Keith C. Clarke is a research cartographer and professor in the Geography Department at the University of California, Santa Barbara. He is also the Santa Barbara Director of the National Center for Geographic Information and Analysis. Prior to joining the faculty in 1996, he was a professor at Hunter College and he also spent a year as an advisor to the Office of Research in the U.S. Geological Survey’s (USGS’s) National Mapping Division. He holds a B.A. from Middlesex Polytechnic (London) and an M.A. and Ph.D. in analytical cartography from the University of Michigan. Dr. Clarke’s research focuses on environmental simulation modeling, modeling urban growth, terrain mapping and analysis, and the history of satellite surveillance. He has played numerous leadership roles, including president of the Cartographic and Geographic Information Society and chair of several National Research Council (NRC) committees, including the Committee on Basic and Applied Research Priorities in Geospatial Science for the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency, the Committee on the New Research Directions for the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency: A Workshop, and the Mapping Science Committee. Dr. Clarke is a recipient of the John Wesley Powell Award, the USGS’s highest award for achievement, and a fellow of the American Congress on Surveying and Mapping.
Luc E. Anselin is Regents’ Professor and holds the Walter Isard Chair in the School of Geographical Sciences and Urban Planning at Arizona State University (ASU). He is also the founding director of the School as well as of the GeoDa Center for Geospatial Analysis and Computation at ASU. His Ph.D. in regional science is from Cornell University and he holds a master’s degree in econometrics, statistics, and operations research from the Free University of Brussels, where he also obtained an undergraduate degree in economics. Dr. Anselin’s research deals with various aspects of spatial data analysis and geographic information science, ranging from exploratory spatial data analysis to geocomputation, spatial statistics, and spatial econometrics. He is a fellow of the Spatial Econometric Society, the Regional Science Association International, and the University Consortium for Geographic Information Science (UCGIS) and was awarded the Walter Isard Award in 2005 and the William Alonso Memorial Prize in 2006. He is a member of the National Academy of Sciences and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.
Alexandre M. Bayen is an associate professor of systems engineering in the Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, and Civil and Environmental Engineering at the University of California, Berkeley. Prior to joining the faculty, he spent a year as research director of the Autonomous Navigation Laboratory (Ministry of Defense) in France. He holds an engineering degree in applied mathematics from Ecole Polytechnique, France, and an M.S. and Ph.D. in aeronautics and astronautics from Stanford University. His research interests are in mobile Internet applications (location-based services); participatory sensing; inverse modeling and data assimilation; and control, estimation, and optimization of distributed
parameter systems. Current sensor-network projects are aimed at measuring water parameters, mapping earthquake shaking, and monitoring traffic. The latter (Mobile Millennium) received the 2008 Best of ITS Award for “Best Innovative Practice” at the ITS World Congress and the TRANNY Award from the California Transportation Foundation. Dr. Bayen received the CAREER award from the National Science Foundation and a Presidential Early Career Award for Scientists and Engineers and was a participant in the 2008 National Academy of Engineering (NAE) Frontiers of Engineering symposium.
Grant C. Black is a teaching professor of economics and director of the Center for Entrepreneurship and Economic Education at the University of Missouri-St. Louis. He was previously an associate professor of economics at Indiana University South Bend, where he also served as director of the Bureau of Business and Economic Research and the Center for Economic Education. He received his Ph.D. in economics from Georgia State University. Dr. Black’s research focuses on the economics of science and innovation, including labor markets and training in the sciences, the transfer of knowledge in the economy, the geographic concentration of scientific and innovative activity, and the role of the foreign-born in scientific productivity. He is the author of the book The Geography of Small Firm Innovation. Dr. Black served on the Research Team for the NRC Committee for Capitalizing on Science, Technology, and Innovation: An Assessment of the Small Business Innovation Research Program and participated in other studies by the NRC Board on Science, Technology, and Economic Policy. He also participated in activities of the Scientific Workforce Project at the National Bureau of Economic Research and the National Nanotechnology Initiative workshop on societal implications of nanotechnology. He is a fellow of the Institute on the Data Resources of the National Science Foundation.
Barbara P. Buttenfield is a professor of geography at the University of Colorado, Boulder. She also directs the Meridian Lab, a small research facility focusing on visualization and modeling of geographic information and technology. She received her B.A. in geography from Clark University, her M.A. in geography from the University of Kansas, and her Ph.D. in geography from the University of Washington. Dr. Buttenfield’s research focuses on map generalization, multiscale geospatial database design, algorithms for web-based data delivery, and visualization of uncertainty in environmental modeling. She has also published on spatial data infrastructures, adoption of geospatial technologies, and digital libraries. While working on her master’s degree, she received 12 weeks of training in photogrammetry, photointerpretation, mapping, and charting, and spent a year as a cartographer at the Defense Mapping Agency, a predecessor organization to the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency. Dr. Buttenfield has served on several NRC committees related to cartography and the mapping sciences, most recently the Committee on Basic and Applied Research Priorities in Geospatial Science for the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency. She is a past president of the Cartography and Geographic Information Society and a fellow of the American Congress on Surveying and Mapping. In 2001, she was named GIS Educator of the Year by the University Consortium for Geographic Information Science.
