National Academies Press: OpenBook
« Previous: 8 Posteruption Hazard Watch and Disaster Planning
Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 1991. The Eruption of Nevado Del Ruiz Volcano Colombia, South America, November 13, 1985. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1784.
×

References

Acosta, J. 1846 . Relation de l’éruption boueuse sortie du Volcan Ruiz et de la catastrophe de Lagunillas dans la République de la Nouvelle Granada . Paris : Académie Sciences Comptes Rendus 22 : 709-710 .

Acosta, J. 1850 . Sur les Montagnes de Ruiz et de Tolima (Nouvelle Genada) et les éruptions boueuses de la Magdalena . Bulletin Société Géologique France , p. 489-496 .

Barrero, D. , and C. Vesga . 1976 . Mapa geológico del cuadrángulo K-9 Armero y parte sur del J-9 la Dorada (1:100,000 scale) . Bogotá : INGEOMINAS .

Boussingault, M. 1849 . Viajes cientificos a los Andes Ecuatoriales , Lasserre, ed. Paris .

Corvalan, J. 1981 . Plate-tectonic map of the circum-Pacific region, south- east quadrant . Tulsa, Oklahoma : American Association of Petroleum geologists . 1 sheet .

Defensa Civil Colombiana . 1985 . Anexas al Informe de la Dirección de Defensa Civil al Senor General Ministro de Defensa en Relación con el Volcan-Nevado del Ruiz . Bogotá : Defensa Civil Colombiana .

Defensa Civil Colombiana . 1985 . Qué Hacer en Caso de Desastre? Bogotá : Defensa Civil Colombiana .

Espinosa, A. B. 1986 . La Descripción de la Erupción del Nevado del Ruiz en 1845 . Bogotá : INGEOMINAS, Ministerio de Minas y Energía .

Feininguer, T. 1970 . The Palestina fault . Geological Society of America Bulletin 81(4) : 1201-1216 .

Fornier, M. , and J. Tomblin . 1984 . Manual de Emergencias Volcánicas . Bogotá : Grupo de Riesgos Sísmicos del Ingeominas, INGEOMINAS, Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Geológico-Mineras, Ministerio de Minas y Energía , República de Colombia .

Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 1991. The Eruption of Nevado Del Ruiz Volcano Colombia, South America, November 13, 1985. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1784.
×

Herd, D. G. 1982 . Glacial and volcanic geology of the Ruiz-Tolima volca nic complex, Cordillera Central . Colombia : Publicaciones Geológicas Especiales del INGEOMINAS , No. 8 . 48 pp .

Herd, D. G. 1986 . The 1985 Ruiz Volcano disaster . EOS Transactions , American Geophysical Union Transactions 67(19) : 457-460 .

INGEOMINAS (Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Geológico-Mineras) . 1985 . Mapa de riesgos volcánicos potenciales del Nevado del Ruiz . Bogotá : INGEOMINAS . 1 sheet .

INGEOMINAS . 1985 . Estudio de los Riesgos Volcánicos Potenciales del Volcan Nevado del Ruiz: Informe de las Actividades Desarolladas (Período Octubre 8 - Noviembre 10, 1985) . Bogotá : INGEOMINAS, Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Geológico-Mineras, Ministerio de Minas y Energía, República de Colombia , Noviembre .

INGEOMINAS . 1985 . Mapa de Riesgos Volcánicos Potenciales del Volcan Nevado del Ruiz (Memoria Explicativa) . Bogotá : INGEOMINAS, Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Geológico-Mineras, Ministerio de Minas y Energía, República de Colombia , Noviembre .

INGEOMINAS . 1985 . Mapa Preliminar de Riesgos Volcánicos Potenciales del Nevado del Ruiz: Texto Explicativo . Bogotá : INGEOMINAS, Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Geológico-Mineras, Ministerio de Minas y Energía, República de Colombia , Octubre 7 .

INGEOMINAS . 1985 . Estudio de los Riesgos Volcánicos Potenciales del Nevado del Ruiz: Informe Preliminar de las Actividades Desarrolladas (Período Julio 20-Octubre 7 de 1985) . Bogotá : INGEOMINAS, Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Geológico-Mineras, Ministerio de Minas y Energía, República de Colombia , Octubre .

Lima, B. R. 1986 . Primary Mental Health Care in Disasters: Armero, Colombia . Paper presented in the Johns Hopkins Community Psychiatry Program Seminar , January 16, 1986 .

Lopez Reina, A. 1985 . Riesgos Sísmicos y Volcánicos del Parque Nacional de los Nevados . Bogotá : INGEOMINAS, Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Geológico-Mineras, Ministerio de Minas y Energía, República de Colombia , August .

Lowe, D. R. , S. N. Williams , C. B. Connor , J. B. Gemmell , and R. E. Stoiber . 1986 . Lahars initiated by the November 13, 1985 eruption of Nevado del Ruiz . Unpublished manuscript . 13 p .

McClelland, L. , and T. Simkin . 1986 . Volcanic events reviewed . Geotimes 31 : 14-17 .

Mileti, D. , J. Sorensen , and W. Bogard . 1985 . Evacuation Decision-Making: Process and Uncertainty . Oak Ridge National Laboratory Report No. TM-9692 . Oak Ridge, Tennessee : U.S. Department of Energy .

