA-21 Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century (1998) TRB Transportation Research Board TSA Transportation Security Administration U.S.DOT United States Department of Transportation

Travel Demand Forecasting: Parameters and Techniques Get This Book
×
MyNAP members save 10% online.
Login or Register to save!
Download Free PDF

TRB’s National Cooperative Highway Research Program (NCHRP) Report 716: Travel Demand Forecasting: Parameters and Techniques provides guidelines on travel demand forecasting procedures and their application for helping to solve common transportation problems.

The report presents a range of approaches that are designed to allow users to determine the level of detail and sophistication in selecting modeling and analysis techniques based on their situations. The report addresses techniques, optional use of default parameters, and includes references to other more sophisticated techniques.

Errata: Table C.4, Coefficients for Four U.S. Logit Vehicle Availability Models in the print and electronic versions of the publications of NCHRP Report 716 should be replaced with the revised Table C.4.

NCHRP Report 716 is an update to NCHRP Report 365: Travel Estimation Techniques for Urban Planning.

In January 2014 TRB released NCHRP Report 735: Long-Distance and Rural Travel Transferable Parameters for Statewide Travel Forecasting Models, which supplements NCHRP Report 716.

  1. ×

    Welcome to OpenBook!

    You're looking at OpenBook, NAP.edu's online reading room since 1999. Based on feedback from you, our users, we've made some improvements that make it easier than ever to read thousands of publications on our website.

    Do you want to take a quick tour of the OpenBook's features?

    No Thanks Take a Tour »
  2. ×

    Show this book's table of contents, where you can jump to any chapter by name.

    « Back Next »
  3. ×

    ...or use these buttons to go back to the previous chapter or skip to the next one.

    « Back Next »
  4. ×

    Jump up to the previous page or down to the next one. Also, you can type in a page number and press Enter to go directly to that page in the book.

    « Back Next »
  5. ×

    To search the entire text of this book, type in your search term here and press Enter.

    « Back Next »
  6. ×

    Share a link to this book page on your preferred social network or via email.

    « Back Next »
  7. ×

    View our suggested citation for this chapter.

    « Back Next »
  8. ×

    Ready to take your reading offline? Click here to buy this book in print or download it as a free PDF, if available.

    « Back Next »
Stay Connected!