Kathleen M. Carley is a professor of computer science at the Institute for Software Research in the School of Computer Science at Carnegie Mellon University. She also directs the university’s Center for Computational Analysis of Social and Organizational Systems, which brings together network analysis, computer science, and organization science, and also incorporates a training program for Ph.D. students. She developed and directs the interdisciplinary Ph.D. program in Computation, Organizations and Society. She holds two bachelor’s degrees from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology—one in economics and one in political science—and a Ph.D. in sociology from Harvard University. Dr. Carley uses organization theory, dynamic network analysis, social networks, multiagent systems, and computational social science to examine how cognitive, social, technological, and institutional factors affect individual, team, social, and policy outcomes in areas ranging from public health to counterterrorism to cyber security. She also develops tools for analyzing large-scale and geosituated dynamic networks and multiagent simulation systems that are used worldwide. She is a senior member of the Institute of Electrical and
Electronics Engineers (IEEE), received the lifetime achievement award from the Mathematical Sociology section of the American Sociological Association, and the Simmel award for advances in social networks and network science from the International Network for Social Network Analysis. Dr. Carley has participated in several NRC studies, including the Committee on Modeling and Simulation for Defense Transformation and the Panel on Modeling Human Behavior and Command Decision Making: Representations for Military Simulations, and she was a keynote speaker at the 2010 Workshop on New Research Directions for the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency (NGA).
John R. Jensen is Carolina Distinguished Professor and co-director of the GIS and Remote Sensing Center in the Department of Geography at the University of South Carolina. His research interests are in remote sensing of the environment, digital image processing, and biogeography. He received his B.A. in geography (photogrammetry focus) from California State University, Fullerton; his M.S. in geography (photogrammetry and cartography focus) from Brigham Young University; and his Ph.D. in geography (remote sensing and cartography focus) from the University of California, Los Angeles. He is also a certified photogrammetrist. Dr. Jensen has written four textbooks, including Remote Sensing of the Environment: An Earth Resource Perspective, Introductory Digital Image Processing: A Remote Sensing Perspective (now in its third edition), and an electronic book on geospatial processing with interactive frames of instruction and animation. He also serves on education committees and is a current member of the National Center for Geographic Information and Analysis Remote Sensing Core Curriculum Committee and a former chair of the Commission on Education in Remote Sensing and Geographic Information Systems for the International Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing. Dr. Jensen is a former president and current fellow of
Richard B. Langley is a professor of geodesy and precision navigation in the Department of Geodesy and Geomatics Engineering at the University of New Brunswick. He received a B.S. in applied physics from the University of Waterloo and a Ph.D. in experimental space science from York University. Dr. Langley has worked extensively on global navigation satellite systems techniques and algorithms for geodetic and high-precision surveying applications and for aircraft navigation and spacecraft systems. He is also interested in the evolving role of geodesy in surveying and mapping education and has given several talks on this topic. Dr. Langley is a co-author of the best-selling Guide to GPS Positioning and is a columnist and contributing editor of GPS World magazine. He is also active in professional and learned societies associated with geodesy and GPS. He is a past chair of the Canadian National Committee for the International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics and a former member of the European Space Agency GNSS Scientific Advisory Group. He is an elected fellow of the International Association of Geodesy, the Institute of Navigation, and the Royal Institute of Navigation.
Edward M. Mikhail is Professor Emeritus of photogrammetry and the former head of Geomatics Engineering at Purdue University. He holds a B.S. in civil engineering from Cairo University and an M.S. and a Ph.D. in photogrammetry and geodesy from Cornell University. Dr. Mikhail has taught and carried out research in photogrammetry; data adjustment; digital mapping; sensor modeling; and automated methods for feature extraction and analysis, registration, and fusion for more than 46 years. He established Purdue’s graduate program in geomatics engineering, and supervised more than 250 master’s and some 30 Ph.D. students in photogrammetry and geomatics. He also taught many short courses on various aspects of photogrammetry and mapping to government agencies and private companies. He is familiar with NGA and its needs for photogrammetrists, having spent several sabbaticals as a visiting scientist and training its employees. He currently serves on NGA’s technical geopositioning and photogrammetric groups, and supports the Mensuration Services Project. Dr. Mikhail has written many books on photogrammetry, least-squares adjustment, and surveying, and co-edited several manuals, including the Manual of Photogrammetry and the Handbook of Civil Engineering. He is an honorary member of the American Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing, a distinction held by no more than 25 members at any given time, and received that society’s Fairchild Photogrammetric Award for outstanding achievement, as well as the German Alexander von Hombolt Senior Scientist Award. He also received commendations from the U.S. Geological Survey, the Office of Research and Development, and the Imagery Intelligence Directorate of the National Reconnaissance Office.
