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Suggested Citation:"Appendix L." Institute of Medicine, National Academy of Sciences, and National Academy of Engineering. 1991. Finding Common Ground: U.S. Export Controls in a Changed Global Environment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1617.
×

APPENDIX
L

List of Acronyms


ACDA

Arms Control and Disarmament Agency

ACEP

Advisory Committee on Export Policy

AEA

Atomic Energy Act

AECA

Arms Export Control Act

AEN

administrative exception note

ALJ

administrative law judge

APA

Administrative Procedure Act

ASIC

application specific integrated circuit


BMW

Bayerische Motor Werke

BXA

Bureau of Export Administration


CAD/CAE

computer-assisted design/computer-assisted engineering

CAD/CAM

computer-assisted design/computer-assisted manufacturing

CCL

Commodity Control List

CFE

Conventional Forces in Europe (treaty)

CMEA

Council for Mutual Economic Assistance

CoCom

Coordinating Committee for Multilateral Export Controls

COSEPUP

Committee on Science, Engineering, and Public Policy

CRS

Congressional Research Service

CSCE

Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe

CWC

Chemical Weapons Convention


D-RAM

dynamic random access memory

DARPA

Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency

DEC

Digital Equipment Corporation

DoC

Department of Commerce

Suggested Citation:"Appendix L." Institute of Medicine, National Academy of Sciences, and National Academy of Engineering. 1991. Finding Common Ground: U.S. Export Controls in a Changed Global Environment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1617.
×

DoD

Department of Defense

DoE

Department of Energy

DTC

Defense Trade Controls

DTSA

Defense Technology Security Administration


EAA

Export Administration Act

EAAA

Export Administration Amendments Act

EAR

Export Administration Regulations

EARB

Export Administration Review Board

EC

European Community

ECA

Export Control Act

ECCN

export commodity control number

EC/PCC

Export Control/Policy Coordinating Committee

EDAC

Economic Defense Advisory Council

EFTA

European Free Trade Association


FRG

Federal Republic of Germany


G-7

Group of Seven (industrialized nations)

G-CEU

general license for certified end users

G-CoCom

general license for CoCom

G-Com

general license for CoCom and cooperating countries

GCT

general license for intra-CoCom trade

GATT

General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade

GDR

German Democratic Republic

GKNT

State Committee for Science and Technology (USSR)

GNP

Gross National Product

GRU

Chief Directorate of Military Intelligence (USSR)


IAEA

International Atomic Energy Agency

IAEL

International Atomic Energy List

IBM

International Business Machines Corporation

IC/DV

import certificate/delivery verification

ICL

International Computers Limited

ICT

intra-CoCom trade

IDA

Institute for Defense Analyses

IEEPA

International Emergency Economic Powers Act

IL

Industrial List

IML

International Munitions List

INF

Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces (treaty)

ITA

International Trade Administration

ITAR

International Traffic in Arms Regulations


KGB

Committee for State Security (USSR)


LSI

large-scale integration


MCTL

Militarily Critical Technologies List

MITI

Ministry of International Trade and Industry (Japan)

ML

Munitions List

Suggested Citation:"Appendix L." Institute of Medicine, National Academy of Sciences, and National Academy of Engineering. 1991. Finding Common Ground: U.S. Export Controls in a Changed Global Environment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1617.
×

MOU

memorandum of understanding

MTCR

Missile Technology Control Regime

MTEC

Missile Technology Export Control (group on)

MTU

Motoren-und Turbinen-Union GmbH


NASA

National Aeronautics and Space Administration

NASP

National Aerospace Plane

NATO

North Atlantic Treaty Organization

NIC

newly industrializing country

NNPA

Nuclear Non-Proliferation Act

NNPT

Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty

NRC

Nuclear Regulatory Commission

NRL

Nuclear Referral List

NSC

National Security Council

NSD

national security directive

NSG

Nuclear Suppliers Group

NSWP

non-Soviet Warsaw Pact (countries)


ODTC

Office of Defense Trade Controls

OFAC

Office of Foreign Assets Control

OSTP

Office of Science and Technology Policy

OTCA

Omnibus Trade and Competitiveness Act

OTPA

Office of Technology and Policy Analysis


PC

personal computer

PC/AT

personal computer/advanced technology, a family of personal computers based on the Intel 80286 chip

PCC

policy coordinating committee

PDR

processing data rate

PECSEA

President's Export Council, Subcommittee on Export Administration

PEEK

polyetheretherketone

PM

Politico-Military Affairs Bureau (U.S. Department of State)

PRC

People's Republic of China


R&D

research and development


SEMATECH

Semiconductor Manufacturing Technology

SNEC

Subgroup on Nuclear Export Controls

SNECMA

Société Nationale d'Etude et de Construction des Moteurs d'Aviation

SSP

Supercomputer Safeguard Plan

START

Strategic Arms Reduction Talks

STEM

Strategic Technology Experts Meeting

SUB-ACEP

Sub-Advisory Committee on Export Policy

SUB-EDAC

Sub-Economic Defense Advisory Council


TAC

technical advisory committee

TCC

Third Country Cooperation

Suggested Citation:"Appendix L." Institute of Medicine, National Academy of Sciences, and National Academy of Engineering. 1991. Finding Common Ground: U.S. Export Controls in a Changed Global Environment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1617.
×

TDO

Table of Denial Orders

TTG

technical task group

TTIC

Technology Transfer Intelligence Committee

TWEA

Trading with the Enemy Act

TWG

technical working group


UN

United Nations

USSR

Union of Soviet Socialist Republics


VLSI

very large scale integrated circuitry

VPK

Military-Industrial Commission (USSR)


WTO

Warsaw Treaty Organization

Suggested Citation:"Appendix L." Institute of Medicine, National Academy of Sciences, and National Academy of Engineering. 1991. Finding Common Ground: U.S. Export Controls in a Changed Global Environment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1617.
×
Page 362
Suggested Citation:"Appendix L." Institute of Medicine, National Academy of Sciences, and National Academy of Engineering. 1991. Finding Common Ground: U.S. Export Controls in a Changed Global Environment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1617.
×
Page 363
Suggested Citation:"Appendix L." Institute of Medicine, National Academy of Sciences, and National Academy of Engineering. 1991. Finding Common Ground: U.S. Export Controls in a Changed Global Environment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1617.
×
Page 364
Suggested Citation:"Appendix L." Institute of Medicine, National Academy of Sciences, and National Academy of Engineering. 1991. Finding Common Ground: U.S. Export Controls in a Changed Global Environment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1617.
×
Page 365
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Finding Common Ground: U.S. Export Controls in a Changed Global Environment Get This Book
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Protecting U.S. security by controlling technology export has long been a major issue. But the threat of the Soviet sphere is rapidly being superseded by state-sponsored terrorism; nuclear, chemical, biological, and missile proliferation; and other critical security factors.

This volume provides a policy outline and specific steps for an urgently needed revamping of U.S. and multilateral export controls.

It presents the latest information on these and many other pressing issues:

  • The successes and failures of U.S. export controls, including a look at U.S. laws, regulations, and export licensing; U.S. participation in international agencies; and the role of industry.
  • The effects of export controls on industry.
  • The growing threat of "proliferation" technologies.

World events make this volume indispensable to policymakers, government security agencies, technology exporters, and faculty and students of international affairs.

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