Mileti, D. , R. Updike , P. A. Bolton , and G. Fernandez . 1986 . Recommendations for Improving the Existing Warning System for a Possible

Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 1991. The Eruption of Nevado Del Ruiz Volcano Colombia, South America, November 13, 1985. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1784.
×

Nevado del Ruiz Volcanic Eruption , Colombia, South America . National Research Council . Washington, D.C. : National Academy Press .

Mosquera, D. 1978 . Geología del cuadrángulo K-8 Armero (Informe Preliminar) . Bogotá : INGEOMINAS . 1 sheet .

Murray, M. 1986 . Scientists Predict Second Ruiz Blast . Science News 129(5) : 390-391 .

Office of the United Nations Disaster Relief Co-ordinator (UNDRO) . 1985 . Volcanic Emergency Management . New York : Office of the United Nations Disaster Relief Co-ordinator, United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, United Nations .

Perry, R. , M. Lindall , and M. Greene . 1981 . Evacuation Planning in Emergency Management . Lexington, Massachusetts : Lexington Books .

Perry, R. W. , and M. K. Lindall . 1986 . Twentieth Century Volcanicity at Mt. St. Helens: The Routinization of Life Near an Active Volcano . Final Report to the National Science Foundation . Tempe: School of Public Affairs, Arizona State University .

Plazas, P. L. , and A. L. Vasquez . 1986 . Estudio geoeléctrico en la región de Armero . Bogotá : INGEOMINAS, Division de Hidrogeología, Dirección Regional Bogotá . 1 sheet .

Simkin, T. , and L. McClelland . 1985 . Summary of communications, Ruiz Volcano, Colombia, 1985 . Smithsonian Institution Scientific Event Alert Network . Unpublished summary from various sources . 7 pp .

Simon, F. P. 1625 . Noticias historiales de las conquistas de la Tierra Firme en las Indias Occidentales (Extractos) . Casa Editorial de Medardo Rivas , Bogotá , 1892, Capítulo VI .

Thouret, J. C. , A. Murcia , N. Vatin-Perignon , and R. Salinas . 1985 . Cronoestratigrafía medianta dataciones K/Ar y C-14 de los volcanes compuestos del Complejo Ruiz-Tolima y aspectos volcano-estructurales del Nevado del Ruiz , p. 292-452 . INGEOMINAS and University of Grenoble, Sexto Congreso Latino Americano de Geología , Medellin, Colombia , October 1985 .

Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 1991. The Eruption of Nevado Del Ruiz Volcano Colombia, South America, November 13, 1985. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1784.
×
This page in the original is blank.
Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 1991. The Eruption of Nevado Del Ruiz Volcano Colombia, South America, November 13, 1985. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1784.
×
Page 87
Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 1991. The Eruption of Nevado Del Ruiz Volcano Colombia, South America, November 13, 1985. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1784.
×
Page 88
Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 1991. The Eruption of Nevado Del Ruiz Volcano Colombia, South America, November 13, 1985. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1784.
×
Page 89
Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 1991. The Eruption of Nevado Del Ruiz Volcano Colombia, South America, November 13, 1985. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1784.
×
Page 90
Next: Appendix A Geologic Setting and Prehistoric Volcanic Activities »
The Eruption of Nevado Del Ruiz Volcano Colombia, South America, November 13, 1985 Get This Book
×
Buy Paperback | $40.00
MyNAP members save 10% online.
Login or Register to save!
Download Free PDF

On November 13, 1985, catastrophic mudflows swept down the slopes of the erupting Nevado del Ruiz volcano, destroying structures in their paths. Various estimates of deaths ranged as high as 24,000 residents. Though the nature and extent of risk posed by the mudflows to local communities were well documented before the event and extensive efforts had been made to communicate this information to those at risk, the affected communities were caught largely unaware.

This volume analyzes the disaster's many aspects: the extent, constitution, and behavior of the mudflows; the nature of damage to structures; the status of the area's disaster warning system; and the extent of the area's disaster preparedness, emergency response actions, and disaster relief efforts—both at the time of the disaster and in the first few months following the event.

  1. ×

    Welcome to OpenBook!

    You're looking at OpenBook, NAP.edu's online reading room since 1999. Based on feedback from you, our users, we've made some improvements that make it easier than ever to read thousands of publications on our website.

    Do you want to take a quick tour of the OpenBook's features?

    No Thanks Take a Tour »
  2. ×

    Show this book's table of contents, where you can jump to any chapter by name.

    « Back Next »
  3. ×

    ...or use these buttons to go back to the previous chapter or skip to the next one.

    « Back Next »
  4. ×

    Jump up to the previous page or down to the next one. Also, you can type in a page number and press Enter to go directly to that page in the book.

    « Back Next »
  5. ×

    Switch between the Original Pages, where you can read the report as it appeared in print, and Text Pages for the web version, where you can highlight and search the text.

    « Back Next »
  6. ×

    To search the entire text of this book, type in your search term here and press Enter.

    « Back Next »
  7. ×

    Share a link to this book page on your preferred social network or via email.

    « Back Next »
  8. ×

    View our suggested citation for this chapter.

    « Back Next »
  9. ×

    Ready to take your reading offline? Click here to buy this book in print or download it as a free PDF, if available.

    « Back Next »
Stay Connected!