Shashi Shekhar is the McKnight Distinguished University Professor in the Department of Computer Science at the University of Minnesota. He holds a B. Tech in computer science from the Indian Institute of Technology in Kanpur, India, and an M.S. and Ph.D. in computer science from the University of California, Berkeley. Dr. Shekhar’s research interests are in spatial databases and spatial data mining, an interdisciplinary area at the intersection of computer science and geographic information systems. He has co-edited an Encyclopedia of GIS and co-authored a textbook on spatial databases. Dr. Shekhar is a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science and IEEE, and received that society’s Technical Achievement Award for contributions to spatial database storage methods, data mining, and geographic information systems. He was a member of the NRC Mapping Science Committee, the NRC Committee on Basic and Applied Research Priorities in Geospatial Science for the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency, and the Board of Directors of the University Consortium for Geographic Information Science.
Michael N. Solem is Director of Educational Affairs at the Association of American Geographers (AAG), where he leads research projects in graduate education, international education, teacher preparation, and workforce development of geographers. He is also directing collaborative projects focusing on trends and issues in geography in K-12 and higher education in the United States and abroad. His publications on these topics appear regularly in the peer-reviewed literature and in conference proceedings. Dr. Solem serves on the International Geographical Union’s Commission on Geographical Education and is cocoordinator of the International Network on Learning and Teaching, which seeks to improve the quality of learning and teaching of geography in higher education internationally. He has twice received the Journal of Geography in Higher Education’s biennial award for promoting excellence in teaching and learning for his research on geography faculty development and graduate education. He holds a B.S. in earth sciences from Pennsylvania State University and an M.S. and Ph.D. in geography from Pennsylvania State University and the University of Colorado, Boulder, respectively.
Paula Stephan is a professor of economics in the Andrew Young School of Policy Studies at Georgia State University and a research associate of the National Bureau of Economic Research. She graduated from Grinnell College (Phi Beta Kappa) with a B.A. in economics and earned both her M.A. and Ph.D. in economics from the University of Michigan. Her research interests focus on the careers of scientists and engineers and the process by which knowledge moves across institutional boundaries in the economy. Dr. Stephan has served on a number of NRC committees, including the Committee on Examination of the U.S. Air Force’s Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) Workforce Needs in the Future and Its Strategy to Meet Those Needs; Committee on Dimensions, Causes, and Implications of Recent Trends in the Careers of Life Scientists; Committee on Methods of Forecasting Demand and Supply of Doctoral Scientists and Engineers; and the Committee on Policy Implications of International Graduate Students and Postdoctoral Scholars in the United States. She currently serves on the NRC Board on Higher Education and Workforce, and has been a member of the Scientific Workforce Project at the National Bureau of Economic Research since 2002.
May Yuan is Brandt Professor and Edith Kinney Gaylord Presidential Professor and the director of the Center for Spatial Analysis at the University of Oklahoma. She received a B.S. in geography from National Taiwan University and an M.A. and a Ph.D. in geography from the State University of New York at Buffalo. Dr. Yuan’s research interests are in temporal GIS, geographic representation, spatiotemporal information modeling, and applications of geographic information technologies to dynamic systems, such as wildfires and
rainstorms. She was the president of the University Consortium for Geographic Information Science, and has served on several committees concerned with geospatial analysis. She is currently a member of the NRC Mapping Science Committee and the Academic Advisory Board for the U.S. Geospatial Intelligence Foundation. She is familiar with geospatial intelligence needs and co-organized a workshop on geographic dynamics sponsored by the intelligence community and produced two books on the subject after the workshop.
Michael J. Zyda is a professor of engineering practice in the Department of Computer Science at the University of Southern California. He also directs the university’s GamePipe Laboratory, which engages students in research and development of interactive games. He initiated two cross-disciplinary degree programs—a B.S. in computer science (games) and an M.S. in computer science (game development)—and doubled the incoming undergraduate enrollment of the Computer Science Department. Dr. Zyda is a pioneer in the fields of computer graphics, networked virtual environments, modeling and simulation, and serious games. His research interests include collaboration in entertainment and defense, and he has developed, for example, a game used by the Army for recruiting. He has also served on numerous NRC committees advising the Department of Defense, including the Committee on Modeling and Simulation: Linking Entertainment and Defense and the Committee on Defense Modeling, Simulation and Analysis, and he was a participant in the 2010 Workshop on New Research Directions for the NGA. Dr. Zyda is a National Associate of the National Academies and a member of the Academy of Interactive Arts and Sciences. He received a B.A. in bioengineering from the University of California, San Diego, an M.S. in computer science from the University of Massachusetts, and a Ph.D. in computer science from Washington University, St. Louis.